Hugo Award for Best Novel

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Hugo Award for Best Novel
Awarded for The best science fiction or fantasy story of 40,000 words or more published in the prior calendar year
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1953
Most recent winner Ann Leckie (Ancillary Justice)
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Award for Best Novel is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for science fiction or fantasy stories published in English or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The novel award is available for works of fiction of 40,000 words or more; awards are also given out in the short story, novelette, and novella categories. The Hugo Awards have been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[1][2]

The Hugo Award for Best Novel has been awarded annually by the World Science Fiction Society since 1953, except in 1954 and 1957. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been given for novels for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[4]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five novels on the ballot are the five most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. The 1953 through 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up novels, but since 1959 all five candidates have been recorded.[3] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[5] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[6][7]

During the 64 nomination years, 136 authors have had works nominated; 45 of these have won, including co-authors, ties, and Retro Hugos. Robert A. Heinlein has received the most Hugos for Best Novel as well as the most nominations, with five wins (including one Retro Hugo) and eleven nominations. Lois McMaster Bujold has received four Hugos on ten nominations; the only other authors to win more than twice are Isaac Asimov (including one Retro Hugo), Connie Willis, and Vernor Vinge, who have each won three times. Nine other authors have won the award twice. Larry Niven and Robert J. Sawyer have each been nominated eight times, but have only won once, while Robert Silverberg has the greatest number of nominations without winning at nine.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the novel was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature". Entries with a blue background have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1953 Bester, AlfredAlfred Bester* The Demolished Man Galaxy Science Fiction [8]
1955 Clifton, MarkMark Clifton* They'd Rather Be Right (also known as The Forever Machine) Astounding Science-Fiction [9]
Riley, FrankFrank Riley*
1956 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Double Star Astounding Science-Fiction [10]
1958 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber* The Big Time Galaxy Science Fiction [11]
1959 Blish, JamesJames Blish* A Case of Conscience Ballantine Books [12]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson We Have Fed Our Sea (also known as The Enemy Stars) Astounding Science-Fiction [12]
Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys Who? Pyramid Books [12]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Have Space Suit — Will Travel The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [12]
Sheckley, RobertRobert Sheckley Time Killer (also known as Immortality, Inc.) Galaxy Science Fiction [12]
1960 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Starship Troopers The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [13]
Dickson, Gordon R.Gordon R. Dickson Dorsai! (also known as The Genetic General) Astounding Science-Fiction [13]
Leinster, MurrayMurray Leinster The Pirates of Ersatz (also known as The Pirates of Zan) Astounding Science-Fiction [13]
Phillips, MarkMark Phillips That Sweet Little Old Lady (also known as Brain Twister) Astounding Science-Fiction [13]
Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut The Sirens of Titan Dell Publishing [13]
1961 Miller, Jr., Walter M.Walter M. Miller, Jr.* A Canticle for Leibowitz J. B. Lippincott & Co. [14]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The High Crusade Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys Rogue Moon The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Harrison, HarryHarry Harrison Deathworld Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Sturgeon, TheodoreTheodore Sturgeon Venus Plus X Pyramid Books [14]
1962 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Stranger in a Strange Land Putnam Publishing Group [15]
Galouye, Daniel F.Daniel F. Galouye Dark Universe Bantam Books [15]
Harrison, HarryHarry Harrison Planet of the Damned (also known as Sense of Obligation) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [15]
Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak The Fisherman (also known as Time Is the Simplest Thing) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [15]
White, JamesJames White Second Ending Fantastic [15]
