Foreign relations of Denmark

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Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and former Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen hold a joint press conference, April 2010.
Former U.S. President George W. Bush and former Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen hold a joint press conference outside Marienborg, July 2005.

The foreign policy of Denmark is based on its identity as a sovereign nation in Europe. As such its primary foreign policy focus is on its relations with other nations as a sovereign independent nation. Denmark has long had good relations with other nations. It has been involved in coordinating Western assistance to the Baltic states (Estonia,[1] Latvia, and Lithuania).[2] The country is a strong supporter of international peacekeeping. Danish forces were heavily engaged in the former Yugoslavia in the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), with IFOR,[3] and now SFOR.[4] Denmark also strongly supported American operations in Afghanistan and has contributed both monetarily and materially to the ISAF.[5] These initiatives are a part of the "active foreign policy" of Denmark. Instead of the traditional adaptative foreign policy of the small country, Denmark is today pursuing an active foreign policy, where human rights, democracy and other crucial values is to be defended actively. In recent years, Greenland and The Faroe Islands have been guaranteed a say in foreign policy issues, such as fishing, whaling and geopolitical concerns.

Following World War II, Denmark ended its two-hundred year long policy of neutrality. Denmark has been a member of NATO since its founding in 1949, and membership in NATO remains highly popular.[6] There were several serious confrontations between the U.S. and Denmark on security policy in the so-called "footnote era" (1982–88), when an alternative parliamentary majority forced the government to adopt specific national positions on nuclear and arms control issues. The alternative majority in these issues was because the Social liberal Party (Radikale Venstre) supported the governing majority in economic policy issues, but was against certain NATO policies and voted with the left in these issues. The conservative led Centre-right government accepted this variety of "minority parliamentarism", that is, without making it a question of the government's parliamentary survival.[6] With the end of the Cold War, however, Denmark has been supportive of U.S. policy objectives in the Alliance.

Danes have enjoyed a reputation as "reluctant" Europeans. When they rejected ratification of the Maastricht Treaty on 2 June 1992, they put the EC's plans for the European Union on hold.[7] In December 1992, the rest of the EC agreed to exempt Denmark from certain aspects of the European Union, including a common defense, a common currency, EU citizenship, and certain aspects of legal cooperation (the 4 Danish Opt-outs). The Amsterdam Treaty was approved in the referendum of 28 May 1998. In the autumn of 2000, Danish citizens rejected membership of the Euro currency group in a referendum. The Lisbon treaty was ratified by the Danish parliament alone.[8] It was not considered a surrendering of national sovereignty, which would have implied the holding of a referendum according to article 20 of the constitution.[9] Currently, the Danish government wants a referendum on the opt-outs from the EU-treaty, but the prospect of the opt-outs perhaps being rejected does not look appealing. The issue is being postponed for the time being, or until a large coalition of political parties support holding a referendum.[10][note 1]

International disputes[edit]

