Ghotki District

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ضِلعو گھوٽڪي
Ghotki District
Ghotki is located in the north east of Sindh.
Ghotki is located in the north east of Sindh.
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
Headquarters Mirpur Mathelo Taluka
Population (1998)
 • Total 970,549
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Ghotki District (Sindhi, Sindhi: ضِلعو گھوٽڪي) is a district in Sindh province of Pakistan. Its capital is Ghotki city. According to the 1998 census, it had a population of 970,549, of which 15.69%.[clarification needed]


The district is administratively subdivided into the following tehsils.


Ghotki is located in northern Sindh, Pakistan as a border district between Sindh and Punjab. Sindhi is the major mother tongue of the people. Ghotki is divided in two sections; the main area of city markets whereas the other contains the main area of residence. The literacy ratio of the district is 50% Ghotki has very fertile land and the main crops it produces are Cotton, Wheat, Sugarcane, Rice, Tobacco etc. Majority of the people of the district are engaged in agriculture. Ghotki is also famous for mangoes and vegetables while date trees are in abundance.

Industrial Area[edit]

Ghotki is industrial area in Sindh since it hosts OGDCL, Engro Fertilizers, Fauji Fertilizers (formerlyPak Saudi Fertilizer), TNB Liberty Power Plant, EngroPowegen PowerPlant and Dosan Power Plant, whose products are supplied all over the country. Since Cotton is one of the major crops of the district, as such there are 40 cotton ginning factories. These industries are thus playing a vital role in the socio-economic development of the people living in the district. Ghotki is also proud to have three gas fields, namely Mari Gas Field, Qadirpur Gas Field, Rehmat Gas Field.

They not only provide natural gas to Engro and Pak Saudi Fertilizers, but Fauji Fertilizers (Sadiqabad, Punjab), WAPDA (Guddu Thermal) and SSGC are the main users/customers of natural gas produced by these gas fields, apart from the rest of the country. After cotton other crop is Sugarcane and 04 Suger Mills are located in District Ghotki namely JDW Sugar Mills-3, SGM Sugar Mills, Daherki Sugar Mills and Reti Sugar Mills.


Ghotki District (Sindhi: گھوٽڪي) (Urdu: گھوٹکی) is a district of Sindh Province, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census it had a population of 970,549 of which 15.69%. Mirpur Mathelo is the capital of Ghotki District.

The town is located at 28°1'0N 69°19'0E with an altitude of 72 metres (239 ft). Pano Aqil army cantoment is also near Ghotki city but in Sukkur District.

Ghotki was founded by an ambassador general of Raja Ibn Selaj Birhman (a relative of Raja Dahar of Sindh)in 637 A.D(15th year of Hijra) named Hath Sam who set up an army settlement/camp after defeating a Muslim Army of Arabia. The camp later assumed the shape of a village on 17th Shaban in 17th year of Hijra (639 A.D) when people of different tribes came to settle here. Two years later the people deserted this village and it again became a land of birds and animals. In year 695 A.D certain fishermen came here and settled and named the village as "Miani". But when the river changed its course the people left the village again to the mercy of jackals.

In 712 A.D Mohammad Bin Qasim conquered the Sindh by defeating Raja Dahar. Ghot Ibn Samed Ibn Dahar, a Hindu born to a son of Raja Dahar was settled here. Ghot voluntarily and happily accepted the Islam on the hands of Arabs and married to a new Muslim -Emna according to Shariat-e-Mohammadi and gave birth to a baby boy Tameer from whom the Ghota tribe came into being. Arabs awarded many jagirs to Ghotas and named this village as "Dharwali" to honour their grandfather. Subsequently as the Ghotas progressed quantitatively and culturally the name of village was changed from Dharwali to Loh-e-Saheban when a Saint came from Bhaghdad whose name was Syed Mubarak Shah Jillani Baghdadi who married with the girl of Dhareja family the daughter of Adal Khan Dharejo and permantly settled here. His shrine was built at a village named Adalpur and to date many people pay homage to the saint by visiting his grave. After the British conquest of Sindh province in 1847, they awarded huge blocks of irrigated, fertile land to the Ghotta tribal chieftains in return of their loyalty to the British. Gradually, the town's name changed into Ghotki (of Ghottas) in lieu of Loh-e-Saheban.

