Hugo Award for Best Novel

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Hugo Award for Best Novel
Awarded for The best science fiction or fantasy story of 40,000 words or more published in the prior calendar year
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1953
Currently held by John Scalzi (Redshirts)
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Award for Best Novel is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for science fiction or fantasy stories published in English or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The novel award is available for works of fiction of 40,000 words or more; awards are also given out in the short story, novelette, and novella categories.

The Hugo Award for Best Novel has been awarded annually since 1953, except in 1954 and 1957. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[1] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been given for novels for 1946, 1951, and 1954.[2]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five novels on the ballot are the five most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. The 1953 through 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up novels, but since 1959 all five candidates have been recorded.[1] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[3] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[4][5]

During the 63 nomination years, 132 authors have had works nominated; 43 of these have won, including co-authors and Retro Hugos. Robert A. Heinlein has received the most Hugos for Best Novel as well as the most nominations, with five wins (including one Retro Hugo) and eleven nominations. Lois McMaster Bujold has received four Hugos on ten nominations; the only other authors to win more than twice are Isaac Asimov (including one Retro Hugo), Connie Willis, and Vernor Vinge, who have each won three times. Nine other authors have won the award twice. Larry Niven and Robert J. Sawyer have each been nominated eight times, but have only won once, while Robert Silverberg has the most number of nominations without winning at nine.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the novel was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature". Entries with a blue background have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref
1953 Bester, AlfredAlfred Bester* The Demolished Man Galaxy Science Fiction [6]
1955 Clifton, MarkMark Clifton and Frank Riley* They'd Rather Be Right (also known as The Forever Machine) Astounding Science-Fiction [7]
1956 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Double Star Astounding Science-Fiction [8]
1958 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber* The Big Time Galaxy Science Fiction [9]
1959 Blish, JamesJames Blish* A Case of Conscience Ballantine Books [10]
1959 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson We Have Fed Our Sea (also known as The Enemy Stars) Astounding Science-Fiction [10]
1959 Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys Who? Pyramid Books [10]
1959 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Have Space Suit — Will Travel The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [10]
1959 Sheckley, RobertRobert Sheckley Time Killer (also known as Immortality, Inc.) Galaxy Science Fiction [10]
1960 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Starship Troopers The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [11]
1960 Dickson, Gordon R.Gordon R. Dickson Dorsai! (also known as The Genetic General) Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
1960 Leinster, MurrayMurray Leinster The Pirates of Ersatz (also known as The Pirates of Zan) Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
1960 Phillips, MarkMark Phillips That Sweet Little Old Lady (also known as Brain Twister) Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
1960 Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut The Sirens of Titan Dell Publishing [11]
1961 Miller, Jr., Walter M.Walter M. Miller, Jr.* A Canticle for Leibowitz J. B. Lippincott & Co. [12]
1961 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The High Crusade Astounding Science-Fiction [12]
1961 Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys Rogue Moon The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [12]
1961 Harrison, HarryHarry Harrison Deathworld Astounding Science-Fiction [12]
1961 Sturgeon, TheodoreTheodore Sturgeon Venus Plus X Pyramid Books [12]
1962 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Stranger in a Strange Land Putnam Publishing Group [13]
1962 Galouye, Daniel F.Daniel F. Galouye Dark Universe Bantam Books [13]
1962 Harrison, HarryHarry Harrison Planet of the Damned (also known as Sense of Obligation) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [13]
1962 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak The Fisherman (also known as Time Is the Simplest Thing) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [13]
1962 White, JamesJames White Second Ending Fantastic [13]
