Los Angeles City Fire Department

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Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD)
Los angeles fire department seal.jpg
"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"
Operational Area
Country United States
State  California
City Los Angeles
Agency Overview
Established February 1, 1886
Annual calls 379,437 (2011)[1]
Employees As of 2011:
3,586 uniformed
353 support[1]
Annual budget $513,444,773 (2012-13)[2]
Fire chief James G. Featherstone
Commissioner Delia Ibarra, Esq.[3]
IAFF 112
Facilities & Equipment
Divisions 2[4]
Battalions 14[5]
Stations 106[6]
Engines 132[7]
Trucks 42[7]
Squads 4 (Haz-Mat.)[7]
Rescues 1[7]
Bulldozers 1[7]
Helicopters 6[7]
Fireboats 5[7]
Ambulances 93 ALS & 43 BLS[7]
EMS Level ALS & BLS
USAR 5[7]
Website
www.lafd.org
www.uflac.org

The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD/LA City Fire) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Los Angeles, California, United States.[8]

The Los Angeles Fire Department is currently one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. It may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which also serves some sections of the city.

History[edit]

LAFD on the scene of a fire in the Bradbury Building, Downtown Los Angeles in 1947.
Firefighters Mural at LAFD Fire Station # 83.

The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871.[9][10][11] In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.[12]

Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.[12]

Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.[12]

In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."[12]

All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.[12]

In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.[13]

By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses.[13] The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source.[14]

In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department.[15]

In 2007, LAFD had nearly 3,600 uniformed personnel operating from 106 fire stations who offer fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical care, technical rescue, hazardous materials mitigation, disaster response, public education and community service to a resident population of more than 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square mile (1,220 km²) jurisdiction.[16]

Chief Engineers/Fire Chiefs[edit]

Below is a complete listing of all of the chief engineers/fire chiefs in the history of the Los Angeles Fire Department.

  • Walter S. Moore (1886–1887)
  • Thomas Strohm (1887–1888)
  • Dan A. Moriarty (1888–1889)
  • Thomas Strohm (1889–1891)
  • Walter S. Moore (1891–1893)
  • Michael Curran (1893–1893)
  • Dan A. Moriarty (1893–1895)
  • Walter S. Moore (1895–1900)
  • Thomas Strohm (1900–1905)
  • Walter Lips (1905–1910)
  • Archibald J. Eley (1910–1919)
  • R.J. Scott (1919–1940) [the longest in LAFD history][17]
  • John H. Alderson (1940–1955)
  • Frank H. Rothermel (1955–1956)(Emergency Appointment)
  • William L. Miller (1956–1965)
  • Raymond M. Hill (1966–1975)
  • Kenneth R. Long (1975–1977)
  • John C. Gerard (1977–1982)
  • Donald O. Manning (1983–1995)
  • William R. Bamattre (1996–2007)
  • Douglas R. Barry (2007–2009)
  • Millage Peaks (2009–2011)
  • Brian Cummings (2011–2013)

Organization[edit]

As of November 1st, 2013, the Los Angeles Fire Department was under the command and supervision of the Interim Chief of Department, James G. Featherstone, who in turn reports to the Fire Commission.[18]

Operations[edit]

The Los Angeles Fire Department is currently organized into several Bureaus of Operation and 2 Divisions of Operations: The South Division(formerly Division 2), and the North Division(formerly Division 3). Each Bureau is commanded by a Deputy Chief. Each Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who in turn commands a total of 7 Battalions. Each Battalion, a grouping or district comprised of approximately 7-11 Fire Stations, is commanded by a Battalion Chief or Battalion Commander per shift. The Los Angeles Fire Department currently operates 106 Fire Stations, organized into 14 Battalions, located throughout the city.[19]

LAFD Truck 27 based in Hollywood.

Resources[edit]

Engines, Pump Engines, Trucks, Rescue Ambulances, Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat) Squads, Urban Search and Rescue Units, Brush Patrol Units, Swift Water Rescue Units, as well as many other special, support, and reserve units, and Battalion and Division Chiefs as well Paramedic Supervisors are quartered in the 106 Fire Stations located across the city. A unit, while operating by itself, is considered one company, or "Resource". A "Resource" is one defined unit or company in the LAFD, but can be made up of several pieces of apparatus.[20]

Light Forces and Task Forces[edit]

Additionally, the LAFD utilizes the concepts of Task Forces and Light Forces, which originated during the 1968 Watts Riots. A Task Force or Light Force can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company. This method of firefighting operation differs very much from that of other large U.S. city fire departments, such as the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department.

