John Lee Carroll
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|John Lee Carroll|
|37th Governor of Maryland|
January 12, 1876 – January 14, 1880
|Preceded by||James B. Groome|
|Succeeded by||William T. Hamilton|
|Maryland State Senate|
|Born||September 30, 1830
|Died||February 27, 1911
|Spouse(s)||Anita Phelps (m. 1856–1873, her death)
Mary Carter Thompson (m. 1877–1899, her death)
Carroll was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Col. Charles Carroll (b. 1801) and Mary Diggs Lee (b. 1800). Col. Charles Carroll was the great-grandson of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the only Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. John Lee Carroll was also a great-grandson of Maryland's second (and seventh) governor, Thomas Sim Lee.
At the age of ten, in 1840, Carroll was sent to Mount St. Mary's University in Emmitsburg, where he remained for two years. After leaving he attended Georgetown University, and then St. Mary's College, in Baltimore, for three years. Carroll then decided to enter the legal profession, and attended Harvard Law School for two terms.
After finishing schooling, Carroll worked as a student lawyer for the law office of Brown and Brune in Baltimore. He was admitted to the bar in 1851. Carroll practiced law in Maryland from 1854 until 1858. He ran as a Howard County Democratic candidate for the State Assembly in 1854, losing to his opponent from the Know Nothing Party. Carroll then moved to New York and while there, accepted a position as deputy clerk and United States Commissioner in the office of the clerk of the United States district court. He stayed there until 1861, when he returned to Maryland, where he then remained the rest of his life. When he returned to Maryland, Carroll purchased the Doughoregan Manor family estate from his older brother Charles Carroll.
During the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, Governor Carroll called up the 5th and 6th Regiments of the state militia to stop railroad workers from striking in Cumberland, resulting in riots in Baltimore when the militia attempted to march from their armories to Camden Station. Federal troops were then called in to restore order in Baltimore.
Governor Carroll was a member of the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the Revolution.
Marriage & children
Carroll was married twice, first to Anita Phelps (April 23, 1838 – March 24, 1873), daughter of Royal Phelps of New York, on April 24, 1856. They had nine children:
- Charles Lee Carroll (October 5, 1857 – 1858)
- Mary Louisa Carroll (b. May 26, 1859); married Comte Jean de Kergorlay of France
- Anita Maria Carroll (b. March 28, 1861); married Baron Louis de la Grange of France
- Royal Phelps Carroll (b. October 29, 1863)
- Charles Carroll (b. January 12, 1865)
- Albert Henry Carroll (October 6, 1866 – 1867)
- Mary Irene Carroll (March 3, 1869 – November 8, 1888)
- John Lee Carroll (February 26, 1871 – c. 1895)
- Mary Helen Carroll (b. 1873)
Carroll was married secondly to Mary Carter Thompson (1847–1899), daughter of Judge Lucas P. Thompson, in April 1877. They had one son: Philip Acosta Carroll (b. May 10, 1879 – July 1957). Mary Thompson's sister Caroline Thompson was married to John Lee's older brother, Charles Carroll (1828–1895). As of 2012, Philip's grandchildren owned Doughoregan Manor, the family estate in Howard County.
Carroll died in Washington, D.C. and was buried at the Bonnie Brae Cemetery in Howard County, Maryland.
- "Maryland Governor John Lee Carroll". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
- "John Lee Carroll (1830–1911)". Maryland State Archives. March 14, 2001. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
- Buchholz, Heinrich Ewald (1908). Governors of Maryland: from the revolution to the year 1908 (2 ed.). Williams & Wilkins. p. 215.
- The Grand River Times. October 17, 1855.
- Scharf, John Thomas (1967) . History of Maryland From the Earliest Period to the Present Day 2. Hatboro, PA: Tradition Press. pp. 733–42.
- Archives of Maryland Manual 154. p. 56.
|President of the Maryland State Senate
James B. Groome
|Governor of Maryland
William T. Hamilton