1963 Dick, Philip K.Philip K. Dick* The Man in the High Castle Putnam Publishing Group [14]
1963 Bradley, Marion ZimmerMarion Zimmer Bradley The Sword of Aldones Ace Books [14]
1963 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke A Fall of Moondust Harcourt Trade Publishers [14]
1963 Piper, H. BeamH. Beam Piper Little Fuzzy Avon Publications [14]
1963 Bruller, JeanJean Bruller Sylva Putnam Publishing Group [14]
1964 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak* Here Gather the Stars (also known as Way Station) Galaxy Science Fiction [15]
1964 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Glory Road The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
1964 Norton, AndreAndre Norton Witch World Ace Books [15]
1964 Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert Dune World[Note 1][16] Analog Science Fact & Fiction [15]
1964 Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut Cat's Cradle Holt, Rinehart and Winston [15]
1965 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber* The Wanderer Ballantine Books [17]
1965 Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner The Whole Man Ballantine Books [17]
1965 Pangborn, EdgarEdgar Pangborn Davy Ballantine Books [17]
1965 Smith, CordwainerCordwainer Smith The Planet Buyer (also known as The Boy Who Bought Old Earth) Pyramid Books [17]
1966 Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert* (tie) Dune Chilton Company [18]
1966 Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny* (tie) ...And Call Me Conrad (also known as This Immortal) The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [18]
1966 Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner The Squares of the City Ballantine Books [18]
1966 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[Note 2] If [18]
1966 Smith, Edward E.Edward E. Smith Skylark DuQuesne If [18]
1967 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress If [19]
1967 Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany Babel-17 Ace Books [19]
1967 Garrett, RandallRandall Garrett Too Many Magicians Analog Science Fact & Fiction [19]
1967 Keyes, DanielDaniel Keyes Flowers for Algernon Harcourt Trade Publishers [19]
1967 Schmitz, James H.James H. Schmitz The Witches of Karres Chilton Company [19]
1967 Swann, Thomas BurnettThomas Burnett Swann Day of the Minotaur Ace Books [19]
1968 Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny* Lord of Light Doubleday [20]
1968 Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany The Einstein Intersection Ace Books [20]
1968 Anthony, PiersPiers Anthony Chthon Ballantine Books [20]
1968 Anderson, ChesterChester Anderson The Butterfly Kid Pyramid Books [20]
1968 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Thorns Ballantine Books [20]
1969 Brunner, JohnJohn Brunner* Stand on Zanzibar Doubleday [21]
1969 Panshin, AlexeiAlexei Panshin Rite of Passage Ace Books [21]
1969 Delany, Samuel R.Samuel R. Delany Nova Doubleday [21]
1969 Lafferty, R. A.R. A. Lafferty Past Master Ace Books [21]
1969 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak The Goblin Reservation Galaxy Science Fiction [21]
1970 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin* The Left Hand of Darkness Ace Books [22]
1970 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Up the Line Ballantine Books [22]
1970 Anthony, PiersPiers Anthony Macroscope Avon Publications [22]
1970 Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut Slaughterhouse-Five Delacorte Press [22]
1970 Spinrad, NormanNorman Spinrad Bug Jack Barron Avon Publications [22]
1971 Niven, LarryLarry Niven* Ringworld Ballantine Books [23]
1971 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson Tau Zero Doubleday [23]
1971 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Tower of Glass Charles Scribner's Sons [23]
1971 Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker The Year of the Quiet Sun Ace Books [23]
1971 Clement, HalHal Clement Star Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [23]
1972 Farmer, Philip JoséPhilip José Farmer* To Your Scattered Bodies Go Putnam Publishing Group [24]
1972 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin The Lathe of Heaven Amazing Stories [24]
1972 McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey Dragonquest Ballantine Books [24]
1972 Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny Jack of Shadows The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [24]
1972 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg A Time of Changes Galaxy Science Fiction [24]
1973 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* The Gods Themselves Galaxy Science Fiction [25]
1973 Gerrold, DavidDavid Gerrold When Harlie Was One Ballantine Books [25]
1973 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson There Will Be Time Signet Books [25]
1973 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg The Book of Skulls Charles Scribner's Sons [25]
1973 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Dying Inside Galaxy Science Fiction [25]
