Lancaster Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the crown village in Alberta, Canada, see CFB Edmonton.
AMI Stadium
Lancaster Park
AMI Stadium Logo.png
Lancaster Park aerial July 2011.jpg
Aerial view of Lancaster Park in July 2011, significant earthquake damage can be made out.
Former names Lancaster Park (1881–1998)
Jade Stadium (1998–2007)
Location Christchurch, New Zealand
Coordinates 43°32′31″S 172°39′15″E / 43.54194°S 172.65417°E / -43.54194; 172.65417Coordinates: 43°32′31″S 172°39′15″E / 43.54194°S 172.65417°E / -43.54194; 172.65417
Owner Victoria Park Trust
Operator VBase Venue management
Capacity 38,628[1]
Field size Cricket Oval
Surface Grass
Construction
Broke ground 1880
Opened 1881
Renovated 1995-2009
Expanded 2009
Closed 2011
Demolished Beginning 2012
Tenants
Crusaders (Super Rugby) (1996–present)
Canterbury (ITM Cup)

Lancaster Park, formerly Jade Stadium and now known as AMI Stadium through sponsorship rights, is a sports stadium situated in Waltham, a suburb of Christchurch in New Zealand. Following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the stadium is closed. The Hadlee Stand has already been demolished, and the fate of the rest of the stadium is unresolved.

It has hosted various sports, including rugby union, cricket, association football, athletics, trotting (until, in 1899, this club moved to Addington Racecourse), rugby league, and non-sporting events such as concerts by Pearl Jam in 2009, Bon Jovi in 2008, Roger Waters in 2007, Meat Loaf in 2004, U2 in 1989 & 1993, Tina Turner in 1993 and 1997, Dire Straits in 1986 and 1991, and Billy Joel in 1987, but is primarily a rugby and cricket ground and is the home of the Crusaders rugby union team, who compete in Super Rugby. Its capacity is 38,628.[1]

History[edit]

Ownership[edit]

In 1880 Canterbury Cricket and Athletics Sports Co. Ltd was established. In 1882, Edward Stevens and Arthur Ollivier initiated the purchase of a parcel of land which became Lancaster Park.[2][3] For Stevens, this was a transaction through his company, Harman and Stevens, on behalf of an absentee owner, Benjamin Lancaster.[4] Canterbury Cricket and Athletics Sports purchased 10 acres 3 rods 30 perches (4.426 hectares) for £2,841 at £260 per acre (NZ$ 1284.95/hectare). In 1904 Canterbury cricket would become the sole owner of the ground. Then in 1911 the Canterbury Rugby Union became co-owners with the Canterbury Cricket Association over the ground. An Act of Parliament in November 1919 vested title to Lancaster Park in the Crown, and established the Victory Park Board to take responsibility for its management.

JADE Stadium Limited was established in December 1998 to manage the existing facilities on behalf of the Victory Park Board and the Christchurch City Council. A five-member board of directors, drawn from Christchurch's business community and the Christchurch City Council, governs the company.

Official opening[edit]

In 1881 the first cricket match to be played on the ground was scheduled for the opening on 8 October, but it was cancelled because of rain. An athletics meeting became the first event held on the ground, on 15 October.

Financial difficulty[edit]

In 1912 a "Floral Fete", a festival, was held to raise funds to clear the debt of £2,000 in order to prevent the ground being cut up into building sites.

The financial difficulty the ground faced was so great that during New Zealand's involvement in World War I in 1915 the main oval at Lancaster Park was ploughed up and was used as a potato field in an attempt to raise more revenue.

Expansion[edit]

The embankment was expanded in 1957, increasing the capacity to 33,000. Two new stands were opened in 1965 further increasing the capacity to 38,500. In 1995 the Hadlee Stand opened in tribute to the successful cricketing family which came from Canterbury. The Hadlee stand is the first stand to be demolished due to earthquake damage. In 2000 saw the demolition of the embankment and No. 4 stand and the opening of the DB Draught stand (renamed the Tui stand in 2006) and the Paul Kelly Motor Company Stand (West Stand). Both stands sustained severe slump tamage during the earthquake in 2011. Although deemed repairable it is unlikely they will be as the cost would be too expensive.