A Light Force is composed of a Pump Engine (200 Series, i.e. Engine 201, etc.) and a Ladder Truck (i.e., Truck 1, etc.). A Light Force responds to nearly all calls as a single unit or "Resource", therefore the two pieces of apparatus respond together.

A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Task Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force.[21]

Rescue Ambulances[edit]

Rescue Ambulances, or "Rescues", or "R.A.'s" for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Rescue Ambulances numbered 1-112, as well as those in the 200 Series are considered ALS Rescue Ambulances, as they are staffed by Firefighter/Paramedics. 800 and 900 Series Rescue Ambulances are considered BLS Rescue Ambulances, as they are staffed by Firefighter/EMT's. Generally, each Battalion is assigned an EMS Paramedic Captain who supervises the operations of the individual Rescue Ambulances in their district.[22]

Fireboats[edit]

The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures.

Fireboat No. 1, No. 3 and No. 5 are identical 39-foot-3-inch (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top-end speed of 29 knots (53.7 km/h; 33.4 mph) while fully loaded. They are equipped with a 2,400 US gallons per minute (0.151 m3/s) pump and a 1,000-US-gallon-per-minute (0.063 m3/s) fire monitor. These fireboats also have a 50-US-gallon (189 L) firefighting foam capacity. These three boats operate as rapid response vessels for a variety of missions including firefighting and rescue, patrol and inspection, emergency medical service, and homeland security patrol.[23]

Fireboat No. 4, the Bethel F. Gifford, is the oldest of the fleet, was commissioned in 1962. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gallons per minute (0.568 m3/s) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.[24]

The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat No. 2, the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (2.397 m3/s) up to 400 feet (121.9 m) in the air. #2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.[25]

Apparatus Profile (2014)[edit]

LAFD Bell 412 Helicopter.

Below is a complete listing of all in-service fire apparatus in the LAFD.[7]

Frontline Fire Resources[edit]

  • 91 Engines (100 Series)
  • 41 Pump Engines (200 Series & 300 Series)
  • 42 Trucks
  • 6 Urban Search & Rescue (USAR) Units (UR3, UR5, UR27, UR85, UR88, UR89)
  • 4 Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat.) Squads (SQ21, SQ48, SQ87, SQ95)
  • Multiple Ready Reserve Engines (400 Series)

Medical Resources[edit]

  • 93 ALS Rescue Ambulances (100 Series & 200 Series)
  • 43 BLS Rescue Ambulances (800 Series & 900 Series)
  • Multiple Ready Reserve Ambulances (600 Series)

Command Units and Chiefs[edit]

  • 14 Battalions (B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B8, B9, B10, B11, B12, B13, B15, B17, B18)
  • 2 Divisions (AC-South & AC-North) (Formerly Division 2 & Division 3)

Special and Support Units[edit]

  • 4 Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat.) Support Tenders (HMT17, HMT21, HMT38, HMT75)
  • 3 Decontamination (Decon.) Tenders (DT29, DT40, DT98)
  • 4 Foam Tenders (FT17, FT36, FT60, FT100)
  • 1 Heavy Rescue Tow Truck (HR56)
  • 5 Swift Water Rescue Units (SW44, SW62, SW86, SW88, SW100)
  • 3 Rehabilitation (Rehab.) & Air Tender (RAT40, RAT59, RAT83)
  • 4 Command Post Units (CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4)
  • 15 Brush Patrol Units (BP8, BP19, BP23, BP24, BP28, BP35, BP41, BP44, BP47, BP74, BP78, BP83, BP84, BP94, BP109)
  • 5 Fireboats (BT1, BT2, BT3, BT4, BT5)
  • 6 Helicopters (Fire 1, Fire 2, Fire 3, Fire 4, Fire 5, Fire 6)
  • 4 Arson Investigation Units (AR1, AR2, AR3, AR4)
  • 1 Fuel Tender (FD106)

Fire Station Locations and Apparatus[edit]

Below is a complete listing of all 106 fire station and unit locations in the city of Los Angeles according to battalion and division.[19][7][26][27] There are currently two divisions in the LAFD: the South Division and the North Division. Each division commands a total of seven battalions.

