Lincoln Heights, Los Angeles

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Lincoln Heights
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Lincoln Heights is located in Los Angeles
Lincoln Heights
Lincoln Heights
Location within Central Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°04′25″N 118°12′35″W / 34.073597°N 118.209627°W / 34.073597; -118.209627
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90031

Lincoln Heights is considered to be the oldest neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, outside of Downtown. It is a low-income, youthful area, with high percentages of Latino and Asian residents. It has nine public and four private schools and several historic or notable landmarks.

Geography and transportation[edit]

Lincoln Heights
Los Angeles Times

Lincoln Heights is bounded by the Los Angeles River on the west, the San Bernardino Freeway (I-10) on the south, and Indiana Street on the east; the district's Eastern border is unclear due to the area's uneven terrain. Adjacent communities include El Sereno on the east, City Terrace on the southeast, Boyle Heights on the south, Chinatown and Solano Canyon on the west, Cypress Park on the northwest, Mt. Washington on the north, and Montecito Heights on the northeast. Major thoroughfares include Valley Boulevard; Mission Road; Pasadena Avenue; North Main, Marengo, Daly, and Figueroa Streets; and North Broadway. The Golden State Freeway (I-5) runs through the district, and the Metro Gold Line has a stop in the far northwestern portion of the district. Lincoln Heights' ZIP code is 90031.

History[edit]

Lincoln Heights is considered to be the oldest neighborhood in Los Angeles outside of Downtown, dating to the 1830s. Perched on bluffs above the Los Angeles River, it was originally home to some of the city's wealthiest residents, who built a large number of Victorian mansions in the district (many of which have been preserved under the city's historic preservation program). North Broadway became a busy commercial strip, which it remains today. By the turn of the 20th century, however, the rapid industrial development along the riverbanks made it less appealing for wealthy Angelenos, who moved on first to the Arroyo Seco area and Hollywood, then (from the 1920s onward) to rapidly developing Mid-Wilshire. As wealthy residents departed, Lincoln Heights became home to a large Italian American population, as well some Irish American and French American (the 1850s era immigration) residents and with an increasingly large Mexican American population. It and its cross-river neighbor "Little Italy" (what is now Chinatown) formed the heart of southern California's Italian-American community. One of the major landmarks from this period, the San Antonio Winery, continues to operate today, albeit with non-local grapes. The neighborhood's original name was East Los Angeles, but in 1917 residents voted to change the name to Lincoln Heights.[1]

Population[edit]

The 2000 U.S. census counted 26,616 residents in the 2.51-square-mile Lincoln Heights neighborhood—or 10,602 people per square mile, an average population density for the city. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 29,637. In 2000 the median age for residents was 27, considered young for city and county neighborhoods. The percentages of residents aged 10 through 18 were among the county's highest.[2]

The neighborhood was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles, with a relatively high percentage of both Asian and Latino people. The breakdown was Latinos, 70.7%; Asians, 25.2%; whites, 2.7%; blacks, 0.4%; and others, 1.0%. Mexico (57.0%) and Vietnam (16.9%) were the most common places of birth for the 55,8% of the residents who were born abroad—which was a high percentage for Los Angeles.[2]

The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $30,579, considered low for the city. Renters occupied 75.9% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 24.1%. The average household size of 3.6 people was considered high for Los Angeles.[2]

The percentages of never-married men (53.0%) and women (40.6%) were among the county's highest. The 19.5% of families headed by single parents was considered about average for city neighborhoods. There were 500 veterans, or 2.8% of the population, a low proportion compared to the rest of the city.[2]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

LAFD Fire Station # 1

Los Angeles Fire Department Fire Station 1[3] is located in the Lincoln Heights area. The station is in the Battalion 2 district.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Central Health Center in Downtown Los Angeles, serving Lincoln Heights.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Just 5.5% of Lincoln Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city.[2]

Schools[edit]

[4]

Public[edit]

  • Abraham Lincoln High School, 3501 North Broadway
  • Academy of Environmental & Social Policy (ESP) at Roosevelt High, 3921 Selig Place
  • Hillside Elementary School, 120 East Avenue 35
  • Alliance College-Ready Middle Academy No. 5, charter, 2635 Pasadena Avenue
  • Pueblo de Los Angeles Continuation School, 2506 Alta Street
  • Gates Street Elementary School, 3333 Manitou Avenue
  • Albion Street Elementary School, 322 South Avenue 18
  • Griffin Avenue Elementary School, 2025 Griffin Avenue
  • Milagro Charter Elementary School, 1855 North Main Street

PUC Schools operates the Milagro Charter School (K-5) and the Excel Charter Academy (6-8) in Lincoln Heights.[5][6][7]

Private[edit]

  • Little Flower Missionary House, elementary, 2434 Gates Street
  • Sacred Heart High School, 2111 Griffin Avenue
  • Sacred Heart Elementary School, 2109 Sichel Street
  • Our Lady of Help Christians Elementary School, 2024 Darwin Avenue

Public libraries[edit]

Lincoln Heights Branch Library

Lincoln Heights Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library is on Workman Street.

Landmarks (present and former)[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Arthur K. Snyder, Los Angeles City Council member, 1967–85, born in Lincoln Heights, 1932
  • Cesar Chavez, during "No on 22" Campaign in November 1972, temporarily resided in Lincoln Heights at a private residence on corner of Workman and Baldwin Streets while hundreds of farmworkers camped at Lincoln Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Masters, Nathan (2011-11-10). "Who Moved East L.A.?". KCET. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
  2. ^ a b c d e [1] "Lincoln Heights," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  3. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department — Fire Station 1". 
  4. ^ "Schools: Lincoln Heights," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  5. ^ "Milagro Charter School." PUC Schools. Retrieved on November 27, 2011.
  6. ^ "Excel Charter Academy." PUC Schools. Retrieved on November 27, 2011. "Excel Charter Academy 1855 North Main Street Los Angeles, CA 90031-3227"
  7. ^ "Contact School Milagro Charter School." PUC Schools. Retrieved on November 27, 2011. "Milagro Charter School 1855 North Main Street Los Angeles, CA 90031-3227"

External links[edit]