|Khairpur District خيرپور ضلعو|
|• Total||15,910 km2 (6,140 sq mi)|
|• Density||95.2/km2 (247/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Tehsils||8|
Khairpur District (Urdu: ضِلع خيرپُور), (Sindhi: ضلعو خیر پور ), is a district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The district has an area of 15,910 square km. and is headquartered at the city of Khairpur.
Khairpur District is located in northern Sindh and is bounded on the north by Shikarpur and Sukkur, on the east by India, on the south by Sanghar and Nawabshah and on the west by Larkana and Naushahro Feroz.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district had a population of 2.2 million of which 27.00% was urban. The average annual growth rate of the population is 2.71%. As per definition of Board of Revenue Sindh, a place of human habitation having at least ten houses is called a settlement. There are 1,709 rural settlements in the district having population of 200 to 1000+ people.
Following are the demographic indicators of the district as per the 1998 census of Pakistan:
The district is divided into eight Talukas:
Cities and towns
- Faiz-Ganj(Pacca Chang)
- Jado Wahan
- Kot Diji
- Hingorja Sindh
- Bindi Motayo
- Bhangu Behan
- Hussain Abad
- Ahmed pur
- Gaarhi Mori
The princely state of Khairpur was ruled by Talpur Mirs of the Talpur dynasty from 1783 to 1955. In 1947, when Pakistan gained independence, Khairpur was one of the princely states that opted to join Pakistan. In 1955, the Government of Pakistan announced the abolition of all the princely states and Khairpur was annexed into the new province of West Pakistan.
Sites of interest
Khairpur is dotted with historical sites. The Kot Diji Fort, said to be built by the Talpurs, stands on a high hill with massive walls surrounding an elaborate complex of exquisite homes, ornate canopies, marbled courtyards, promenades and long corridors with arched entryways. The corridors run along deep rooms which now lay dark and can get infested with bats. Another architectural classic is the Faiz Mahal, built in 1798 as the palace of the Talpur family in Khairpur Mirs. Besides, there are other palaces, tomb sites in Kot Diji and the surrounding areas. The present successor of the Talpur Dynasty, Mir Ali Murad Khan Talpur, who acceded to the Pakistani state in 1956, is a conservationist and has to his credit an impressive wildlife sanctuary called the Mehrano, known for its black buck, and hog deer, both of which have become rare in Sindh.
The north-western part of Thar Desert lies in Khairpur district. Rohri Hills are a tourist attraction for the tombs of Pir Ubhan Shah near Kotdiji, Shadi Shaheed near Layari, Tehsil Kotdiji and Pir Baqir Shah near Choondko. Mehrano, Nara, Kalmi Quran, Thar Dhani, shah jee machine at solangi and many other sites also draw tourist traffic.
Tomb of Jamal Shah is located on the bank of Jamal Shah lake. Water of this lake is popular for the treatment of skin diseases. Many people come to take bath from this lake and they get healthy.
Phool Bagh of karoondi, built by Sardar Al-Haj ALLAHDAD Khan Rajpar is worthmentioning here. Khan Rajpar after getting inspired by Shalamar bagh Lahore build this piece of paradise in his home town Karoondi.
- Mir Ali Murad Talpur - Former Ruler of the princely state of Khairpur
- Sachal Sarmast - Eighteenth-Century Sufi Poet
Qaim Ali Shah - Current Chief Minister of Sindh Province
- Ghous Ali Shah - Former Defence Minister of Pakistan and Former Chief Minister of Sindh province.
Khairpur is noted for its bountiful harvest of dates. However, the soil is suitable for many cash crops including cotton and wheat. The dry, hot climate makes the fruit very sweet, supple and juicy. It is very hot and sunny during the summer and cold in winter. Humidity is low. Khairpur gets its water through a web of canals coming out of River Indus. Mir Wah is the main source of irrigation and drinking water.
The main institutions of Khairpur district are:
Universities of Khairpur Mirs
- Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur
- Mehran University of Engineering and Technology SZAB Campus.
- Agriculture Engineering University Khairpur Mirs Campus.
- LUHMS Khairpur Mirs Campus.
- Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat
Colleges and Schools of Khairpur Mirs
- Cadet College Khairpur
- Govt:Superior Science Khairpur Branch
- Govt: Mumtaz College of Science and Arts
- Behriya Foundation School and College Luqman
- Govt Naz pilot Secondary high school Khairpur.
- Saint Thresas Secondary School Khairpur.
- Atia Higher Secondary School Khairpur Mirs
- PakTurk international college and school
- The City School Khairpur Branch
- The Academy Of Excellence
- The Educators
- Sindh Children's Academy Khairpur
- Indus Public Higher School Khairpur
- Scholar School Khairpur.
- Sajjad model higher sec/school Khairpur Mirs.