Lincolnshire Yeomanry

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Lincolnshire Yeomanry
Active 1794–1920
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Yeomanry
Size Maximum three Regiments in World War I
Engagements South Africa 1900-1902
World War I
Second Battle of Gaza
Third Battle of Gaza
Battle of Beersheba

The Lincolnshire Yeomanry was a volunteer cavalry unit of the British Army from 1794–1920.

Early history[edit]

Independent Troops of Yeomanry were raised from 1794 and served until 1828. The Lincoln Light Horse comprised four troops and a further ten existed. Re-raised in 1831 the North Lincoln Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry served until 1846 when it was disbanded.

Boer War[edit]

On 13 December 1899, the decision to allow volunteer forces serve in the Second Boer War was made. Due to the string of defeats during Black Week in December 1899, the British government realized they were going to need more troops than just the regular army, thus issuing a Royal Warrant on 24 December 1899. This warrant officially created the Imperial Yeomanry. The Lincolnshire Yeomanry was raised in May 1901.

The Royal Warrant asked standing Yeomanry regiments to provide service companies of approximately 115 men each. In addition to this, many British citizens (usually mid-upper class) volunteered to join the new regiment.[1] Although there were strict requirements, many volunteers were accepted with substandard horsemanship/marksmanship, however they had significant time to train while awaiting transport.

The first contingent of recruits contained 550 officers, 10,371 men with 20 battalions and 4 companies,[2] which arrived in South Africa between February and April, 1900.[3] Upon arrival, the regiment was sent throughout the zone of operations.

World War I[edit]

North Midland Mounted Brigade
Organisation on 4 August 1914

In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split in August and September 1914 into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. Later, a 3rd Line was formed to act as a reserve, providing trained replacements for the 1st and 2nd Line regiments.[4]

1/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry[edit]

The regiment was mobilised in August 1914, and formed a part of the North Midland Mounted Brigade and in September were attached to the 1st Mounted Division.[5]

In 1915 they were ordered overseas and departed for Salonika but on route they received order to divert to Egypt.[5]

In April 1916 the Brigade was re designated as the 22nd Mounted Brigade and attached to the Western Frontier Force and in early 1917 moved to the ANZAC Mounted Division and participated in the Second Battle of Gaza.[5]

Another move was made in June 1917,this time they were attached to the Yeomanry Mounted Division and were involved in the Third Battle of Gaza and the Battle of Beersheba, later the Division would be re designated and change their name to the 1st Mounted Division and the 4th Cavalry Division, while with the 4th Cavalry Division the Brigade again changed its designation and became the 12th Cavalry Brigade.[5]

In April 1918, the regiment left the brigade and their horses to become a dismounted unit of the Machine Gun Corps, merging with 1/1st East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry to form "D" Battalion, Machine Gun Corps. It was as the 102nd MGC that they moved to France in June 1918 and were attached to the First Army.[5]

2/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry[edit]

The 2nd Line regiment was formed in September 1914 and in July 1916 they were converted into a cyclist unit. This regiment remained in the United Kingdom for the course of the war and did not see any active service.[5]

3/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry[edit]

The 3rd Line regiment was formed in 1915. They remained in the United Kingdom until early in 1917 when they were absorbed into the 1st Reserve Cavalry Regiment.[5]

Post war[edit]

On reforming the Territorial Army, after the war the 14 senior Yeomanry Regiments would remain as horsed cavalry regiments (forming the 5th and 6th Cavalry Brigades). Other Yeomanry Regiments were converted into Royal Artillery Regiments. The Lincolnshire Yeomanry decided they did not want to convert to artillery so the regiment was disbanded in 1920.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boer War Notes, retrieved 2007-06-11 
  2. ^ Imperial Yeomanry at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 29 May 2007)
  3. ^ Boer War - Imperial Yeomanry Battalions, retrieved 2007-07-03 
  4. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 35
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "1914-918". 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mileham, Patrick (1994). The Yeomanry Regiments; 200 Years of Tradition. Edinburgh: Canongate Academic. ISBN 1-898410-36-4. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0.