Late Night (NBC)
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009)|
|Created by||David Letterman|
|Presented by||David Letterman (1982–1993)
Conan O'Brien (1993–2009)
Jimmy Fallon (2009–2014)
Seth Meyers (starting 2014)
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||1,819 (under Letterman)
2,725 (under O'Brien)
834 (as of May 13, 2013) (under Fallon)
|Production company(s)||Carson Productions (1982–1992)
Worldwide Pants Incorporated (1991–1993)
Broadway Video (1993–present)
NBC Productions (1982–1996)
NBC Studios (1996–2004)
NBC Universal Television Studio (2004–2007)
Universal Media Studios (2007–2011)
Universal Television (2011–present)
|Original airing||February 1, 1982 – present|
|Preceded by||The Tomorrow Show (1973–1982)|
Late Night is an American late-night talk and variety show airing on NBC since 1982. Late Night has been hosted by David Letterman (1982–1993), Conan O'Brien (1993–2009), and Jimmy Fallon (2009–present, but scheduled to leave the series in 2014). In 2014, Seth Meyers is scheduled to take over hosting duties. The longest-serving host to date was O'Brien, who hosted Late Night with Conan O'Brien for 16 years, from September 1993 to February 2009.
David Letterman 
Late Night originated from NBC Studio 6A at the RCA (later GE) Building at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City. The program ran four nights a week, Monday to Thursday, from the show's premiere in February 1982 until May 1987. Friday shows were added in June 1987 (NBC previously aired Friday Night Videos in the 12:30 am slot with occasional Late Night specials and reruns). Starting in September 1991, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was pushed back from 11:30 pm to 11:35 pm, with Letterman starting at 12:35 am, at the request of NBC affiliates who wanted more advertising time for their profitable late newscasts.
In mid-1993, E! Entertainment Television purchased broadcast rights to Late Night. The network aired complete shows from various years five days per week from 1993 until 1996. Then Trio (owned by NBC) picked up reruns and showed them from 2002 until the channel went off the air in 2005.
A number of programs were sold by GoodTimes Entertainment in 1992–93. These episodes were stripped of the series theme, open and close. No DVD release is currently scheduled (GoodTimes went bankrupt in 2005).
A total of 1,819 shows were broadcast during its eleven and a half year run (an episode on January 16, 1991 went unaired due to pre-emption for coverage the beginning of the Gulf War; the program had already been shot before word came out of Baghdad that United States airstrikes were beginning).
Peter Ustinov was a guest on the one-shot "upside down" episode, during which the camera, mounted on a slowly revolving wheel, gradually rotated the picture 360 degrees during the course of an hour; Ustinov appeared midway through and was photographed upside down in close-up as he spoke while his host only appeared in long shots.
Letterman, who had hoped to get the hosting job of The Tonight Show following Johnny Carson's retirement, moved to CBS in 1993, when the job was given to Jay Leno. This was done against the wishes of Carson who had always seen Letterman as his rightful successor, according to CBS senior vice president Peter Lassally, a onetime producer for both men. On April 25, 1993, Lorne Michaels chose Conan O'Brien, who was a writer for The Simpsons at the time and a former writer for Michaels at Saturday Night Live, to fill Letterman's old seat, directly after The Tonight Show. Conan O'Brien began hosting a new show in Letterman's old timeslot, taking over the Late Night name.
Conan O'Brien 
Upon Johnny Carson's retirement from The Tonight Show in 1992, executives at NBC announced that Carson's frequent guest-host Jay Leno would be Carson's replacement, and not David Letterman. NBC later said that Letterman's high ratings for Late Night were the reason they kept him where he was. Letterman was bitterly disappointed and angry at not having been given The Tonight Show job and, at Carson's advice, he left NBC after eleven years on Late Night. CBS signed Letterman to host his own show opposite The Tonight Show. He moved his show over to CBS virtually unchanged, taking most of the staff, skits, and comedy formats with him. However, NBC owned the rights to the Late Night name, forcing Letterman to rechristen his show as Late Show with David Letterman.
