Kentron District

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Kentron
Կենտրոն
Kentron District
Kentron District
Kentron district shown in red
Kentron district shown in red
Country Armenia
Marz (Province) Yerevan
Government
 • Mayor of District Ara Sadoyan
Area
 • Total 14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi)
Elevation 995 m (3,264 ft)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 131,000
Time zone   (UTC+4)

Kentron (Armenian: Կենտրոն, meaning "center" ) is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. It comprises the downtown, the commercial centre of the city. As of the 2011 estimate, the district has a population of 131,000. It is bordered by Ajapnyak and Malatia-Sebastia districts from the west, Shengavit and Erebuni districts from the south, Nor Nork district from the east and Arabkir and Kanaker-Zeytun districts from the north. Hrazdan River flows through the western part of the district.

The district is commonly divided into six smaller neighborhoods: Pokr Kentron, Noragyugh, Nor Kilikia, Aygestan, Kond and Dzoragyugh. Kond is one of the oldest quarters of Yerevan.

History[edit]

The administrative building of Kentron district

Armenia fell under the Soviet rule on 2 December 1920. Yerevan became the first among the cities in the Soviet Union for which a general plan was developed. The "General Plan of Yerevan" developed by the academic Alexander Tamanian, was approved in 1924. It was initially designed for a population of 150,000. The city was quickly transformed into a modern industrial metropolis of over one million people. New educational, scientific and cultural institutions were founded as well.

Tamanian incorporated national traditions with contemporary urban construction. His design presented a radial-circular arrangement that overlaid the existing city and incorporated much of its existing street plan. As a result, many historic buildings in the centre (modern-day Kentron district) of Yerevan were demolished, including churches, mosques, the Persian fortress, baths, bazaars and caravanserais.

Within the years, Kentron has become the most developed district of Yerevan, something that created a significant gap compared with other districts in the city. Most of the educational, cultural and scientific institutions were centred in the Kentron district. It also became home to administrative buildings of the Republic of Armenia, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly of Armenia, the Central Bank of Armenia, the National Security Service and most of the ministry buildings.

Streets and landmarks[edit]

Main streets and squares[edit]

Charles Aznavour square
Place de France, with the statue of Jules Bastien-Lepage at the centre

Main ladnmarks[edit]

Parks:

Poplavok lake at the Circular Park
  • English Park.
  • Children's park.
  • Abovyan Children's park and railway.
  • Tsitsernakaberd park.
  • Circular Park.
  • Lovers' Park.
  • Martiros Saryan park.
  • Komitas park.
  • Shahumyan park.
  • Missak Manouchian park.

Religious buildings and historical sites:

Educational and cultural institutions:

Sports:

Entertainment and recreation:

Industrial plants:

Transportation[edit]

Republic Square metro station

Kentron district is served by a public transport network of buses and trolleybuses.

Gallery[edit]

Panoramic view of Kentron district
Panoramic view from the Kentron district (from left to right): The City Hall clock tower, ArdShin Invest-Bank (foreground), Glendale Hills residential buildings (background), "Prosperous Armenia" Party tower, the Russian Embassy, the Mountains of Ararat in the overall background.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 40°10′41″N 44°30′47″E / 40.17806°N 44.51306°E / 40.17806; 44.51306