Taebong

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Taebong
태봉 (泰封)

901–918
Taebong at its height in 915.
Capital Songak
(901–905)

Cheolwon
(905–918)
Languages Korean
Religion Korean Buddhism, Korean Confucianism, Korean Taoism, Korean shamanism
Government Monarchy
King
 -  901–918 Gung Ye
History
 -  Establishment 901
 -  Fall 918
Taebong
Hangul 후 고구려 (901–904)
마진 (904–911)
태봉 (911–918)
Hanja 後高句麗 (901–904)
摩震 (904–911)
泰封 (911–918)
Revised Romanization Hu Goguryeo (901–904)
Majin (904–911)
Taebong (911–918)
McCune–Reischauer Hu Koguryŏ (901–904)
Majin (904–911)
T'aebong (911–918)

Taebong or Later Goguryeo (Hugoguryeo) was a state established by Gung Ye (궁예, 弓裔) on the Korean peninsula in 901, during the Later Three Kingdoms period.

History[edit]

Gung Ye was known as a son of King Heonan or King Gyeongmun. A soothsayer prophesied that the new-born baby would bring disaster to Silla, so the King ordered his servants to kill him. However, his nurse hid Gung Ye and raised him secretly.[1] He joined Yang Gil's rebellion force in 892. Silla, after nearly a millennium as a centralized kingdom, was quickly declining, and Gung Ye instigated his own rebellion and absorbed Wang Geon's force in Songak. In 898, He set up the capital in Songak. He eventually defeated Yang Gil and other local lords in central Korea to proclaim himself king of Later Goguryeo in 901.

He changed the state's name to Majin in 904, and eventually to Taebong in 911. Gung Ye transferred the capital from Songak to Cheolwon in 905. Taebong at its peak consisted of territory in the present-day provinces North Hwanghae and South Hwanghae, Gyeonggi, Gangwon-do (South Korea)/Kangwon-do (North Korea), Pyongyang, North Chungcheong and southern part of South Jeolla.

In his later days, Gung Ye proclaimed himself a Buddha and became a tyrant who sentenced death to anyone opposing him, including his own wife Lady Gang. As a result, in 918 four of his own generals – Hong Yu (홍유, 洪儒), Bae Hyeon-gyeong (배현경, 裵玄慶), Shin Sung-gyeom (신숭겸, 申崇謙) and Bok Ji-gyeom (복지겸, 卜智謙) – overthrew Taebong and installed Wang Geon as king.[2] Soon thereafter, the Goryeo dynasty was proclaimed.

Taebong influenced Goryeo culturally. Gung Ye was originally a Buddhist monk. He encouraged Buddhism and changed the manners of national ceremonies Buddhist, including the Palgwanhoe (팔관회, 八關會) and Seokdeungnong (석등롱, 石燈籠). These changes survived the death of Gung Ye and the fall of Taebong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 태봉의 궁예정권 ISBN 9788991510609
  2. ^ 궁예, 디지털한국학 http://www.koreandb.net/General/person/p151_00746.htm