Ibn Arafa, born Mohammed bin Mohammed bin Arafa al-Werghemmi, in 1316 in Tunis and died in 1401 in the same city, is a Tunisian Imam, the most illustrious representative of Maliki Islam to Hafsid period.
From the south-east of Tunisia, his knowledge of law, of grammar, of rhetoric, of mathematics, and medicine enabled him to lead the prestigious Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the University of Ez-Zitouna for several years.
Staunch defender of the Maliki Islam, he did not hesitate to come into direct conflict with several Sufi of his time as the esoteric and religious practices he seen with his eyes were beyond the precepts of Islam and the understanding of the faithful. He also had conflicts with Ibn Khaldun which he suspects reconciliation with the power. This last one in turn accused Ibn Arafa to be jealous of his popularity.
As a theologian, Ibn Arafa remains a strict and pure Maliki, with an independent power especially in Tunisia. He is also the author of numerous books on law, theology, and logic. Such books are stored at Zaytuna, in Tunisia.
- (French) Moncef Ben Salem, « Imam Ibn Arafa (1316-1401) », Tunisian Press, june 9, 2008
- (French) Presentation of Dar Ibn Arafa (Sites and monuments)