Capel, Surrey

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Capel
Shiremark mill.jpg
Shiremark Mill
Capel is located in Surrey
Capel
Capel
 Capel shown within Surrey
Area  26.14 km2 (10.09 sq mi)
Population 3,832 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  147/km2 (380/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ1740
Civil parish Capel
District Mole Valley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dorking
Postcode district RH5
Dialling code 01306
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°09′14″N 0°19′16″W / 51.154°N 0.321°W / 51.154; -0.321

Capel /ˈkpəl/ is a village and civil parish in southern Surrey, England. It is equidistant between Dorking and Horsham - about 5 miles (8.0 km) away. Around Capel, to the west, skirts the A24 road. Capel is approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north of the West Sussex border, 26 miles (42 km) south of London and 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Guildford[2] and is in the Mole Valley district. The village is in the north of a landscape called the Weald, meaning forest, which forms a significant minority of the land today, particularly towards the Greensand Ridge.

History[edit]

Anstiebury Camp[edit]

Within the parish in Coldharbour there is one Scheduled Ancient Monument, a large Iron Age hill fort named Anstiebury Camp evidencing early occupation. Multivallate, defined by boundaries consisting of two or more lines of closely set earthworks, this relatively late hill fort constructed in the second and first centuries BC covers approximately 5 hectares (12 acres).[3] There is a triple rampart wall to the north and south-east where the ground is fairly level, a double terrace on the west and south where the ground is much steeper, and a single line of defences to the north-east. The entrance is mid-way along the eastern side, defined by a wide break in the main rampart. Trenches dug in the southeast, the entrance, and a few other investigations in 1972-3 revealed that the front of the main rampart had been set against and into the edge of the associated ditch and revetted with massive, irregular blocks of sandstone. The conclusion was that the purpose was to resist sling warfare due to the form and width, with rounded pebbles, foreign to the Greensand Ridge, being frequently found in the areas excavated. The archaeologist also considered that the entrance and the defences to the north of it were never completed, possibly linked with the deliberate demolition of the main rampart revetment, and possibly coinciding with Caesar's invasions of Britain. The site was re-occupied in the Roman period, probably at least a century after it was originally abandoned.[3]

Medieval period[edit]

Church of St John the Baptist

Capel in the Middle Ages developed only as much as to deserve a chapel of ease, as a chapelry within the parish of Dorking. The chapel which gives its name to the village was first mentioned in a confirmation (1129–71) of a grant to the Priory of Lewes by the Earls of Warenne consisting of 'Ecclesiam de Dorking cum Capella de la Wachna.'[4]

The original settlement of Capel consisted of approximately 30 farms, most of which still exist today bearing the names of their tenants in the early 14th century. Timbers in some of the farmhouses have also been dated to 14th century.[5]

19th Century[edit]

By 1848 there were 989 inhabitants over 5,522 acres (2,235 ha), of which 105 acres (42 ha) were common or waste. Lewis summarised Capel in that year as:

The lands are principally arable, producing good crops of wheat and oats, and the soil is also well adapted to the growth of timber. Broom Hall [sic][6] here is an elegant edifice, on the south-eastern confines of Leith Hill. The living is a donative [not a rectory], in the patronage of Charles Webb, with a net income of £84: the tithes have been commuted for £610.[7]

The 13th century church, pictured, was enlarged in 1836, paid by a Mr Broadwood[7] and was restored in 1858 by architect Henry Woodyer, who installed a spiral staircage and bell cage in the same style as Buckland's church.[8]

Friends Meeting House[edit]

In the 17th and 18th centuries Capel was the centre of a thriving Quaker community which met at the houses of the local Bax family. The Quaker Sussex Quarterly Meeting recorded the fact that Thomas Patching "who then lived at Bonwick's Place in Ifield" met with George Fox, and then later "there was settled the first Monthly Meeting that was set up in this county .... and has since been removed to the house of Richard Bax at Capel in Surrey by reason of Thomas Patching's removing from that place". It is known that George Fox visited Surrey in 1668 and held a Meeting at Plaistow Farm, Capel, the home of Richard Bax. The Friends Meeting House is in the main conservation area of the village;[9] it is also a listed building.[10]

Amenities[edit]

The Crown Inn

The historic Crown Inn[11] The Crown Inn is the village's surviving public house and there are also several shops.

Capel has an automotive repair garage, Capel Cricket Club and Capel Tennis Club, a relatively small club with just four courts.

The area is in the Green Belt surrounding London and has two conservation areas, one in Coldharbour and one in Capel itself.

Religion[edit]

The church has a Church of England congregation and is in the lowest category, grade II, of listed building as are eight nearby buildings in the Capel Conservation Area,[12] the Church of St John The Baptist][8][13] A Friends Meeting House for Quakers, who have been in Capel since the 17th century in Capel.

