Kentron district shown in red
|• Mayor of District||Ara Sadoyan|
|• Total||14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||995 m (3,264 ft)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
Kentron (Armenian: Կենտրոն, meaning "center" ) is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. It comprises the downtown, the commercial centre of the city. As of the 2011 estimate, the district has a population of 131,000. It is bordered by Ajapnyak and Malatia-Sebastia districts from the west, Shengavit and Erebuni districts from the south, Nor Nork district from the east and Arabkir and Kanaker-Zeytun districts from the north. Hrazdan River flows through the western part of the district.
Armenia fell under the Soviet rule on 2 December 1920. Yerevan became the first among the cities in the Soviet Union for which a general plan was developed. The "General Plan of Yerevan" developed by the academic Alexander Tamanian, was approved in 1924. It was initially designed for a population of 150,000. The city was quickly transformed into a modern industrial metropolis of over one million people. New educational, scientific and cultural institutions were founded as well.
Tamanian incorporated national traditions with contemporary urban construction. His design presented a radial-circular arrangement that overlaid the existing city and incorporated much of its existing street plan. As a result, many historic buildings in the centre (modern-day Kentron district) of Yerevan were demolished, including churches, mosques, the Persian fortress, baths, bazaars and caravanserais.
Within the years, Kentron has become the most developed district of Yerevan, something that created a significant gap compared with other districts in the city. Most of the educational, cultural and scientific institutions were centred in the Kentron district. It also became home to administrative buildings of the Republic of Armenia, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly of Armenia, the Central Bank of Armenia, the National Security Service and most of the ministry buildings.
Streets and landmarks
Main streets and squares
- Aram Street.
- Abovyan Street.
- Mashtots Avenue.
- Mikael Nalbandian street.
- Amiryan street.
- Tigran Mets (Tigranes the Great) Avenue.
- Sayat-Nova Avenue.
- Tumanyan street.
- Marshal Baghramyan Avenue.
- Charents street.
- Paronyan street.
- Proshyan street.
- Italia street.
- Vazgen Sargsyan street.
- Argishti I street.
- Northern Avenue.
- Saralanj Avenue.
- Republic Square.
- Freedom Square.
- Charles Aznavour square.
- Andrei Sakharov square.
- Square of Russia.
- Place de France.
- Stepan Shahumyan square.
- Alexandr Myasnikyan square.
- English Park.
- Children's park.
- Abovyan Children's park and railway.
- Tsitsernakaberd park.
- Circular Park.
- Lovers' Park.
- Martiros Saryan park.
- Komitas park.
- Shahumyan park.
- Missak Manouchian park.
Religious buildings and historical sites:
- Surp Zoravor Astvatsatsin Church.
- Saint Sarkis Cathedral.
- Katoghike Church.
- Saint John the Baptist Church.
- Saint Gregory Cathedral.
- Blue Mosque.
- Kond neighbourhood.
- Yerevan Red Bridge of the 17th century.
Educational and cultural institutions:
- Yerevan State University.
- Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction.
- Yerevan State Musical Conservatory.
- Armenian State Pedagogical University.
- Yerevan State Medical University.
- State Engineering University of Armenia.
- Yerevan State Linguistic University.
- Armenian State University of Economics.
- Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
- National Library of Armenia.
- National Gallery of Armenia.
- Yerevan Opera Theater.
- Sundukyan State Academic Theatre.
- Paronyan Musical Comedy Theatre.
- Stanislavski Russian Theatre.
- Hovhannes Tumanyan Puppet Theatre of Yerevan.
- Komitas Chamber Music Hall.
- Arno Babajanian concert hall.
- Museum-Institute of Ancient Manuscripts.
- History Museum of Armenia.
- Cafesjian Museum of Art.
- Yerevan History Museum.
- The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute.
- Sergei Parajanov Museum.
- House-Museum of Aram Khachaturian.
- Khnko Aper Children's Library.
- Center of Contemporary Experimental Art.
- Armenia Sports Stadium.
- Republican Stadium.
- Tigran Petrosian Chess House.
- Hrazdan Stadium.
- Karen Demirchyan Complex.
- Orange Tennis Club.
- Master Class Tennis Club.
- Dinamo Sports Arena.
- Kilikia Sports Hall.
- Pyunik Stadium.
- FC Pyunik football training academy.
Entertainment and recreation:
- Moscow Cinema.
- Nairi Cinema.
- Yerevan Circus.
- Yerevan Cascade.
- Tashir Mall.
- Yerevan Vernissage of art exhibition.
- Yerevan Ararat Wine Factory
- Yerevan Brandy Company
- Jermuk Group Mineral Water Factory
- Electro-House engineering factory
- The Yerevan underground metro has 4 stations in the Kentron district:
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia