Kildangan

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Kildangan
Cill Daingin
Town
Kildangan is located in Ireland
Kildangan
Kildangan
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°06′20″N 7°00′38″W / 53.10557°N 7.01065°W / 53.10557; -7.01065Coordinates: 53°06′20″N 7°00′38″W / 53.10557°N 7.01065°W / 53.10557; -7.01065
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Kildare
Area
 • Town 15.00 km2 (5.79 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Rural 533
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference N656063

Kildangan (Irish: Cill Daingin, meaning "the church of the fort") is a village in County Kildare in Ireland. During the Anglo-Norman settlement of Ireland, Maurice Fitzgerald of Allen built a castle as part of a defensive line, stretching along the River Barrow from Carlow to Lea Castle near Portarlington. Near the castle the church was built that gave the locality its name.

Location[edit]

Kildangan is situated on the R417 between Monasterevin and Athy. The village lies close to the flood plain of the River Barrow, near the County Laois border. Kildangan is linked to Kildare town by means of the Local Road L3010, which passes through Kildangan Stud.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Kildangan is well served by road, however its location and poor public transport creates a high car dependency.

Bus[edit]

South Kildare Community Transport's Athy to Newbridge route serves Kildangan on Mondays to Fridays with two services each way a day. The bus also serves Kildare and Kildare railway station.[1]

Rail[edit]

Kildangan railway station opened on 15 March 1909 and finally closed on 1 January 1963. Its last station master was Tommy Maher, who was in charge from 1958 until its closure in 1963.[2] Nowadays the nearest station is Monasterevin railway station around 6 kilometres distant.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1653 119 —    
1659 201 +68.9%
1788 463 +130.3%
1813 534 +15.3%
1821 571 +6.9%
1831 673 +17.9%
1841 703 +4.5%
1851 549 −21.9%
1861 421 −23.3%
1871 346 −17.8%
1881 383 +10.7%
1891 349 −8.9%
1901 305 −12.6%
1911 318 +4.3%
1926 266 −16.4%
1936 240 −9.8%
1946 273 +13.7%
1951 268 −1.8%
1956 229 −14.6%
1961 207 −9.6%
1971 213 +2.9%
1979 186 −12.7%
1981 204 +9.7%
1986 244 +19.6%
1991 280 +14.8%
1996 268 −4.3%
2002 370 +38.1%
2006 533 +44.1%
2011 674 +26.5%
[3][4]

Kildangan Village has a population of approximately 555, the vast majority of the population reside outside the village, in the District Electoral Division(DED) of Kildangan and Ballybrackan. Between 1996 and 2011 there was a 151% increase in population of the Kildangan DED as the M7 motorway and increased frequency of rail services from Kildare opened up Kildangan for housing development. Kildangan is approximately 60 km from Dublin, and the majority of the population increase is of commuters employed in Dublin City and the surrounding area. Of the indigenous population Bord na Móna is the main source of employment in the immediate area. Kildangan Stud, and the agricultural sector also constitute a major source of local employment. Population figures are for Kildangan DED, covering an area of 1500 hectares approx and containing the Townlands of Ballygreany, Ballyvarney, Duneany, Fennor, Grangebeg, Kildangan and Rathmuck.[5]

Development[edit]

Under the Kildare development plan 2011 to 2017,[6] Kildangan Village was designated as a consolidated planning area, as it had experienced significant levels of urban generated growth. The main objective of the Development plan is that any new housing shall be predominantly for local needs only. The plan also allocates an area for a Village Centre, located on the site of the derelict post office.

Religion[edit]

Kildangan Church

In the parliamentary return of 1731, Richard Foxcroft, Vicar[7] stated "in the parish of Kildangan there is no mass house built, but the priest of Lackagh say Mass often at the back of the old chapel there". The present Catholic church was built in 1792 on a site provided by the O'Reilly family. The church was enlarged in 1849 by Susan O'Reilly, grandmother of Roderic More O'Ferrall. A brass plaque at the rear of the center aisle reads "In memory of Dominick O'Reilly of Kildangan Castle who was born on the 16th of June 1786 and died on the 15th of July 1845 and of his wife Susan Cruise of Feamore, Co Mayo who died on the 6th of December 1839 and of their children Eliza and Anne who died in early Youth. Their sole surviving child, Susan O'Reilly, has erected this tablet to her parents and sister in affectionate remembrance of their virtues and their love and she entreats the prayers of the faithful for their souls. Their bodies are interred in Kildangan grave yard" The church tower and bell were added in 1881. The church is dedicated to "Our Lady of Victories" Kildangan was administered by Monasterevin Parish until 2007, when it came under control of St Brigids Parish, Kildare.[8]

Business[edit]

Business in Kildangan Village consists of a public house "The Cross Keys", a filling station, a chip shop and a few small home businesses. The filling station supplies every day needs, motor fuel, and a post point. Kildangan post office closed in 2004, and is now derelict.

Kildangan Education Centre Ltd: A new preschool facility opened in the village hall in March 2011 before moving into a new premises in the Village Centre Development on August 31, 2011. The preschool provides a free year of education to all children before they begin Primary School as well as providing part-time sessions for children from 2 years and 6 months. The preschool serves the local village and surrounding areas. An adult education centre also opened in the adjoining unit which provides adult classes and support classes for second level students. The centre also provides children's classes such as Cookery, Gaeilge, French, Art, Drama, etc. The premises was officially opened inMarch 2012.

Kildangan is home to the world famous Kildangan Stud, which was founded by the More O'Ferrells, on the site of Kildangan Castle, and the grounds of which contain a variety of rare ornamental trees and shrubs, and an abundance of woodland. Kildangan Stud was sold in 1986 to the Maktoum family, who invested large amounts of money to make Kildangan Stud a world class stud farm.

Racehorse Trainer Michael Halford established a stable in Doneany, 3 kilometers from Kildangan Village in 2008[9]

Sport and Amenities[edit]

  • Kildangan has one primary education level school, Kildangan National School. This was extended in 2008 and 2012 in order to cater for the increase in population.
  • Kildangan hall, built in 1940, renovated 1986 has long been in use for dancing, concerts and other forms of recreation.
  • Gaelic football is the main sporting activity particularly during the summer months, through Kildangan GAA.
  • Kildangan was the birthplace of Paddy Flanagan, one of the foremost competitive cyclists of the 1960s and 1970s. Flanagan won the Rás Tailtean three times: 1960, 1964 and 1975.
  • After the second world war Kildangan Stud was the home of a very successful cricket club.[10]

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://skct.ie/Athy_Newbridge%20Timetable%20June%202013.pdf
  2. ^ "Kildangan station". Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-10-16. 
  3. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  4. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. ^ http://www.kildare.ie/library/townlands/
  6. ^ http://kildare.ie/CountyCouncil/Planning/DevelopmentPlans/KildareCountyDevelopmentPlan2011-2017/Chapter-17.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.archive.org/stream/collectionskild00comeuoft#page/n295/mode/2up/search/foxcroft
  8. ^ http://www.kandle.ie/appointments_2008/
  9. ^ http://www.michaelhalford.com/
  10. ^ http://www.irishnewsarchive.com/Default/Scripting/ArticleWin.asp?From=Archive&Source=Page&Skin=KCL&BaseHref=KOR/1921/09/17&PageLabelPrint=8&EntityId=Ar00814&ViewMode=HTML

Sources[edit]