Lhokseumawe

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Lhokseumawe
City
Official seal of Lhokseumawe
Seal
Motto: Kota Petro Dollar($)
Lokasi Aceh Kota Lhokseumawe.svg
Lhokseumawe is located in Sumatra
Lhokseumawe
Lhokseumawe
Location of the city in northern Sumatra
Lhokseumawe is located in Indonesia
Lhokseumawe
Lhokseumawe
Location of the city in Indonesia
Coordinates: 5°11′17″N 97°8′25″E / 5.18806°N 97.14028°E / 5.18806; 97.14028Coordinates: 5°11′17″N 97°8′25″E / 5.18806°N 97.14028°E / 5.18806; 97.14028
Country Indonesia
Province Aceh
City Founded June 21, 2001
Government
 • Mayor Suaidi Yahya
 • Vice Nazaruddin
 • Secretary Dasni Yuzar
Area
 • Total 181.06 km2 (69.91 sq mi)
Elevation 2-24 m (−77 ft)
Population (2012[1])
 • Total 179,807
 • Density 993/km2 (2,570/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Languages Indonesian (official)
Acehnese
City Growth
 • HDI 77.23 [2]
 • GDP Rp. 10.598.205.71 (Million Rupiah) [3]
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 645
For Official Government Website see below of this page

Lhokseumawe is the second largest city in Aceh Special District, in the north of Sumatra, Indonesia. The city covers an area of 181.06 square kilometres. Being between Banda Aceh and the large southern city of Medan, the town is a key regional centre important for the economy of Aceh.

History[edit]

The name of Lhokseumawe came from word "Lhok" and "Seumawe". Lhok means deep, bay, ocean trenches and Lhokseumawe means the swirling water in the sea along the offshore of Banda Sakti and its surroundings. The city was formerly part of North Aceh Regency, The existence of this region can not be separated from the emergence of the kingdom Samudera Pasai around the 13th century, the area later became part of the sovereignty of Sultanate of Aceh since 1511.

Pre Colonial Era[edit]

Map of Aceh Sultanate during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda

The Sultanate of Aceh was established by Sultan Ali Mughayatsyah in 1511. Later, during its golden era, in the 17th century, its territory and political influence expanded as far as Satun in southern Thailand, Johor in Malay Peninsula, and Siak in what is today the province of Riau. As was the case with most non-Javan pre-colonial states, Acehnese power expanded outward by sea rather than inland. As it expanded down the Sumatran coast, its main competitors were Johor and Portuguese Malacca on the other side of the Straits of Malacca. It was this seaborne trade focus that saw Aceh rely on rice imports from north Java rather than develop self sufficiency in rice production.[4] After the Portuguese occupation of Malacca in 1511, many Islamic traders passing the Malacca Straits shifted their trade to Banda Aceh and increased the Acehnese rulers' wealth. During the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda in the 17th century, Aceh's influence extended to most of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Aceh allied itself with the Ottoman Empire and the Dutch East India Company in their struggle against the Portuguese and the Johor Sultanate. Acehnese military power waned gradually thereafter, and Aceh ceded its territory of Pariaman in Sumatra to the Dutch in the 18th century.[5]

Colonial Era[edit]

Street scene in Lhoksuemawe in the Dutch colonial period

before the 20th century, the country was ruled by uleebalang Kutablang. in year 1903 after resistance fighters against Dutch colonists weakened Aceh, Aceh began to master. Lhokseumawe be conquered areas and from then on the status of Lhokseumawe be Bestuur Van Lhokseumawe with Zelf Bestuurder is Teuku Abdul Lhokseumawe subordinate Controeleur aspirants and also domiciled in Lhokseumawe and assistant resident district officer or Regent. In the second decade of the 20th century, among the entire mainland of Aceh, a small island about 11 km² widely separated by Krueng Cunda River. filled buildings General Government, Military, and Transportation Railway by the Dutch government. Small islands with villages of Keude Aceh, Kampung Jawa, Kuta blang, Mon Geudong, Teumpok Teungoh, Hagu Kampung, Uteuen bayi and Ujong Blang are entirely new 5,500 plural in Lhokseumawe call. Building by building fills this land until the city has realized embryos harbor, market, railway station and the offices of government agencies.

Independence era[edit]

Since the Declaration of Independence, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia has not established systemic to this district. At first Lhokseumawe combined with Bestuurder Van Cunda. The mainland population increasingly crowded coming from surrounding areas such as Buloh Blang Ara, Matangkuli, Blang Jruen, Lhoksukon, Nisam, cunda and Pidie.

In 1956 the Emergency Law No. 7 of 1956, the autonomous regions formed districts within the region of North Sumatra province, where one of them is the North Aceh district with its capital Lhokseumawe.

