Jaswant Singh II

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Portrait of Jaswant Singh II of Jodhpur (1873–1896)

Jaswant Singh II, GCSI,[1] (1838- 11 October 1895)[2][3] was Maharaja of Jodhpur in India between 1873 and 1895.

Birth[edit]

He was born in 1838 at Ahmadnagar in Gujarat and was eldest son of Takht Singh.[4]

Marriage[edit]

He had 8 wives of which the chief consort was his first wife, the daughter of the Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, Puariji[5]

Accession[edit]

He acceded to the throne of Jodhpur in 1873 upon death of his father, Takhat Singh,[4]

Reign[edit]

The reign of Jaswant Singh II was marked with remarkable prosperity and reforms and development works. He established Courts of Justice, introduced system of revenue settlement and re=organizing all the state departments.[4] Further, he developed infrastructure of the state by introducing telegraphs, railways (Jodhpur State Railway), and developing roads.[4] He formed Imperial Service Cavalry Crops, which later rendered active service in European War.[4] He was honored and created the Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1875.[4][6]

Swami Dayananda incident[edit]

Jawant Singh had invited Swami Dayananda as he was influenced by his ideas. But the tragedy occurred that Dawayanda was poisoned on 29th September 1883, when he was the royal guest of Jaswant Singh II by Dayananda's own cook, who had conspired with a court dancer.[7] Maharaja was quick to arrange services of doctor and arranged for Swamiji to be sent to Mount Abu upon advice of Residency.[7]

Death[edit]

He died 11 October 1895 and was succeeded by his only son Sardar Singh.[5]

Jaswant Thada[edit]

The Jaswant Thada mausoleum in Jodhpur, India

The Jaswant Thada is an architectural landmark located in Jodhpur. It is a white marble memorial built by Sardar Singh in 1899 in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II.[8]

Preceded by
Maharaja Takht Singh
Kunwar of Ahmednagar
1841–1843
none,state ceded to Idar
Preceded by
Maharaja Takht Singh
Rulers of Marwar (Jodhpur)
The Rathore Dynasty

1873–1895
Succeeded by
Maharaja Sardar Singh

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the ... By Sir Roper Lethbridge:pp 218
  2. ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter, Imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 21, Page 34
  3. ^ Nirmal Upadhyaya, The administration of Jodhpur State, 1800-1947 A.D.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey edited by Arnold Wright, 1922:pp 200.
  5. ^ a b Jodhpur
  6. ^ London Gazette, 31 December 1875
  7. ^ a b World Perspectives on Swami Dayananda Saraswati By Gaṅgā Rām Garg :pp 96-98
  8. ^ The Indian Encyclopaedia: Indo-Pak War-Kamla Karri by Subodh Kapoor - 2002 - Page 3755 Jasvvant Thada, Close to the fort complex lies this white marble cenotaph, built in 1899, in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Rare portraits of Jodhpur's rulers are, also, to be seen at Jaswant Thada.