As part of a $60 million redevelopment for the 2011 Rugby World Cup, the Eastern Stands (No. 1, 2 and 3 stands) were demolished and replaced with the new Deans Stand. The Stand was designed to reflect the newly completed Western Stand. The total capacity was 38,500 and was to be raised to nearly 45,000 with temporary seating for the 2011 Rugby World Cup, in what would have made it the second largest stadium in New Zealand after Eden Park.[5]

Deans Stand[edit]

On Tuesday, 22 April 2008 a press release was issued announcing that the new East Stand, built to replace stands demolished in 2007, as part of a redevelopment of the Ground, was to be named the Deans Stand when it was officially opened in January 2010. The Deans Stand has a seating capacity of 13,000. The stand was severely damaged in the earthquake when the piles it stood on were violently forced up and then down in a wave motion. It is slated for demolition.

The Deans name has been a part of rugby at the stadium for more than a century. Bob Deans was an All Black and also captained the Canterbury rugby team, Bruce and Robbie Deans were both All Blacks and members of the Canterbury team with Robbie also coaching the Crusaders, Bob's brother Colin played rugby at the ground, Bruce & Robbie's father Tony played cricket on the ground, and in the sixth generation of the family Milly Deans is a member of the Canterbury women's rugby team. The name Deans is also the family name of the first successful settlers in the city with brothers John and William Deans building their house in 1843.[6]

Earthquake damage[edit]

The stadium is closed indefinitely because of the severe damage sustained during the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.[7] The first of its stands, the "Hadlee Stand", has been demolished. Seven 2011 Rugby World Cup matches scheduled for the stadium in September were moved to other venues.[8] Demolition of the rest of the stadium is being discussed. There is a rebuilding proposal to move the ground to within Christchurch's four Avenues inner city boundary.[9] In the meantime, games would be played in the site of Rugby League Park.

Naming[edit]

Formerly known as Lancaster Park, the stadium was renamed Jade Stadium in 1998, after the naming rights were sold to Jade Software Corporation Limited. In 2007, the naming rights were sold to AMI Insurance Limited and the stadium was renamed AMI Stadium. The park on which the stadium stands is still called Lancaster Park and as such, the formal name for the venue is AMI Stadium at Lancaster Park.

Davis Cup[edit]

The 1911 Davis Cup was played at Lancaster Park,[10] where Australasia as the defending champion was challenged by the United States. Rain delayed the beginning of the games scheduled for 29 December 1911, and the 1911 Davis Cup event was held between 1 and 3 January 1912. Australian Norman Brookes beat Beals Wright in the opening match. Rodney Heath increased the lead for Australasia by beating William Larned. Australasia retained the Davis Cup through a win in the doubles, with Brookes and Alf Dunlop being successful over Wright and Maurice E. McLoughlin. The fourth match was defaulted by Wright, and Larned stepped aside to give the younger McLoughlin the opportunity to play Brookes. After leading 2 sets to 1, Brookes came back and won the match, and gave Australasia a clean 5–0 victory.[11]

Rugby union[edit]

2011 Rugby World Cup[edit]

The Stadium was scheduled to host five pool matches and two quarter finals at the 2011 Rugby World Cup and would be referred to as Stadium Christchurch owing to the IRB's advertising rules at venues for the Rugby World Cup.

Owing to damage suffered from the earthquake that hit Christchurch and surrounding areas on the 22 February 2011, Christchurch lost its rights to host the seven world cup games as the city was too damaged to host.[12]

Super Rugby[edit]

AMI Stadium was home to the Crusaders Super Rugby franchise. They have hosted four Super 12/Super 14 finals in 2002, 2005, 2006 and in 2008. Due to damage AMI Stadium sustained in the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the Crusaders moved to Rugby League Park in Addington, renamed Christchurch AMI STADIUM to be used as their home ground for the foreseable future. The ground has been rebuilt to 18,600pax.[13] *despite massive earthquake and AMI claiming massive expenses, they still were able to buy naming rights to Crusaders temporary stadium. It has been known as AMI Stadium ever since the Crusaders started playing there.

