Headley, Surrey

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For other places called Headley, see Headley (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°16′37″N 0°16′16″W / 51.277°N 0.271°W / 51.277; -0.271

Headley
Grotto at St Mary's Church, Headley (Remains of Old Church) (Geograph Image 2225767 8ebdbdcc).jpg
The squat grotto at St Mary's Church, Headley are the reworked remains of a 15th century church
Cricket pavilion at Headley Heath - geograph.org.uk - 24501.jpg
cricket is played in the village.
Headley is located in Surrey
Headley
Headley
 Headley shown within Surrey
Area  6.75 km2 (2.61 sq mi)
Population 643 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  95 /km2 (250 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ205545
Civil parish Headley
District Mole Valley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Epsom
Postcode district KT18
Dialling code 01372
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Headley is a village and civil parish in the North Downs in Surrey in England.

The village is bordered to its west by Mickleham, Surrey and Leatherhead, to the north by Ashtead and Langley Vale, Walton-on-the-Hill to the east and to its south by Box Hill. It is just outside the M25 motorway encircling London.

History[edit]

The Romans had an influence in the surrounds, with the Roman Road to Noviomagus Reginorum, called by the Saxons 'Stane Street (Chichester)' a few hundred metres from the western and northern boundaries and a considerable Roman presence in the neighbouring village of Walton-on-the-Hill with its scheduled ancient monument villa and other finds

Headley's land lay in the Saxons' Copthorne hundred. As Saxon records are scant and the church and population was smaller, no church in Headley was known during this period; the first records of a church are after the Norman Conquest. However this church could have been built on or adjacent to the site of a Saxon church. In any event next to the church are the remains of a 15th-century church, placed over the grave of the Revd Ferdinand Faithful.[2]

Headley appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as the manor of Hallega. It was held by Radulfus (Ralph) de Felgeres. Its domesday assets were: 2 hides; 6 ploughs, woodland worth 15 hogs. It rendered £5 per year to its overlords. The survey records that the manor was held before the conquest by Countess Goda (the mother of King Harold) and it had been granted to her by King Edward the Confessor.[3] Halle(g)a means a clearing in the heather, which is appropriate considering the village's position on a large patch of acidic topsoil of the generally alkaline North Downs.[4]

The church, which worships St Mary as its dedication, was built in 1855 next to old remains, designed by Anthony Salvin with an added tower of 1859 by G. E. Street. It is built from relatively local flint rubble and is in the common Grade II category of listing.[5]

Walter Cunliffe, later 1st Baron Cunliffe and the Governor of the Bank of England, was given the original farmhouse estate, formerly the main manor, and its remaining 300 acres (1.2 km2), Headley Court, in 1880 by his father on the condition that he would make a career in banking rather than become a farmer. He redeveloped it in 1898. The family fortune had been made by Walter's grandfather, James Cunliffe, with his development of the North Eastern Railway (UK).[6]

Land use and Headley Heath[edit]

There has been little new housing in the village in the late 20th century and early 21st centuries as it is part of the London Green Belt and the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Substantially the steep and quick-draining land is covered by woods. A large minority of field land in the village is used primarily for grazing for the many riding establishments in the area. A large section known as Headley Heath is managed by National Trust, and other nearby areas are controlled by Surrey Wildlife Trust and other nature reserves. The heath is part of the Mole Gap to Reigate Escarpment Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Economy[edit]

Most of the population work outside the village: care and rehabilitation work, maintenance, extension work, equestrian work and agriculture being the main areas of work within the village.

Headley Court[edit]

Main article: RAF Headley Court

There is a military hospital (previously run by the RAF Hospital) at Headley Court in the parish, once the manor house, the main building being a reconstruction that took place in 1899.[6] Its playing fields can be used for helicopters.

Amenities[edit]

The village has an active church, shop, village hall and pub.

County-supported schools are in Leatherhead, Ashtead, Mickleham and Dorking. Some children attend private schools.

Headley is known for its large heath lands, which are owned by the National Trust, leading out towards Box Hill. The Heath was once much higher than it is now, it was flattened out by Canadian troops during World War II for use as tank and combat training grounds.

Transport[edit]

Good footpaths for the most mobile connect the village in all directions, particularly to Leatherhead, which lies up to 60m below some of the village.

A typically hourly bus service runs from Dorking to Leatherhead through Headley. A service was provided by Surrey County Council for local children of 5–11 years of age, to the primary schools terminated on 1, September 2006.[7] Buses run to Leatherhead, Dorking and Box Hill with a connection available in Leatherhead to Epsom.

A bus service is also provided by St. Andrew's Catholic School, Leatherhead for its pupils (aged 11 to 18).

Social life and sport[edit]

The village has a Parish Council and its hall hosts clubs including: a computer club, cricket club, gardening club, the Women's Institute and other activities.[8]

The Cock Inn, formerly for a few years the Cock Horse, is the only public house in the village. There is also the RAF Headley Club which is open only to servicemen and women, plus their families of Headley Court.

The Headley Cricket Club was founded in 1893, and now incorporating the Old Freemen's side from nearby City of London Freemen's School. The team play on the ground opposite the main Heath car park, to the south of the village centre and have played in the Surrey Downs League since 2002 on Saturdays and have a Sunday team.

Tyrrells Wood Golf Club is a large private golf course and grounds to the west of the village and partially within the bounds of the parish.

Headley was on the London-Surrey Cycle Classic over the opening weekend of the 2012 London Olympic Games as part of the Box Hill loop, which was covered nine times in the men's event and twice in the women's. With long distance routes in various directions, the roads in and around Headley have become very popular for leisure cycling.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 103 120 13 10 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 643 246 32.9% 25.6% 675

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Emergency services[edit]

Headley is served by these emergency services:

Location[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ 'Grotto' (Church remains) English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1293378)". National Heritage List for England .
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  4. ^ Headley village history
  5. ^ St Mary's ChurchEnglish Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1378152)". National Heritage List for England .
  6. ^ a b Headley Court - mansion or club house English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1389265)". National Heritage List for England .
  7. ^ Leatherhead Trinity
  8. ^ Headley.org

External links[edit]