Ghotki District

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ضِلعو گھوٽڪي
گھوٽڪي
District
Ghotki District
Ghotki is located in the north east of Sindh.
Ghotki is located in the north east of Sindh.
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
Capital Mirpur Mathelo Taluka
Population 970,550
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Website wwww.ghotkidistrict.com

Ghotki District (Sindhi, Sindhi: ضِلعو گھوٽڪي) is a district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Its capital is Mirpur Mathelo. According to the 1998 census, it had a population of 970,550, of which 158,500 (16.33%) live in urban areas and 812,050 (83.67%) live in rural areas.[1]

Administration[edit]

The Ghotki district is administratively subdivided into the following talukas.

Area/Location[edit]

The Ghotki District is located in the northern Sindh province of Pakistan. It is a border district between Sindh and Punjab. Sindhi is the major mother tongue of the people. The Ghotki District is divided into two sections: the main city markets and the residential areas. The literacy rate of the district is 28.65%. The Ghotki district has very fertile land and the main crops it produces are cotton, wheat, sugarcane, rice, and tobacco. The majority of the people in the district are engaged in agriculture. Ghotki is also famous for mangoes, vegetables, and having an abundance of date trees.

Industrial Area[edit]

Ghotki is an industrial area in the Sindh province. It hosts OGDCL, Engro Fertilizers, Fauji Fertilizers (formerly Pak Saudi Fertilizer), TNB Liberty Power Plant, EngroPowergen PowerPlant and Dosan Power Plant, whose products are supplied all over the country.

Ghotki also has three gas fields: Mari Gas Field, Qadirpur Gas Field, Rehmat Gas Field. These fields provide natural gas to Engro and Fauji Fertilizers who are the main users/consumers of natural gas produced by these fields.

Cotton is one of the major crops of the district and, as such, there are forty cotton ginning factories. These industries play a vital role in the socio-economic development of the people living in the district.

After cotton, another valuable crop is sugarcane. Four sugar mills are located in the Ghotki District: JDW Sugar Mills-3, SGM Sugar Mills, Daherki Sugar Mills, and Reti Sugar Mills.

History[edit]

Ghotki was founded by an ambassador general of Raja Ibn Selaj Birhman (a relative of Raja Dahar of Sindh) in 637 A.D (15th year of Hijra) and named after Hath Sam who set up an military camp after defeating the Muslim Army of Arabia. The camp later assumed the shape of a village in 639 A.D (17th Shaban in 17th year of Hijra) when people of different tribes came here to settle. Two years later, the people deserted this village and it, again, became rural and uninhabited. In year 695 A.D, fishermen settled here, named the village "Miani", and stayed until the river changed its course, to which the people responded by leaving abandoning the village.

In 712 A.D, Mohammad Bin Qasim conquered the Sindh by defeating Raja Dahar. Ghot Ibn Samed Ibn Dahar, a Hindu born to a son of Raja Dahar, settled here. Ghot voluntarily and happily accepted Islam from the Arabs and married a Muslim, Emna, (according to Shariat-e-Mohammadi) and gave birth to a baby boy, Tameer, from whom the Ghota tribe came into being. Arabs awarded many jagirs (grants of money and land) to the Ghotas and named this village "Dharwali" to honor their grandfather. Subsequently, as the Ghotas progressed quantitatively and culturally, the name of village was changed from Dharwali to Loh-e-Saheban when a saint, Syed Mubarak Shah Jillani Baghdadi, came from Bhaghdad and married a girl of the Dhareja family, the daughter of Adal Khan Dharejo, and permantly settled here. His shrine was built at a village named Adalpur and many people pay homage to the saint by visiting his grave. After the British conquest of Sindh province in 1847, the British awarded huge blocks of irrigated, fertile land to the Ghotta tribal chieftains in return for their loyalty. Gradually, the town's name changed into Ghotki (of Ghottas).

