Prime Minister of Romania
|Prime Minister of Romania|
Flag of the Prime Minister of Romania
|Appointer||President of Romania|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||Barbu Catargiu|
|Formation||22 January 1862|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Romania is the head of the Government of Romania. Initially, the office was styled President of the Council of Ministers (Romanian: Președintele Consiliului de Miniștri), when the term "Government" included more than the Cabinet, and the Cabinet was called The Council of Ministers (Consiliul de Miniștri). The title was officially changed to Prime Minister during the communist regime.
The current Prime Minister is Victor Ponta, Leader of the PSD and of the Social Liberal Union, who took over the position on 7 May 2012 after the parliamentary dismissal of the short-lived Ungureanu Cabinet.
According to the Romanian Constitution, the President of the Republic shall designate a candidate to the office of Prime Minister, as a result of his consultation with the party which has obtained absolute majority in Parliament, or -unless such majority exists - with the parties represented in Parliament.
The candidate to the office of Prime Minister shall, within ten days of his designation, seek the vote of confidence of Parliament upon the programme and complete list of the Government. The programme and list of the Government shall be debated upon by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, in joint sitting. Parliament shall grant confidence to the Government by a majority vote of the Deputies and Senators.
The Prime Minister, the Ministers and other members of the Government shall individually take an oath before the President of Romania, as provided under Article 82. The Government as a whole and each of its members shall exercise the mandate from the date of taking the oath.
The Prime Minister shall direct Government actions and co-ordinate activities of its members, with the observance of the powers and duties incumbent on them (executive power). Likewise, he shall submit to the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate reports and statements on Government policy, to be debated with priority. The President cannot dismiss the Prime Minister, but the Parliament can withdraw their support through a vote of no-confidence.
List of Prime Ministers of Romania after 1989
Since 1990, Romania had nine Prime Ministers and four ministers held the office ad interim. Numbers in the table below represent the order since 1862; interim officeholders are not numbered, are denoted by italics.
The political stance of prime ministers after the development of a modern party system is given by:
|Social Democratic Party
PSD = |
(a part of FSN became PDSR and fused with PSDR in 2001)
|National Salvation Front/Democratic Liberal Party
FSN/PD-L = |
(the remaining faction of FSN became PD in 1993 and changed its name to PD-L in 2007, simultaneously absorbing the PLD. In 2012, it shortened its name to PDL.)
|National Liberal PartyPNL =||Christian-Democratic National Peasants' PartyPNŢCD =|
|Ind. = Independent|
|PM Nº||Name||Portrait||Born-Died||Took office||Left office||Party||Cabinet||Cab. Nº||Coalition members||Elections|
|53||Petre Roman[c]||1946–||26 December 1989||28 June 1990||FSN||Roman I||107||FSN||—|
|28 June 1990||30 April 1991||Roman II||108||May 1990|
|30 April 1991||16 October 1991||Roman III||109||—|
|54||Theodor Stolojan||1943–||16 October 1991||19 November 1992||FSN/FDSN||Stolojan I||110||FSN/FDSN||—|
|55||Nicolae Văcăroiu||1943–||19 November 1992||11 December 1996||FDSN/PDSR||Văcăroiu I||111||FDSN/PDSR
|56||Victor Ciorbea||1954–||12 December 1996||17 April 1998||PNȚCD||Ciorbea I||112||CDR
(PNȚCD + PNL + PNL-CD
+ PAR + PER + FER)
USD (PSDR + PD)
|—||Gavril Dejeu||1932–||30 March 1998||17 April 1998||PNȚCD||—|
|57||Radu Vasile||1942–2013||17 April 1998||22 December 1999||PNȚCD||Vasile I||113||—|
|—||Alexandru Athanasiu||1955–||13 December 1999||22 December 1999||PSDR||—|
|58||Mugur Isărescu||1949–||22 December 1999||28 December 2000||Ind.||Isărescu I||114||—|
|59||Adrian Năstase||1950–||28 December 2000||21 December 2004||PDSR/PSD||Năstase I||115||PSD
(PDSR + PSDR before 2001)
|—||Eugen Bejinariu||1959–||21 December 2004||28 December 2004||PSD||—|
|60||Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu||1952–||29 December 2004||5 April 2007||PNL||Tăriceanu I||116||D.A. (PNL-PD)
|5 April 2007||22 December 2008||Tăriceanu II||117||PNL
|61||Emil Boc||1966–||22 December 2008||23 December 2009||PD-L/PDL||Boc I||118||PD-L
|23 December 2009||6 February 2012||Boc II||119||PD-L/PDL
|—||Cătălin Predoiu||1968–||6 February 2012||9 February 2012||Ind.||—|
|62||Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu||1968–||9 February 2012||7 May 2012||Ind.||Ungureanu I||120||—|
|63||Victor Ponta||1972–||7 May 2012||21 December 2012||PSD||Ponta I||121||USL
ACS (formed September 2012) (PSD+UNPR (joined September 2012))
|21 December 2012||5 March 2014||Ponta II||122||USL
ACS (PSD+UNPR) +ACD (PNL-PC)
|5 March 2014||present||Ponta III||123||USD
- "Article 103". "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Article 82". "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Chapter III". "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Nicolae C. Nicolescu, Șefii de stat și de guvern ai României (1859–2003), Editura Meronia, Bucharest, 2003
- Stelian Neagoe, Istoria guvernelor României de la începuturi - 1859 până în zilele noastre - 1995, Editura Machiavelli, Bucharest, 1995