John Gaillard

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John Gaillard
John Gaillard G000005.jpg
United States Senator
from South Carolina
In office
December 6, 1804 – February 26, 1826
Preceded by Pierce Butler
Succeeded by William Harper
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
January 25, 1820 – December 4, 1825
Preceded by James Barbour
Succeeded by Nathaniel Macon
In office
November 25, 1814 – January 5, 1819
Preceded by Joseph B. Varnum
Succeeded by James Barbour
In office
February 28, 1810 – December 11, 1810
Preceded by Andrew Gregg
Succeeded by John Pope
Personal details
Born (1765-09-05)September 5, 1765
Province of South Carolina
Died February 26, 1826(1826-02-26) (aged 60)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic-Republican

John Gaillard (September 5, 1765 – February 26, 1826) was a U.S. Senator from South Carolina.

Gaillard was born in St. Stephen's district, South Carolina, on September 5, 1765. He was of Huguenot descent. He was elected to the United States Senate in place of Pierce Butler, who resigned, and served from January 31, 1805 until his death. During his tenure, Gaillard voted for the war of 1812. He served as President pro tempore of the Senate in the part of the 11th Congress and at least part of every Congress from the 13th to the 18th. He was also the "Acting Vice President", or next in line to the presidency, from November 25, 1814, two days after the death of Vice President Elbridge Gerry, to March 4, 1817.

Thomas H. Benton, one of Gaillard's contemporaries, described him thus Thirty Years' View:

Urbane in his manners, amiable in temper, scrupulously impartial, uniting absolute firmness of purpose with the greatest gentleness of manners—such were the qualifications which commended him to the presidency of the senate. There was probably not an instance of disorder or a disagreeable scene in the chamber during his long-continued presidency. He classed democratically, but was as much the favorite of one side of the house as of the other, and that in the high party times of the war with Great Britain, which so much exasperated party spirit.

Gaillard died in Washington D.C on 26 February 1826 and was interred in the Congressional Cemetery.

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United States Senate
Preceded by
Pierce Butler
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
1804–1826
Served alongside: Thomas Sumter, John Taylor, William Smith, Robert Y. Hayne
Succeeded by
William Harper
Preceded by
Andrew Gregg
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
February 28, 1810 – December 11, 1810
Succeeded by
John Pope
Preceded by
Joseph Bradley Varnum
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
November 25, 1814 – January 5, 1819
Succeeded by
James Barbour
Preceded by
James Barbour
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
January 25, 1820 — December 4, 1825
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Macon