  • Rockall. A continental shelf dispute involving Iceland, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)[11]
  • Hans Island. An island located between Greenland and Canadian Arctic islands. Unresolved boundary disputed between Canada and Denmark (Denmark controls Greenland's foreign relations). This dispute flared up again in July 2005 following the visit of a Canadian minister to the disputed island.[12]
  • North Pole. Denmark is trying to prove that the North Pole is geographically connected to Greenland. If such proof is established, Denmark will claim the North Pole.[13]
  • Maritime border with Poland. Denmark and Poland have still not agreed on the location of the maritime border between the two countries. Denmark supports a border halfway between the two countries; Poland wants to be awarded an even greater share of the Baltic Sea. The Polish position is based on the argument that Poland owns a longer coast line than the Danish island of Bornholm.[14]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Albania 1 May 1970[15] See Albania–Denmark relations
 Andorra 4 May 1994[18]
  • Andorra is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Andorra La Vella.[19]
  • Denmark is represented in Andorra, through its embassy in Madrid.[20]
 Armenia 14 January 1992[21] See Armenia–Denmark relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[22]
  • Denmark is represented in Armenia, through its embassy in Kiev.[23]
 Austria 19 December 1925[24] See Austria–Denmark relations
  • Austria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[25]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Vienna.[26]
 Azerbaijan 2 April 1992[27] See Azerbaijan–Denmark relations
  • Azerbaijan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in the United Kingdom.[28]
  • Denmark is represented in Azerbaijan, through its embassy in Turkey.[29]
 Belarus 4 February 1992[30][31] See Belarus–Denmark relations
  • Belarus is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Sweden.[32]
  • Denmark is represented through its embassy in Moscow.[33]
 Belgium 13 June 1841[34] See Belgium–Denmark relations
  • Belgium has an embassy in Copenhagen.[35]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Brussels.[36]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 June 1992[37] See Bosnia and Herzegovina–Denmark relations
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina has an embassy in Copenhagen.[38]
  • Denmark is represented in Bosnia and Herzegovina through its embassy in Ljubljana.[39]
 Bulgaria 17 April 1931[40] See Bulgaria–Denmark relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[41]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Sofia.[42]
 Cyprus 2 November 1960[43] See Cyprus–Denmark relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Copenhagen.[44]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nicosia.[45]
 Czech Republic 1 January 1993[46] See Czech Republic–Denmark relations
  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Copenhagen.[47]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Prague.[48]
 Croatia 1 February 1992[49] See Croatia–Denmark relations
  • Croatia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[50]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Zagreb.[51]
 Estonia 5 February 1921[note 2][52] See Denmark–Estonia relations
 Finland 18 February 1918[56] See Denmark–Finland relations
 France 1662[59] See Denmark–France relations
 Georgia 1 July 1992[62] See Denmark–Georgia relations
  • Denmark is represented in Georgia through its embassy in Ukraine.[63]
  • Georgia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[64]
 Germany 26 May 1732[65] See Denmark–Germany relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Berlin.[66]
  • Germany has an embassy in Copenhagen.[67]
 Greece 31 October 1846[68] See Denmark–Greece relations
 Hungary 10 May 1948[71] See Denmark–Hungary relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Budapest.[72]
  • Hungary has an embassy in Copenhagen.[73]
 Iceland 1918[74] See Denmark–Iceland relations
 Ireland January 1962[77] See Denmark–Ireland relations
 Italy 21 May 1873[80] See Denmark–Italy relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Rome,[81] and a consulate general in Milan.[82]
  • Italy has an embassy in Copenhagen.[83]
 Kosovo 21 February 2008[84] See Denmark–Kosovo relations
  • Denmark recognized Kosovo on 21 February 2008.[85]
  • Denmark is represented in Kosovo, through its embassy in Tirana.[86]
 Latvia 7 February 1921[note 3][87] See Denmark–Latvia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Riga.[88]
  • Latvia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[89]
 Liechtenstein 12 January 1973[90]
  • Liechtenstein is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Switzerland.[91]
 Lithuania 18 July 1923[note 4][92] See Denmark–Lithuania relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Vilnius.[94]
  • Lithuania has an embassy in Copenhagen.[95]
 Luxembourg 21 May 1946[96]
  • Denmark has an embassy in the city of Luxembourg.[97]
  • Luxembourg has an embassy in Copenhagen.[98]
 Macedonia 8 April 1993[99] See Denmark–Republic of Macedonia relations
  • Denmark is represented in Macedonia, through its embassy in Vienna.[99]
  • Macedonia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[100]
 Malta 6 May 1969[101]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Valletta.[102]
  • Malta has an embassy in Copenhagen.[19]
 Moldova 20 January 1992[103] See Denmark–Moldova relations
  • Denmark is represented in Moldova through its embassy in Bucharest.[104]
  • Moldova is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Berlin.[103]
 Monaco 7 December 1905[105]
  • Denmark is represented in Monaco, through its embassy in Paris.[106]
 Montenegro 15 June 2006[107] See Denmark–Montenegro relations
  • Denmark is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Serbia.[108]
  • Montenegro is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Podgorica.[19]
 Netherlands 1645[109] See Denmark–Netherlands relations
 Norway 18 November 1905 See Denmark–Norway relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Oslo.[112]
  • Norway has an embassy in Copenhagen.[113]
 Poland 30 May 1919[114] See Denmark–Poland relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Warsaw.[115]
  • Poland has an embassy in Copenhagen.[116]
 Portugal 14 December 1896[117] See Denmark–Portugal relations
  • Portugal has an embassy in Copenhagen.[118]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Lisbon.[119]
 Romania 13 April 1917[120] See Denmark–Romania relations
 Russia 8 November 1493[123] See Denmark–Russia relations
 San Marino 13 June 1972[126]
  • Denmark is represented in San Marino through its embassy in Rome.[127]
  • San Marino is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in City of San Marino.[19]
 Serbia 17 November 1909[128] See Denmark–Serbia relations
 Slovakia 1 January 1993[132] See Denmark–Slovakia relations
 Slovenia 15 January 1992[135] See Denmark–Slovenia relations
 Spain 1751[138] See Denmark–Spain relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Madrid.[139]
  • Spain has an embassy in Copenhagen.[140]
 Sweden 1532[141] See Denmark–Sweden relations
  Switzerland 10 February 1875[143] See Denmark–Switzerland relations
 Turkey[note 5] 14 October 1756[146] See Denmark–Turkey relations
 Ukraine 31 December 1991[150] See Denmark–Ukraine relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kiev.[151]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Copenhagen.[152]
 United Kingdom 1 October 1654[153] See Denmark–United Kingdom relations
  • The United Kingdom has an embassy in Copenhagen.[154]
  • Denmark has an embassy in London.[155]
  Vatican City 2 August 1982[156]
  • Denmark's diplomatic relations with the Vatican City were established in 1982 after having been suspended since the reformation in 1536.
  • Denmark is represented in the Vatican City, through its embassy in Bern.[157]

