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Lhokseumawe is the second largest city in Aceh Special District, in the north of Sumatra, Indonesia. It faces the Malacca Strait, and is surrounded on all other sides by North Aceh Regency (Indonesian:Kabupaten Aceh Utara). The city covers an area of 181.06 square kilometres. According to the 2010 census Lhokseumawe had a population of 170,504 people. Being between Banda Aceh and the large southern city of Medan, the town is a key regional centre important for the economy of Aceh.
The name of Lhokseumawe came from word "Lhok" and "Seumawe". Lhok means deep, bay, ocean trenches and Lhokseumawe means the swirling water in the sea along the offshore of Banda Sakti and its surroundings. The city was formerly part of North Aceh Regency, of which it formed the administrative capital, but in 2001 it was cut out from the regency (which surrounds Lhokseumawe on the entire landward side) to become an independent city.