1963 Dick, Philip K.Philip K. Dick* The Man in the High Castle Putnam Publishing Group [16]
Bradley, Marion ZimmerMarion Zimmer Bradley The Sword of Aldones Ace Books [16]
Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke A Fall of Moondust Harcourt Trade Publishers [16]
Piper, H. BeamH. Beam Piper Little Fuzzy Avon Publications [16]
Bruller, JeanJean Bruller Sylva Putnam Publishing Group [16]
1964 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak* Here Gather the Stars (also known as Way Station) Galaxy Science Fiction [17]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Glory Road The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [17]
Norton, AndreAndre Norton Witch World Ace Books [17]
Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert Dune World[Note 1][18] Analog Science Fact & Fiction [17]
Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut Cat's Cradle Holt, Rinehart and Winston [17]
1965 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber* The Wanderer Ballantine Books [19]
Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner The Whole Man Ballantine Books [19]
Pangborn, EdgarEdgar Pangborn Davy Ballantine Books [19]
Smith, CordwainerCordwainer Smith The Planet Buyer (also known as The Boy Who Bought Old Earth) Pyramid Books [19]
1966 Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert* Dune Chilton Company [20]
Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny* ...And Call Me Conrad (also known as This Immortal) The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [20]
Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner The Squares of the City Ballantine Books [20]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[Note 2] If [20]
Smith, Edward E.Edward E. Smith Skylark DuQuesne If [20]
1967 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[Note 2] If [21]
Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany Babel-17 Ace Books [21]
Garrett, RandallRandall Garrett Too Many Magicians Analog Science Fact & Fiction [21]
Keyes, DanielDaniel Keyes Flowers for Algernon Harcourt Trade Publishers [21]
Schmitz, James H.James H. Schmitz The Witches of Karres Chilton Company [21]
Swann, Thomas BurnettThomas Burnett Swann Day of the Minotaur Ace Books [21]
1968 Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny* Lord of Light Doubleday [22]
Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany The Einstein Intersection Ace Books [22]
Anthony, PiersPiers Anthony Chthon Ballantine Books [22]
Anderson, ChesterChester Anderson The Butterfly Kid Pyramid Books [22]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Thorns Ballantine Books [22]
1969 Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner* Stand on Zanzibar Doubleday [23]
Panshin, AlexeiAlexei Panshin Rite of Passage Ace Books [23]
Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany Nova Doubleday [23]
Lafferty, R. A.R. A. Lafferty Past Master Ace Books [23]
Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak The Goblin Reservation Galaxy Science Fiction [23]
1970 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin* The Left Hand of Darkness Ace Books [24]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Up the Line Ballantine Books [24]
Anthony, PiersPiers Anthony Macroscope Avon Publications [24]
Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut Slaughterhouse-Five Delacorte Press [24]
Spinrad, NormanNorman Spinrad Bug Jack Barron Avon Publications [24]
1971 Niven, LarryLarry Niven* Ringworld Ballantine Books [25]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson Tau Zero Doubleday [25]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Tower of Glass Charles Scribner's Sons [25]
Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker The Year of the Quiet Sun Ace Books [25]
Clement, HalHal Clement Star Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [25]
1972 Farmer, Philip JoséPhilip José Farmer* To Your Scattered Bodies Go Putnam Publishing Group [26]
Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin The Lathe of Heaven Amazing Stories [26]
McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey Dragonquest Ballantine Books [26]
Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny Jack of Shadows The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [26]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg A Time of Changes Galaxy Science Fiction [26]
1973 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* The Gods Themselves Galaxy Science Fiction [27]
Gerrold, DavidDavid Gerrold When HARLIE Was One Ballantine Books [27]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson There Will Be Time Signet Books [27]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg The Book of Skulls Charles Scribner's Sons [27]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Dying Inside Galaxy Science Fiction [27]
Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak A Choice of Gods Putnam Publishing Group [27]