Americas[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Argentina 20 January 1841[158]
 Belize 15 November 1991[161]
  • Denmark is represented in Belize, through its embassy in Nicaragua.[162]
 Bolivia 15 January 1930[163] See Bolivia–Denmark relations
  • Bolivia have an embassy in Copenhagen.[164]
  • Denmark have an embassy in La Paz.[165]
 Brazil 26 April 1828[166] See Brazil–Denmark relations
 Canada 14 October 1949[169] See Canada–Denmark relations
  • Canada has an embassy in Copenhagen.[170]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Ottawa.[171]
 Chile 4 February 1899[172] See Chile–Denmark relations
 Colombia 18 May 1935[175]
  • Colombia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
  • Denmark is represented in Colombia, through its embassy in Brasília.[176]
 Costa Rica 26 September 1956[177]
 Ecuador 1841[179]
 El Salvador 9 July 1958[181]
  • Denmark have a consulate in San Salvador.[162]
  • A treaty of Commerce and Navigation was signed on 9 July 1958.[181]
 Guatemala 12 January 1995[182]
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Guatemala City.[162]
 Guyana
  • Denmark is represented in Guyana, through its embassy in Brasília.[183]
  • Guyana is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Honduras
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Tegucigalpa.[162]
  • Honduras is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[184]
 Mexico 1827[185] See Denmark–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations were started in 1827 with a Treaty of Friendship, Trade and Navigation[185] and a commercial treaty based on the treaty Porfirio Díaz had signed with England.[186]

 Nicaragua 1957[189] See Denmark–Nicaragua relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Managua.[190]
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Copenhagen.[191]
 Panama December 1903[192]
 Paraguay 18 July 1903[193]
  • Paraguay is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
  • Denmark is represented in Paraguay, through its embassy in Buenos Aires.[194]
 Peru 10 June 1957[195]
  • Peru is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Lima.[196]
 Suriname
  • Denmark is represented in Suriname, through its embassy in Brasília.[197]
  • Denmark have a consulate in Paramaribo.[198]
 United States 1801[199] See Denmark–United States relations
 Uruguay 4 March 1953[204]
  • Denmark is represented in Uruguay, through its embassy in Buenos Aires.[205]
  • Uruguay is represented in Denmark through an embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Venezuela 26 March 1838[206] See Denmark–Venezuela relations
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Copenhagen.[207]
  • Denmark is represented in Venezuela, through its embassy in Brasília.[208]

