Interstate 490 (Ohio)

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Interstate 490 marker

Interstate 490
Troy Lee James Highway
Route information
Maintained by ODOT
Length: 2.43 mi[2] (3.91 km)
Existed: 1990[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑71 / I‑90 in Cleveland
  I‑77 in Cleveland
East end: East 55th Street, Bower Avenue in Cleveland
Highway system
I‑480 I‑670

Interstate 490 (I-490) is a 2.43-mile (3.91 km) Interstate Highway in Cleveland, Ohio. The western terminus is a junction with I-90 and I-71 on Cleveland's west side. After spanning the Cuyahoga River, I-490 reaches its eastern terminus at a junction with East 55th Street, just east of I-77.

History[edit]

Detailed map of I-490 and surrounding freeways

The original plans of the Cleveland and other city and federal highway authorities called for the highway – also known as the Clark Freeway and, at various times and in various sections, as Interstate 80N[3] and Interstate 290 – to bisect the east side of the city and the eastern suburbs; the I-290 designation would then have continued north along I-271.[4] I-71 was to have continued along the Innerbelt to Dead Man's Curve, while I-290 was to have used the portion of present I-90 westward to the Parma Freeway near West 65th Street.[3] Freeway revolts in the late 1960s prevented the Clark Freeway east of East 55th Street and the Parma Freeway from being built; specifically, a referendum in Shaker Heights barred the city from allowing the Clark Freeway to pass through the city and its Shaker Lakes.[5][6] The Interstate 490 designation was applied to the Clark Freeway's altered proposed path in 1973,[7] but this alignment also was not built east of East 55th Street. Ultimately I-90 was realigned to follow the Innerbelt and the I-290 routing west of I-71, and the middle segment of the Clark Freeway opened in 1990.[1]

In 2003, I-490 was dedicated to Troy Lee James, former member of the Ohio House of Representatives.[8]

In April 2011, the ramps between I-77 and I-90 to the west were removed, making I-490 the official route between those highways and between I-77 and I-71.[9]

Incomplete I-490 in Cleveland, looking east from West 14th Street in July 1973.

Opportunity Corridor[edit]

There have been subsequent proposals to employ part of the I-290 routing. Among them have been plans rejected in 2002[10] and 2006.[11] The current project as of 2015, part of the Innerbelt project, involves building an expressway to University Circle, named the "Opportunity Corridor". This iteration was conceived in 2008;[12] its Record of Decision was issued in May 2014.[13][14] Construction began in March 2015 along the portion east of East 93rd Street; construction along the remainder is to begin in 2017.[15][16]

The Opportunity Corridor has a number of opponents, including a grassroots group, Clevelanders for Transportation Equity.[17] Many of the objections are rooted in the upheaval of the local community, which is predominantly lower income and African-American.[18]

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County.

mi[19] km Exit Destinations Notes
0.00 0.00 I‑90 west – Toledo Western terminus; I-90 exit 170C
0.06 0.10 1A I‑71 south / SR 176 south – Columbus Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; I-71 exit 247B
0.92 1.48 1B West 7th Street / Houston Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.65 2.66 2A SR 14 / SR 43 (Broadway) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.72 2.77 2B I‑77 / SR 10 west – Downtown Cleveland, Akron Exit 161 on I-77; proposed rerouting of SR 10[20]
2.43 3.91 East 55th Street Eastern terminus at an at-grade intersection
SR 10 east (Opportunity Corridor) Future eastern terminus;[12] road continues east as SR 10[20]
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thoma, Pauline (1990-09-12). "Ceremony gets I-490 on road; Long-awaited bridge opens for business". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 2". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  3. ^ a b Ohio Department of Highways. "1957-1958 Biennial Report excerpt". Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  4. ^ Example: Map of Ohio Showing State Highway System (MrSID) (Map). Cartography by ODOH. Ohio Department of Highways. 1964. Retrieved 2014-07-12. 
  5. ^ O'Malley, Michael (2006-09-25). "Women saved Shaker Lakes from freeways". The Plain Dealer. 
  6. ^ Cleveland Heights Historical Society. "Feature Stories: When Bad Ideas Happen to Good Suburbs: The Clark, Lee and Heights Freeways". Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  7. ^ U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee (November 10, 1973). U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee (PDF) (Report). Los Angeles, CA: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 1. Retrieved 2014-08-04 – via Wikimedia Commons. 
  8. ^ "§5516.05: Troy Lee James highway". Ohio Revised Code. 2003-03-19. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  9. ^ "Two Interstate 77/90 Ramps to Close Permanently as Part of Innerbelt Work" (press release). Ohio Department of Transportation District 12, 2011-04-05. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  10. ^ Exner, Rich (2002-02-15). "East Side highway options hit wall; State, federal officials urge scrapping plan". The Plain Dealer. 
  11. ^ Wendling, Ted (2006-08-18). "Foe blasts Blackwell's 'summit' with contractors". The Plain Dealer. 
  12. ^ a b Nichols, Jim (2008-06-27). "Cleveland's Opportunity Corridor project gets back on track". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  13. ^ "The Cleveland Opportunity Corridor Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement / Record of Decision". HNTB/U.S. Federal Highway Administration/Ohio Department of Transportation, 2014-05-01. Retrieved on 2014-05-30.
  14. ^ Grant, Alison (2014-05-29). "Opportunity Corridor Gets Federal Signoff, Clearing Way for 3.5-Mile Boulevard". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  15. ^ Grant, Alison (2014-12-18). "Inner Belt, Opportunity Corridor move along, road repair plan nixed". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 
  16. ^ Grant, Alison (2015-03-13). "Opportunity Corridor crews begin work on Monday along a section of East 105th Street". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2015-03-19. 
  17. ^ "Clevelanders for Transportation Equity". Clevelanders for Transportation Equity. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  18. ^ Breckenridge, Tom (2011-07-18). "Opportunity Corridor's Latest Alignment Would Uproot more than 90 Families, a Dozen Businesses". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  19. ^ "State of Ohio - Department of Transportation - IR 490 Straight Line Diagram". Ohio Department of Transportation. January 2003. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Opportunity Corridor Public Hearing". City of Cleveland. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing