Junejo (Urdu: جونیجو, Sindhi: جوڻيجو) are a Samma Sindhi Rajput tribe in Sindh and in some parts of India, mostly in Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Punjab. Their primary language is Sindhi in Sindh and Sindhi, Hindi and Gujarati in India.
Junejo are also known as Jam in some circles. The Jams from Sanghar and Kazis from Paat, Dadu district and Hyderabad district are also Junejos. The members of the Junejo clan are mostly involved in agriculture, politics and services.
Junejos were the descendants of Jam Juno, brother of Jam Tamachi, an avid lover of Noori (Sindhi folklore, see Noori Jam Tamachi) who ruled over Sindh after Jam Tamachi. Jam Tamachi and Jam Juno fought and those who favoured Jam Juno were known as Junejo. Junejo literally means "sons of Juno"; Jo means 'of' in Sindhi and June refers to 'Jam Juno' meaning descendants of Jam Juno. They originally belonged to the Rajasthan area including Jaiselmir and the south-western part of Sindh. Junejos are now found mostly in Sanghar, Tharparkar, Larkana, Dadu, Thatta and Badin districts of Sindh. Jam Sunjar was king of Sindh and his direct family history connects to Junejo tribe.
They are largely located in the Sindh province in the vicinities of the following regions and districts: Nawabshah, Sanghar, Hyderabad, Larkana, Badin, Thatha, Sukkur, Shikarpur, Dadu, Mirpurkhas, Tharparkar Noshahro Feroze, Thatta and in Rajasthan and Juna Garh regions of India.
Prominent personalities of Junejo clan include:
- Raees-Ul-Muhajireen Barrister Jan Muhammad Junejo - Leader of the Khilafat and Hijrat Tehreek
- Sahib Khan Junejo
- Ghulam Rasool Junejo - Former District Council Chairman, Tharparkar & PML-F stalwart
- Haji Muhammad Panah Junejo
- Jam Sadiq Ali - Former Chief Minister Sindh
- Chakar Ali Khan Junejo - Former Ambassador MPA
- Shahnawaz Khan Junejo - Former Federal Minister, MNA and Senator
- Mohammad Khan Junejo Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Pervaiz Ahmed Junejo, Senior Joint Secretary, Government of Pakistan
- Farhat Ali Junejo (PSP), Deputy Inspector General of Police
- Zulfikar Ali Junejo, Taghma-i-Imtiaz, Police Service
- Mr. Sajjad Junejo, Agriculturist and prominent social and political leader
- Baz Muhammad Junejo, Member of Sindh Public Service Commission
- Nazar Muhammad Junejo, agriculturist and social and political leader
Juneja of Pakistan
They are found in Nawabshah, Sanghar, Hyderabad, Shahdadkot, Larkana, Ubaro, Badin, Shikarpur, Dadu, Mirpurkhas, Thatta, Khairpur Districts. The general occupation of rural Juneja is agriculture. In addition, members of the Junejo clan remain influential politicians with considerable representation in the services including education. They follow Sunni sect of Islam. Junejos are generally regarded as hospitable, generous and chivalrous.
Juneja of India
In India, the Hindu Juneja are found mainly in the districts of Amerli, Rajkot and Kutch, all in Gujarat. They speak a dialect of Kutchi, which has several Sindhi loanwords. A good many are Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch. The Juneja of Gujarat have also been associated with Hikmat[disambiguation needed], the practice of medicine, and the community has produced many prominent doctors. They have close links with other Kutch Samma tribes such as the Halaypotra, Hingora and Hingorja.
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- The Castes of Marwar by Munshi Hardyal Singh page 43
- People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan and M Azeez Mohideen pages 548-552