Caribbean[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 28 October 1985[209]
 Bahamas June 1991[211]
  • Denmark is represented in Bahamas, through its embassy in Mexico, Denmark has a consulate in Nassau.[212]
 Barbados 20 August 1979[213]
  • Denmark is represented in Barbados, through its embassy in Mexico City.[214]
  • Barbados is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Cuba 29 June 1911[215]
 Dominica 1985[218]
  • Denmark is represented in Dominica, through its embassy in Mexico.[219]
 Dominican Republic 2 February 1853[220]
  • Denmark is represented in the Dominican Republic, through its embassy in Mexico.[221]
  • Dominican Republic is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Grenada
  • Denmark is represented in Grenada, through its embassy in Mexico.[222]
  • Grenada is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Haiti 5 April 1928[223]
  • Denmark is represented in Haiti, through its embassy in Mexico.[224]
  • Haiti is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Jamaica 25 March 1969[225]
  • Denmark is represented in Jamaica, through its embassy in Mexico.[226]
  • Jamaica is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis None[227]
  • Denmark is represented in St. Kitts and Nevis, through its embassy in Washington D.C.[228]
 Saint Lucia
  • Denmark is represented in St. Lucia, through its embassy in Mexico.[229]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Denmark is represented in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, through its embassy in Mexico.[230]
 Trinidad and Tobago 20 June 1969[231]
  • Denmark is represented in Trinidad and Tobago, through its embassy in Mexico.[232]
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Port of Spain.[232]

Middle East[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Bahrain 10 August 1974[233]
  • Denmark is represented in Bahrain, through its embassy in Riyadh.[234] Denmark also has a Royal Consular Agency in Manama.[234]
  • Bahrain is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Egypt 7 May 1930[235] See Denmark–Egypt relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Cairo.[236]
  • Egypt has an embassy in Copenhagen.[19]
 Iran 30 November 1857[237] See Denmark–Iran relations
 Iraq 18 November 1951[240] See Denmark–Iraq relations

On 21 March 2003, the Danish Parliament made a decision to support U.S. military action in Iraq and, in fact, contribute naval assets to the war. In 2006, the Iraqi Transport Minister Salam al-Malki announced freezing all economic relations with Danish and Norwegian companies in protest against insulting cartoons published in the countries newspapers.[243]

 Israel 12 July 1950[244] See Denmark–Israel relations
 Jordan 1958[247]
  • Denmark is represented in Jordan, through its embassy in Damascus.[248]
  • Jordan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Kuwait 1964[249]
  • Denmark is represented in Kuwait, through its embassy in Riyadh.[250]
  • Kuwait is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]

On 6 November 2006, the Kuwaiti parliament voted 22-15 to approve severing diplomatic ties with Denmark over the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy and spending about US$50 (€39.20) million to defend the prophet's image in the West. Both votes were nonbinding, meaning the Cabinet does not have to abide by them. Kuwaiti lawmaker Abdulsamad voted in favor of cutting diplomatic ties, saying, ""We have to cut diplomatic and commercial ties with Denmark...We don't have to eat Danish cheese." Al-Rashid voted against cutting diplomatic ties, arguing that Muslims have to be positive and remember that it were some individuals, not governments, who insulted the Prophet Muhammad. Al-Rashid was quoted as saying, "We here in Kuwait curse Christians in many of our mosques, should those (Christian) countries boycott Kuwait?" In February 2008, MP Abdullah Al-Roumi called for an end to Kuwait's Demark boycott and was quoted as saying, "No Muslim can accept this insult against the Prophet... It is a form of terrorism."[251][252]

 Lebanon 21 October 1955[253]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Beirut.[254]
  • Lebanon is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Stockholm.[255]
 Oman 9 July 1979[256]
  • Denmark is represented in Oman, through its embassy in Riyadh.[257]
  • Oman is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Palestinian Authority None See Denmark–Palestine relations
 Qatar September 1976[260]
  • Denmark is represented in Qatar, through its embassy in the United Arab Emirates.[261]
  • Qatar is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in the Hague.[19]
 Saudi Arabia
  • Denmark has an embassy in Riyadh.[262]
  • Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[263]
 Syria 1950[264] See Denmark–Syria relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Damascus.[265]
  • Syria is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 United Arab Emirates See Denmark–United Arab Emirates relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Abu Dhabi,[266] and a consulate general in Dubai.[267]
  • United Arab Emirates is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Yemen 29 April 1976[268]
  • Denmark is represented in Yemen, through its embassy in Riyadh.[269]
  • Yemen is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]

