Lectionary 300

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New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Lectionary 300
Name Gospel of Theodosius
Text Evangelistarium
Date 11th-century
Script Greek
Now at Saint Catherine's Monastery
Size 28 cm by 21.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Hand written in gold

Lectionary 300 (Gregory-Aland), designated by siglum 300 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, written on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th-century. The manuscript is written in gold and contains Gospel lessons for selected days. It was named as "Gospel of Theodosius".

Description[edit]

The codex contains lessons from the Gospel of John, Matthew, and Luke (Evangelistarium) on 204 parchment leaves measuring (28 cm by 21.5 cm).[1] The text is written in large golden letters described by at least one observer as beautiful.[2] It contains breathings (rough breathing and smooth breathing) and accents and some images.[3] The text is divided into verses as in modern editions of the Bible.[3]

The text is written in Greek uncial letters in two columns per page and 16 lines per page. The manuscript contains lessons for selected days,[1][4] opening with the Gospel lessons for the first five days of Easter week and followed by 65 more lessons from other parts of the yearly services.[3]

History[edit]

According to tradition it was supposedly written by the Emperor Theodosius († 395).[5][3] However, in 1864, J. Dury Geden called this absurd and suggested that Theodosius III (716) was probably intended.[3] Today, it is now dated on palaeographical grounds as much later still. Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 9th-11th century, Gardthausen and C. R. Gregory dated it to the 10th or 11th century.[2] It is presently assigned by the INTF to the 11th century.[1][4]

The manuscript was probably seen in 1761 by the Italian traveller, Vitaliano Donati, when he visited the Saint Catherine's Monastery in Sinai. His diary, published in 1879, notes:

"In questo monastero ritrovai una quantità grandissima di codici membranacei... ve ne sono alcuni che mi sembravano anteriori al settimo secolo, ed in ispecie una Bibbia in membrane bellissime, assai grandi, sottili, e quadre, scritta in carattere rotondo e belissimo; conservano poi in chiesa un Evangelistario greco in caractere d'oro rotondo, che dovrebbe pur essere assai antico".[6]

In this monastery I found a great number of parchment codices ... there are some which seemed to be written before the seventh century, and especially a Bible (made) of beautiful, very large, thin and square parchments, written in round and very beautiful letters; moreover there are also in the church a Greek Evangelistarium in gold and round letters, it should be very old.

The "Bible on beautiful vellum" noted above is probably the Codex Sinaiticus and the gold evangelistarium is likely Lectionary 300.[7]

Others who saw it later include Dean Burgon (1862), M. E. Young, J. Dury Geden (1864),[2] and Victor Gardthausen.[5] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Caspar René Gregory as number 300e. Frederick Scrivener cataloged the manuscript as 286e on his list.[3]

The manuscript is not cited in the critical editions of the Greek New Testament (UBS3,[8]UBS4[9]).

Currently the codex is housed at the Saint Catherine's Monastery (Gr. 204) in Sinai Peninsula.[1][4]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 237. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  2. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 413. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4th ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 348. 
  4. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Victor Gardthausen, Catalogus codicum Graecorum Sinaiticorum (1886), pp. 40-41. (Source is in Greek and Latin)
  6. ^ Lumbroso, G. (1879). Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, p. 501.
  7. ^ Kirsopp Lake, (1911). Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus: The New Testament, the Epistle of Barnabas and the Shepherd of Hermas, Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. V.
  8. ^ The Greek New Testament, ed. K. Aland, A. Black, C. M. Martini, B. M. Metzger, and A. Wikgren, in cooperation with INTF, United Bible Societies, 3rd edition, (United Bible Societies, Stuttgart 1983), pp. XXVIII, XXX.
  9. ^ The Greek New Testament, ed. B. Aland, K. Aland, J. Karavidopoulos, C. M. Martini, and B. M. Metzger, in cooperation with INTF, United Bible Societies, 4th revised edition, (United Bible Societies, Stuttgart 2001), p. 21, ISBN 978-3-438-05110-3.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 15 March 2011.