Education[edit]

Capel has only an infant school and a pre-school.[14]

Localities[edit]

Beare Green[edit]

Beare Green /ˈbɛər ˈɡrn/[15] is a separate locality also within the same A24 bypass with a population of 1,323, made up of 607 households.[16] It is located about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Capel; Beare Green's roundabout, to its north, is at one end of the A29 road to Bognor Regis on the English Channel. Holmwood railway station is just north of the settlement, within Capel civil parish and is south of South Holmwood. It is the next station towards London on the Mole Valley Line.

Field Hockey player, and Olympic Gold Medalist, Stephen Batchelor was born in Beare Green on 22 June 1961. 1996 Grand National winner, Rough Quest was trained for the race by Terry Casey at Henfold House Stables, in a farm close to Beare Green in Capel.[17]

Coldharbour[edit]

Coldharbour is the locality within the civil parish 3 miles (4.8 km) to the northwest. It is situated on the southern and eastern slopes of Leith Hill in the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; Leith Hill is the second highest point in southeast England and lies on the Greensand Ridge that runs from near Hindhead to the south of Maidstone, Kent. Coldharbour has a conservation area along its highest roads with two listed buildings.[18] Christ Church is a chapel built in 1848.[19] Members of the Wedgwood and Vaughan Williams families lived at Leith Hill Place.

Broome Hall near Coldharbour is a Grade II listed stone mansion, dating originally from 1750. From 1946 to 1969, it was a novitiate house for the White Fathers. In the 1970s and 1980s it was the home of the actor Oliver Reed.

Europa Oil & Gas Ltd submitted in 2008 a planning application to Surrey County Council to explore for oil and gas[n 1] [n 2][21] in Coldharbour but this was rejected by the Planning Inspectorate based upon a public inquiry in October 2012.[22]

Demography and housing[edit]

The large civil parish at the 2001 census had a population of 3,624, which increased by 208 over the following 10 years.[23][n 3]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 547 477 256 251 117 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 3,832 1,648 35.4% 36.1% 2,614

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Transport[edit]

Aside from the A24 road the village is served by Ockley railway station - considerably closer to Capel than Ockley itself as it was sponsored by a peer of Ockley, on the Mole Valley Line between Dorking and Horsham with direct services to London Victoria station and a change of train in Epsom possible for the service to London Waterloo. Direct journey times vary between 63 and 76 minutes to London Victoria via Sutton; with a change of train between Dorking and Epsom 65 minutes to London Waterloo is also an option.[25]

A bus service runs along this main route to Dorking and Horsham.[5]

Notes and references[edit]

notes
  1. ^ Summarised on 13 July 2012 by opponents' counsel at the, on appeal by the developer, public inquiry in Dorking as "An exploratory oil well, entailing site clearance, a compound, fencing, a 35m-high drilling rig, car park, flare pit and more besides, not to mention hundreds if not thousands of HGV [movements] [20]
  2. ^ The Parish Council were informed of the date of announcement of the Inquiry's result into proposed Oil and Gas works - Monday 15 October.
  3. ^ At the same census, the census ward Capel, Leigh and Newdigate had a population of 3,882.[24]
references
  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Grid Reference Finder - measurement tools
  3. ^ a b Anstiebury Camp: a large hillfort south-east of Crockers Farm English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1007891)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Capel". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b /surrey/mole_valley/capel Exploring Surrey's Past: Capel
  6. ^ Broome Hall, Grade II listingEnglish Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028759)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ a b Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Cannock - Carbrooke". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  8. ^ a b St John's Baptist Church: English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1378150)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Dorking Quaker meeting website
  10. ^ Grade II listing of Friends Cottage and Friends Meeting House: English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028737)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ The Crown Inn, Grade II listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1378150)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ molevalley.gov.uk Capel Conservation Area - map
  13. ^ St John the Baptist, Capel
  14. ^ direct.gov.uk search
  15. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 12.
  16. ^ Surrey County Council website: population. Retrieved 2 January 2012
  17. ^ Henfold House Stables website. Retrieved on 30 May 2011.
  18. ^ Coldharbour Conservation Area - map
  19. ^ Ian Nairn and Nikolaus Pevsner, Buildings of England - Surrey, 1962
  20. ^ Surrey Herald - Dorking article of 13 July 2012 by Guy Martin
  21. ^ Parish Council result expected notice
  22. ^ Leith Hill Action Group announce result of inquiry
  23. ^ Surrey County Council census data
  24. ^ Census data 2001
  25. ^ Official Timetables from O.T.O.C. who trade as National Rail

External links[edit]