A well known Muslim tribe, the Arain tribe, settled here, whose history is connected to Muhammad Bin Qasim. The Arains are the offspring of those Umayyad Arab soldiers who accompanied Muhammad Bin Qasim. According to the order of the new Caliph, Caliph Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik, the army was supposed to stay in Sindh or in other parts of the Indian sub-continent. The remaining Arab Umayyad soldiers were permanently settled on the Indian sub–continent and in the Ghotki area. These Arab soldiers came from the ancient city Jericho Arīḥā. In the beginning, they were known as Areehai and later became Arain.[2] There are Sindhi speaking Arains who are the ancient inhabitants of Ghotki, since the time period of Muhammad Bin Qadim, while the Punjabi Arains (named after Punjab) speaking Punjabi, have been settled in the Ghotki District since the 1940s.[3]

Religion[edit]

The demographic indicators of the district as per the 1998 census of Pakistan; Hindus, Christians and Muslim Urdu-speakers are mainly concentrated in the urban areas.

  • Islam 93.06%
  • Hinduism 6.68%
  • Christianity 0.14%
  • Others: 0.04

Languages[edit]

  • Sindhi 82.00%
  • Saraiki 10.92%
  • Urdu 5.08%
  • Punjabi 1.00%
  • Baluch 0.53%
  • Pashto 0.27%
  • Others 0.20%

Populated Places[edit]

Cities, towns, villages or other conglomerations of buildings where people live and work:

  • Jam Mohammad Ali Lakhan
  • Jjahanpur shareef
  • Aman malhan
  • Ghotki (0 km)
  • Lakhan Colony (0.3 km)
  • Jindu Ghoto Village (1.4 km)
  • Pakhīmār(Anwrabad) (1.7 km)
  • Jalāl Khān village (1.8 km)
  • Haji Muhammad Azeem Chachar (2.2 km)
  • Fateh Ali (2.3 km)
  • Goth Kaheri (2.4 km)
  • Dingāro (2.7 km)
  • Abul Mīr Bahr (2.7 km)
  • Kehri (2.9 km)
  • Kashyyyk (6.3 km)
  • Rehmonwali (3.1 km)
  • Sāīn Dināh (3.1 km)
  • Panju Bāgh (3.2 km)
  • Seche Mohān (3.3 km)
  • Laluwali (3.3 km)
  • Odhar Wali (3.3 km)
  • Lakhe Mithal Mir Muhammad village (3.3 km)
  • Gulan Laghāri (3.5 km)
  • Jamāl Dīn (3.7 km)
  • Bagga village (3.8 km)
  • Pindki (4 km)
  • Sanghar (4.1 km)
  • Massu Ghota (4.1 km)
  • Pinio Labana (4.1 km)
  • Rajo Kolāchi (4.3 km)
  • Tandra Hasal Khān village (4.4 km)
  • Atal village(4.5 km)
  • Ali Sher Jaskāni (4.9 km)
  • Saifal Khān Kolāchi (5 km)
  • Bakro (5.1 km)
  • Izzat Khān Dherejo (5.2 km)
  • Sharīf Sanghar (5.2 km)
  • Goth Sābu (5.3 km)
  • Murād Goth (5.3 km)
  • Jamal (5.5 km)
  • Bhatiyun (5.5 km)
  • Khokhar (5.5 km)
  • Jumma (5.5 km)
  • Garhi Sher Muhammad (5.7 km)
  • Jiwan Kolāchi (5.8 km)
  • Badal Mangsi (5.8 km)
  • Husain Khān Sanghar (5.8 km)
  • Mubarak Khān Kolāchi (6.1 km)
  • Sādiq Ghota (6.2 km)
  • Sāīm Dād (6.3 km)
  • Allāh Warāyo Gujar (6.4 km)
  • Muhammad Chāchar (6.5 km)
  • Jānu (6.5 km)
  • Karām Bakhsh (6.6 km)
  • Jatai Tart (6.8 km)
  • Ayub Lakhan (7.0 km)
  • Bindi (7.1 km)
  • Husain Beli (7.1 km)
  • Mīrānpur (7.1 km)
  • Abdullah Lakhan (7.1 km)
  • Abdul Ghani Lakhan (7.7 km)
  • Jam Muhammad Ali Lakhan (11.8 km)
  • Village Imdad Hussain Abro (12 km)
  • Hassija mahar (12 km)
  • Mohammad ali bozdar (24 km)
  • Pir Muhammad Khan Khatian (27 km)

References[edit]

Template:Http://ghotkidistrict.com/

Coordinates: 27°49′N 69°39′E / 27.817°N 69.650°E / 27.817; 69.650