NPC/ITM Cup[edit]

The stadium was home to the Canterbury team in the ITM Cup (formerly the National Provincial Championship, or NPC and Air New Zealand Cup), who have been very successful in this competition, winning the SIX most recent competitions (2008–2013). The team moved to Rugby Park for the 2011 season but is expected to join their fellow Crusaders franchise at the new AMI STADIUM, the former League ground in Addington for the 2012 season.

Ranfurly Shield[edit]

Canterbury have a proud Ranfurly Shield history. One of their most memorable moments was when they successfully retained the Ranfurly Shield against Waikato in 1954 with a last minute try. The conversion was never taken as the crowd rushed the field before the game could be completed.

Cricket[edit]

Cricket has long been played at Lancaster Park. It was the first game to be played in this stadium and in fact, Lancaster Park was originally a cricket stadium. Day/night cricket was made possible after the lighting towers were added in 1996—the first in a major New Zealand stadium. These were first put to use in 1997 when New Zealand played England in front of a crowd of 25,000.

Because of the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake One Day Internationals can no longer be played in the city as this was the only ground that had the capacity to host them. First-class matches have been moved to Rangiora Recreation Ground and Hagley Oval in Christchurch.

Rugby league[edit]

Lancaster Park has served over the years as a 'home away from home' stadium for teams in the Australasian NRL competition, such as the Wests Tigers due to the popularity of the sport in areas such as Christchurch. Despite the name of the country's sole NRL team the New Zealand Warriors insinuating AMI Stadium is part of their franchise base, the team is based at Mount Smart Stadium in Auckland.

In 2010 the Sydney Roosters took a home game to this stadium where they lost 20–18 to the Warriors.

The 2011 ANZAC rugby league Test match was originally scheduled to be played at the stadium but was moved because of the damages from the 2011 Canterbury earthquake.

Soccer[edit]

Lancaster Park hosted an Hyundai A-League match between Wellington Phoenix FC and Adelaide United on 30 January 2010. The match attracted 19,276 which was, at the time, a record home league attendance for the Wellington team, prompting suggestions Christchurch may be able to sustain an A-League team of its own.[14]

In the next A-League season the stadium was used again, for the same opponents encounter on 5 December 2010. A 14,108 crowd was the season-best record for Phoenix.

Religious events[edit]

In 1954 Lancaster Park held a Roman Catholic prayer rally. This drew a large attendance. Pope John Paul II also held a public mass on the oval in 1986, attracting 28,000 people.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.newstalkzb.co.nz/podcasts/audio/21102045.mp3
  2. ^ Miller, Graham M. (22 June 2007). "Stevens, Edward Cephas John 1837–1915". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Greenaway, Richard L. N. (June 2007). "St. Peter’s Anglican Church Cemetery Tour: Upper Riccarton". Christchurch City Libraries. p. 51. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Mosley, M. (1885). "Cricket". Illustrated Guide to Christchurch and Neighbourhood. J. T. Smith & Co. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Stadium opens after Cup facelift". The New Zealand Herald. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Deans Stand Press Release
  7. ^ "Quake-hit Crusaders to remain homeless". AFP. Australia Broadcasting Corporation. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  8. ^ [1] Rugby World Cup Games Moved From Christchurch
  9. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard-sport/rugby/article-23984386-england-pay-visit-to-earthquake-torn-christchurch.do
  10. ^ "1912". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  11. ^ Cole, Charles (31 December 2011). "Cup's Christchurch ties". The Press. pp. B10–11. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Christchurch loses Rugby World Cup games". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  13. ^ http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/sport/rugby/5587306/League-park-Crusaders-new-home
  14. ^ Can NZ accommodate a second A-League team?, The Roar, Retrieved on 8 February 2010.

External links[edit]