Acehnese people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Acehnese people
Ureuëng Acèh
اورڠ اچيه
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van de Sultan van Atjeh TMnr 10001853.jpg
Sultan Muhammad Daud Syah
Tjoet Nya' Dhien.jpg
Cut Nyak Meutia 1969 Indonesia stamp.jpg
Teuku Umar.png
Teuku Nyak Arif.jpg
Total population
4.2 - 4.4 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
Indonesia : 3,404,000 (BPS 2010)[3]
Malaysia : 80,000-120,000[4]
Singapore : 6000-7000
Acehnese language
Related ethnic groups
Malays, Kluet, Cham and other Chamic speaking peoples

The Acehnese (also Achinese) are a people in Aceh, Indonesia. Their homeland is located in the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra and had a history of political struggle against the Dutch. Their language, the Acehnese, belongs to the Aceh–Chamic groups of Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.

They were at one time Hinduized, as is evident from their traditions and the many Sanskrit words in their language. They have been Muslims for several centuries and are generally considered the most conservative[clarification needed] Muslim ethnic group in Indonesia. The estimated number of Acehnese ranges between 4.2 to 4.4 million people[1][2] and at least 3.4 million people lives in Indonesia.[3]

Traditionally, there have been a large number of Acehnese agriculturists, metal-workers and weavers. Traditionally matrilocal, their social organization is communal. They live in gampôngs, which combine to form districts known as mukims.

Aceh came to international attention as being the hardest-hit region of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with 120,000 people dead.

Overseas Acehnese[edit]

Main article: Overseas Acehnese

Due to conflict since Dutch invasion to Aceh until Martial Law in Aceh and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, many Acehnese fled abroad. The most significant number of Acehnese can be found in Malaysia[5][6] and Scandinavia[7] countries. Acehnese immigrants also can be found significantly in Singapore,[8] Thailand,[9] Australia,[10] United States[11] and Canada.[12]


Seudati Dance performed at Samalanga, Bireun, Aceh, 1907.

Traditional Acehnese dance portrays the heritage culture, religion and folklore of the common folk.[13] Acehnese dance are generally performed in groups; either in standing or in sitting position, whereby the group of dancers will be of the same gender. If seen from the musical standpoint, the dance can be grouped into two types. One is accompanied with vocals and physical percussive movements of the dancers themselves, and the other is simply accompanied by an assemble of musical instruments.[14]

Notable persons[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Acehnese people.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Acehnese". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Aceh in Indonesia". Joshua Project. 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b Changing Ethnic Composition: Indonesia, 2000-2010 page 14
  4. ^ Making Noise: The Politics of Aceh and East Timor in the Diaspora page 87
  5. ^ Nasib Masyarakat Aceh di Malaysia
  6. ^ Arip Budiman (2010-05-19). "25.000 Pengungsi Tsunami Aceh Di Malaysia Harus Pulang". Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  7. ^ Tanjung, Eka (2005-06-05). "Masyarakat Aceh di Skandinavia". (in Indonesian). Hak Cipta Radio Nederland. Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  8. ^ "Bagaimana GAM Melobi Internasional". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. 
  9. ^ Chaidar, Al (2008-09-04). "Aceh Negeri Bayangan". Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  10. ^ Warga Aceh di Australia prihatin Kondisi Aceh
  11. ^ Ingin Mati di Kampung, Rela Lepas Rumah-Mobil di Harrisburg
  12. ^ Aceh-Malaysia-Vancouver: Settlement Among Acehnese Refugees Five Years On
  13. ^ Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (1977). Geografi Budaya Daerah Istimewa Aceh. Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan; Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. p. 58. OCLC 14166322. 
  14. ^ Margaret J. Kartomi (2012). Musical Journeys In Sumatra. University of Illinois Press. pp. 288–291. ISBN 978-025-203-671-2. 

External links[edit]