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Energy in Ukraine describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Ukraine. Ukraine's geographic position and proximity to Russia explain its importance as a natural gas and petroleum liquids transit country.
Approximately 3.0 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas flowed through Ukraine in 2013 to Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Turkey.
Ukraine depends on Russia for its supplies of natural gas and oil (which are also produced domestically), although being net-exporter of electricity and coal. Ukraine tries to diversify energy sources.
Naftogaz is the state owned gas company. Ukraine buys gas from Russia. In disputes Russia has stopped gas delivery in 2006 and 2008. In 2009 80% of the European Union gas from Russia was delivered via Ukraine.
Ukraine was 8th top nuclear electricity producer in 2009. 46.7% of domestic electricity generation was nuclear. This was the 2nd largest share, only France was higher. The largest nuclear power plant in Europe is in Ukraine.
Energoatom (National Nuclear Energy Generating Company of Ukraine) is the state nuclear company founded 17.10.1996 in Kiev. Employees 38 000.
The 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Northern Ukraine was the world's most severe nuclear accident.
Corruption is one of the top problems in Ukraine, characterised as a systemic phenomenon, which exists in all sections and levels of the public administration. Ukraine gets gas from Gazprom via third parties. Gazprom did not publish any reporting on anti-corruption programmes.