|Revised Romanization||Gim Hyeonhui|
Kim Hyon-hui (Chosŏn'gŭl: 김현희, Hanja: 金賢姬; born January 27, 1962), also known as Ok Hwa, is a former North Korean agent, responsible for the Korean Air Flight 858 bombing in 1987, which killed 115 people. She was arrested in Bahrain following the bombing and extradited to South Korea. There she was sentenced to death but later pardoned.
North Korea denies that Kim was born in the North, and regards her entire biography to be a fabrication of the South. Some districts in Japan fund North Korean-run schools which teach that Kim was a South Korean agent. According to Kim's testimony, she was taught Japanese in connection to her mission by Yaeko Taguchi, one of at least 13 Japanese abducted by North Korea.
In recent years, Kim has publicly expressed regret about the bombing and she has provided information about the state of affairs in North Korea as well as the possible state of abductees.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2015)|
Kim was originally trained as an actress, and starred in North Korea's first Technicolor film, playing a girl whose family fled to North Korea to escape poverty in South Korea. In 1972, she was selected to present flowers to the senior South Korean delegate at the North-South talks in Pyongyang. After graduating from high school, she enrolled in the Pyongyang Foreign Language College, where she studied Japanese. However, she had barely begun her studies when she was recruited for espionage work.
Soon after joining the North Korean spy agency, Kim was given a new name, Ok Hwa and sent to live in a compound outside of Pyongyang. There, Kim spent seven years learning tradecraft. Her training included martial arts, physical fitness, and three years of Japanese. Kim's Japanese instructor was Yaeko Taguchi, one of many Japanese kidnapped by North Korea. Later, Kim testified that Taguchi was known to her as Lee Eun-hye (李恩惠, 리은혜). Additionally, students at this facility were shown propaganda films. At the end of her training, Kim was rigorously tested. Part of her final exam required her to infiltrate and memorize a document from a mock embassy.
Kim spent time in China studying Chinese and was allowed to travel through Europe with an older man, known to her as Kim Seung Il (金勝一). This was part of her extensive preparation to complete a mission that was of great importance to the ruling Kim family. Her younger brother had died and her sister, who had married, was now a widow. The two lived in Macau for a time, where they used Zokwang Trading as a base of operations.
Korean Air Flight 858
In 1987, Kim was given an assignment to blow up KAL 858. She was told that the order came directly from the "Dear Leader himself, Kim Jong-Il. Handwritten, that is..." She was told that if she were successful, she would be able to return and live with her family and would not have to work as an agent afterward. She was once again paired with Kim Seung Il who was recovering from a stomach operation.
She was traveling with a fake Japanese passport under the name of Mayumi Hachiya (蜂谷 真由美 Hachiya Mayumi?) along with Kim Seung Il, who posed as her father and used the name Shinichi Hachiya (蜂谷 真一 Hachiya Shin'ichi?). The two traveled through Europe and eventually met other North Korean agents in Budapest who provided them with the materials to complete their mission. Once they had left the bomb behind (hidden in a radio device) in a luggage rack of KAL 858, Kim Hyon Hui and Kim Seung Il disembarked in Abu Dhabi and traveled to Bahrain. The two terrorists were apprehended in Bahrain after investigators discovered that their passports were fake. Kim Seung Il bit a cyanide pill that was hidden in a cigarette and died. Kim Hyun Hui unsuccessfully attempted to do the same, but a Bahraini policewoman snatched the cigarette out of her mouth just as she started to ingest the poison. She was hospitalized and then later interrogated.
At first, she insisted that her name was Pai Chui Hui, an orphan from Northern China who had met an elderly Japanese man with whom she was traveling. She denied any sexual involvement with her partner Kim Seung Il. However, her accent did not sound like she came from northern China. After Bahrain was convinced she was actually a North Korean, she was flown to Seoul, South Korea under heavy guard.
According to testimony at a United Nations Security Council meeting, Kim was taken on several occasions to see the prosperity of Seoul outside of her prison cell. The prison authorities also showed her TV shows and news reports showing the affluent lifestyle of South Koreans. She had been taught that the South was a corruption-riddled fiefdom of the United States and that poverty was widespread.
After eight days, Kim broke down, admitted that she was in fact a North Korean and confessed the details of her role in the bombing of Flight 858, as well as Kim Jong-il's personal involvement in the scheme.
For her role in the bombing of KAL 858, Kim Hyun Hui was sentenced to death in March 1989. However, South Korean president Roh Tae-woo pardoned her in 1989, taking the view that Kim was merely a brainwashed victim of the real culprit, the North Korean government. She later wrote an autobiography entitled The Tears of My Soul and donated the proceeds to the families of the victims of Flight 858.
In an interview with Washington Post correspondent Don Oberdorfer, Kim said that she'd been led to believe the bombing was necessary to aid the cause of reuniting the peninsula. However, the sight of Seoul's prosperity made her realize she'd "committed the crime of killing compatriots."
In March 2009, when meeting family members of Yaeko Taguchi, she mentioned that Taguchi may still be alive, and in connection with this she visited Japan in July 2010. After the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, she donated 1 million yen ($15,600) to the victims, out of gratitude for the preferential treatment she had received in Japan during her previous visit.
She was also featured by a Japanese television documentary that dramatized her life and revealed how Yaeko used to sing lullabies to her children, from whom she had been separated after being abducted.
Kim currently lives in an undisclosed location and remains under constant protection for fear of reprisals, from either victims' families or the North Korean government which has branded her a traitor.
Kim has also offered analysis to news organizations about current affairs in North Korea. During the 2013 Korean crisis, Kim suggested on Australian television that North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un was too young and inexperienced, was "struggling to gain complete control over the military and to win their loyalty." She also commented that he was "using the nuclear program as a bargaining chip for aid, to keep the public behind him."
- MacDonald, Eileen (1991). "Kim Hyon Hui". Shoot the Women First. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41596-3.
- "The North Korean spy who blew up a plane". BBC News. 22 April 2013.
- (Japanese) Government of Tokyo
- "내 일어(日語)선생 이은혜가 다구치 맞다" 김현희, NHK 인터뷰… "北 사망주장은 거짓" 조선일보 2009.01.16 (Korean)
- 金贤姬：我日语老师是被北韩绑架的田口八重子(Kim Hyun Hui: My Japanese teacher was North Korean captive Yaeko Taguchi) 朝鲜日报中文网 (The Chosun Ilbo Chinese net) 2009.01.16 (Chinese)
- Japanese Abduction Victim Still Alive, Says KAL Bomber Chosun Ilbo Jan.16,2009
- Lintner, Bertil; Yoon, Suh-kyung (2001-10-25), "North Korea: Coming in from the Cold", Far Eastern Economic Review, retrieved 2011-09-11
- Oberdorfer, Don (2001). Two Koreas. Indiana: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-05162-6.
- United Nations Security Council Verbatim Report 2791. S/PV.2791 page 10. 16 February 1988. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- News Roundup on TVB Jade, 23:00(UTC+8) 11 March 2009
- "The North Korean spy who blew up a plane". BBC News. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Kim Jong-un 'struggling': former North Korean spy, Sydney Morning-Herald, 10 April 2013