List of Freemen of the City of Liverpool

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The title of Freedom of the City is an honorary title granted by a city or corporation.[1] It is granted to individuals to recognise exceptional services, usually to the city, or occasionally to the nation. Since the enactment of the Honorary Freedom of Boroughs Act 1885, councils of boroughs and cities in England and Wales have been permitted to resolve to admit "persons of distinction" to be honorary freemen. This list is based on that published by the City of Liverpool.[2]

Name Dates Appointed Notes
Lieutenant General Sir Andrew Clarke GCMB CB CIE 1824–1902 7 July 1886 Military engineer, then colonial official who became Governor of the Straits Settlements; earlier he helped to stabilise the dam at Lake Vyrnwy.[3]
Sir Andrew Barclay Walker BT DL 1824–93 9 November 1889 Developer of breweries, local politician, benefactor, and founder of the Walker Art Gallery.[4]
William Cliff JP 7 January 1891 Liverpool merchant who paid for the building of the Home for Ancient Mariners.[5]
William Rathbone MP JP DL 1819–1902 3 June 1891 Liverpool merchant who worked to improve the nursing services in the city, and helped to found Liverpool University; he was MP for the Liverpool constituency.[6]
Henry Tate JP 1819–99 3 June 1891 Sugar refiner in Liverpool, founder of the Tate Gallery, and benefactor of Liverpool University.[7]
The Rt. Hon William Ewart Gladstone MP JP DL 1809–98 5 October 1892 Politician, born in Liverpool, who was Prime Minister four times.[8]
Samuel Greg Rathbone JP 1823–1903 14 February 1894 Merchant who established considerable trade between Britain and China. Long time member of the city council and promoter of elementary education.[9]
Alderman Thomas Hughes JP c1838–1923 27 October 1897 Mayor of Liverpool 1889–1890 and Lord Mayor 1896–1897. Took a prominent part in securing the extension of the city boundaries in 1895.[10] As a magistrate worked for the reform of the licensing of public houses. Later knighted.[11]
John Brancker JP c1818–1903 17 January 1900 Businessman and banker, chairman of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board[12][13]
Benn Wolfe Levy 24 April 1901 Born in New South Wales, established the David Lewis Trust for the benefit of the working classes of Liverpool and Manchester.[14][15]
Henry Yates Thompson 1838–1928 24 April 1901 Born in Liverpool, a collector of illuminated manuscripts, proprietor of the Pall Mall Gazette, and benefactor.[16]
Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Earl Roberts VC KG KP GCB GCSI GCIE 1832–1914 24 April 1901 Army officer in charge of British troops in the Second Boer War.[17]
Alderman Sir William Bower Forwood JP DL 1840–1928 4 June 1902 Merchant, ship owner and politician; involved in financing the building of Liverpool Cathedral.[18] First chairman of the Liverpool Overhead Railway.[19]
The Rt. Hon. Frederick Arthur Earl of Derby KG 1841–1908 3 February 1904 Politician and Governor General of Canada.[20]
Robert Durning Holt DL JP 1832–1908 3 February 1904 Liverpool's first Lord Mayor.[21]
Andrew Carnegie LL.D 1835–1919 3 August 1911 Steelmaker and philanthropist who founded many free public libraries.[22]
Robert Gladstone LL.D 3 August 1911 Merchant who gave his name to Gladstone Dock: chairman of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, and involved in the founding of Liverpool University and the planning of Liverpool Cathedral.[23]
The Rt. Hon. Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby GCVO CB 1865–1948 3 July 1912 Politician who twice became Secretary of State for War and was the British Ambassador to France from 1918 to 1920.[24]
The Rt. Hon. William Morris Hughes 1862–1952 29 March 1916 Prime Minister of Australia 1915–1923
Alderman Sir William Benjamin Bowring BT DL 1837–1916 6 September 1916 Senior partner in a shipping firm, and local politician who gave the Roby Hall estate to the city; it is now known as Bowring Park, Knowsley.[25][26] He married Isabel Maclean Jarvis, who was sympathetic to the suffering and needy among the poor of Liverpool.[27]
Alderman Sir Charles Petrie JP 6 June 1917 Chairman of the Tramways Committee.[28]
Admiral Sir David Beatty GCB GCVO DSO 1871–1936 4 December 1918 Admiral in the First World War and later First Sea Lord.[29]
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig KT GCB OM GCVO KCIE 1861–1928 4 December 1918 Commander of the British Expeditionary Force in the First World War.[30]
John Rankin LL.D 7 December 1921 An early benefactor of what was to become the University of Liverpool.[31]
The Rt. Hon. Sir Archibald Tutton Salvidge PC KBE 1863–1928 2 September 1925 Political organiser, once described as 'the king of Liverpool'.[32]
Alderman Sir Thomas White JP 24 September 1934 Chairman of the Joint Tunnel Committee who developed the Queensway Tunnel.[33]
Alderman Sir James Sexton CBE JP 1856–1938 24 September 1934 Trade unionist who was head of the National Union of Dock Labour in Liverpool and a founder member of the Independent Labour Party.[34]
