Kingston House estate, London

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The Kingston House estate is an area of the City of Westminster, between Prince's Gate and Ennismore Street. It includes many privately owned houses around Ennismore Gardens, and the 1930s Kingston House flats, which are on the site of the original Kingston House. It is in the local government ward of Knightsbridge and Belgravia.

Kingston House[edit]

Kingston House was a Palladian mansion, built in the mid-eighteenth century for Elizabeth Chudleigh, Duchess of Kingston.[1] On her death in 1788, the property passed to the Duke’s nephew Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers, and had a series of tenants, including Sir George Warren, the 6th Earl of Stair and Edward Loveden of Buscot Park.

In 1813, the estate was sold to William Hare, Baron Ennismore, later 1st Earl of Listowel. He died at Kingston House in 1837 and was succeeded by his grandson. The 2nd Lord Listowel was not regularly in residence, and agreed to sell parts of the estate for redevelopment. The house was again let out to tenants including Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, who died there in 1842, and Baron Lionel de Rothschild.

Kingston House itself stayed in the family until the death of the 4th Earl in 1931, when the estate passed to his younger son, Viscount Blakenham. In 1935 the house was sold for redevelopment. Following the 1936 death of the Dowager Countess of Listowel, the house was demolished in 1937 and replaced by two large blocks of private apartments, Kingston House North and Kingston House South.

Development of the estate[edit]

In the 1840s, development began with the construction of houses on Princes Gate and the east side of Ennismore Gardens, as well as a public house, the Ennismore Arms. The pub was the first building to be constructed on the new Kingston House estate, and was built in 1845-7. It stood at the southern end of Ennismore Mews, which ran behind the houses on the eastern side of Princes Terrace. It suffered bomb damage during World War II and was rebuilt by Watney’s in the 1950s. It was closed in 2002 and subsequently demolished.[2]

All Saints' Church in Ennismore Mews was built in 1848–9 in Italianate style: William Ralph Inge was vicar there 1904-1907.[3] The church closed in 1955, and is now the Russian Orthodox Patriarchial Church of The Assumption of All Saints, part of the Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh.[4] The organ from All Saints was reinstalled at the Church of St John-at-Hackney.

In the 1860s the 3rd Earl released more land; the rest of Ennismore Gardens, including the private garden square at its centre, was laid out in the 1870s.[5] The five-storey houses have porticos with Corinthian columns, and a continuous railing creating a first floor balcony.[6]

Moncorvo House was completed in 1880 for Albert George Sandeman (future Governor of the Bank of England) and named in honour of his father-in-law, Portugal’s ambassador in London, the Visconde Da Torre de Moncorvo.[7] In 1883, Bolney House was built for Alfred Huth, son of Henry Huth.

20th Century developments[edit]

From the 1930s onwards, many of the original buildings, including Kingston House itself, were replaced by apartment blocks and modern townhouses. The Second World War brought further changes in use of the pre-war mansions. Moncorvo House became the post-war London HQ of the Canadian Joint Staff Establishment and the Embassy of Morocco before being demolished in 1964 and replaced with Moncorvo Close. Bolney House was also demolished in the 1960s and replaced with Bolney Gate.

In World War II, the Norwegian government-in-exile was based in Kingston House North.[8]

After World War II, the redevelopment of the original Kingston House site was completed with the building of Kingston House East and Kingston House South.[9]

The independent Hampshire School was based at 63 Ennismore Gardens from 1933-2008, when it moved to the former Chelsea Library.[10]

Ava Gardner lived at 34 Ennismore Gardens and is commemorated by an ornamental urn in the square.

The Libyan consulate and visa office is at 61-62 Ennismore Gardens; the main embassy is at 15 Knightsbridge.

Ennismore Garden Mews is a popular filming location. Alfred Hitchcock used No 31 as the home of Barbara Leigh-Hunt's character, 'Brenda Blaney', in the 1972 film Frenzy. The 1987 VW Golf TV advert directed by David Bailey featured Paula Hamilton leaving No 23 Ennismore Garden Mews.[11]

In 2011, the average house price in Ennismore Gardens was £3,345,000.[12]

Notable past residents[edit]

Kingston House North[edit]

Kingston House South[edit]

Moncorvo House[edit]

Bolney House[edit]

Ennismore Gardens[edit]

The first residents[14] were aristocrats and statesmen; in the 20th century they were joined by artists and actors.

Ennismore Gardens Mews[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Princes Gate and Ennismore Gardens: The Kingston House Estate', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 157. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45933
  2. ^ London Pubs History: Westminster http://pubshistory.com/LondonPubs/WestminsterStMargaret/EnnismoreArms.shtml
  3. ^ http://www.bookrags.com/biography/william-ralph-inge/
  4. ^ Cathedral newsletter http://www.sourozh.org/cathedral-newsletter/
  5. ^ http://www.opensquares.org/detail/Ennismore.html
  6. ^ London Squares http://londonsquares.net/4-squares/11-ennismore-place/
  7. ^ 'Princes Gate and Ennismore Gardens: The Kingston House Estate: Development in Northern Ennismore Gardens, 1869-85', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 174-182. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45937
  8. ^ City of Westminster green plaques http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/leisureandculture/greenplaques/
  9. ^ 'Princes Gate and Ennismore Gardens: The Kingston House Estate: The area since the 1920s', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 182-186. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45938
  10. ^ http://www.ths.westminster.sch.uk/contents.php?pageid=1816&parentid=504
  11. ^ http://www.lurotbrand.co.uk/flipbook/mewsnews_32/mewsnews.pdf
  12. ^ Barrow, Becky (29 December 2011). "250 MOST EXPENSIVE STREETS IN ENGLAND AND WALES 2011". Daily Mail (London). 
  13. ^ Members of Parliament 1911-1918 http://eppi.dippam.ac.uk/documents/22594/eppi_pages/636916
  14. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45936#s4
  15. ^ http://raec.websds.net/PDF/19180725.PDF
  16. ^ Welsh Biography Online http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/s8-JACK-JAM-1849.html
  17. ^ http://www.ormerod.uk.net/History/Thursby/john_hardy_thursby.htm
  18. ^ http://www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/Gadesden3.html
  19. ^ Biographies of Legal Lunacy Commissioners and Secretaries 1832- 1912 http://studymore.org.uk/6biol.htm
  20. ^ http://www.lurotbrand.co.uk/flipbook/mewsnews_32/mewsnews.pdf
  • Survey of London: volume 45 – Knightsbridge (2000) John Greenacombe (General Editor) [1]