List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

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Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[1]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[2] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[2] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[3][4] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[5] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[6] an 5.77% increase over 2012.

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[1]

This data was published by the Indian Government.[2] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure - an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[7] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[2]
Comparable Country[8]
High HDI
1 Kerala 0.790  Uruguay
2 Delhi 0.750  Sri Lanka
Medium HDI
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652  South Africa
4 Goa 0.617  Morocco
5 Punjab 0.605  Tajikistan
India India (national average) 0.586 (2014 U.N.)  India
6 NE (excluding Assam) 0.573  Ghana
7 Maharashtra 0.572  Ghana
8 Tamil Nadu 0.661[9]  Laos
9 Haryana 0.552  Equatorial Guinea
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.529  Swaziland
11 Gujarat 0.527  Angola
12 Karnataka 0.519  Burma
13 West Bengal 0.492  Zimbabwe
14 Uttarakhand 0.490  Papua New Guinea
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473  Syria
16 Assam 0.444  Gambia
17 Rajasthan 0.434  Ethiopia
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380  Eritrea
19 Jharkhand 0.376  Sierra Leone
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375  Sierra Leone
21 Bihar 0.367  Chad
22 Odisha 0.362  Chad
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358  Chad

Trend Analysis[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:


Very High/High Human Development Index


Medium human development index


Low human development index

  Lack of information