The Jersey Royal is a cultivar of potato grown primarily as a new potato. Only those grown on the island of Jersey can be referred to as Jersey Royals because the term produced designation of origin (PDO) under the EU's food name protection scheme .
Potatoes of the same variety, grown elsewhere are known as international kidney potatoes.
In around 1880 a Jersey farmer, Hugh de la Haye, showed friends a large potato that he had bought. It had 15 'eyes': points from which new plants sprout. They cut this potato into pieces, which they planted in a côtil (a steeply sloping field) above the Bellozanne valley. One plant produced kidney-shaped potatoes, with a paper-thin skin, which they called the Jersey Royal Fluke. This was later shortened to Jersey Royal.
In 2012, 28,600 tonnes of the potato, worth £28.6m, were exported from the island. This figure was down from 30,890 tonnes in 2011.
- "Policy paper Protected food name: Jersey royal potatoes (PDO)". London: TSO. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2015-03-16.
- Jersey Royal
- "Jersey Royal", This is Jersey, accessed 18 January 2009.
- "No 'small potatoes' for marketing", BBC News, 1 April 2008.
- "BBC News - Jersey Royal potato exports fall". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-12.