Ingleton, North Yorkshire
Ingleton and the viaduct across Swilla Glen
Ingleton shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|- London||205 mi (330 km) SE|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Skipton and Ripon|
Ingleton is a village and civil parish in the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England. It is known for walking, hiking and caving. Popular walks are the Ingleton Waterfalls Trail and the climb up Ingleborough, which is one of the well known Yorkshire Three Peaks. The River Doe and the River Twiss join together in the town to form the source of the River Greta, which flows into nearby Lancashire.
The hamlet of Yarlsber lies south-east of Ingleton.
History and geography
Ingleton and the surrounding area was visited and settled by Celts, Romans, Angles, Vikings and Normans. The village sits at the foot of Ingleborough, from which it can be accessed directly. Ingleborough is 2,373 feet (723 m) high. Also in the area are the popular show-caves of Ingleborough and White Scar Caves along with the 365 ft (111 m) deep cavern of Gaping Gill. Due to the 300 million year limestone rock that dominates the area, there is a labyrinth of more challenging potholes and caves.
Historically, mining and agriculture where the predominant industries in the area. Coal was extracted from the Ingleton Coalfield from the early 1600s, to the turn of the 20th century, eventually closing in 1936.
Ingleton had two railway stations at opposite ends of Ingleton Viaduct. Ingleton (Midland) station opened for ten months only in 1849, then reopened in 1861 until 1954. Ingleton (L&NW) station opened along with the Ingleton Branch Line in 1861, but such was the rivalry between competing railway companies that initially passengers were forced to walk between the stations across the Greta valley floor, despite the viaduct between them. The L&NW station closed in 1917. The nearest railway station is now Bentham, 3.5 miles (6 km) by road to the south of Ingleton. Ingleton Viaduct is a Grade II listed building.
Tourism, mostly from hiking and caving, accounts for most of the economic activity of the village, especially in the Spring and Summer. There are some local craft businesses, such as pottery. There is still some local quarrying, though mining has ceased in the area.
Ingleton is a civil parish in its own right and the Parish Council has 11 Councillors with elections held every four years. The village is a part of the Ingleton & Clapham Ward of Craven District Council and returns two members. The village lies within the Parliamentary Constituency of Skipton and Ripon, represented by Julian Smith, a member of the Conservative Party, as of the 2010 general election.
In 1933 an open-air swimming pool was dug out and built by local volunteers. The European (Objective 5b) Community Fund, the National Lottery and private donations have been used recently to improve and modernise the pool.
Ingleton, though a small village, provides its residents and visitors with curiosity shops, sports shops (for the hikers, cavers and climbers), a toy shop, hairdressers, cafés and public houses.
The Parish Church is St Mary's Church of England. There is also a Methodist Chapel and an Evangelical Church.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 126. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Western, Robert (1990), The Ingleton Branch, Oakwood Press, Oxford, ISBN 0 85361 394 X, p.29
- English Heritage. "Ingleton Viaduct (1335083)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Ingleton Primary School". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Settle College". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Queen Elizabeth School". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "Economy". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "History". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Parish Council". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "District Council". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Parliament". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Ingleton Swimming Pool".
- "Churches". Retrieved 7 April 2012.