Ingleton, North Yorkshire
Ingleton and the viaduct across Swilla Glen
Ingleton shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|- London||205 mi (330 km) SE|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Skipton and Ripon|
Ingleton is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is 19 miles (30 km) from Kendal and 17 miles (28 km) from Lancaster on the western side of the Pennines. It is 9.3 miles (15 km) from Settle;. The River Doe and the River Twiss join together in the village to form the source of the River Greta, itself a tributary of the River Lune. It is on the A65 and a the head of the A687. The B6255 takes the south bank of the River Doe to Ribblehead and Hawes. The village has no railway station, and the railway viaduct that is central to the village has no track, and is used as a walking trail.
The hamlet of Yarlsber lies south-east of Ingleton.
There are two major quarries within the parish. Ingleton Granite Quarry, owned by Hanson Aggregates, is still active and extracts Ordivician greywacke for roadstone. Meal Bank Quarry is no longer active, but extracted Carboniferous limestone and possesses an early Hoffman kiln. Formerly there was a textile mill (National Building Register:63815: ), but Ingleton is mostly known for its tourism, being partially in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, offering waterfalls in a SSSI, limestone caves and Karst landscape walking opportunities.
Ingleton offers a complex geology. The basic Karst landscape is cut by the two Craven faults. The Ingleton Glens which form part of the Ingleton Waterfalls Trail exposes Yorkshires oldest rocks, the Ingletonian rocks which may be the linked to the theoretical Ocean of Lapetus.[a] An alluvial flat covers the coal measure sandstones on the down throw of the South Craven Fault. These coal measures were exploited by the small Ingleton Coalfield.
The village sits at the foot of Ingleborough, from which it can be accessed directly. Ingleborough is 2,373 feet (723 m) high. Also in the area are the popular show-caves of Ingleborough and White Scar Caves along with the 365 ft (111 m) deep cavern of Gaping Gill. Due to the 300 million year limestone rock that dominates the area, there is a labyrinth of more challenging potholes and caves.
Ingleton had two railway stations at opposite ends of Ingleton Viaduct. Ingleton (Midland) station opened for ten months only in 1849, then reopened in 1861 until 1954. Ingleton (L&NW) station opened along with the Ingleton Branch Line in 1861, but such was the rivalry between competing railway companies that initially passengers were forced to walk between the stations across the Greta valley floor, despite the viaduct between them. The L&NW station closed in 1917. The nearest railway station is now Bentham, 3.5 miles (6 km) by road to the south of Ingleton. Ingleton Viaduct is a Grade II listed building.
Historically, mining and agriculture where the predominant industries in the area. Coal was extracted from the Ingleton Coalfield from the early 1600s, to the turn of the 20th century, eventually closing in 1936.
Tourism, mostly from hiking and caving, accounts for most of the economic activity of the village, especially in the Spring and Summer. There are some local craft businesses, such as pottery. There is still some local quarrying, though mining has ceased in the area.
Ingleton is a civil parish in its own right and the Parish Council has 11 Councillors with elections held every four years. The village is a part of the Ingleton & Clapham Ward of Craven District Council and returns two members. The village lies within the Parliamentary Constituency of Skipton and Ripon, represented by Julian Smith, a member of the Conservative Party, as of the 2010 general election.
In 1933 an open-air swimming pool was dug out and built by local volunteers. The European (Objective 5b) Community Fund, the National Lottery and private donations have been used recently to improve and modernise the pool.
Ingleton, though a small village, provides its residents and visitors with curiosity shops, sports shops (for the hikers, cavers and climbers), a toy shop, hairdressers, cafés and public houses.
The Parish Church is St Mary's Church of England. There is also a Methodist Chapel and an Evangelical Church.
- OS map 98, Wensleydale and Upper Wharfdale.
- Kidd, Adrian. "The ‘Your Dales Rocks Project’ – A Draft Local Geodiversity Action Plan (2006-2011) for the Yorkshire Dales and the Craven Lowlands". North Yorkshire Geodiversity Partnership. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Waltham, Tony (2007). The Yorkshire Dales Landscape and Geology. Marlborough, Wiltshire: The Crowood Press Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-86126-972-0.
- CPGS 2003, p. 14.
- "NBR63815". English Heritage.
- CPGS 2003, p. 1.
- CPGS 2003, p. 2.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 126. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Western, Robert (1990), The Ingleton Branch, Oakwood Press, Oxford, ISBN 0 85361 394 X, p.29
- English Heritage. "Ingleton Viaduct (1335083)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Ingleton Primary School". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Settle College". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Queen Elizabeth School". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Economy". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "History". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Parish Council". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "District Council". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Parliament". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Ingleton Swimming Pool".
- "Churches". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
CPGS (2003). "Ingleton Waterfalls trail". Craven and Pendle Geological Society. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Media related to Ingleton at Wikimedia Commons