1974 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke* Rendezvous with Rama Galaxy Science Fiction [28]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Time Enough for Love Putnam Publishing Group [28]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven Protector Ballantine Books [28]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The People of the Wind Analog Science Fact & Fiction [28]
Gerrold, DavidDavid Gerrold The Man Who Folded Himself Random House [28]
1975 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin* The Dispossessed Harper & Row [29]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson Fire Time Doubleday [29]
Dick, Philip K.Philip K. Dick Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said Doubleday [29]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven The Mote in God's Eye Simon & Schuster [29]
Pournelle, JerryJerry Pournelle
Priest, ChristopherChristopher Priest Inverted World Galaxy Science Fiction [29]
1976 Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman* The Forever War St. Martin's Press [30]
Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny Doorways in the Sand Analog Science Fact & Fiction [30]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven Inferno Galaxy Science Fiction [30]
Pournelle, JerryJerry Pournelle
Bester, AlfredAlfred Bester The Computer Connection (also known as The Indian Giver) Berkley Putnam [30]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg The Stochastic Man Harper & Row [30]
1977 Wilhelm, KateKate Wilhelm* Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang Harper & Row [31]
Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman Mindbridge St. Martin's Press [31]
Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert Children of Dune Analog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Man Plus The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [31]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Shadrach in the Furnace Analog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
1978 Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl* Gateway Galaxy Science Fiction [32]
Bradley, Marion ZimmerMarion Zimmer Bradley The Forbidden Tower DAW Books [32]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven Lucifer's Hammer Playboy Press [32]
Pournelle, JerryJerry Pournelle
Dickson, Gordon R.Gordon R. Dickson Time Storm St. Martin's Press [32]
Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin Dying of the Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
1979 McIntyre, Vonda N.Vonda N. McIntyre* Dreamsnake Houghton Mifflin [33]
McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey The White Dragon Del Rey Books [33]
Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh The Faded Sun: Kesrith Galaxy Science Fiction [33]
Reamy, TomTom Reamy Blind Voices Berkley Putnam [33]
1980 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke* The Fountains of Paradise Victor Gollancz Ltd [34]
Varley, JohnJohn Varley Titan Berkley Putnam [34]
Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Jem St. Martin's Press [34]
McKillip, Patricia A.Patricia A. McKillip Harpist in the Wind Atheneum Books [34]
Disch, ThomasThomas Disch On Wings of Song The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [34]
1981 Vinge, Joan D.Joan D. Vinge* The Snow Queen Dial Press [35]
Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Lord Valentine's Castle The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [35]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven The Ringworld Engineers Galileo Magazine of Science & Fiction [35]
Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Beyond the Blue Event Horizon Del Rey Books [35]
Varley, JohnJohn Varley Wizard Berkley Putnam [35]
1982 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh* Downbelow Station DAW Books [36]
Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Claw of the Conciliator Timescape Books [36]
May, JulianJulian May The Many-Colored Land Houghton Mifflin [36]
Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak Project Pope Del Rey Books [36]
Crowley, JohnJohn Crowley Little, Big Bantam Books [36]
1983 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* Foundation's Edge Doubleday [37]
Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh The Pride of Chanur DAW Books [37]
Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke 2010: Odyssey Two Del Rey Books [37]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Friday Holt, Rinehart and Winston [37]
Kingsbury, DonaldDonald Kingsbury Courtship Rite Timescape [37]
Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Sword of the Lictor Timescape [37]
1984 Brin, DavidDavid Brin* Startide Rising Bantam Books [38]
MacAvoy, R. A.R. A. MacAvoy Tea with the Black Dragon Bantam Books [38]
Varley, JohnJohn Varley Millennium Berkley Books [38]
McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey Moreta: Dragonlady of Pern Del Rey Books [38]
Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov The Robots of Dawn Doubleday [38]
1985 Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson* Neuromancer Ace Books [39]
