Baoji

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Baoji
宝鸡市
Prefecture-level city
Baoji
Baoji
Location of Baoji Prefecture within Shaanxi
Location of Baoji Prefecture within Shaanxi
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shaanxi
Founded 2000BC
Area
 • Total 18,712 km2 (7,225 sq mi)
Elevation 570 m (1,870 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,716,731
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 721000
Area code(s) (+86) 0917
License Plate Prefix C
Website baoji.gov.cn

About this sound Baoji  (simplified Chinese: 宝鸡; traditional Chinese: 寶雞; pinyin: Bǎojī) is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China.

Geography[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Baoji has a population of 3,716,731 according to the 2010 Chinese census, inhabiting an area of 18,172 km2 (7,016 sq mi). The city itself has a population of approximately 800,000. Surrounded on three sides by hills, Baoji is in a valley opening out to the east. Its location is strategic, controlling a pass on the Qin Mountains between the Wei Valley and the upper Han River,or named Chia-ling River,(嘉陵江,Chia-ling Chiang,Jialing Jiang)]. Passing through Baoji is the ancient North Silk Road, the northernmost route of about 2,600 kilometres (1,616 miles) in length, which connected the ancient Chinese capital of Xian to the West over the Wushao Ling Pass to Wuwei and emerging in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia.[2]

History[edit]

Thriving early in the Tang dynasty, it has roots to 2000 BC,[3] but is now a large industrial center. Railways first reached Baoji in 1937 and have been key to its modern growth. Baoji is also considered the gateway between western and eastern China since most trains from Beijing, Shanghai and Xi'an pass through here on their way to Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Tibet (Lhasa). Fa Men Si (Famen temple), home to one of Buddha's finger bones, is also located in Baoji County. The Baoji area was home to the legendary Yandi, one of the Han Chinese forefathers. His tomb is located in the southern part of the city and his temple is located in the North.

People who are interested in the Three Kingdoms of ancient China can visit Zhuge Liang's Memorial Temple, about 20 km (12 mi) from Baoji. To get to the temple, take the bus from Baoji XinJianLu Bus Terminal to Gaodian, then transfer to taxi. Taxi fare to the temple from Gaodian is about 20-30 renminbi varying with seasons.

Ancient trackways[edit]

Mount Taibai still has some remaining traces of roadways built during the Three Kingdoms Period (220−280 CE) which are all generally unusable due to decay. They remain a popular attraction because they were built by making wood plank bridges along the side of the mountain.

To the South of Baoji lies the beginning of the plank road into the Qin Mountains. There are also several natural sites such as the Jialing Jiang Fountainhead with its small waterfalls and forests. To the north is Bei Puo, a giant hill made of loess with a panoramic view of the city and a landscape dotted with small farming villages that offer local cuisine.

A number of Longshan archaeological sites have been found north of the Wei River[4] near the North Silk Road.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map
Baoji mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Weibin District 渭滨区 Wèibīn Qū 448,189 728 616
2 Jintai District 金台区 Jīntái Qū 394,538 332 1,188
3 Chencang District 陈仓区 Chéncāng Qū 595,075 2,517 236
4 Fengxiang County 凤翔县 Fèngxiáng Xiàn 483,471 1,179 410
5 Qishan County 岐山县 Qíshān Xiàn 459,064 855 537
6 Fufeng County 扶风县 Fúfēng Xiàn 416,398 751 554
7 Mei County 眉县 Méi Xiàn 299,988 863 348
8 Long County 陇县 Lǒng Xiàn 248,901 2,418 103
9 Qianyang County 千阳县 Qiānyáng Xiàn 123,959 959 129
10 Linyou County 麟游县 Línyóu Xiàn 90,728 1,806 50
11 Feng County 凤县 Fèng Xiàn 105,492 3,187 33
12 Taibai County 太白县 Tàibái Xiàn 50,928 2,780 18

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Baoji (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
7.8
(46)
12.8
(55)
20.1
(68.2)
25.2
(77.4)
29.7
(85.5)
30.9
(87.6)
29.4
(84.9)
23.7
(74.7)
18.4
(65.1)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57)
18.2
(64.8)
21.1
(70)
20.2
(68.4)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.2
(28)
9.0
(48.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 6.4
(0.252)
10.6
(0.417)
24.6
(0.969)
52.4
(2.063)
62.8
(2.472)
76.2
(3)
111.1
(4.374)
114.6
(4.512)
109.6
(4.315)
63.7
(2.508)
19.6
(0.772)
4.7
(0.185)
656.3
(25.839)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 5.4 8.0 8.7 9.9 10.8 11.4 11.0 12.6 10.3 5.4 3.4 101
Source: Weather China

Economy[edit]

Industrial Zone[edit]

  • Baoji Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Established in 1992, Baoji Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was approved as a national hi-tech zone by State Council. It has a long-term planned area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi). The transportation system around the zone includes Xi'an-Xianyang International Airport and National Highway 310. Its encouraged industries are auto parts, electronics, IT, pharmaceutical and bioengineering industry and new materials.[5]

Military[edit]

Baoji is the headquarters of the 21st Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Lanzhou Military Region responsible for defending China's northwest borders.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°21′13″N 107°22′31″E / 34.35361°N 107.37528°E / 34.35361; 107.37528