Asia[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Afghanistan 1947[270] See Afghanistan–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kabul.[271]
  • Afghanistan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Oslo.[19]
 Bangladesh 26 August 1972[272] See Bangladesh–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Dhaka.[273]
  • Bangladesh is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Bhutan 1985[274] See Bhutan–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has a representative office in Thimphu.[275]
  • Bhutan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Brunei
  • Denmark is represented in Brunei, through its embassy in Singapore.[276]
  • Brunei is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Bandar Seri Begawan.[19]
 Burma 1955[277] See Burma–Denmark relations
  • Denmark is represented in Burma, through its embassy in Bangkok.[278]
  • Burma is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Cambodia 20 November 1969[279] See Cambodia–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has a representative office in Phnom Penh.[280]
  • Cambodia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 People's Republic of China 11 May 1950[281] See People's Republic of China–Denmark relations
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 16741950[281] See Denmark–Republic of China relations
  • Denmark has a trade council in Taipei.[284]
  • Republic of China has a Representative Office in Copenhagen.[285]
 East Timor 25 November 2003[286]
  • Denmark is represented in East Timor, through its embassy in Jakarta.[287]
  • East Timor is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[288]
 India 1957[289] See Denmark–India relations
 Indonesia 1950[292] See Denmark–Indonesia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Jakarta.[293]
  • Indonesia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[294]
 Japan 1867[295] See Denmark–Japan relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations and exchanged diplomatic missions on a reciprocal basis after conclusion of the "Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Japan and Denmark" in 1867.[295]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Tokyo.[296]
  • Japan has an embassy in Copenhagen.[297]
  • "Japan-Denmark Relations". 
 Kazakhstan 6 May 1992[298] See Denmark–Kazakhstan relations
  • Denmark is represented in Kazakhstan, through its embassy in Moscow.[299]
  • Kazakhstan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Kyrgyzstan 8 May 1992[300]
  • Denmark is represented in Kyrgyzstan, through its embassy in Moscow.[301]
 Laos 1 November 1956[302]
  • Denmark is represented in Laos, through its embassy in Hanoi.[303]
  • Laos is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[304]
 Malaysia 1963[305] See Denmark–Malaysia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.[306]
  • Maalysia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Maldives 8 November 1982[307]
  • Denmark is represented in Maldives, through its embassy in New Delhi.[308]
  • Maldives is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Mongolia 5 August 1968[309]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Ulan Bator.[310]
  • Mongolia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
   Nepal 15 December 1967[311] See Denmark–Nepal relations
 North Korea 17 July 1973[314] See Denmark–North Korea relations
  • Denmark is represented in North Korea, through its embassy in Beijing.[315]
  • North Korea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Pakistan 9 November 1949[316] See Denmark–Pakistan relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Islamabad.[317]
  • Pakistan has an embassy in Copenhagen.[318]
  • Roughly 20,000 Pakistanis live and work in Denmark, making them the country's fifth-largest non-Western community. Six Pakistani immigrants/descendants of immigrants have seats on local parliaments and councils, the second-highest number of any immigrant group.[319]
 Philippines 28 September 1946[320] See Denmark–Philippines relations
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Manila.[321]
  • the Philippines is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Oslo.[19]
 Singapore 28 September 1965[322]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Singapore City.[323]
  • Singapore is represented in Denmark, through a non-resident ambassador based in Singapore.[19]
 South Korea 11 March 1959[324] See Denmark–South Korea relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Seoul.[325]
  • South Korea has an embassy in Copenhagen.[324]
 Sri Lanka 5 January 1953[326] See Denmark–Sri Lanka relations
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Colombo.[327]
  • Sri Lanka is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Tajikistan
  • Denmark is represented in Tajikistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[328]
 Thailand 21 May 1858[329] See Denmark–Thailand relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Bangkok.[330]
  • Thailand has an embassy in Copenhagen.[331]
 Turkmenistan
  • Denmark is represented in Turkmenistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[332]
 Uzbekistan 25 January 1992[333]
  • Uzbekistan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Moscow.[334]
  • Denmark is represented in Uzbekistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[335]
 Vietnam 25 November 1971[336] See Denmark–Vietnam relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Hanoi.[337]
  • Vietnam has an embassy in Copenhagen.[338]

