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LYRA (Lyman Alpha Radiometer) is the solar UV radiometer on board Proba-2, a European Space Agency technology demonstration satellite that was launched on November 2, 2009.
LYRA has been designed and manufactured by a Belgian-Swiss-German consortium (ROB-SIDC, PMOD/WRC, IMOMEC, CSL, MPS and BISA) with additional international collaborations (Japan, USA, Russia, and France). Jean-François Hochedez (ROB) is Principal Investigator, Yves Stockman (CSL) is Project Manager, and Werner Schmutz (PMOD) is Lead co-Investigator.
LYRA will monitor the solar irradiance in four UV passbands. They have been chosen for their relevance to solar physics, aeronomy and Space Weather:
- the 115-125 nm Lyman-α channel,
- the 200-220 nm Herzberg continuum channel,
- the Aluminium filter channel (17-50 nm) including He II at 30.4 nm, and
- the Zirconium filter channel (1-20 nm).
The radiometric calibration of the instrument is traceable to synchrotron source standards (PTB). Its stability will be monitored by onboard calibration light sources (light-emitting diodes), which allow distinguishing between potential degradations of the detectors and filters. Additionally, a redundancy strategy contributes to the accuracy and the stability of the measurements. LYRA will benefit from wide bandgap detectors based on diamond: it will be the first space assessment of a pioneering UV detectors program. Diamond sensors make the instruments radiation-hard and solar-blind: their high bandgap energy makes them quasi-insensitive to visible light (see also references in Marchywka Effect). The SWAP extreme ultraviolet (EUV) imaging telescope will operate next to LYRA on Proba-2. Together, they will establish a high performance solar monitor for operational space weather nowcasting and research. LYRA demonstrates technologies important for future missions such as the ESA Solar Orbiter mission.
- ^ Successful launch qualification test for Proba-2
- ^ Hochedez et al., J; Schmutz, W; Stockman, Y; Schuhle, U; Benmoussa, A; Koller, S; Haenen, K; Berghmans, D et al. (2006), "LYRA, a solar UV radiometer on Proba2", Advances in Space Research 37 (2): 303, Bibcode:2006AdSpR..37..303H, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2005.10.041
- ^ LYRA website Proba-2 Science Center
- ^ Proba-2: Science payloads
- ^ upcoming reference