1973 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak A Choice of Gods Putnam Publishing Group [25]
1974 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke* Rendezvous with Rama Galaxy Science Fiction [26]
1974 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Time Enough for Love Putnam Publishing Group [26]
1974 Niven, LarryLarry Niven Protector Ballantine Books [26]
1974 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The People of the Wind Analog Science Fact & Fiction [26]
1974 Gerrold, DavidDavid Gerrold The Man Who Folded Himself Random House [26]
1975 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin* The Dispossessed Harper & Row [27]
1975 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson Fire Time Doubleday [27]
1975 Dick, Philip K.Philip K. Dick Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said Doubleday [27]
1975 Niven, LarryLarry Niven and Jerry Pournelle The Mote in God's Eye Simon & Schuster [27]
1975 Priest, ChristopherChristopher Priest Inverted World Galaxy Science Fiction [27]
1976 Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman* The Forever War St. Martin's Press [28]
1976 Zelazny, RogerRoger Zelazny Doorways in the Sand Analog Science Fact & Fiction [28]
1976 Niven, LarryLarry Niven and Jerry Pournelle Inferno Galaxy Science Fiction [28]
1976 Bester, AlfredAlfred Bester The Computer Connection (also known as The Indian Giver) Berkley Putnam [28]
1976 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg The Stochastic Man Harper & Row [28]
1977 Wilhelm, KateKate Wilhelm* Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang Harper & Row [29]
1977 Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman Mindbridge St. Martin's Press [29]
1977 Herbert, FrankFrank Herbert Children of Dune Analog Science Fact & Fiction [29]
1977 Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Man Plus The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [29]
1977 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Shadrach in the Furnace Analog Science Fact & Fiction [29]
1978 Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl* Gateway Galaxy Science Fiction [30]
1978 Bradley, Marion ZimmerMarion Zimmer Bradley The Forbidden Tower DAW Books [30]
1978 Niven, LarryLarry Niven and Jerry Pournelle Lucifer's Hammer Playboy Press [30]
1978 Dickson, Gordon R.Gordon R. Dickson Time Storm St. Martin's Press [30]
1978 Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin Dying of the Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [30]
1979 McIntyre, Vonda N.Vonda N. McIntyre* Dreamsnake Houghton Mifflin [31]
1979 McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey The White Dragon Del Rey Books [31]
1979 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh The Faded Sun: Kesrith Galaxy Science Fiction [31]
1979 Reamy, TomTom Reamy Blind Voices Berkley Putnam [31]
1980 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke* The Fountains of Paradise Victor Gollancz Ltd [32]
1980 Varley, JohnJohn Varley Titan Berkley Putnam [32]
1980 Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Jem St. Martin's Press [32]
1980 McKillip, Patricia A.Patricia A. McKillip Harpist in the Wind Atheneum Books [32]
1980 Disch, ThomasThomas Disch On Wings of Song The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [32]
1981 Vinge, Joan D.Joan D. Vinge* The Snow Queen Dial Press [33]
1981 Silverberg, RobertRobert Silverberg Lord Valentine's Castle The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [33]
1981 Niven, LarryLarry Niven The Ringworld Engineers Galileo Magazine of Science & Fiction [33]
1981 Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl Beyond the Blue Event Horizon Del Rey Books [33]
1981 Varley, JohnJohn Varley Wizard Berkley Putnam [33]
1982 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh* Downbelow Station DAW Books [34]
1982 Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Claw of the Conciliator Timescape Books [34]
1982 May, JulianJulian May The Many Colored Land Houghton Mifflin [34]
1982 Simak, Clifford D.Clifford D. Simak Project Pope Del Rey Books [34]
1982 Crowley, JohnJohn Crowley Little, Big Bantam Books [34]
1983 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* Foundation's Edge Doubleday [35]
1983 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh The Pride of Chanur DAW Books [35]
1983 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke 2010: Odyssey Two Del Rey Books [35]
1983 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Friday Holt, Rinehart and Winston [35]
1983 Kingsbury, DonaldDonald Kingsbury Courtship Rite Timescape [35]
1983 Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Sword of the Lictor Timescape [35]
1984 Brin, DavidDavid Brin* Startide Rising Bantam Books [36]
1984 MacAvoy, R. A.R. A. MacAvoy Tea with the Black Dragon Bantam Books [36]
1984 Varley, JohnJohn Varley Millennium Berkley Books [36]
1984 McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey Moreta: Dragonlady of Pern Del Rey Books [36]
1984 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov The Robots of Dawn Doubleday [36]
