Interstate 490 (Ohio)

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Interstate 490 marker

Interstate 490
Troy Lee James Highway
Route information
Maintained by ODOT
Length: 2.43 mi[2] (3.91 km)
Existed: 1990[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑71 / I‑90 in Cleveland
  I‑77 in Cleveland
East end: East 55th Street, Bower Avenue in Cleveland
Highway system
I-480 I-670

Interstate 490 (I-490) is a 2.43-mile (3.91 km) Interstate Highway in Cleveland, Ohio. The western terminus is a junction with I-90 and I-71 on Cleveland's west side. After spanning the Cuyahoga River, the eastern terminus is a junction with East 55th Street, just east of I-77.

History[edit]

Detailed map of I-490 and surrounding freeways

The original plans of the Cleveland and other city and federal highway authorities called for the highway – also known as the Clark Freeway and, at various times and in various sections, as Interstate 80N[3] and Interstate 290 – to bisect the east side of the city and the eastern suburbs; the I-290 designation would have continued north along I-271. A referendum in Shaker Heights in the late 1960s, however, barred the city from allowing the highway to pass through the city and its Shaker Lakes.[4][5] This put a large and impassable hole in the plans and made the completion of the highway as a whole impossible. A segment at the western end opened in 1990 as I-490.

I-71 was to have continued along the Innerbelt to Dead Man's Curve, while I-290 was to have used the portion of present I-90 westward to the Parma Freeway near West 65th Street.[3] After the freeway revolts prevented the Clark Freeway east of East 55th Street and the Parma Freeway from being built, I-90 was realigned to follow the Innerbelt and part of the I-290 routing. In 2003, I-490 was dedicated to Troy Lee James.[6]

In April 2011, the ramps between I-77 and I-90 to the west were removed, making I-490 the official route between those highways and between I-77 and I-71.[7]

Incomplete I-490 in Cleveland, looking east from West 14th Street in July 1973.

Opportunity Corridor[edit]

There have been subsequent proposals to employ part of the I-290 routing. The current plan, part of the Innerbelt project, proposes an expressway to University Circle, named the "Opportunity Corridor". After temporary rejections in 2002[8] and 2006 – the latter due to Secretary of State Ken Blackwell's loss in the 2006 gubernatorial campaign after he had reintroduced the plan as part of a plan to lease the Ohio Turnpike[9] – the plan is active again. In June 2008, the start date for the project was planned to be 2015,[10] earlier than the 2025 or later date previously planned.[11] In 2009, a plan to incorporate the highway as a toll road was proposed.[12] That same year, a director of the project was named,[13][14] and the Opportunity Corridor Steering Committee was formed,[13] holding its first meeting on May 15.[15] As of July 2011 the earliest date of construction is 2016, providing that funding is available.[16] According to Ohio government officials, funding may be available as a result of the passage of the 2013 Ohio transportation budget bill.[17] The Record of Decision for the highway was issued in May 2014.[18][19]

The Opportunity Corridor has a number of opponents, including a grassroots group, Clevelanders for Transportation Equity.[20] Many of the objections are rooted in the upheaval of the local community, which is predominantly lower income and African-American.[16]

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County.

Mile[21] km Exit Destinations Notes
0.00 0.00 I‑90 west – Toledo Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; western terminus of I-490
0.06 0.10 1A I‑71 south / SR 176 south – Columbus Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
0.92 1.48 1B West 7th Street / Houston Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.65 2.66 2A SR 14 / SR 43 (Broadway) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.72 2.77 2B I‑77 / SR 10 – Downtown Cleveland, Akron Exit 161 (I-77); SR 10 concurrency proposed[22]
2.43 3.91 East 55th Street Eastern terminus of I-490; at-grade intersection
Begin at-grade highway eastbound and limited access highway westbound
SR 10 (Opportunity Corridor) Future terminus of I-490;[10] road continues as SR 10[22]
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thoma, Pauline (1990-09-12). "Ceremony gets I-490 on road; Long-awaited bridge opens for business". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 2". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  3. ^ a b Ohio Department of Highways. "1957-1958 Biennial Report excerpt". Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  4. ^ O'Malley, Michael (2006-09-25). "Women saved Shaker Lakes from freeways". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  5. ^ Cleveland Heights Historical Society. "Feature Stories: When Bad Ideas Happen to Good Suburbs: The Clark, Lee and Heights Freeways". Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  6. ^ "§5516.05: Troy Lee James highway". Ohio Revised Code. March 19, 2003. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Two Interstate 77/90 Ramps to Close Permanently as Part of Innerbelt Work" (press release). Ohio Department of Transportation District 12, 2011-04-05. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  8. ^ Exner, Rich (2002-02-15). "East Side highway options hit wall; State, federal officials urge scrapping plan". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  9. ^ Wendling, Ted (2006-08-18). "Foe blasts Blackwell's 'summit' with contractors". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  10. ^ a b Nichols, Jim (2008-06-27). "Cleveland's Opportunity Corridor project gets back on track". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  11. ^ Larkin, Brent (2008-03-30). "City must have road to its future". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  12. ^ Farkas, Karen (2009-02-05). "Opportunity Corridor in Cleveland could be a toll road, ODOT says". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  13. ^ a b "Cuyahoga County Planning Commission Weblog: April 2009 Archives". Cuyahoga County Planning Commission. 2009-04-24. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  14. ^ Farkas, Karen (2009-04-23). "Project director is named for Opportunity Corridor". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  15. ^ Farkas, Karen (2009-05-15). "Opportunity Corridor panel holds first meeting". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  16. ^ a b Breckenridge, Tom (2011-07-18). "Opportunity Corridor's Latest Alignment Would Uproot more than 90 Families, a Dozen Businesses". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  17. ^ Breckenridge, Tom (2013-04-01). "Kasich Signs Transportation Bill, Says Opportunity Corridor Among Projects that Could Launch". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  18. ^ "The Cleveland Opportunity Corridor Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement / Record of Decision". HNTB/U.S. Federal Highway Administration/Ohio Department of Transportation, 2014-05-01. Retrieved on 2014-05-30.
  19. ^ Grant, Alison (2014-05-29). "Opportunity Corridor Gets Federal Signoff, Clearing Way for 3.5-Mile Boulevard". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  20. ^ "Clevelanders for Transportation Equity". Clevelanders for Transportation Equity. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  21. ^ "State of Ohio - Department of Transportation - IR 490 Straight Line Diagram". Ohio Department of Transportation. January 2003. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Opportunity Corridor Public Hearing". City of Cleveland. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing