Library of Michigan
The atrium of the Library of Michigan
|Reference to legal mandate||Library of Michigan Act of 1982|
The Library of Michigan is a state-run library and historical center located in Lansing, Michigan that was created to provide one perpetual state institution to collect and preserve Michigan publications, conduct reference and research, and support libraries statewide. Previously under the Michigan Department of History, Arts and Libraries state agency and, as of 2009, under the Michigan Department of Education, the library is Michigan’s official state library agency. A notable side-project of the Library of Michigan is the Michigan eLibrary (MeL), one of the first online libraries on the Internet. MeL provides full-text articles, books, Michigan history materials, and evaluated web sites to residents of the state of Michigan. In 2003, the Library of Michigan Board of Trustees elected as chair Elaine Didier, dean of Oakland University's Kresge Library and professor at Oakland University.
In 1828, a territorial library was created containing laws and government documents for use by the territorial council, and William B. Hunt is appointed the territorial librarian. Nine years later, the former territorial library became the state library, and Governor Stevens T. Mason appointed Oren Marsh as the first state librarian.
In 1879, the state library moved to the new State Capitol in Lansing. It was originally a two-story room on the second and third floor in the west wing. The space is now the Speaker's Library on the second floor and the House Appropriations Committee room on the third floor.
A fire in the State Office Building where the library was housed in 1951 destroyed 20,000 books and damages 30,000 more.
Public Act 540 of 1982 created the Library of Michigan and transferred control of the library from the Department of Education to the Legislative Council. Three years later, the Library of Michigan Foundation, which secures funds to support the library’s priority programs and projects, is established. In 1988, the Michigan Library and Historical Center opened, tripling the Library of Michigan’s space and merging its full collection of books in one place for the first time since the 1951 fire.
The Library of Michigan building is the nation's second-largest state library building, which at 5 stories contains over 3.2 million different items that take up over 27 miles of shelves. Opened in 1989, the Library of Michigan building also contains one of the ten largest genealogical collections in the United States. Another feature is a Michigan collection containing legal materials that date back centuries. Other features of the library and historical center include the Michigan Historical Museum, the Archives of Michigan, and newspapers on microfilm from papers all over the state. Also the State Law Library moved to the building in the summer of 2007.
- Act to Create the Library of Michigan, Act 540 of 1982
- Didier elected chair of Library of Michigan board, News at Oakland University, November 19, 2003, retrieved January 10, 2013
- "Governor eliminates Michigan Dept. of History, Arts and Libraries". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Library of Michigan: 175 Years of Service
- Michigan Executive Order 2009-36: Abolishing the Department of History, Arts and Libraries
- 2006 Greater Lansing Visitors Guide, page 14