- This article is about the house in North Downs, Surrey. For the house in the Sydney suburb of Paddington see Juniper Hall, Paddington
Juniper Hall Field Centre, leased from the National Trust, is an 18th-century country house in a quiet wooded valley within the chalk North Downs in Surrey. It is about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from Box Hill and only 40 kilometres (25 mi) from central London. Nearby habitats and environments for study include unimproved chalk grassland, coppiced woodlands, heathland and freshwater sites. Opened as a field centre in 1947, Juniper Hall was one of the original four centres opened by the Field Studies Council following the end of the Second World War.
The house was originally a public house called The Royal Oak and part of Fridley Manor which had been bought in 1762 by Cecil Bishopp, briefly 7th Baronet and occupied by him. Cecil Bishopp made extensive plantations on Mickleham downs, where "he had purposed to erect a mansion; but relinquishing that design, he enlarged and fitted up an ale-house on the road-side (called the Royal Oak), belonging to the estate, for his own residence; and this dwelling obtained the designation of Juniper-hall, from the abundance of Juniper trees growing in the neighbourhood". It was some 35 miles from the Bisshopp family's Parham Park. He died in 1779 the year after he succeeded to the Baronetcy from his father; his son also Cecil became the 8th Baronet and eventually Cecil Bisshopp, 12th Baron Zouche. David Jenkinson (a wealthy “lottery owner”) bought Juniper Hall beginning his tenure, in 1780, by Benjamin Elliott. Also in 1780, according to the Victoria County History of Surrey, the skeletons of two Anglo-Saxons "in full war apparel" were found while the house was being extended.
The house was leased by Jenkinson to a group of French emigres from 1792-1793 which included Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Louis, comte de Narbonne-Lara grandson of King Louis XV of France and General Alexandre D'Arblay. It was General D'Arblay that met Fanny Burney in the Templeton Room of Juniper Hall and later married her in the village church in Mickleham. In 1800 the house was sold together with about 50 acres (200,000 m2) of freehold land to Thomas Broadwood, the son of John Broadwood and a member of the piano manufacturing family Broadwood and Sons.
The last private owners of the house were the MacAndrew family who had major building works carried out from 1882–1885, which resulted in the building having its present form. Much of the earlier layout is now hidden, but the main office (formerly the morning room) and the Templeton room are little altered.
During World War II the house was occupied by the Canadian army in the buildup to the Normandy landings, and in 1945 it was sold by Miss MacAndrew to the National Trust; it forms part of the Trust's Box Hill Estate.
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- A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley et al 1841 page 453