Africa[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Algeria 3 July 1962[339]
  • Algeria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[340]
 Angola February 1976[341]
  • Denmark is represented in Angola, through its embassy in Lusaka.[342]
  • Angola is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Benin 1 March 1978[343] See Benin–Denmark relations
 Botswana 16 November 1970[346]
  • Denmark is represented in Botswana, through its embassy in Pretoria.[347]
  • Botswana is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Burkina Faso 26 July 1973[348] See Burkina Faso–Denmark relations
 Burundi
  • Denmark is represented in Burundi, through its embassy in Kampala.[351]
  • Burundi is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Cameroon 8 October 1962[352]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Yaoundé.[353]
  • Cameroon is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Cape Verde None
  • Cape Verde and Denmark does not have diplomatic relations, but still cooperate within environment and energy. "Denmark and Cape Verde are two countries which, despite being far apart, have already cooperated in various fields. We have been able to develop good relations and will continue to do so in the future. I for one, will do everything which can further promote these good relations."[354][355]
  • Denmark is represented in Cape Verde, through its embassy in Lisbon.[356]
 Central African Republic
  • Denmark is represented in the Central African Republic, through its embassy in Ouagadougou.[357]
  • Central African Republic is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Chad 31 July 1969[358]
  • Chad has a consulate in Copenhagen, Denmark.[359]
  • Denmark is represented in Chad, through its embassy in Burkina Faso.[359]
 Comoros
  • Denmark is represented in Comoros, through its embassy in Dar es Salaam.[360]
 Côte d'Ivoire 23 November 1966[361]
  • Denmark is represented in Côte d'Ivoire, through its embassy in Accra.[362]
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Abidjan.[362]
  • Côte d'Ivoire have an embassy in Copenhagen.[363]
 Republic of the Congo 13 June 1967[364]
  • Denmark is represented in Republic of Congo, through its embassy in Cotonou.[365]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 21 April 1963[366]
  • Denmark is represented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, through its embassy in Pretoria.[367]
 Djibouti
 Equatorial Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Equatorial Guinea, through its embassy in Pretoria.[370]
 Eritrea 1993[371] See Denmark–Eritrea relations

Eritrea was a Danish programme country from 1993 to 1996, and again from 1999 to 2001. In 1996, Denmark assisted 112 million DKK to the agriculture sector, and 80 million DKK to the education sector.[372] Relations between Eritrea and Denmark have been bad, since Denmark decided to suspend development cooperation with Eritrea in January 2002, and completely closed its embassy in Eritrea in June 2002.[373]

  • Denmark is represented in Eritrea through its embassy in Nairobi.[374]
 Ethiopia 1960s[375] See Denmark–Ethiopia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Addis Ababa.[376]
  • Ethiopia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Gabon
  • Denmark have a consulate in Libreville.[377]
  • Gabon is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Gambia 31 March 1978[378]
  • Denmark is represented in Gambia, through its embassy in Bamako.[379]
  • Gambia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Ghana 1660[380] See Denmark–Ghana relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Accra.[381]
  • Ghana has an embassy in Copenhagen.[382]
 Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Guinea, through its embassy in Accra.[383]
  • Guinea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Guinea-Bissau August 1974[384]
  • Denmark is represented in Guinea Bissau, through its embassy in Lisbon.[385]
  • Guinea-Bissau is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Kenya 1963[386] See Denmark–Kenya relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nairobi.[387]
  • Kenya is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Lesotho 24 July 1975[388]
 Liberia 27 March 1865[390]
  • Denmark is represented in Liberia, through its embassy in Accra.[391]
  • Liberia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Libya January 1952[392] See Denmark–Libya relations
  • Libya closed its embassy in Copenhagen, as a protest against the Jyllandsposten cartoons controversy, in 2006.[393]
 Madagascar 10 December 1965[361]
  • Denmark is represented in Madagascar, through its embassy in Pretoria.[394]
  • Denmark have a consulate in Antananarivo.[394]
 Malawi 1964[395]
  • Denmark is represented in Malawi, through its embassy in Maputo.[396]
 Mali

From 2006 to 2011, Denmark assisted Mali with 800 million DKK for povery reduction.[398]

