Kolwezi

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Kolwezi
Kolwezi is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kolwezi
Kolwezi
Location in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 10°43′S 25°28′E / 10.717°S 25.467°E / -10.717; 25.467
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Province Katanga
Founded 1937
Area
 • Total 213 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation 1,448 m (4,751 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 453,147
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zone Lubumbashi Time (UTC+2)
A specimen of Kolwezite (green), a rare copper-cobalt mineral named after Kolwezi,[1] and pink cobaltoan calcite.

Kolwezi is a city in Katanga Province in the south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, west of Likasi. It is home to an airport and a railway to Lubumbashi. The population is approximately 453,000.

Economy[edit]

Kolwezi is an important mining centre for copper and cobalt. There are also uranium, radium, oxide ores, and lime deposits. The Musonoi mine is a set of open-cut pits near Kolwezi from which copper and other metals have been extracted since the 1940s.[2] The nearby Lake Nzilo was created by damming the Lualaba River to provide a source of hydroelectric power and a reservoir of water for the mining activities.[3][4]

History[edit]

The city was created in 1937 to be the headquarters for the western mining group of the High Katanga Mining Association (UMHK).

Main article: Battle of Kolwezi

On Saturday,13 May 1978, ex – Katangese soldiers supported by Angola, occupied the city. The government of Zaire asked Belgium, France, Morocco and the United States to restore order. The 2e REP, an elite paratroopers unit of the French Foreign Legion, were sent in to drive out the rebels and rescue any hostages. The Belgian army also deployed a force of some 750 Paracommando Regiment paratroopers and moved out just over 1,800 Europeans to other cities in the region. 700 Africans, including 250 rebels,[5] 170 European hostages and 6 paratroopers died.

Near Kolwezi there is the static inverter plant of the HVDC Inga-Shaba.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kolwezi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
27
(80)
27
(80)
27
(80)
27
(80)
25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(83)
30
(86)
30
(86)
27
(80)
26
(79)
27.2
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(60)
16
(60)
16
(60)
15
(59)
13
(56)
11
(51)
11
(51)
13
(55)
14
(58)
16
(60)
16
(60)
16
(60)
14.4
(57.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 132
(5.2)
165
(6.5)
230
(9)
66
(2.6)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
66
(2.6)
259
(10.2)
236
(9.3)
1,164
(45.8)
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The Kolwezi Airport serves Kolwezi and the surrounding area. The airport is located about 6 km (4 mi) south of Kolwezi.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolwezite Mineral Data
  2. ^ "Musonoi Mine, Kolwezi, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)". Mindat.org. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Davies, Bryan Robert; Walker, Keith F. (1986). The Ecology of river systems. Springer. p. 203. ISBN 90-6193-540-7. 
  4. ^ KEITH E. BANISTER, ROLAND G. BAILEY (July 1979). "Fishes collected by the Zaire River Expedition, 1974–75". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 66: 205–249. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1979.tb01909.x. Retrieved 4 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Général Gaussères. Les enseignements de Kolwezi – Mai 1978, in les Cahiers du Retex n° 12, supplément à Objectif doctrine 37 (published by Centre de doctrine de l'emploi des forces, Ministère de la Défense). On line : [1], 37-31
  6. ^ Dalarnas Tidningar – Ludvika
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of the Congo". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on 24 November 2011.
  8. ^ "Distance and heading from Kolwezi to airport". WikiMapia. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

External links[edit]

  • "The French Foreign Legion in Kolwezi"(Broken Promise) [2] By Roger Rousseau aux Editions Rexy ISBN 2-9526927-1-8

Coordinates: 10°43′S 25°28′E / 10.717°S 25.467°E / -10.717; 25.467