1985 Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson* Neuromancer Ace Books [37]
1985 Palmer, David R.David R. Palmer Emergence Bantam Books [37]
1985 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge The Peace War Bluejay Books [37]
1985 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein Job: A Comedy of Justice Del Rey Books [37]
1985 Niven, LarryLarry Niven The Integral Trees Del Rey Books [37]
1986 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card* Ender's Game Tor Books [38]
1986 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh Cuckoo's Egg DAW Books [38]
1986 Brin, DavidDavid Brin The Postman Bantam Spectra [38]
1986 Niven, LarryLarry Niven and Jerry Pournelle Footfall Del Rey Books [38]
1986 Bear, GregGreg Bear Blood Music Arbor House [38]
1987 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card* Speaker for the Dead Tor Books [39]
1987 Shaw, BobBob Shaw The Ragged Astronauts Victor Gollancz Ltd [39]
1987 Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Count Zero Asimov's Science Fiction [39]
1987 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge Marooned in Realtime Analog Science Fact & Fiction [39]
1987 Hubbard, L. RonL. Ron Hubbard Black Genesis Bridge Publications [39]
1988 Brin, DavidDavid Brin* The Uplift War Bantam Spectra [39]
1988 Effinger, George AlecGeorge Alec Effinger When Gravity Fails Arbor House [40]
1988 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Seventh Son Tor Books [40]
1988 Bear, GregGreg Bear The Forge of God Tor Books [40]
1988 Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Urth of the New Sun Tor Books [40]
1989 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh* Cyteen Warner Books [40]
1989 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Red Prophet Tor Books [41]
1989 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Falling Free Analog Science Fact & Fiction [41]
1989 Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Islands in the Net Arbor House [41]
1989 Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Mona Lisa Overdrive Victor Gollancz Ltd [41]
1990 Simmons, DanDan Simmons* Hyperion Doubleday [42]
1990 Effinger, George AlecGeorge Alec Effinger A Fire in the Sun Doubleday [42]
1990 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Prentice Alvin Tor Books [42]
1990 Anderson, PoulPoul Anderson The Boat of a Million Years Tor Books [42]
1990 Tepper, Sheri S.Sheri S. Tepper Grass Doubleday [42]
1991 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* The Vor Game Baen Books [43]
1991 Brin, DavidDavid Brin Earth Bantam Spectra [43]
1991 Simmons, DanDan Simmons The Fall of Hyperion Doubleday [43]
1991 Kube-McDowell, Michael P.Michael P. Kube-McDowell The Quiet Pools Ace Books [43]
1991 Bear, GregGreg Bear Queen of Angels Warner Questar [43]
1992 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Barrayar Analog Science Fact & Fiction [44]
1992 Bull, EmmaEmma Bull Bone Dance Ace Books [44]
1992 McCaffrey, AnneAnne McCaffrey All the Weyrs of Pern Del Rey Books [44]
1992 Vinge, Joan D.Joan D. Vinge The Summer Queen Warner Questar [44]
1992 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card Xenocide Tor Books [44]
1992 Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Stations of the Tide Asimov's Science Fiction [44]
1993 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* (tie) A Fire Upon the Deep Tor Books [45]
1993 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* (tie) Doomsday Book Bantam Spectra [45]
1993 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson Red Mars HarperCollins [45]
1993 McHugh, Maureen F.Maureen F. McHugh China Mountain Zhang Tor Books [45]
1993 Varley, JohnJohn Varley Steel Beach Ace Books/Putnam Publishing Group [45]
1994 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson* Green Mars HarperCollins [46]
1994 Bear, GregGreg Bear Moving Mars Tor Books [46]
1994 Kress, NancyNancy Kress Beggars in Spain Morrow AvoNova [46]
1994 Brin, DavidDavid Brin Glory Season Bantam Spectra [46]
1994 Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson Virtual Light Bantam Spectra [46]
1995 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Mirror Dance Baen Books [47]
1995 Barnes, JohnJohn Barnes Mother of Storms Tor Books [47]
1995 Kress, NancyNancy Kress Beggars and Choosers Tor Books [47]
1995 Bishop, MichaelMichael Bishop Brittle Innings Bantam Books [47]
1995 Morrow, James K.James K. Morrow Towing Jehovah Harcourt Brace [47]
1996 Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson* The Diamond Age Bantam Spectra [48]
1996 Baxter, StephenStephen Baxter The Time Ships HarperPrism [48]
1996 Brin, DavidDavid Brin Brightness Reef Bantam Books [48]
1996 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer The Terminal Experiment (also known as Hobson's Choice) Analog Science Fiction and Fact [48]
1996 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis Remake Bantam Spectra [48]
1997 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson* Blue Mars HarperCollins Voyager [49]
