Dnipropetrovsk Oblast

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Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Дніпропетровська область
Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Дніпропетровщина (Dnipropetrovshchyna)
Dnipropetrovsk in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: 48°23′N 34°43′E / 48.39°N 34.71°E / 48.39; 34.71Coordinates: 48°23′N 34°43′E / 48.39°N 34.71°E / 48.39; 34.71
Country  Ukraine
Established January 22, 1946
Administrative center Dnipropetrovsk
Largest cities Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih, Dniprodzerzhynsk, Marhanets
Government
 • Governor Ihor Kolomoyskyi[1]
 • Oblast council 100 seats
 • Chairperson Yuriy Hryhorovych Vilkul
Area
 • Total 31,914 km2 (12,322 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 2nd
Population (2005)
 • Total 3,476,200
 • Rank Ranked 2nd
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian
Russian[2]
 • Average salary UAH 1131 (2006)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 49-53xxx
Area code +380-56
ISO 3166 code UA-12
Raions 22
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
20
18
Urban-type settlements 45
Villages 1438
FIPS 10-4 UP04
Website www.adm.dp.gov.ua
www.rada.gov.ua

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: Дніпропетро́вська о́бласть, Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’ or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna, Russian: Днепропетро́вская о́бласть [dnʲɪprəpʲɪˈtrofskəjə ˈobləstʲ]) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. Its administrative center is Dnipropetrovsk. Population: 3,307,795 (2013 population estimate)[3].

Important cities within the oblast include: Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih, Dniprodzerzhynsk, Nikopol.

Geography[edit]

The Dnipropetrovsk Oblast is located in southeastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (31,900 km²), comprises about 5.3% of the total area of the country.

Its longitude from north to south is 130 km, from east to west – 300 km. The oblast borders the Poltava and Kharkiv Oblasts on the north, the Donetsk Oblast on the east, the Zaporizhzhia and Kherson Oblasts on the south, and the Mykolayiv and Kirovohrad Oblasts on the west.

Historical sites[edit]

The following historical-cultural sites were nominated to the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative sudivisions[edit]

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast:

  • Administrative center – 1 (Dnipropetrovsk)
  • Raions — 22;
  • City raions — 18;
  • Settlements — 1504, including:
    • Villages — 1438;
    • Cities/Towns — 66, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 46;
      • Cities — 20, including:
        • Cities of oblast subordinance — 13;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 8;
  • Silradas — 288.
Detailed map of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.
Map of the economic activity in the Donbass economic macroregion, including the north of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

Its population in 2004 was 3,493,062, which constituted 5.3% of the overall Ukrainian population.

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast were:[4]

the groups by native language:

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 14.1% Increase (male 241,006/female 226,216)
15-64 years: 70.2% Decrease (male 1,100,602/female 1,219,668)
65 years and over: 15.7% Steady (male 168,447/female 348,547) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 40.3 years Increase
male: 36.6 years Increase
female: 43.9 years Increase (2013 official)

Environment[edit]

The oblast is situated in the steppe region. Forests in the oblast occupy about 3,9% of the oblast's total territory). The average temperature in the winter balances from -5 to -7°C and in the summer from 22 to 23°C. The average annual rainfall is 400–490 mm

The tender climate, mineral sources, and the curative mud allow opportunities for rest and cure within the region. Here there are 21 health-centers and medicated pensions, 10 rest homes, recreation departments and rest camps for children.

The Dnipropetrovsk Oblast has splendid flora and fauna. Here, there are more than 1700 kinds of vegetation, 7500 kinds of animals (including elk, wild boar, dappled deer, roe, hare, fox, wolf, etc.) There are also 114 park and nature objects, including 15 state reserves; 3 nature memorials, 24 local parks; 7 landscape parks; 3 park tracts, which altogether make up approximately 260 square kilometres.

217 rivers flow within the area, including 55 rivers which are longer than 25 km, the major one being the Dnieper, which crosses through the center of the oblast. Also flowing through the region are three major reservoirs, the Dniprodzerzhynsk, Dnieper and Kakhovka, and the Dnieper-Kryvyi Rih Canal.

Economy[edit]

A Russian postcard dating from 1856 depicting the heritage and culture of Dnepropetrovsk Oblast

The Dnipropetrovsk Oblast has a high industry potential. There are 712 basic industrial organizations, including 20 different types of economic activity with about 473,4 thousand workers. The area also produces about 16,9% of the total industry production of Ukraine. This places the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast second in Ukraine (after the neighbouring Donetsk Oblast).

Sport[edit]

It has a regional federation within Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation.[1]

People from Dnipropetrovsk Oblast[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]