King Baggot

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This article is about the actor and director. For his grandson, see King Baggot (cinematographer).
King Baggot
KingBaggot(1879-1948).jpg
Born (1879-11-07)November 7, 1879
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Died July 11, 1948(1948-07-11) (aged 68)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Actor
Director
Years active 1900 to 1947
Spouse(s) Ruth Constantine
(1912–1930) (divorce)

William King Baggot (November 7, 1879 – July 11, 1948) was an American actor, film director and screenwriter. He was an internationally famous movie star of the silent film era. The first individually publicized leading man in America, Baggot was referred to as "King of the Movies," "The Most Photographed Man in the World" and "The Man Whose Face Is As Familiar As The Man In The Moon."

Baggot appeared in at least 269 motion pictures from 1909 to 1947; wrote 18 screenplays; and directed 45 movies from 1912 to 1928, including The Lie (1912), Raffles (1925) and The House of Scandal (1928). He also directed William S. Hart in his most famous western, Tumbleweeds (1925).

Among his film appearances, he was best known for The Scarlet Letter (1911), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1913), and Ivanhoe (1913), which was filmed on location in Wales.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of William Baggot (1845–1909) and Harriet M. "Hattie" King (1859–1933).[2] His siblings were Amos Taylor Baggot (1881–1954); Thomas Gantt Baggot (1889–1979); John Marmaduke Baggot (1891–1975); Arthur Lee Baggot (1893–?); Marion L. Baggot (1896–1973); and Harriet D. Baggot (1899–1930).

His father was born in Ireland, and emigrated from County Limerick to the United States in 1852. He was a prominent St. Louis real estate agent.

Baggot attended Christian Brothers College High School, a prominent Catholic all-male secondary school, where he excelled at sports, was a star soccer and baseball player, and became captain of the soccer team.[3] In 1894, King left St. Louis and went to Chicago, where he worked as a clerk for his uncle, Edward Baggot (1839–1903), whose business sold plumbing, gas and electric fixtures.

In 1899, he returned to St. Louis and later played on a semi-professional St. Louis soccer team and became so well known that a Catholic church amateur theatrical group added him to its cast to gain prestige. He liked acting and did well. He soon helped found another amateur theatrical group, the Players Club of St. Louis.

In the meantime, he sold tickets for the St. Louis Browns baseball team and worked as a clerk in the real estate business of his father.[4] But acting proved so interesting that he decided to become professional.

Stage career[edit]

Baggot began his career on the stage in a Shakespearean stock company and toured throughout the U.S. Following his first engagement, he performed under the management of Liebler and Company, one of the foremost producing companies at that time. He also toured under the management of Frohman, and the Shuberts, and played five weeks in New York in The Queen of the Highway. Other plays in which he appeared include the comedy revival Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch, which had a run on Broadway in 1906, Salomy Jane and In the Bishop's Carriage.

While acting in stock in St. Louis, in the summer of 1909, Baggot worked with Marguerite Clark in Peter Pan and The Golden Garter. In the two weeks that remained of the season, he played small roles in Frou Frou and Jenny, which both starred Countess Venturini. When the season closed, he was cast as supporting player with Marguerite Clark in the Schubert touring production of The Wishing Ring, which was adapted by Owen Davis from a Dorothea Deakin story. Another cast member, Cecil B. DeMille, also staged the play.

When The Wishing Ring closed in Chicago, Baggot returned to New York to join another company. Upon a chance meeting with Harry Solter, who was directing movies for Carl Laemmle at Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP), he was persuaded to go with Solter to the studio. Movies were then looked down on by the dramatic profession as a mere recording of stunts, but Baggot went along. He was amused at the violent gestures and jumping around of the players, taking none of it seriously. Baggot, however, became interested in the fledgling industry and later decided to give it a try and turn picture player.[citation needed]

Film career[edit]

Baggot's first film was the romance short The Awakening of Bess (1909) opposite Florence Lawrence. It was directed by Harry Solter, her husband, at IMP in Fort Lee, New Jersey. At a time when screen actors worked anonymously, Baggot and Lawrence became the first "movie stars" to be given billing, a marquee and promotion in advertising.

Baggot in 1914.

In April 1910, Baggot was at home with his mother and family in St. Louis, when the U.S. Census was taken there.[5] He starred in at least 42 movies opposite Lawrence from 1909 to 1911. In the latter year, he starred in at least 16 movies opposite Mary Pickford, who was hired to replace Lawrence after she and Solter broke their contracts, including the one-reel romance/drama Sweet Memories, which was directed by Thomas H. Ince.