NBC was faced with an unexpected need to replace not just Letterman, but Late Night itself. The network still owned the name, but needed to essentially build a new show from scratch. The show was first offered to Dana Carvey and Garry Shandling, both of whom turned it down. Saturday Night Live producer Lorne Michaels was brought in to develop the new show, and comedians Jon Stewart, Drew Carey, and Paul Provenza auditioned. Michaels suggested to O'Brien, an unknown writer for The Simpsons and former writer for Saturday Night Live, that he should audition for the job. Despite having "about 40 seconds" of television-performance experience as an occasional extra on Saturday Night Live sketches, O'Brien auditioned for the show on April 13, 1993. His guests were Jason Alexander and Mimi Rogers, and the audition took place on the set of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. O'Brien was offered the show on April 26, 1993, and made his first meaningful television appearance later that day when Leno introduced him on Tonight. On the final episode of his 16-year run, O'Brien stated that he "owed his career to Lorne Michaels".
O'Brien's Late Night was rushed into production and debuted on September 13, 1993, with Andy Richter as O'Brien's sidekick. The premiere episode featured John Goodman (who received a "First Guest" medal for his appearance), Drew Barrymore, and Tony Randall. The episode featured a cold open of O'Brien's walk to the studio with constant reminders that he was expected to live up to Letterman, parodying a popular sentiment expressed in the media at the time. After seeming to be unaffected by the comments, O'Brien arrives at his dressing room and cheerfully prepares to hang himself. However, a warning that the show is about to start causes him to abandon his plans. The crowd for the first show mainly consisted of family members of the crew of the show so as to ensure a positive reception.
O'Brien's on-camera inexperience showed and the show's first fourteen weeks were generally considered mediocre. O'Brien, an unknown, was constantly at risk of being fired: NBC had him renewing short-term contracts, thirteen weeks at a time. He was reportedly on the brink of being fired at least once in this period, but NBC had no one to replace him. The show, and O'Brien, slowly improved through experience, and the show's ratings gradually increased to a level which allowed O'Brien to secure a longer contract, and not have to worry about cancellation.
In 2000, Richter left Late Night to pursue his acting career. The show's comedy bits and banter had usually depended on O'Brien's interaction with Richter. O'Brien's wacky non sequitur comedy became more pronounced as he played all of his comedy and commentary directly to the audience instead of towards Richter.
Ratings and reviews continued to improve for Late Night, and in 2002, when time came to renew his contract, O'Brien had notable offers from other networks to defect. O'Brien decided to re-sign with NBC, however, joking that he initially wanted to make a 13-week deal (a nod to his first contract). He ultimately signed through 2005, indicating that it was symbolic of surpassing Letterman's run with 12 years of hosting.
In 2003, O'Brien's own production company, Conaco, was added as a producer of Late Night. The show celebrated its 10th anniversary, another milestone that O'Brien said he wanted to achieve with his 2002 contract. During the anniversary show, Mr. T handed O'Brien a chain with a large gold "7" on it.
Mr. T: I know that, fool, but you only been funny for seven!
The show's house band was The Max Weinberg 7, led by E Street Band drummer Max Weinberg, who also served as a sounding board for O'Brien on the show (more so after Andy Richter's departure). The other six members were Mark Pender on trumpet, Richie "LaBamba" Rosenberg on trombone, Mike Merritt on bass, Jerry Vivino on saxophone and brother Jimmy Vivino on guitar, and Scott Healy on keyboard. James Wormworth served as backup drummer when Weinberg went on tour with Bruce Springsteen. With the departure of Andy Richter, Max Weinberg assumed a bigger role as an interlocutor for O'Brien's jokes. One common running gag was Max's awkwardness on camera and his apparent lack of chemistry with Conan. Weinberg was often used in sketches as well, which usually revolved around his purported sexual deviance (mostly a penchant for bedding barely legal groupies), although long running sketches also spoofed Max's lack of knowledge of current affairs.
Richie "LaBamba" Rosenberg was also used as the butt of many of Conan's jokes. These humorous sketches usually revolved around LaBamba's sizeable mustache, his poor acting skills, and his alleged inability to read sheet music. Mark Pender would often sing songs on the topic of a current event, which ended with him screeching uncontrollably and climbing the risers into the audience. All members of the 7 had successful side careers as studio musicians.