There is also a well known Muslim tribe, the Arain tribe is settled here whose history is connected to Muhammad Bin Qasim. The Arains are the offspring’s of those Umayyad Arab soldiers who accompanied with Muhammad Bin Qasim. According to the order of new Caliph, Caliph Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik the army supposed to stay in Sindh or other parts of Indian Sub - Continent. The following Arab Umayyad soldiers were permanently settled in Indian Sub – Continent and in Ghotki area too. These Arab soldiers were derived from the ancient city Jericho Arīḥā . In the beginning they were known as Areehai which later changed to Arain.[1] There are Sindhi speaking Arains who are the ancient inhabitants of Ghotki since the time period of Muhammad Bin Qasim and a huge number of Arains who were spread out of the Sindh and transferred towards Multan and other parts of Punjab, so they speaks Punjabi and known as Punjabi Arain. The Punjabi Arains are also settled in Ghotki district since 1940's, as they were reverted from various districts of Pakistan's Punjab and Indian Punjab.[2]

The demographic indicators of the district as per the 1998 census of Pakistan; Hindus, Christians and Muslim Urdu-speakers are mainly concentrated in the urban areas.


  • Islam 93.06%
  • Hinduism 6.68%
  • Christianity 0.14%
  • Ahmaddiya 0.00%
  • Others: 0.04


Sindhi 92.29% Urdu 3.08% [saraiki] 2.92% Punjabi 0.60% Baluch 0.53% Pashto 0.28% Others 0.29%

FM 91 Ghotki

Under license from Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA), government of Pakistan to Alive Broadcasting Company (Pvt) Ltd. Ghotki district, Sukkur, Rohri, Punno Aqil in Sukkur district, Kandhkot and Kashmore and other areas in Kashmore district. Thul and some parts of Jacoabad Shikarpur and minor area of Khairpur Mirs, Kot Sabzal and Sadiqabad in Sadiqabad district of Punjab.

Populated place[edit]

City, town, village or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work:

  • village jam Mohammad Ali Lakhan
  • Ghotki (0 km)
  • Jjahanpur shareef
  • Village Aman malhan
  • Lakhan Colony (0.3 km)
  • Jindu Ghoto Village (1.4 km)
  • Pakhīmār(Anwrabad) (1.7 km)
  • Jalāl Khān village (1.8 km)
  • Fateh Ali (2.3 km)
  • Goth Kaheri (2.4 km)
  • Dingāro (2.7 km)
  • Abul Mīr Bahr (2.7 km)
  • Kehri (2.9 km)
  • Rehmonwali (3.1 km)
  • Sāīn Dināh (3.1 km)
  • Panju Bāgh (3.2 km)
  • Seche Mohān (3.3 km)
  • Laluwali (3.3 km)
  • Odhar Wali (3.3 km)
  • Lakhe Mithal Mir Muhammad village (3.3 km)
  • Gulan Laghāri (3.5 km)
  • Jamāl Dīn (3.7 km)
  • Bagga village (3.8 km)
  • Pindki (4 km)
  • Sanghar (4.1 km)
  • Massu Ghota (4.1 km)
  • Pinio Labana (4.1 km)
  • Rajo Kolāchi (4.3 km)
  • Tandra Hasal Khān village (4.4 km)
  • Atal village(4.5 km)
  • Ali Sher Jaskāni (4.9 km)
  • Saifal Khān Kolāchi (5 km)
  • Bakro (5.1 km)
  • Izzat Khān Dherejo (5.2 km)
  • Sharīf Sanghar (5.2 km)
  • Goth Sābu (5.3 km)
  • Murād Goth (5.3 km)
  • Jamal (5.5 km)
  • Bhatiyun (5.5 km)
  • Khokhar (5.5 km)
  • Jumma (5.5 km)
  • Garhi Sher Muhammad (5.7 km)
  • Jiwan Kolāchi (5.8 km)
  • Badal Mangsi (5.8 km)
  • Husain Khān Sanghar (5.8 km)
  • Mubarak Khān Kolāchi (6.1 km)
  • Sādiq Ghota (6.2 km)
  • Sāīm Dād (6.3 km)
  • Allāh Warāyo Gujar (6.4 km)
  • Muhammad Chāchar (6.5 km)
  • Jānu (6.5 km)
  • Karām Bakhsh (6.6 km)
  • Jatai Tart (6.8 km)
  • Bindi (7.1 km)
  • Husain Beli (7.1 km)
  • Mīrānpur (7.1 km)
  • Ayub Lakhan (7.0 km)
  • Abdullah Lakhan (7.1 km)
  • Jam Muhammad Ali Lakhan (11.8 km)
  • Abdul Ghani Lakhan (7.7 km)
  • Pir Muhammad Khan Khatian 27 km
  • Haji Muhammad Azeem Chachar (2.2 km)
  • Mohammad ali bozdar (24 km)
  • Village Imdad Hussain Abro (12  km)


Coordinates: 27°49′N 69°39′E / 27.817°N 69.650°E / 27.817; 69.650