Baggot also began writing screenplays and directing, all the while becoming a major star internationally. When he appeared "in person" at theatres he was mobbed at stage doors. By 1912, he was so famous that when he took the leading part in forming the prestigious Screen Club in New York, the first organization of its kind strictly for movie people, he was the natural choice for its first president.

On December 3, 1912, he and Ruth Considine (August 28, 1889–December 22, 1936)[6] were married in Fort Lee, New Jersey. They had one son, Robert King Baggot (July 11, 1914–May 18, 1965). A cameraman, he died in Hawaii, while working on a movie. Robert King Baggot had two sons, cinematographer Stephen King Baggot (born 1943) and Bruce Baggot (born 1947).

Baggot as Wilfred of Ivanhoe.

Baggot starred as Wilfred of Ivanhoe in Ivanhoe (1913), a feature length adventure drama that was filmed on location in England and at Chepstow Castle in Wales. He played the role as Jean Dumas in the drama Absinthe (1914), which was filmed in Paris. In his 1914 two-reel movie Shadows, Baggot directed as well as played the parts of ten different characters.

When he registered for the draft of World War I, on September 12, 1918, Baggot and his wife were living in New York City.[7] He starred in the role as Harrison Grant in the 20-part spy thriller The Eagle's Eye (1918) opposite Marguerite Snow, an adaptation of former FBI Director William J. Flynn's experiences that was produced by Leopold and Theodore Wharton,[8] and as Sheldon Steele (The Hawk) in the crime drama The Hawk's Trail (1919) opposite Grace Darmond.

As a director, he gave Marie Prevost her first starring role in the romantic comedy Kissed (1922). Baggot directed Mary Philbin and William Haines in the romance The Gaiety Girl (1924).

He formed his own production company, King Baggot Productions, and produced and directed The Home Maker (1925), a drama starring Clive Brook and Alice Joyce about the reversal of traditional roles between a husband and wife,[9] which was released through Universal. That same year, Baggot directed William S. Hart in his most famous western, Tumbleweeds, a drama about the Oklahoma land rush of 1893.

Decline[edit]

Baggot and his wife, Ruth, who had separated on August 20, 1926, were divorced in 1930.[10] She filed on grounds of desertion, stating in the complaint that he was a bad example to their son. She said he would return home after drinking and be in a boisterous mood.[11] When the 1930 census was taken on April 7, Baggot was lodging by himself.[12]

His alcoholism and problems with certain studio executives eventually ended Baggot's directing career. He turned to playing character roles, bit parts and even jobs as an extra,[13] and appeared in scores of movies in that capacity through the 1930s and 1940s, including Mississippi (1935).

Baggot played the uncredited role as a policeman on the street in The Bad Sister (1931), which starred Conrad Nagel and Sidney Fox, with Bette Davis in her first movie role. He had the role as Henry Field, a movie director, in the Monogram Pictures drama Police Court (1932) co-starring Henry B. Walthall, which told the story of a has-been alcoholic actor (Walthall) trying to make a comeback. In 1933, Baggot and former leading lady Florence Lawrence, Paul Panzer and another former great star of the silent era, Francis Ford, were given bit parts in what would be former co-star Mary Pickford's last movie, Secrets.

In her Los Angeles Times gossip column on March 1, 1946, Hedda Hopper wrote, "King Baggot, who used to be one of our top directors, is working as an extra in The Show-Off.[14] While living at the Aberdeen Hotel in Venice, California, Baggot made his final movie appearance in the uncredited part of a bank employee in the comedy My Brother Talks to Horses (1947) starring Butch Jenkins and Peter Lawford. Illness then forced his retirement.

King Baggot died at age 68 from a stroke at a sanatorium in Los Angeles.[15][16][17] His funeral service was conducted in the chapel of Pierce Brothers Hollywood Mortuary at 1 p.m. on Thursday, July 15, 1948.[18] He is interred in Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles. He has a star for his work in motion pictures on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6312 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood.