As is common in the talk show format, The Max Weinberg 7 performed the show's opening and closing themes, played bumpers into and out of commercial breaks (they actually played through the entire break for the studio audience), and a short piece during O'Brien's crossover to his desk after his monologue (except for several months beginning in April 2008, where a commercial break was inserted at that point). The show's opening theme was written by Howard Shore and John Lurie (a finalist for the job as bandleader). The show's closing theme was called "Cornell Knowledge", and was lifted from Jerry and Jimmy Vivino's first album together. However, on Late Night, it was played at a much quicker tempo than the album version.
The band played a wide variety of songs as bumpers – usually popular music from a variety of eras. Weinberg sometimes took extended leaves of absence to tour with Bruce Springsteen as the drummer for his E Street Band. During his absence, temporary replacement drummers were hired (most commonly James Wormworth), and the band was led by Jimmy Vivino ("Jimmy Vivino and the Max Weinberg 7").
Joel Godard, a long-time announcer for NBC shows, was the show's announcer and an occasional comedy contributor. These comedy bits usually revolved around Godard's supposed homosexual fetishes, deviant sexual habits, substance abuse, and suicidal tendencies. The humor came in part from Godard's delivery. No matter how depressing or deviant the topic being discussed he always did so in an exaggeratedly cheerful voice, and with a huge smile plastered on his face. Several sketches ended with Godard apparently committing suicide in his announcer's booth.
Members of the show's writing staff frequently appeared in sketches on the show. Among the most prolific were: Brian McCann (Preparation H Raymond, FedEx Pope, The Loser, Airsick Moth, Jerry Butters, Funhole Guy, Bulletproof Legs Guy, Adrian "Raisin" Foster, S&M Lincoln, etc.), Brian Stack (Hannigan the Traveling Salesman, Artie Kendall the Ghost Crooner, The Interrupter, Kilty McBagpipes, Fan-tastic Guy, Clive Clemmons, Frankenstein, Ira, Slipnut Brian, etc.), Jon Glaser (Segue Sam, Pubes, Awareness Del, Wrist Hulk, Ahole Ronald, Gorton's Fisherman, Jeremy, Slipnut Jon, etc.), Kevin Dorff (Coked-up Werewolf, Jesus Christ, Mansy the half-man/half-pansy, Joe's Bartender, Todd the Tiny Guy, etc.), and Andy Blitz (Awful Ballgame Chanter, Vin Diesel's brother Leonard Diesel, Slipnut Andy, Chuck Aloo aka the star of the 24 spin-off series 60). Blitz went so far as to travel to India for one bit in which he carried his computer through the streets of India to get technical support firsthand from the telephone representative at NBC's technical help center. One of the show's graphic designers, Pierre Bernard was featured several sketches, such as: "Pierre Bernard's Recliner of Rage", and "Nerding It Up For Pierre".
Late Night employed a number of sketch actors, many of whom were frequently reused in different roles in different episodes. Several years before joining the cast of Saturday Night Live, Amy Poehler often appeared as a regular in many sketches, she was best remembered for playing the role of Andy Richter's little sister, Stacy. Jack McBrayer frequently appeared as well. Triumph, the Insult Comic Dog began as part of a sketch on Late Night. Celebrities such as Dr. Joyce Brothers, Nipsey Russell, Abe Vigoda and James Lipton also made frequent cameo appearances in comedy sketches on the show at different periods.
Unusual for a late-night talk show, Late Night made frequent use of various costumed characters such as The Masturbating Bear, Robot on a Toilet, and Pimpbot5000. The humor in these sketches often derived from the crude construction of the characters' costumes as well as the absurdist nature of their conceptions. For example, Pimpbot5000 was a 1950s-style robot who dressed and acted in the manner of an exaggerated blaxploitation pimp, while The Masturbating Bear was a man in a bear costume wearing an oversized diaper who would inevitably begin to fondle himself to the tune of Aram Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance" when brought on stage. Many of these characters did little more in their appearances than walk across the stage or be wheeled out from behind the curtain, but some had extensive sketches on the show.
Jimmy Fallon 
Executive producer Lorne Michaels said he wanted Fallon to be the new host dating back to the day that Fallon left Saturday Night Live in 2004, which occurred only a few months before O'Brien's departure was announced. According to Michaels:
|“||Jimmy's built for this kind of show. He's funny, he's charming, he's got a really good way of connecting with people. And he knows music, movies and TV really well, which is the backbone of these shows.||”|
During the years between Fallon's SNL departure and the announcement that he would take over Late Night, Fallon concentrated on developing a feature film career, which Fallon himself said "really didn't work out that great."