South Division[edit]

The South Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief per shift and supervises a total of 7 Battalions and 55 Fire Stations. The Headquarters for the South Division is located at Fire Station # 3, 108 N. Fremont Ave., Civic Center/Bunker Hill.

Battalion 1[edit]

The 1st Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 1st Battalion is located at Fire Station # 4, 450 E. Temple St., Little Tokyo/Chinatown.

Station Engine Pump Engine Truck ALS RA BLS RA Special Unit Battalion Chief Address Neighborhood
2 2 202 2 2 1962 E. Cesar Chavez Ave. Boyle Heights
3 3 203 3 3 803 CP3 South Division AC 108 N. Fremont Ave. Civic Center/Bunker Hill
4 4 4 804 1 450 E. Temple St. Little Tokyo/Chinatown
9 9 9 9, 209 809 430 E. 7th St. Central City East/Skid Row
14 14 14 814 3401 S. Central Ave. Newton
17 17 17 HMT17, FT17, AR1 1601 S. Santa Fe Ave. Industrial East Side
25 25 25 2927 Whittier Blvd. South Boyle Heights

Battalion 2[edit]

The 2nd Battalion commands a total of 8 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 2nd Battalion is located at Fire Station # 55, 4455 E. York Blvd., Eagle Rock.

Station Engine Pump Engine Truck ALS RA BLS RA Special Unit Battalion Chief Address Neighborhood
1 201 1 1 801 2230 Pasadena Ave. Lincoln Heights
12 12 212 12 12 5921 N. Figueroa St. Highland Park/Arroyo Seco
16 16 2011 N. Eastern Ave. South El Sereno
42 42 842 2021 Colorado Blvd. Eagle Rock
44 44 844 EMS2, BP44, SW44 1410 Cypress Ave. Cypress Park
47 47 47 BP47 4575 Huntington Dr. S. El Sereno
50 250 50 850 3036 Fletcher Dr. Glassell Park/Atwater Village
55 55 55 2 4455 E. York Blvd. Eagle Rock

Battalion 4[edit]

The 4th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 4th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 5, 8900 S. Emerson Ave., Westchester/LAX Area.

  • Fire Station # 5 - 8900 S. Emerson Ave., Westchester/LAX Area
  • Fire Station # 51 - 10435 Sepulveda Blvd., LAX Terminal Area
  • Fire Station # 62 - 11970 Venice Ave., Mar Vista
  • Fire Station # 63 - 1930 Shell Ave., Venice
  • Fire Station # 67 - 5451 Playa Vista Dr., Playa Vista
  • Fire Station # 80 - 7250 World Way W., LAX (ARFF Crash Rescue)
  • Fire Station # 95 - 10010 International Rd., LAX Area/Hotel District

Battalion 6[edit]

The 6th Battalion commands a total of 11 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 6th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 49, 400 Yacht St., Berth 194, East Harbor Basin.

  • Fire Station # 36 - 1005 N. Gaffey St., North San Pedro
  • Fire Station # 38 - 124 E. I St., Wilmington
  • Fire Station # 40 - 330 Ferry St., Terminal Island
  • Fire Station # 48 - 1601 S. Grand Ave., San Pedro
  • Fire Station # 49 - 400 Yacht St., Berth 194, East Harbor Basin (Fireboat 3, Fireboat 4)
  • Fire Station # 79 - 18030 S. Vermont Ave., Harbor Gateway
  • Fire Station # 85 - 1331 W. 253rd St., Harbor City
  • Fire Station # 101 - 1414 25th St., San Pedro/South Shores
  • Fire Station # 110 - 2945 Miner St., Berth 44-A, Fort MacArthur Area (Fireboat 5)
  • Fire Station # 111 - 954 S. Seaside Ave., Berth 260, Fish Harbor (Fireboat 1)
  • Fire Station # 112 - 444 S. Harbor Blvd., Berth 86, Ports of Call/Cruise Terminal (Fireboat 2)

Battalion 11[edit]

The 11th Battalion commands a total of 8 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 11th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 13, 2401 W. Pico Blvd., Pico-Union/Koreatown.