Selected filmography[edit]

As actor[edit]

As director[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, Feb. 19, 1928, "Rare Old 'Stills'," p. 114.
  2. ^ 1880 St. Louis Co., MO, U.S. Federal Census, St. Louis, 3618 N. 18th St., June 8, Enumeration Dist. 307, Sheet 3, Page 514 A, Line 5, Wm. Baggot, Line 6, Hattie Baggot, Line 7, William Baggot, White, Male, 7/12, (Mon. Born) Nov., Son, Single, MO, Ireland, MO.
  3. ^ Dumaux, Sally (1997). "King Baggot and the Mystery of "The Lost Mirror". Classic Images (Past Issues). Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ 1900 St. Louis (Independent City), MO, U.S. Federal Census, St. Louis Ward 27, 1463 Union St., June 11, Enumeration Dist. 408, Sheet 14 A, Page 278 A, Line 32, William Bagott [sic], Line 33, Harriet M. Bagott [sic], Line 34, William K. Bagott [sic], Son, White, Male, Nov., 1879, 20, Single, MO, Ireland, MO, Clerk in Real Estate, 0, 0, Y, Y, Y.
  5. ^ 1910 St Louis (Independent City), MO, U.S. Federal Census, St Louis Ward 26, 1463 Union Ave., April 25, Enemuration Dist. 407, Sheet 13 A, Page 35 A, Line 48, Harriet M. Baggot, Line 49, King Baggot, Son, Male, White, 30, Single, MO, Ireland - (Native Language) English, MO, Engl., Actor, Theatre, Wages, N, 0, Y, Y.
  6. ^ New York Times, Dec. 26, 1936, Hollywood, Dec. 25 (AP), "Ruth Baggott [sic]," p. 11.
  7. ^ WWI Draft Registration Card, Serial No.: 376, Name: William King Baggot, Permanent Address: Lambs Club - 130 W. 44th N.Y. City, Age 38, Birth Date: Nov. 7, 1879, Race: White, U.S. Citizen: Natural Born, Present Occupation: Motion Picture "Star," Employer's Place: Motion Picture Corp. W. 61st St. N.Y. City, N.Y., Nearest Relative: Ruth Baggot (Wife) Messeilles Hotel - 103rd St. N.Y.C., Signed: William King Baggot, Registrar's Report: Description of Registrant: Height: Tall: 5'11, Build: Medium: 185, Color of Eyes: Blue, Color of Hair: Lt. Brown, Dated: Sept. 12, 1918 New York City, N.Y.
  8. ^ Dash, Mike (2009). The First Family: Terror, Extortion and the Birth of the American Mafia. London: Simon & Schuster. p. Epilogue, page 10. ISBN 978-1-84737-173-7. 
  9. ^ Los Angeles Times, Oct. 4, 1925, "Brook Lauds Character in 'Home Maker," p. 28.
  10. ^ Los Angeles Times, Sep. 18, 1930, "King Baggott Divorced As Bad Example To Son," p. A 12.
  11. ^ New York Times, Sep. 18, 1930, Sep. 17 (AP), "Divorces King Baggott, --- Wife Accuses Movie Director of Habitual Intemperance," p. 2.
  12. ^ 1930 Los Angeles Co., CA, U.S. Federal Census, Los Angeles, Assembly Dist. 55, Block 97, April 7, Enumeration Dist. 65, Sheet 5 B, Page 239 B, Line 97, William K. Baggot, Lodger, Male, White, 50, Married, (Age when first married) 33, N, Y, MO, Ireland, MO, Y, Actor - Director, Motion Pictures, Wages, Y, (Vet.) N.
  13. ^ Los Angeles Times, Feb. 24, 1935, "Former Stars Flock to Ranks of Extras," p. A 1.
  14. ^ Los Angeles Times, Mar. 18, 1946, "Hedda Hopper --- Looking At Hollywood," p. 9.
  15. ^ California Death Index, Name: King Baggot, Birth Date: 11-07-1879, Father's Last: Baggot, Sex: Male, Birth Place, Missouri, Death Place: Los Angeles (19), Death Date: 07-11-1948, SSN: 563-09-0139, Age: 68 yrs.
  16. ^ Los Angeles Times, Jul. 12, 1948, "King Baggot, Early Day Idol of Films, Dies," p. 12.
  17. ^ New York Times, Jul. 13, 1948, Hollywood, Jul. 12 (AP), "King Baggott, 68, Early Film Star --- Leading Man of Silent Era Dies—In Industry Since '09, He Also Was a Director," p. 27.
  18. ^ Los Angeles Times, Jul. 15, 1948, "Obituary --- King Baggot," p. A 15.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dumaux, Sally A. (2002). King Baggot: A Biography and Filmography of the First King of the Movies. McFarland. 290 pp. ISBN 0-7864-1350-6

External links[edit]