Fallon was announced as O'Brien's replacement in May 2008; at the time of the announcement, he was scheduled to debut in June 2009. To help him prepare for his new Late Night host role, Michaels had Fallon perform comedy in clubs and create a series of webisodes. A behind-the-scenes vlog documenting preparations for the new show launched on December 8, 2008, with new episodes being posted weeknights at 12:30 am ET.
The program originates from NBC Studio 6B in the GE Building at 30 Rockefeller Center in New York City, the original home of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, which was not the studio from which Late Night had been broadcast since 1982, but which had housed the WNBC news studios since Carson had moved his show to Burbank, California, in 1972. Fallon's house band is hip-hop band The Roots, and his announcer is Steve Higgins, a producer for Saturday Night Live. The show is produced by Lorne Michaels' Broadway Video in association with NBC's Universal Media Studios.
The Late Night with Jimmy Fallon logo is based on the typeface Bureau Grotesque. NBC failed to correctly license the font program, causing them to be sued by the copyright holder of that program, Font Bureau, Inc. for software copyright infringement, although fonts alone cannot be copyrighted.
Seth Meyers 
On May 12, 2013, NBC officially announced that Seth Meyers will take over "Late Night" in 2014 when Fallon takes over "The Tonight Show".
|David Letterman||February 1, 1982||35||June 25, 1993||46||Late Night with David Letterman||1,819|
|Conan O'Brien||September 13, 1993||30||February 20, 2009||46||Late Night with Conan O'Brien||2,725|
|Jimmy Fallon||March 2, 2009||34||February 7, 2014||39||Late Night with Jimmy Fallon||835|
|Seth Meyers||February 24, 2014||40||Late Night with Seth Meyers||--|
Gag, skit, and segment highlights 
- Top 10 List Featured Letterman doing top ten lists of various items.
- Viewer Mail Featured Letterman reading viewer's mail.
- In The Year 2000 Featured O'Brien with Andy/Guest delivering humorous jokes as futuristic happenings.
- Noches de Pasion con Señor O'Brien (Nights of Passion with Mr. O'Brien) Featured O'Brien as a Spanish speaking masked vigilante.
- "Walker, Texas Ranger" Lever Featured O'Brien pulling a lever that showed ridiculous clips from the television show Walker, Texas Ranger
- Head Swap Where the heads from two celebrities are switched on another person's body.
- Thank You Notes Features Fallon writing thank you notes to random items.
- Dance Your Hat and Gloves Off Features audience members dancing to take gloves off their hands and a hat on their head.
- Ultimate Mustache Fighter Features two UFC-like fighters dressed as mustaches
- Wheel of Carpet Samples Features audience members spinning a wheel of carpet samples and receiving completely random point scores.
- Carter, Bill (2013-05-12). "Seth Meyers to Succeed Fallon on NBC's Late Night". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
- "Carson feeds and Letterman lines". New York Post. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- Rosenthal, Phil (September 14, 2003). "Conan the contrarian". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
- The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, May 29, 2009.
- O'Brien, Conan (August 13, 2003). "Conan O'Brien, latenight host". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
- "10th Anniversary Special". Late Night with Conan O'Brien. 2003-09-14.
- Freydkin, Donna (February 25, 2009). "Fallon talking a blue streak to take over for Conan". USA Today. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
- Farhi, Paul (March 1, 2009 [sic]). "Ready or Not, Here Comes Jimmy Fallon To Update Late Night". Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2009.
- O'Brien to succeed Leno as 'Tonight' host in '09, a September 2004 article from The Hollywood Reporter
- "Jimmy Fallon Headed to NBC Late Night". TVWeek.com. May 12, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2009.
- December 8, 2008 from the Late Night with Jimmy Fallon video blog
- December 11, 2008 from the Late Night with Jimmy Fallon video blog
- "Robert De Niro is Jimmy Fallon's first guest". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. February 19, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2009.[dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Font Licensing — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software". Fsf.org. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 12, 2013). "Seth Meyers Named Host Of NBC’s ‘Late Night’, Lorne Michaels To Executive Produce". Deadline.com. Retrieved May 13, 2013.