Igloolik

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Igloolik
ᐃᒡᓗᓕᒃ
Iglulik
Hamlet
Igloolik
Igloolik
Igloolik is located in Nunavut
Igloolik
Igloolik
Coordinates: 69°22′34″N 081°47′58″W / 69.37611°N 81.79944°W / 69.37611; -81.79944Coordinates: 69°22′34″N 081°47′58″W / 69.37611°N 81.79944°W / 69.37611; -81.79944
Country Canada
Territory Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk Region
Electoral district Aggu
Electoral district Amittuq
Government[1][2][3]
 • Mayor Joseph Inooya
 • MLA Aggu Paul Quassa
 • MLA Amittuq George Qulaut
Area[4]
 • Total 102.87 km2 (39.72 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 53 m (174 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 2,000
 • Density 19/km2 (50/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Canadian Postal code X0A 0L0
Area code(s) 867

Igloolik (Syllabics: ᐃᒡᓗᓕᒃ[pronunciation?], sometimes spelled Iglulik), is an Inuit hamlet, in Foxe Basin, Qikiqtaaluk Region in Nunavut, northern Canada. Because it is located on Igloolik Island, close to the Melville Peninsula, it is often mistakenly thought to be on the peninsula. The name "Igloolik" means "there is a house here". It derives from iglu, meaning house or building, and refers to the sod houses that were originally in the area, not to snow igloos.[6] in Inuktitut.[7] The residents are called Iglulingmiut (the suffix miut means "people of"). The mayor of Igloolik is Joe Inooya.

History[edit]

Information about the area’s earliest inhabitants comes mainly from numerous archeological sites on the island; some dating back more than 4,000 years. First contact with Europeans came when British Navy ships HMS Fury and HMS Hecla, under the command of Captain William Edward Parry, wintered in Igloolik in 1822.

The island was visited in 1867 and 1868 by the American explorer Charles Francis Hall in his search for survivors of the lost Franklin Expedition. In 1913, Alfred Tremblay, a French-Canadian prospector with Captain Joseph Bernier’s expedition to Pond Inlet, extended his mineral exploration overland to Igloolik, and in 1921 a member of Knud Rasmussen's Fifth Thule Expedition visited the island.

The first permanent presence by southerners in Igloolik came with the establishment of a Roman Catholic Mission in the 1930s. By the end of the decade, the Hudson's Bay Company had also set up a post on the island.

Non-indigenous establishments, such as RCMP stations, day schools, and clinics, were here before they came to be in surrounding communities. The Igloolik Research Centre focuses on documenting Inuit traditional knowledge and technology, as well as climatology and seismic data research.[8]

Culture[edit]

Traditional amautiit made from seal (left) and caribou (right) are occasionally worn by infants and mothers, although fabric versions are more common today

Anthropologically, Iglulik Inuit are usually considered to be the Iglulingmiut, the Aivilingmiut,[9] and the Tununirmiut, the Inuit Inupiaq-speakers on northern Baffin Island, on Southampton Island, and in the Melville Peninsula.[10]

An ancient legend from the Igloolik area was adapted by Zacharias Kunuk into the award-winning Canadian film Atanarjuat in 2001. In 2004, Isuma produced the film The Journals of Knud Rasmussen which was released in September 2006 after premiering at the Toronto International Film Festival.

Igloolik is also the home-base of the only Inuit circus, Artcirq. This collective is active in video-making, music production and live circus show performances. Early in 2008, when temperatures in Igloolik were at −50 °C (−58 °F), eight members of Artcirq went to Essakane north of Timbuktu, Mali, where temperatures were 40 °C (104 °F), to perform at the Festival au Désert.[11][12] In February 2010, six members of Artcirq represented Nunavut in performances at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia.[13]

In late 2007, the Igloolik HTO (Hunter and Trappers Organization) banned all forms of tourism (sport hunting, filming, photography, watching) related to the northern Foxe Basin walrus population for a period of two years. This ban was in response to an observed decrease in walrus. The Igloolik Inuit continue to harvest walrus while the tourism ban is in place.

Demographics[edit]

Sunset in Igloolik

As of the 2006 census, the population was 1,538, an increase of 19.6% from the 2001 census.[4]

The growth of the Iglulingmiut Population:

  • 146 (1822)
  • 485 (1963)
  • 680 (1967)
  • 867 (1972)
  • 1,174 (1996)
  • 1,286 (2001)
  • 1,538 (2006)
  • 1,720 (2009) estimate based on 3.8% growth-rate statistic. Non-inuit population ~ 84

Climate[edit]

Igloolik has a polar climate with 9 months averaging below 0 °C (32 °F).

Climate data for Igloolik Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex −4.2 −0.6 −3.9 0.3 5.6 18.7 24.3 24.5 11.2 3.4 −0.5 −1.5 24.5
Record high °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.5
(34.7)
7.0
(44.6)
16.5
(61.7)
24.5
(76.1)
21.5
(70.7)
11.5
(52.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
24.5
(76.1)
Average high °C (°F) −28.4
(−19.1)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.8
(38.8)
11.2
(52.2)
8.2
(46.8)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−15.7
(3.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−10.1
(13.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −31.6
(−24.9)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
1.2
(34.2)
7.4
(45.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−8.1
(17.4)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−13.3
(8.1)
Average low °C (°F) −34.8
(−30.6)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.6
(38.5)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−16.5
(2.3)
Record low °C (°F) −47.0
(−52.6)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−13.5
(7.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−47.0
(−52.6)
Wind chill −60.9 −65.9 −58.3 −48.6 −35.5 −21.3 −4.3 −10.8 −17.9 −49.8 −49.9 −56.4 −65.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 6.2
(0.244)
7.8
(0.307)
12.8
(0.504)
16.7
(0.657)
14.7
(0.579)
13.2
(0.52)
28.2
(1.11)
35.1
(1.382)
27.3
(1.075)
34.5
(1.358)
14.4
(0.567)
11.6
(0.457)
222.4
(8.756)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
8.9
(0.35)
28.2
(1.11)
32.7
(1.287)
15.9
(0.626)
1.1
(0.043)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
86.9
(3.421)
Snowfall cm (inches) 6.2
(2.44)
7.9
(3.11)
13.4
(5.28)
17.1
(6.73)
14.8
(5.83)
4.5
(1.77)
0.0
(0)
2.4
(0.94)
11.1
(4.37)
32.8
(12.91)
14.5
(5.71)
11.5
(4.53)
136.2
(53.62)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.4 3.8 6.5 7.0 6.9 6.3 9.3 10.1 9.5 12.4 7.6 5.8 89.3
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 4.4 9.3 9.7 5.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 29.2
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 4.5 3.8 6.5 6.9 6.8 2.1 0.0 0.5 4.7 11.2 7.5 5.6 60.0
 % humidity 73.3 80.5 73.2 n/a n/a 79.8 n/a n/a n/a n/a 81.4 78.6 77.8
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[14]

Environmental concerns[edit]

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation interviewed people from the region in April 2008, about their concerns over plans to ship iron ore from the nearby Steensby Inlet on Baffin Island from the Baffinland Iron Mine.[15] Jaypetee Palluq, an Igloolik resident who had been asked to serve on a Baffinland advisory committee, was concerned that the mine's operation would interfere with the traditional hunts for sea mammals, like Walrus.

He called on Baffinland to "find an alternate shipping route to the mine, regardless of the cost." Paul Quassa, Former Mayor of Igloolik, also expressed concern, over the effect of freighters on the ice used by the Walrus. He said the region was known for its highly prized aged, fermented walrus meat, a valuable export from the region.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nunavummiut vie for council positions in upcoming hamlet elections
  2. ^ Results for the constituency of Aggu at Elections Nunavut
  3. ^ Results for the constituency of Amittuq at Elections Nunavut
  4. ^ a b 2006 census
  5. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 6 February 2014 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
  6. ^ Igloolik, Nunavut
  7. ^ Igloolik at the Qikiqtani Inuit Association
  8. ^ "Igloolik, NU". Alias:Arctic Logistics Information and Support. Archived from the original on 2007-08-06. Retrieved 2007-10-17. 
  9. ^ "Clothing, footwear and territory of the Caribou Inuit". aaanativearts.com. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  10. ^ "Iglulik Inuit". everyculture.com. Retrieved 2007-10-17. 
  11. ^ Hottest ticket in Malian capital involves the Inuit
  12. ^ Artcirq
  13. ^ "People Making a Difference". csmonitor.com. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Igloolik A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2402543. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  15. ^ "Baffin Island residents resist proposed iron mine plans". CBC News. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Allen, Kristiann. Negotiating Health The Meanings and Implications of Building a Healthy Community in Igloolik, Nunavut. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 2002. ISBN 0-612-64124-4
  • Aporta, Claudio. Old Routes, New Trails Contemporary Inuit Travel and Orienting in Igloolik, Nunavut. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 2004. ISBN 0-612-87930-5
  • Dredge, L. A. The Geology of the Igloolik Island Area, and Sea Level Changes. Yellowknife, N.W.T.: Science Institute of the Northwest Territories, 1992.
  • Ford, James D., Barry Smit, Johanna Wandel, and John MacDonald. 2006. "Vulnerability to Climate Change in Igloolik, Nunavut: What We Can Learn from the Past and Present". Polar Record (journal). 42, no. 2: 127-138.
  • Leontowich, Kent. A Study of the Benthic Faunal Distribution in the Subtidal Zone of Turton Bay, Igloolik Island, Nunavut. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 2005. ISBN 0-612-92856-X
  • Niwranski, K., P. G. Kevan, and A. Fjellberg. 2002. "Effects of Vehicle Disturbance and Soil Compaction on Arctic Collembolan Abundance and Diversity on Igloolik Island, Nunavut, Canada". European Journal of Soil Biology. 38, no. 2: 193-196.
  • Wachowich, Nancy. Making a Living, Making a Life Subsistence and the Re-Enactment of Iglulingmiut Cultural Practices. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 2001. ISBN 0-612-61191-4

External links[edit]