1997 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Memory Baen Books [49]
1997 Moon, ElizabethElizabeth Moon Remnant Population Baen Books [49]
1997 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Starplex Analog Science Fiction and Fact [49]
1997 Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Holy Fire Bantam Spectra [49]
1998 Haldeman, JoeJoe Haldeman* Forever Peace Ace Books [50]
1998 Williams, Walter JonWalter Jon Williams City on Fire HarperPrism [50]
1998 Simmons, DanDan Simmons The Rise of Endymion Bantam Spectra [50]
1998 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Frameshift Tor Books [50]
1998 Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Jack Faust Avon Publications [50]
1999 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* To Say Nothing of the Dog Bantam Spectra [51]
1999 Russell, Mary DoriaMary Doria Russell Children of God Villard Books [51]
1999 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Darwinia Tor Books [51]
1999 Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling Distraction Bantam Spectra [51]
1999 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Factoring Humanity Tor Books [51]
2000 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* A Deepness in the Sky Tor Books [52]
2000 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold A Civil Campaign Baen Books [52]
2000 Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson Cryptonomicon Avon Publications [52]
2000 Bear, GregGreg Bear Darwin's Radio HarperCollins [52]
2000 Rowling, J. K.J. K. Rowling Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Bloomsbury Publishing [52]
2001 Rowling, J. K.J. K. Rowling* Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Bloomsbury Publishing [53]
2001 Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Storm of Swords HarperCollins Voyager [53]
2001 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Calculating God Tor Books [53]
2001 MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod The Sky Road Tor Books [53]
2001 Hopkinson, NaloNalo Hopkinson Midnight Robber Warner Aspect [53]
2002 Gaiman, NeilNeil Gaiman* American Gods William Morrow and Company [54]
2002 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold The Curse of Chalion Eos [54]
2002 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis Passage Bantam Books [54]
2002 Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Perdido Street Station Macmillan Publishers [54]
2002 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson The Chronoliths Tor Books [54]
2002 MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod Cosmonaut Keep Orbit Books [54]
2003 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer* Hominids Analog Science Fiction and Fact [55]
2003 Brin, DavidDavid Brin Kiln People (also known as Kil'n People) Tor Books [55]
2003 Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick Bones of the Earth Eos [55]
2003 Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville The Scar Del Rey Books [55]
2003 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson The Years of Rice and Salt Bantam Books [55]
2004 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold* Paladin of Souls Eos [56]
2004 Simmons, DanDan Simmons Ilium Eos [56]
2004 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Singularity Sky Ace Books [56]
2004 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Blind Lake Tor Books [56]
2004 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Humans Tor Books [56]
2005 Clarke, SusannaSusanna Clarke* Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell Bloomsbury Publishing [57]
2005 McDonald, IanIan McDonald River of Gods Simon & Schuster [57]
2005 Banks, Iain M.Iain M. Banks The Algebraist Orbit Books [57]
2005 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Iron Sunrise Ace Books [57]
2005 Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Iron Council Del Rey Books [57]
2006 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson* Spin Tor Books [58]
2006 MacLeod, KenKen MacLeod Learning the World Orbit Books [58]
2006 Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Feast for Crows Voyager Books [58]
2006 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi Old Man's War Tor Books [58]
2006 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Accelerando Ace Books [58]
2007 Vinge, VernorVernor Vinge* Rainbows End Tor Books [59]
2007 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Glasshouse Ace Books [59]
2007 Novik, NaomiNaomi Novik His Majesty's Dragon Voyager Books [59]
2007 Flynn, Michael F.Michael F. Flynn Eifelheim Tor Books [59]
2007 Watts, PeterPeter Watts Blindsight Tor Books [59]
2008 Chabon, MichaelMichael Chabon* The Yiddish Policemen's Union HarperCollins [60]
2008 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi The Last Colony Tor Books [60]
2008 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Halting State Ace Books [60]
2008 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Rollback Tor Books [60]
2008 McDonald, IanIan McDonald Brasyl Pyr [60]