  • Fire Station # 6 - 326 N. Virgil Ave., Angeleno Heights
  • Fire Station # 10 - 1335 S. Olive St., Convention Center District
  • Fire Station # 11 - 1819 W. 7th St., Westlake/MacArthur Park
  • Fire Station # 13 - 2401 W. Pico Blvd., Pico-Union/Koreatown
  • Fire Station # 15 - 915 W. Jefferson Blvd., University Village/USC
  • Fire Station # 20 - 2144 W. Sunset Blvd., Echo Park
  • Fire Station # 26 - 2009 S. Western Ave., West Adams
  • Fire Station # 29 - 4029 W. Wilshire Blvd., Hancock Park

Battalion 13[edit]

The 13th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 13th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 33, 6406 S. Main St., South Central.

  • Fire Station # 21 - 1192 E. 51st St., South Los Angeles
  • Fire Station # 33 - 6406 S. Main St., South Central
  • Fire Station # 46 - 4370 S. Hoover St., Coliseum Area
  • Fire Station # 57 - 7800 S. Vermont Ave., South Central
  • Fire Station # 64 - 10811 S. Main St., South Los Angeles
  • Fire Station # 65 - 1801 E. Century Blvd., Watts
  • Fire Station # 66 - 1909 W. Slauson Blvd., Southwest Los Angeles/Hyde Park

Battalion 18[edit]

The 18th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 18th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 68, 5023 Washington Blvd., Mid-City.

  • Fire Station # 34 - 3661 7th Ave., Crenshaw District
  • Fire Station # 43 - 3690 Motor Ave., Palms
  • Fire Station # 58 - 1556 S. Robertson Blvd., Pico-Robertson
  • Fire Station # 61 - 5821 W. 3rd St., Fairfax
  • Fire Station # 68 - 5023 Washington Blvd., Mid-City
  • Fire Station # 92 - 10556 W. Pico Blvd., Century City
  • Fire Station # 94 - 4470 Coliseum St., Crenshaw District/Baldwin Hills

North Division[edit]

The North Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief per shift and supervises a total of 7 Battalions and 51 Fire Stations. The Headquarters for the North Division is located at Fire Station # 88, 5101 North Sepulveda Blvd., Sherman Oaks.

Battalion 5[edit]

The 5th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 5th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 27, 1327 N. Cole Ave., Hollywood.

  • Fire Station # 27 - 1327 N. Cole Ave., Hollywood
  • Fire Station # 35 - 1601 N. Hillhurst Ave., Los Feliz
  • Fire Station # 41 - 1439 N. Gardner St., Hollywood (Hills and Northwest)
  • Fire Station # 52 - 4957 Melrose Ave., Hollywood (Southeast)
  • Fire Station # 56 - 2759 Rowena Ave., Silver Lake
  • Fire Station # 76 - 3111 N. Cahuenga Blvd., Cahuenga Pass
  • Fire Station # 82 - 5769 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood (Hills and Northeast)

Battalion 9[edit]

The 9th Battalion commands a total of 6 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 9th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 37, 1090 Veteran Ave., Westwood/UCLA.

  • Fire Station # 19 - 12229 W. Sunset Blvd., Brentwood
  • Fire Station # 23 - 17281 Sunset Blvd., Palisades Highlands
  • Fire Station # 37 - 1090 Veteran Ave., Westwood/UCLA
  • Fire Station # 59 - 11505 Olympic Blvd., West Los Angeles
  • Fire Station # 69 - 15045 Sunset Blvd., Pacific Palisades
  • Fire Station # 71 - 107 S. Beverly Glen Blvd., Bel Air/Holmby Hills

Battalion 10[edit]

The 10th Battalion commands a total of 9 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 10th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 39, 14415 Sylvan St., Van Nuys.

