Los Angeles City Fire Department
|Los Angeles Fire Department|
|Motto: Serving with Courage, Integrity, and Pride|
|Helicopters||1 ALS, 5 BLS|
|EMS Units||89 ALS, 34 BLS|
The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD) is the agency that provides fire protection and emergency medical services for the city of Los Angeles. It may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department.
LAFD has it origins in the year 1871. In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.
Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.
Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.
In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."
All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.
In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.
By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses. The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source.
In 2007, LAFD had nearly 3,600 uniformed personnel operating from 106 fire stations who offer fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical care, technical rescue, hazardous materials mitigation, disaster response, public education and community service to a resident population of more than 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square mile (1,220 km²) jurisdiction.
History of Chief Engineers/Fire Chiefs
- Walter S. Moore (1886–1887)
- Thomas Strohm (1887–1888)
- Dan A. Moriarty (1888–1889)
- Thomas Strohm (1889–1891)
- Walter S. Moore (1891–1893)
- Michael Curran (1893–1893)
- Dan A. Moriarty (1893–1895)
- Walter S. Moore (1895–1900)
- Thomas Strohm (1900–1905)
- Walter Lips (1905–1910)
- Archibald J. Eley (1910–1919)
- R.J. Scott (1919–1940) [the longest in LAFD history]
- John H. Alderson (1940–1955)
- Frank H. Rothermel (1955–1956)(Emergency Appointment)
- William L. Miller (1956–1965)
- Raymond M. Hill (1966–1975)
- Kenneth R. Long (1975–1977)
- John C. Gerard (1977–1982)
- Donald O. Manning (1983–1995)
- William R. Bamattre (1996–2007)
- Douglas R. Barry (2007–2009)
- Millage Peaks (2009–2011)
- Brian Cummings (2011–2013)
|Fire Chief||The top-ranking sworn firefighter of the department; reports directly to the fire commission.||Previously called Chief Engineer|
|Deputy Chief||Directly subordinate to the Fire Chief.|
|Assistant Chief/Division Chief||In charge of a division.||There are three Assistant Chiefs for each division. One for each shift (platoon).|
|Battalion Chief||In charge of a battalion (usually a group of around five fire stations).||There are three Battalion Chiefs for each battalion. One for each shift (platoon).|
|Captain II||Usually leader of a Light Force.||May also be in charge of a company, unit or station.|
|Captain I||Usually leads an Engine Company.||May also be in charge of another company, unit or station.|
|Engineer||Driver of an apparatus.|
|Firefighter||Regular Firefighter.||All firefighters in the LAFD are EMT-B qualified.|
The Los Angeles Fire Department is currently organized into several Bureaus of Operations and 2 Divisions of Operations: The South Division(Division 2), and the North Division(Division 3). Each Bureau is commanded by a Deputy Chief. Each Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who commands a total of 8 Battalion Chiefs per shift. Each Battalion, a grouping or district covered by approximately 6 Fire Stations, is commanded by a Battalion Chief. The LAFD's 2 Divisions and 16 Battalions command a total of 106 Fire Stations, located throughout the city.
Fireboat No. 4, the Bethel F. Gifford, is the oldest of the fleet, was commissioned in 1962. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gallons per minute (0.568 m3/s) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.
Fireboat #1, #3 and #5 are identical 39-foot-3-inch (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top-end speed of 29 knots (53.7 km/h; 33.4 mph) while fully loaded. They are equipped with a 2,400 US gallons per minute (0.151 m3/s) pump and a 1,000-US-gallon-per-minute (0.063 m3/s) fire monitor. These fireboats also have a 50-US-gallon (189 L) firefighting foam capacity. These three boats operate as rapid response vessels for a variety of missions including firefighting and rescue, patrol and inspection, emergency medical service, and homeland security patrol.
The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat #2, the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (2.397 m3/s) up to 400 feet (121.9 m) in the air. #2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.
- (1974) Firehouse, starring James Drury
- (1981–1982) Code Red, starring Lorne Greene
- (1999) Rescue 77
- (2008) Quarantine, LAFD as the "Los Angeles Fire Rescue".
- Los Angeles Fire Department Museum and Memorial
- Fire Station No. 14 (Los Angeles, California)
- Engine House No. 18 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 23 (Los Angeles, California)
- Engine Company No. 28
- Fire Station No. 30, Engine Company No. 30
- Ralph J. Scott
- Louis R. Nowell, fire captain who became a City Council member
- Los Angeles County Fire Department
- "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet 7 (10). January 13, 1955. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
- "Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department longest Fire Chief. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- "Fire Boat No. 4 – BETHEL F. GIFFORD". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "Los Angeles City Fire Boats No. 1, 3 and 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
- Los Angeles Fire Department Home Page
- Map of all LAFD Fire Stations
- Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive
- Los Angeles Fire Department News & Information Web Log
- LAFD Recruiting