2009 Gaiman, NeilNeil Gaiman* The Graveyard Book HarperCollins [61]
2009 Doctorow, CoryCory Doctorow Little Brother Tor Books [61]
2009 Stephenson, NealNeal Stephenson Anathem Morrow [61]
2009 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Saturn's Children Ace Books [61]
2009 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi Zoe's Tale Tor Books [61]
2010 Bacigalupi, PaoloPaolo Bacigalupi* (tie) The Windup Girl Night Shade Books [62]
2010 Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville* (tie) The City & the City Del Rey Books [62]
2010 Priest, CherieCherie Priest Boneshaker Tor Books [62]
2010 Sawyer, Robert J.Robert J. Sawyer Wake Ace Books [62]
2010 Valente, Catherynne M.Catherynne M. Valente Palimpsest Bantam Spectra [62]
2010 Wilson, Robert CharlesRobert Charles Wilson Julian Comstock: A Story of 22nd-Century America Tor Books [62]
2011 Willis, ConnieConnie Willis* Blackout/All Clear Spectra Books [63]
2011 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Cryoburn Baen Books [63]
2011 McDonald, IanIan McDonald The Dervish House Gollancz/Pyr [63]
2011 Grant, MiraMira Grant Feed Orbit Books [63]
2011 Jemisin, N. K.N. K. Jemisin The Hundred Thousand Kingdoms Orbit Books [63]
2012 Walton, JoJo Walton* Among Others Tor Books [64]
2012 Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Dance with Dragons Bantam Spectra [64]
2012 Grant, MiraMira Grant Deadline Orbit Books [64]
2012 Miéville, ChinaChina Miéville Embassytown Macmillan Publishers / Del Rey Books [64]
2012 Corey, James S. A.James S. A. Corey Leviathan Wakes Orbit Books [64]
2013 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi* Redshirts Tor Books [65]
2013 Robinson, Kim StanleyKim Stanley Robinson 2312 Orbit Books [65]
2013 Grant, MiraMira Grant Blackout Orbit Books [65]
2013 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold Captain Vorpatril's Alliance Baen Books [65]
2013 Ahmed, SaladinSaladin Ahmed Throne of the Crescent Moon DAW Books [65]
2014 Leckie, AnnAnn Leckie Ancillary Justice Orbit Books [66]
2014 Stross, CharlesCharles Stross Neptune's Brood Ace Books [66]
2014 Grant, MiraMira Grant Parasite Orbit Books [66]
2014 Correia, LarryLarry Correia Warbound Baen Books [66]
2014 Jordan, RobertRobert Jordan The Wheel of Time Tor Books [66]
2014 Sanderson, BrandonBrandon Sanderson The Wheel of Time Tor Books [66]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[1][Note 3] Retro Hugos have been awarded three times, for 1946, 1951, and 1954. All three of these awards were given 50 years later.[2] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2014, for 1939.[1]

Year Year awarded Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref
1939 2014 Burroughs, Edgar RiceEdgar Rice Burroughs Carson of Venus Argosy [67]
1939 2014 Smith, E. E.E. E. Smith Galactic Patrol Astounding Stories [67]
1939 2014 Williamson, JackJack Williamson The Legion of Time Astounding Science-Fiction [67]
1939 2014 Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis Out of the Silent Planet The Bodley Head [67]
1939 2014 White, T. H.T. H. White The Sword in the Stone William Collins, Sons [67]
1946 1996 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov* The Mule Astounding Science-Fiction [68]
1946 1996 van Vogt, A. E.A. E. van Vogt The World of Null-A Astounding Science-Fiction [68]
1946 1996 Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis That Hideous Strength (also known as The Tortured Planet) John Lane [68]
1946 1996 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber Destiny Times Three Astounding Science-Fiction [68]
1946 1996 Hamilton, EdmondEdmond Hamilton (as Brett Sterling) Red Sun of Danger (also known as Danger Planet) Startling Stories [68]
1951 2001 Heinlein, Robert A.Robert A. Heinlein* Farmer in the Sky Boys' Life [69]
1951 2001 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov Pebble in the Sky Doubleday [69]
1951 2001 Lewis, C. S.C. S. Lewis The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Geoffrey Bles [69]
1951 2001 Smith, Edward E.Edward E. Smith First Lensman Fantasy Press [69]
1951 2001 Vance, JackJack Vance The Dying Earth Hillman Periodicals [69]
1954 2004 Bradbury, RayRay Bradbury* Fahrenheit 451 Ballantine Books [70]
1954 2004 Clarke, Arthur C.Arthur C. Clarke Childhood's End Ballantine Books [70]
1954 2004 Clement, HalHal Clement Mission of Gravity Astounding Science-Fiction [70]
1954 2004 Asimov, IsaacIsaac Asimov The Caves of Steel Galaxy Science Fiction [70]
1954 2004 Sturgeon, TheodoreTheodore Sturgeon More Than Human Farrar, Straus and Giroux [70]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dune World was the title of the 1964 serialized novel; when "Dune World" and its sequel, "The Prophet of Dune", were incorporated into the 1966 edition of Dune, the book edition was allowed to be nominated in 1966.
  2. ^ The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress was serialized in 1965 – 66, and was allowed to be nominated for both years.
  3. ^ Although no "Best Novel" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]