James Braid (golfer)
|— Golfer —|
|Full name||James Braid|
6 February 1870|
|Died||27 November 1950
|Best results in major championships
|The Open Championship||Won: 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1910|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1976 (member page)|
James Braid (6 February 1870 – 27 November 1950) was a Scottish professional golfer and a member of the Great Triumvirate of the sport alongside Harry Vardon and John Henry Taylor. He won The Open Championship five times. He also was a renowned golf course architect.
Braid was born in Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland and played golf from an early age, working as a clubmaker before turning professional in 1896. Initially his game was hindered by problems with his putting, but he overcame this after switching to an aluminium putter in 1900. He won The Open Championship in 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908 and 1910. In addition, Braid won four British PGA Matchplay Championships (1903, 1905, 1907 and 1911), as well as the 1910 French Open title. He was also runner-up in The Open Championship in 1897 and 1909. His 1906 victory in The Open Championship was the last successful defence of the title by a European until Pádraig Harrington replicated the feat in 2008.
In 1912, Braid scaled back his tournament golf, and became a club professional at Walton Heath. He developed a very successful career in golf course design, and is sometimes regarded as the "inventor" of the dogleg, although holes of similar design had been known for centuries (for example, the Road Hole at the Old Course at St Andrews). Among his designs are the "King's Course" and the "Queen's Course" at Gleneagles, and the 1926 remodelling of The Open Championship venue Carnoustie Golf Links.
Stranraer Golf Club's course was the final one that was designed by Braid in the year that he died, 1950. He was called out of retirement to plan Creachmore, which was to be his last commission. Braid never lived to see the course completed. He died in London on 27 November 1950.
Tournament wins (15)
this list may be incomplete
- 1901 The Open Championship
- 1902 Tooting Bec Cup
- 1903 News of the World Match Play, Tooting Bec Cup
- 1904 Tooting Bec Cup
- 1905 The Open Championship, News of the World Match Play
- 1906 The Open Championship
- 1907 News of the World Match Play, Tooting Bec Cup
- 1908 The Open Championship
- 1910 The Open Championship, French Open
- 1911 News of the World Match Play
- 1920 British vs. America Match
Major championships are shown in bold.
|Year||Championship||54 Holes||Winning Score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1901||The Open Championship||5 shot lead||79-76-74-80=309||3 strokes||Harry Vardon|
|1905||The Open Championship (2)||6 shot lead||81-78-78-81=318||5 strokes||Rowland Jones, J.H. Taylor|
|1906||The Open Championship (3)||3 shot deficit||77-76-74-73=300||4 strokes||J.H. Taylor|
|1908||The Open Championship (4)||6 shot lead||70-72-77-72=291||8 strokes||Tom Ball|
|1910||The Open Championship (5)||2 shot deficit||76-73-74-76=299||4 strokes||Sandy Herd|
Braid played in only The Open Championship.
|The Open Championship||T10||DNP||6||2||T10||T5|
|The Open Championship||3||1||T2||5||T2||1||1||T5||1||T2|
|The Open Championship||1||T5||3||T18||T10||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||T21||T16||DNP||T49||T18||DNP||T28||T30||T41||DNP|
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||CUT|
NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10
Golf courses designed by Braid
Braid designed over 200 courses including the following:
- Herefordshire Golf Club, Raven's Causeway, Herefordshire (1896)
- Finchley Golf Club
- Theydon Bois Golf Club Epping Essex 1897
- Alloa Golf Club, Alloa
- Belleisle Golf Club, Alloway, Ayr
- Budock Vean Golf Club, Falmouth, Cornwall
- Colchester Golf Club, Colchester, Essex
- Kirkistown Castle Links, Cloughey, Co. Down, Northern Ireland
- Kirriemuir Golf Club, Kirriemuir, Angus
- Porthmadog Golf Club, Morfa Bychan, North Wales
- Ludlow Golf Club, Shropshire
- The Musselburgh Golf Club, Musselburgh, East Lothian
- Newton Green Golf Club, Sudbury, Suffolk
- Perranporth Golf Club, Perranporth, Cornwall
- Royal Blackheath Golf Club
- Saint Enodoc Golf Club, Wadebridge, Cornwall
- St Austell Golf Club, St Austell, Cornwall
- Stranraer Golf Club, Stranraer 
- Tiverton Golf Club, Tiverton, Devon, England
- Verulam Golf Club, St. Albans, Hertfordshire
- Charnwood Forest Golf Club, Leicestershire
- King's and Queen's Course, Gleneagles Golf Club. Perthshire, Scotland.
- Erskine Golf Club, Erskine, Renfrewshire, Scotland
- Renfrew Golf Club, Renfrew, Renfrewshire, Scotland
- Howth Golf Club, Howth, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland
- Charnwood Forest Golf Club, Woodhouse, Leicestershire the oldest golf club in Leicestershire
- List of men's major championships winning golfers
- List of golfers with most wins in one PGA Tour event
- "Births in the Parish of Kilconquar in the County of Fife". Statutory Births 436/00 0009. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 18 February 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- "James Braid". The Open. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- "Harrington sets 'exclusive' goals". BBC News. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2008.
- "The James Braid Golf Trail". Visit Scotland. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- "History of Stranraer Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Herefordshire Golf Club website".
- "Finchley Golf Club website".
- "Alloa Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Belleisle Golf Club". Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "Budock Vean Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Colchester Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Kirkistown Castle Links". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Kirriemuir Golf Club". Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "The Musselburgh Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Newton Green Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Perranporth Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Saint Enodoc Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "St Austell Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Tiverton Golf Club". Retrieved 11 July 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Braid (golfer).|
- James Braid Profile at Golf Legends
- James Braid Profile at Golf About
- James Braid Golf Trail James Braid Golf Trail
- Golf House Club Elie Golf House Club, Elie
- SoHG Archives
- James Braid: A Man of Character, Article by Bernard Darwin
- James Braid on Golf Course Architecture