Palmer, David R.David R. Palmer Emergence Bantam Books [39]
Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge The Peace War Bluejay Books [39]
Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Job: A Comedy of Justice Del Rey Books [39]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven The Integral Trees Del Rey Books [39]
1986 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card* Ender's Game Tor Books [40]
Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh Cuckoo's Egg DAW Books [40]
Brin, DavidDavid Brin The Postman Bantam Spectra [40]
Niven, LarryLarry Niven Footfall Del Rey Books [40]
Pournelle, JerryJerry Pournelle
Bear, GregGreg Bear Blood Music Arbor House [40]
1987 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card* Speaker for the Dead Tor Books [41]
Shaw, BobBob Shaw The Ragged Astronauts Victor Gollancz Ltd [41]
Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Count Zero Asimov's Science Fiction [41]
Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge Marooned in Realtime Analog Science Fact & Fiction [41]
Hubbard, L. RonL. Ron Hubbard Black Genesis Bridge Publications [41]
1988 Brin, DavidDavid Brin* The Uplift War Bantam Spectra [42]
Effinger, George AlecGeorge Alec Effinger When Gravity Fails Arbor House [42]
Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Seventh Son Tor Books [42]
Bear, GregGreg Bear The Forge of God Tor Books [42]
Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Urth of the New Sun Tor Books [42]
1989 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh* Cyteen Warner Books [43]
Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Red Prophet Tor Books [43]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Falling Free Analog Science Fact & Fiction [43]
Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Islands in the Net Arbor House [43]
Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Mona Lisa Overdrive Victor Gollancz Ltd [43]
1990 Simmons, DanDan Simmons* Hyperion Doubleday [44]
Effinger, George AlecGeorge Alec Effinger A Fire in the Sun Doubleday [44]
Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Prentice Alvin Tor Books [44]
Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The Boat of a Million Years Tor Books [44]
Tepper, Sheri S.Sheri S. Tepper Grass Doubleday [44]
1991 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* The Vor Game Baen Books [45]
Brin, DavidDavid Brin Earth Bantam Spectra [45]
Simmons, DanDan Simmons The Fall of Hyperion Doubleday [45]
Kube-McDowell, Michael P.Michael P. Kube-McDowell The Quiet Pools Ace Books [45]
Bear, GregGreg Bear Queen of Angels Warner Questar [45]
1992 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Barrayar Analog Science Fact & Fiction [46]
Bull, EmmaEmma Bull Bone Dance Ace Books [46]
McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey All the Weyrs of Pern Del Rey Books [46]
Vinge, Joan D.Joan D. Vinge The Summer Queen Warner Questar [46]
Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Xenocide Tor Books [46]
Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Stations of the Tide Asimov's Science Fiction [46]
1993 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* A Fire Upon the Deep Tor Books [47]
Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* Doomsday Book Bantam Spectra [47]
Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson Red Mars HarperCollins [47]
McHugh, Maureen F.Maureen F. McHugh China Mountain Zhang Tor Books [47]
Varley, JohnJohn Varley Steel Beach Ace Books/Putnam Publishing Group [47]
1994 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson* Green Mars HarperCollins [48]
Bear, GregGreg Bear Moving Mars Tor Books [48]
Kress, NancyNancy Kress Beggars in Spain Morrow AvoNova [48]
Brin, DavidDavid Brin Glory Season Bantam Spectra [48]
Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Virtual Light Bantam Spectra [48]
1995 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Mirror Dance Baen Books [49]
Barnes, JohnJohn Barnes Mother of Storms Tor Books [49]
Kress, NancyNancy Kress Beggars and Choosers Tor Books [49]
Bishop, MichaelMichael Bishop Brittle Innings Bantam Books [49]
Morrow, James K.James K. Morrow Towing Jehovah Harcourt Brace [49]
1996 Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson* The Diamond Age Bantam Spectra [50]
Baxter, StephenStephen Baxter The Time Ships HarperPrism [50]
Brin, DavidDavid Brin Brightness Reef Bantam Books [50]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer The Terminal Experiment (also known as Hobson's Choice) Analog Science Fiction and Fact [50]
Willis, ConnieConnie Willis Remake Bantam Spectra [50]
1997 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson* Blue Mars HarperCollins Voyager [51]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Memory Baen Books [51]
Moon, ElizabethElizabeth Moon Remnant Population Baen Books [51]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Starplex Analog Science Fiction and Fact [51]
Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Holy Fire Bantam Spectra [51]
1998 Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman* Forever Peace Ace Books [52]
Williams, Walter JonWalter Jon Williams City on Fire HarperPrism [52]
Simmons, DanDan Simmons The Rise of Endymion Bantam Spectra [52]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Frameshift Tor Books [52]
Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Jack Faust Avon Publications [52]
1999 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* To Say Nothing of the Dog Bantam Spectra [53]
Russell, Mary DoriaMary Doria Russell Children of God Villard Books [53]
Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Darwinia Tor Books [53]
Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Distraction Bantam Spectra [53]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Factoring Humanity Tor Books [53]
2000 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* A Deepness in the Sky Tor Books [54]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold A Civil Campaign Baen Books [54]
Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson Cryptonomicon Avon Publications [54]
Bear, GregGreg Bear Darwin's Radio HarperCollins [54]
Rowling, J. K.J. K. Rowling Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Bloomsbury Publishing [54]
2001 Rowling, J. K.J. K. Rowling* Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Bloomsbury Publishing [55]
Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Storm of Swords HarperCollins Voyager [55]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Calculating God Tor Books [55]
MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod The Sky Road Tor Books [55]
Hopkinson, NaloNalo Hopkinson Midnight Robber Warner Aspect [55]
2002 Gaiman, NeilNeil Gaiman* American Gods William Morrow and Company [56]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold The Curse of Chalion Eos [56]
Willis, ConnieConnie Willis Passage Bantam Books [56]
Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Perdido Street Station Macmillan Publishers [56]
Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson The Chronoliths Tor Books [56]
MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod Cosmonaut Keep Orbit Books [56]
2003 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer* Hominids Analog Science Fiction and Fact [57]
Brin, DavidDavid Brin Kiln People (also known as Kil'n People) Tor Books [57]
Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Bones of the Earth Eos [57]
Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville The Scar Del Rey Books [57]
Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson The Years of Rice and Salt Bantam Books [57]
2004 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Paladin of Souls Eos [58]
Simmons, DanDan Simmons Ilium Eos [58]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Singularity Sky Ace Books [58]
Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Blind Lake Tor Books [58]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Humans Tor Books [58]
2005 Clarke, SusannaSusanna Clarke* Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell Bloomsbury Publishing [59]
McDonald, IanIan McDonald River of Gods Simon & Schuster [59]
Banks, Iain M.Iain M. Banks The Algebraist Orbit Books [59]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Iron Sunrise Ace Books [59]
Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Iron Council Del Rey Books [59]
2006 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson* Spin Tor Books [60]
MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod Learning the World Orbit Books [60]
Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Feast for Crows Voyager Books [60]
Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi Old Man's War Tor Books [60]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Accelerando Ace Books [60]
2007 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* Rainbows End Tor Books [61]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Glasshouse Ace Books [61]
Novik, NaomiNaomi Novik His Majesty's Dragon Voyager Books [61]
Flynn, Michael F.Michael F. Flynn Eifelheim Tor Books [61]
Watts, PeterPeter Watts Blindsight Tor Books [61]
2008 Chabon, MichaelMichael Chabon* The Yiddish Policemen's Union HarperCollins [62]
Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi The Last Colony Tor Books [62]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Halting State Ace Books [62]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Rollback Tor Books [62]
McDonald, IanIan McDonald Brasyl Pyr [62]
2009 Gaiman, NeilNeil Gaiman* The Graveyard Book HarperCollins [63]
Doctorow, CoryCory Doctorow Little Brother Tor Books [63]
Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson Anathem Morrow [63]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Saturn's Children Ace Books [63]
Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi Zoe's Tale Tor Books [63]
2010 Bacigalupi, PaoloPaolo Bacigalupi* The Windup Girl Night Shade Books [64]
Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville* The City & the City Del Rey Books [64]
Priest, CherieCherie Priest Boneshaker Tor Books [64]
Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Wake Ace Books [64]
Valente, Catherynne M.Catherynne M. Valente Palimpsest Bantam Spectra [64]
Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Julian Comstock: A Story of 22nd-Century America Tor Books [64]
2011 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* Blackout/All Clear Spectra Books [65]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Cryoburn Baen Books [65]
McDonald, IanIan McDonald The Dervish House Gollancz / Pyr [65]
Grant, MiraMira Grant Feed Orbit Books [65]
Jemisin, N. K.N. K. Jemisin The Hundred Thousand Kingdoms Orbit Books [65]
2012 Walton, JoJo Walton* Among Others Tor Books [66]
Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Dance with Dragons Bantam Spectra [66]
Grant, MiraMira Grant Deadline Orbit Books [66]
Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Embassytown Macmillan Publishers / Del Rey Books [66]
Corey, James S. A.James S. A. Corey Leviathan Wakes Orbit Books [66]
2013 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi* Redshirts Tor Books [67]
Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson 2312 Orbit Books [67]
Grant, MiraMira Grant Blackout Orbit Books [67]
Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Captain Vorpatril's Alliance Baen Books [67]
Ahmed, SaladinSaladin Ahmed Throne of the Crescent Moon DAW Books [67]
2014 Leckie, AnnAnn Leckie* Ancillary Justice Orbit Books [68]
Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Neptune's Brood Ace Books [68]
Grant, MiraMira Grant Parasite Orbit Books [68]
Correia, LarryLarry Correia Warbound Baen Books [68]
Jordan, RobertRobert Jordan The Wheel of Time[Note 3] Tor Books [68]
Sanderson, BrandonBrandon Sanderson
2015 Addison, KatherineKatherine Addison The Goblin Emperor Tor Books [69]
Anderson, Kevin J.Kevin J. Anderson The Dark Between the Stars Tor Books [69]
Butcher, JimJim Butcher Skin Game Roc Books [69]
Leckie, AnnAnn Leckie Ancillary Sword Orbit Books [69]
Liu, CixinCixin Liu The Three-Body Problem Tor Books [69]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3][Note 4] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[4]

Year Year awarded Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1939 2014 White, T. H.T. H. White The Sword in the Stone William Collins, Sons [70]
Burroughs, Edgar RiceEdgar Rice Burroughs Carson of Venus Argosy [70]
Smith, E. E.E. E. Smith Galactic Patrol Astounding Stories [70]
Williamson, JackJack Williamson The Legion of Time Astounding Science-Fiction [70]
Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis Out of the Silent Planet The Bodley Head [70]
1946 1996 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* The Mule Astounding Science-Fiction [71]
van Vogt, A. E.A. E. van Vogt The World of Null-A Astounding Science-Fiction [71]
Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis That Hideous Strength (also known as The Tortured Planet) John Lane [71]
Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber Destiny Times Three Astounding Science-Fiction [71]
Hamilton, EdmondEdmond Hamilton (as Brett Sterling) Red Sun of Danger (also known as Danger Planet) Startling Stories [71]
1951 2001 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Farmer in the Sky Boys' Life [72]
Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov Pebble in the Sky Doubleday [72]
Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Geoffrey Bles [72]
Smith, Edward E.Edward E. Smith First Lensman Fantasy Press [72]
Vance, JackJack Vance The Dying Earth Hillman Periodicals [72]
1954 2004 Bradbury, RayRay Bradbury* Fahrenheit 451 Ballantine Books [73]
Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke Childhood's End Ballantine Books [73]
Clement, HalHal Clement Mission of Gravity Astounding Science-Fiction [73]
Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov The Caves of Steel Galaxy Science Fiction [73]
Sturgeon, TheodoreTheodore Sturgeon More Than Human Farrar, Straus and Giroux [73]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dune World was the title of the 1964 serialized novel; when "Dune World" and its sequel, "The Prophet of Dune", were incorporated into the 1966 edition of Dune, the book edition was allowed to be nominated in 1966.
  2. ^ a b The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress was serialized in 1965–66, and was allowed to be nominated for both years.
  3. ^ The entire Wheel of Time series of novels was nominated as a whole under an interpretation of the rules, confirmed by the World Science Fiction Society, which permit multi-part works to be nominated as long as no individual part (or book) had ever been on the shortlist.
  4. ^ Although no "Best Novel" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.

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External links[edit]