Then In 1964 the Decree of the Governor of Aceh Special Region Number 34/GA/1964 dated 30 November 1964, it was determined that Kemukiman Banda Sakti in Muara Dua, the District used its own under the name of the District Banda Sakti.

Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 on the Principles of Regional Administration, Lhokseumawe be likely to improve the status of the City of, on August 14, 1986 with the Regional Regulation No. 32 of 1986 Establishment of the City of Lhokseumawe signed by President of Indonesia Suharto, which was inaugurated by the Minister of Roestam Soeparjo country on August 31, 1987. Given that it is de jure and de facto Lhokseumawe has become the City of the area of 253.87 km² which includes 101 villages and 6 urban villages in five districts, namely: District of Banda Sakti, Muara Dua, Dewantara, Muara Batu, and Blang Mangat.

Since 1988 the idea of improving the status of municipality began Kotif Lhokseumawe be pursued so that he went on to Law No. 2 of 2001 on the establishment of Lhokseumawe dated June 21, 2001 signed by the President of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid, whose territory includes three districts, namely: District of Banda Sakti, Muara Dua and Blang Mangat. In year 2006 districts Muara Dua splitting into two number of districts, Muara Dua and Muara Satu, so Lhokseumawe have four sub districts.

Geography[edit]

Lhokseumawe City is located between 4˚ - 5˚ North Latitude and 96˚ - 97˚ East Longitude with an average altitude of 13 meters above sea level. Lhokseumawe set the status of a city based on Law Number 2 of 2001, dated June 21, 2001 Lhokseumawe City is divided into 4 sub districts, 9 residents, 68 villages, and 259 sub-villages with the boundaries of the area:

Direction Location
North Selat Malaka
South Kecamatan Kuta Makmur, Kabupaten Aceh Utara
West Kecamatan Dewantara, Kabupaten Aceh Utara
East Kecamatan Syamtalira Bayu, Kabupaten Aceh Utara

Administrative divisions[edit]

Lhokseumawe City is an urban expansion of Aceh Utara Regency and located on the east coast of Sumatra. Being between Banda Aceh and Medan, Lhokseumawe City holds a strategic position for distribution channel and trading traffic in Aceh Province.

When formed in 2001, the city was divided administratively into three districts (kecamatan); since then, the creation of Muara Satu district (formerly part of Muara Dua District) has increased the number to four:

Kecamatan Area
(km²)
Population
at 2010
Census[6]
No. of
Villages
Banda Sakti 11.24 79,336 18
Blang Mangat 56.12 22,850 22
Muara Dua 57.80 46,646 17
Muara Satu 55.90 32,975 11

Source : Lhokseumawe Dalam Angka 2013 / Lhokseumawe In Figures 2013[1]

Judging by the number of village officials, Blang Mangat District is the biggest district, consisting of 22 villages, 78 sub villages, and 259 village officials.

The following is a list the villages (Gampong) in Lhokseumawe city:

1. Districts of Banda Sakti[edit]

2. Districts of Blang Mangat[edit]

3. Districts of Muara Dua[edit]

4. Districts of Muara Satu[edit]

Health[edit]

Health facilities are available in Lhokseumawe :

Health Facilities Total Unit
Puskesmas 6 Unit
Puskesmas pembantu 12 Unit
Puskesmas keliling 5 Unit
Polindes 32 Unit
Doctors Practice 85 Unit
Dentist Practice 9 Unit
Drug store 77 Unit

The number of available health workers is:

Health Workers Total Unit
Doctor 60 People
Dentist 5 People
Medical Servant 399 People
Nurse 194 People
Midwife 151 People
Pharmacy personnel 9 People
Nutritionist 4 People
Sanitation expert 7 People
  • note : Not include private companies, Only Government Facilities and worker

Source : Lhokseumawe Dalam Angka 2013 / Lhokseumawe In Figures 2013[1]

Religious[edit]

Religious facilities are available in Lhokseumawe :

Religious facilities Total Unit
Mosque 118 Unit
Mushala 76 Unit
Church 1 Unit
Monastery 1 Unit

Source : Lhokseumawe Dalam Angka 2013 / Lhokseumawe In Figures 2013[1]

Tourism[edit]

Some attractions are rated strongly support the ability of future Tourism Sector is:

Transportation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Lhokseumawe Dalam Angka 2013 / Lhokseumawe in Figures 2013". Bappeda Kota Lhokseumawe. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2013 / Human Development Index 2013". Bappeda Kota Lhokseumawe. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Produk Domestik Regional Bruto 2013 / Gross Domestic Product 2013". Bappeda Kota Lhokseumawe. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Ricklefs (1991), page 17
  5. ^ *D. G. E. Hall, A History of South-east Asia. London: Macmillan, 1955.
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

Official Government links[edit]

For Any information about lhokseumawe city, you can ask directly to official government link below

External links[edit]