Councillor Sir Frederick Charles Bowring DL JP 1856–1936 24 September 1934 Chairman of C T Bowring & Co., merchants and shipowners. Lord Mayor of Liverpool 1925–1927.[35]
The Rt. Hon. Lord Woolton PC CH DL 1883–1964 1 May 1946 Businessman and politician who was involved in the management of Lewis's department store, was Minister of Food in the Second World War, and later Chairman of the Conservative Party.[36]
Admiral Sir Max Kennedy Horton GCB DSO 1883–1951 1 May 1946 Submarine commander in the First World War and commander-in-chief of the Western Approaches in the Second World War.[37]
Alderman Alfred Earnest Shennan JP MA 1887–1959 1 May 1946 Architect who designed many of Liverpool's art deco cinemas.[38]
Alderman Sir Charles Sydney Jones JP MA LL.D 1872–1947 1 May 1946 Partner in Alfred Holt & Co., benefactor of Liverpool University and Lord Mayor of Liverpool.[39]
The Rt. Hon. Lord Cohen of Birkenhead MD FRCP (Lond) FRCS (Eng) DL 1900–1977 30 April 1970 Birkenhead-born doctor who became the senior physician at Liverpool Royal Infirmary, Professor of Medicine at Liverpool University, and served in other major positions in the medical profession.[40]
Major Sir Arthur Harold Bibby Bt DSO 1889–1986 30 April 1970 A partner in the Bibby Line and the first Bibby baronet.[41][42]
Alderman Sir Joseph Jackson Cleary 1902–1933 30 April 1970 Politician who was Labour MP for the Liverpool Wavertree constituency and later Lord Mayor of Liverpool.[43]
Sir Alan Cecil Tod CBE TD 30 April 1970 Chairman of the Liverpool Cathedral Executive Committee who helped to raise money towards the its building.[44][45]
Mrs Elizabeth Margaret Braddock MP 1899–1970 30 April 1970 Known as "Bessie" Braddock, a trade union activist and Labour MP for the Liverpool Exchange constituency.[46]
Sir John Moores CBE DL 1896–1993 30 April 1970 Businessman and philanthropist who established Littlewoods Football pools and Littlewoods mail-order business. Liverpool John Moores University is named after him.[47]
Robert Paisley OBE 1919–1996 23 November 1983 Better known as Bob Paisley; player for Liverpool F.C., then captain, and later manager and director of the club.[48]
John Lennon MBE 1940–1980 7 March 1984 Musician, composer, and political activist; member of The Beatles.[49]
George Harrison MBE 1943–2001 7 March 1984 Musician and composer; member of The Beatles.[50]
Paul McCartney MBE 1942 – 7 March 1984 Musician, composer and animal rights activist; member of The Beatles.[51]
Richard Starkey MBE 1940 – 7 March 1984 Better known as Ringo Starr, drummer of The Beatles.[52]
Eric Heffer MP 1922–1991 27 March 1991 Left-wing politician, president of the Liverpool Trades Council, later MP for the Liverpool Walton constituency.[53]
President Mandela 1918 –2014 6 July 1994 Anti-apartheid activist who became the first black President of South Africa.[54]
David Sheppard the Rt. Reverend the Lord Bishop of Liverpool 1929–2005 24 August 1994 International cricketer who became Bishop of Liverpool. Worked closely with Archbishop Derek Worlock.[55]
Derek Worlock the Most Reverend the Archbishop of Liverpool 1920–1996 24 August 1994 Bishop of Portsmouth, then Archbishop of Liverpool. Worked closely with Bishop David Sheppard.[56]
Roy Castle OBE 1932–1994 24 August 1994 Entertainer and charity worker; the Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation is named after him.[57]
Ken Dodd OBE 1927 – 31 January 2001 Liverpool comedian, actor, singer, composer, entertainer, and charity worker.[58]
Adrian Henri 1932–2000 31 January 2001 Birkenhead-born poet and painter; one of the Liverpool poets.[59]
Roger McGough 1937 – 31 January 2001 Liverpool-born poet; one of the Liverpool poets.[60]
Brian Patten 1946 – 31 January 2001 Liverpool-born poet and author of children's books; one of the Liverpool poets.[61]
Terry Leahy 1956 – 31 January 2001 Businessman born in Liverpool who became the chief executive of Tesco.[62]
Simon Weston OBE 1961 – 31 January 2001 British soldier injured in the Falklands War who later became recognised for his charity work.[63]
Professor Rex Makin 1925 – 11 June 2003 Liverpool solicitor who has been involved in high profile and controversial cases.[64]
Gerry Marsden OBE 1942 – 28 January 2009 Musician; onetime leader of Gerry & the Pacemakers[65]
Norah Button 28 January 2009 Principal of the Liverpool Theatre School[66]
Professor Peter Toyne, CBE 1939– 3 March 2010 First Vice-Chancellor of Liverpool John Moores University[67]
Stephen Yip MBE 18 January 2012 Founder of the children's charity Kind.[68]
Lord Heseltine CH, PC 1933– 13 March 2012 President of the Board of Trade (nicknamed "Minister for Merseyside") for helping to rebuild the city after the 1981 Toxteth riots.[69]
Wally Brown CBE 7 November 2012 Former principal of Liverpool Community College; mediator in the 1981 Toxteth riots.[70][71]

References[edit]

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