 Mauritania
  • Denmark is represented in Mauritania, through its embassy in Rabat.[399]
  • Mauritania is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Mauritius None[400]
 Morocco 25 July 1767;[402]

1957[403]

See Denmark–Morocco relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Rabat.[404]
  • Morocco has an embassy in Copenhagen.[405]
 Mozambique 26 June 1975[406] See Denmark–Mozambique relations
 Namibia 28 March 1991[407]
  • Denmark is represented in Namibia, through its embassy in Pretoria.[408]
  • Namibia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[409]
 Niger 25 March 1974[410]
 Nigeria 8 September 1966[412] See Foreign relations of Nigeria
 Rwanda
  • Denmark is represented in Rwanda, through its embassy in Kampala.[413]
  • Rwanda is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[414]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic None
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has a representative office in Copenhagen.[415]
 São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Denmark is represented in São Tomé and Príncipe, through its embassy in Lisbon.[416]
  • São Tomé and Príncipe is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Senegal 11 April 1962[417]
 Seychelles 1979[419]
 Sierra Leone 17 March 1978[421]
 Somalia 9 July 1960[423] See Denmark–Somalia relations
 South Africa 9 March 1951[425] See Denmark–South Africa relations
 South Sudan 9 July 2011[427]
 Sudan 11 May 1959[428] See Denmark–Sudan relations
 Swaziland 24 March 1972[431]
 Tanzania 27 May 1969[433] See Denmark–Tanzania relations
 Tunisia 1959[434] See Foreign relations of Tunisia
 Togo 28 March 1977[435]
  • Denmark is represented in Togo, through its embassy in Cotonou.[436]
 Uganda 1 April 1968[437] See Denmark–Uganda relations
 Zambia 17 January 1959[440] See Denmark–Zambia relations
 Zimbabwe 28 April 1983[441] See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Australia See Australia–Denmark relations
 Cook Islands
  • Denmark is represented in Cook Islands, through its embassy in Canberra.[442]
 Fiji 5 October 1972[443]
  • Denmark is represented in Fiji, through its embassy in Jakarta.[444]
  • Fiji is represented in Denmark, through its high commission in London.[19]
 Kiribati
  • Denmark is represented in Kiribati, through its embassy in Singapore.[452]
 Marshall Islands 17 September 1992[453]
  • Denmark is represented in Marshall Islands, through its embassy in Singapore.[452]
 Micronesia, Federated States of None[454]
  • Denmark is represented in Micronesia, through its embassy in Singapore.[452]
 Nauru None[455]
  • Denmark is represented in Nauru, through its embassy in Canberra.[456]
 New Zealand See Denmark–New Zealand relations
 Palau
  • Denmark is represented in Palau, through its embassy in Singapore.[452]
 Papua New Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Papua New Guinea, through its embassy in Jakarta.[457]
  • Papua New Guinea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Samoa
  • Denmark is represented in Samoa, through its embassy in Canberra.[458]
 Solomon Islands
  • Denmark is represented in the Solomon Islands, through its embassy in Singapore.[452]
 Tonga
  • Denmark is represented in Tonga, through its embassy in Canberra.[459]
 Tuvalu
  • Denmark is represented in Tuvalu, through its embassy in Canberra.[460]
 Vanuatu
  • Denmark is represented in Vanuatu, through its embassy in Canberra.[461]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).
  2. ^ Diplomatic relations between Denmark and Estonia were established on 5 February 1921 after the Estonian Declaration of Independence, but in World War II, Soviet Union annexed Estonia.[52] When Estonia declared independence from Soviet Union on 16 November 1988, Denmark re-established relations with Estonia on 24 August 1991.[53]
  3. ^ Diplomatic relations were established on 7 February 1921.[87] Soviet Union occupied Latvia in 1940, and Latvia declared independence from USSR on 4 May 1990. Denmark re-established relations with Latvia on 27 August 1991.[87]
  4. ^ Lithuania declared independence in 1918. Diplomatic relations were established on 18 July 1923.[92] Like Estonia and Latvia, Lithuania was occupied by Soviet Union. Latvia declared independence from USSR in 1990. Denmark re-established diplomatic relations with Lithuania on 24 August 1991.[93]
  5. ^ Turkey is physiographically considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe.

Further reading[edit]