  • Fire Station # 39 - 14415 Sylvan St., Van Nuys
  • Fire Station # 81 - 14355 Arminta St., Panorama City
  • Fire Station # 83 - 4960 Balboa Blvd., Encino
  • Fire Station # 88 - 5101 North Sepulveda Blvd., Sherman Oaks
  • Fire Station # 90 - 7921 Woodley Ave., Van Nuys Airport Area
  • Fire Station # 99 - 14145 Mulholland Dr., Beverly Glenn
  • Fire Station # 100 - 6751 Louise Ave., West Van Nuys/Lake Balboa
  • Fire Station # 109 - 16500 Mulholland Dr., Encino Hills
  • Fire Station # 114 - 16617 Arminta St., Van Nuys Airport (Air Operations)

Battalion 12[edit]

The 12th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 12th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 98, 13035 Van Nuys Blvd., Pacoima.

  • Fire Station # 7 - 14123 Nordhoff St., Arleta
  • Fire Station # 24 - 9411 Wentworth St., Shadow Hills/Sunland
  • Fire Station # 74 - 7777 Foothill Blvd., Tujunga/Sunland
  • Fire Station # 75 - 15345 San Fernando Mission, Mission Hills
  • Fire Station # 77 - 9224 Sunland Blvd., Sun Valley
  • Fire Station # 91 - 14430 Polk St., Sylmar
  • Fire Station # 98 - 13035 Van Nuys Blvd., Pacoima

Battalion 14[edit]

The 14th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 14th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 60, 5320 Tujunga Ave., North Hollywood.

  • Fire Station # 60 - 5320 Tujunga Ave., North Hollywood
  • Fire Station # 78 - 4041 Whitsett Ave., Studio City/Valley Village
  • Fire Station # 86 - 4305 Vineland Ave., Toluca Lake
  • Fire Station # 89 - 7063 Laurel Canyon Blvd., North Hollywood
  • Fire Station # 97 - 8021 Mulholland Dr., Laurel Canyon/Mulholland
  • Fire Station # 102 - 13200 Burbank Blvd., South Van Nuys/Valley Glenn
  • Fire Station # 108 - 12520 Mulholland Dr., Franklin Canyon

Battalion 15[edit]

The 15th Battalion commands a total of 8 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 15th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 70, 9861 Reseda Blvd., Northridge.

  • Fire Station # 8 - 11351 Tampa Ave., Porter Ranch
  • Fire Station # 18 - 12050 Balboa Blvd., Knollwood/Granada Hills
  • Fire Station # 28 - 11641 Corbin Ave., Porter Ranch
  • Fire Station # 70 - 9861 Reseda Blvd., Northridge
  • Fire Station # 87 - 10124 Balboa Blvd., Granada Hills
  • Fire Station # 96 - 21800 Marilla St., Chatsworth
  • Fire Station # 103 - 18143 Parthenia St., Northridge/CSUN
  • Fire Station # 107 - 20225 Devonshire St., Chatsworth

Battalion 17[edit]

The 17th Battalion commands a total of 7 Fire Stations. The Headquarters of the 17th Battalion is located at Fire Station # 84, 21050 Burbank Blvd., Woodland Hills

  • Fire Station # 72 - 6811 De Soto Ave., Canoga Park
  • Fire Station # 73 - 7419 Reseda Blvd., Reseda
  • Fire Station # 84 - 21050 Burbank Blvd., Woodland Hills
  • Fire Station # 93 - 19059 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana
  • Fire Station # 104 - 8349 Winnetka Ave., Winnetka
  • Fire Station # 105 - 6345 Fallbrook Ave., Woodland Hills
  • Fire Station # 106 - 23004 Roscoe Blvd., West Hills

Media depictions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Department Overview". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Budget 2012-2013". City of Los Angeles. p. 114. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Delia Ibarra, ESQ". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  4. ^ "Glossary". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Battalions". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Stations List". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Los Angeles County (CA) Los Angeles - The RadioReference Wiki". Wiki.radioreference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to the Los Angeles Fire Department". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  9. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  10. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  11. ^ "The Origins of the LAFD". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  13. ^ a b "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  14. ^ "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  15. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (January 13, 1955). "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet 7 (10). Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department longest Fire Chief. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  18. ^ "Interim Fire Chief James G. Featherstone". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Station List". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  20. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  21. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  22. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  23. ^ "Los Angeles City Fire Boats No. 1, 3 and 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  24. ^ "Fire Boat No. 4 – BETHEL F. GIFFORD". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  25. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  26. ^ http://www.cert-la.com/Battalion-map.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.lafire.com/stations/PhotoGallery.htm

General References[edit]

External links[edit]