List of banks and credit unions in Canada

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The main Montreal branch of the Bank of Montreal, Canada's oldest bank.

This is a list of banks in Canada, including chartered banks, credit unions, trusts, and other financial services companies that offer banking services and may be popularly referred to as "banks".

Banks by legal classification[edit]

Banks in Canada are classified by their ownership as domestic banks, subsidiaries of foreign banks, or branches of foreign banks. For a greater explanation of the classifications, see Banking in Canada and Canada Bank Act.

Schedule I banks (domestic banks)[edit]

Place Ville-Marie is the home to the Montreal offices of the Royal Bank of Canada

Under the Canada Bank Act, Schedule I are banks that are not a subsidiary of a foreign bank, i.e., domestic banks, even if they have foreign shareholders. There are 28 domestic banks as of November 2014.[1]

Bank Established Headquarters Notes
B2B Bank 2012 Toronto
Bank of Montreal 1817 Montreal
Bank of Nova Scotia 1832 Toronto operating as "Scotiabank"
Bridgewater Bank 2006 Calgary [2]
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce 1867 Toronto
Canadian Tire Bank 1968 Oakville, Ontario
Canadian Western Bank 1985 Edmonton
Citizens Bank of Canada 1997 Vancouver now a non-deposit taking bank: it no longer offers savings and loans products [3]
CFF Bank 2013 Oakville, Ontario formed through acquisition of MonCana Bank by Canadian First Financial[4]
Continental Bank of Canada 2013 Whitby
CS Alterna Bank 2000 Ottawa
DirectCash Bank 2007 Calgary arms-length relationship with DirectCash Payments Inc.[5]
Equitable Bank 2013 Toronto [6]
First Nations Bank of Canada 1996 Saskatoon
General Bank of Canada 2005 Edmonton [2]
Hollis Canadian Bank 1998 Toronto formerly Dundee Bank of Canada, subsidiary of Scotiabank
HomEquity Bank 2009 Toronto [2]
Laurentian Bank of Canada 1846 Montreal
Manulife Bank of Canada 1993 Toronto
National Bank of Canada 1859 Montreal
Pacific & Western Bank of Canada 1980 London, Ontario
President's Choice Bank 1996 Toronto
RedBrick Bank 2013 Oakville, Ontario
Rogers Bank 2013 Toronto owned by Rogers Communications[7]
Royal Bank of Canada 1864 Montreal [8]
Tangerine Bank 2013 Toronto formerly ING Direct Canada, purchased by Scotiabank November 2012,[9] name was changed to Tangerine in spring 2014[10]
Toronto-Dominion Bank 1955 Toronto operating as "TD Canada Trust"; formed by the merger of two banks founded in 1855 and 1869
Zag Bank 2002 High River, Alberta formerly Bank West, owned by Desjardins Group since 2011

On November 10, 2014, Home Capital Group announced that it has applied to charter "Home Trust Bank" under Schedule I.

Schedule II banks (subsidiaries of foreign banks)[edit]

The Toronto branch of the Bank of China (Canada).

As of September 2014, there were 24 of these banks in Canada, however three were in liquidation.[1]

Bank Parent Country Notes
AMEX Bank of Canada  USA
Bank of America Canada  USA (in voluntary liquidation)
Bank of China (Canada)  China
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ (Canada)  Japan
Bank One Canada  USA (in voluntary liquidation)
BNP Paribas (Canada)  France
BofA Canada Bank  USA before December 2011 known as MBNA Canada Bank
Citco Bank Canada  USA
Citibank Canada  USA
CTC Bank of Canada  Taiwan
Habib Canadian Bank   Switzerland
HSBC Bank Canada  UK
ICICI Bank Canada  India
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (Canada)  China
J.P. Morgan Bank Canada  USA
J.P. Morgan Canada  USA (in liquidation)
Korea Exchange Bank of Canada  South Korea
Mega International Commercial Bank (Canada)  Taiwan
Shinhan Bank Canada  South Korea
Société Générale (Canada)  France
State Bank of India (Canada)  India
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation of Canada  Japan
UBS Bank (Canada)   Switzerland
Walmart Canada Bank  USA

Schedule III banks (branches of foreign banks)[edit]

Full service[edit]

The following banks are not authorized to accept deposits in Canada of less than $150,000. As of September 2014, there were 26 such banks in Canada.[1]

Bank Parent Country Notes
Bank of America, National Association  USA
Bank of New York Mellon (The)  USA
Barclays Bank PLC (Canada Branch)  UK
BNP Paribas  France
Capital One Bank (Canada Branch)  USA
China Construction Bank Toronto Branch  China
Citibank, N.A.  USA
Comerica Bank  USA
Deutsche Bank AG  Germany
Fifth Third Bank  USA
First Commercial Bank  Taiwan [11]
JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association  USA
M&T Bank  USA
Maple Bank  Germany Holding group is based in Canada, but chartered through a subsidiary German bank[12]
Mizuho Corporate Bank, Ltd., Canada Branch  Japan
Northern Trust Company, Canada Branch (The)  USA
PNC Bank Canada Branch  USA
Rabobank Nederland  Netherlands
Royal Bank of Scotland N.V.  UK
Société Générale (Canada Branch)  France
State Street  USA
U.S. Bank National Association  USA
UBS AG Canada Branch   Switzerland
United Overseas Bank Limited  Singapore
Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Canadian Branch  USA

Lending only[edit]

The following banks are prohibited from accepting deposits or borrowing money except from financial institutions. There were three such banks in Canada as of September 2014.[1]

Bank Parent Country Notes
Credit Suisse, Toronto Branch   Switzerland
Merrill Lynch International Bank Limited  USA
Union Bank of California, N.A.  USA

Government-owned banks[edit]

The Bank of Canada Building in Ottawa is the headquarters of the country's central bank.
An ATB Financial branch in Edmonton.
  • Alberta Treasury Branches (ATB Financial) is a unique, provincially owned company that provides banking services, but for legal reasons is not considered a bank. It was created during the Great Depression by the government of William Aberhart under the influence of the strongly anti-bank economic ideology called Social Credit. The Social Credit Party of Alberta, won the 1935 election in part on a platform that argued for the nationalisation or abolition of banks. But court cases later determined that the provincial government did not have the powers to do this. The ATB was created as a provincial-government alternative to the private banks. If it were a bank, ATB would be subject to federal legislation; therefore, the institution is never legally referred to as a bank so that it can remain under provincial jurisdiction. However, it offers all services associated with a standard retail bank.[13]

Credit unions[edit]

Branch of Affinity Credit Union in Saskatoon.
The headquarters of the Desjardins Group in Montreal.
See also: credit union

Canada has a strong co-operative financial services sector, which consists of credit unions (caisses populaires in Quebec and other French speaking regions). At the end of 2001 Canada's credit union sector consisted of 681 credit unions and 914 caisses populaires, with more than 3,600 locations and 4,100 automated teller machines.[14] By 2012, consolidation reduced this number to 394 credits unions and caisses populaires outside of Quebec.[15] Canada has the world's highest per capita membership in the credit union movement, with over 10 million members, or about one-third of the Canadian population. While the sector is active in all parts of the country, it is strongest in the western provinces and in Quebec. In Quebec 70 per cent of the population belongs to a caisse populaire, while in Saskatchewan close to 60 per cent belongs to a credit union.

Ten largest credit unions in Canada by assets, outside of Quebec[edit]

As of July 2014, the 355 credit unions and caisses populaires outside of Quebec had combined assets of $174.8 billion, of which $80.1 billion was held by the ten largest.[16]

Credit Union Province Assets Members
Vancity BC 17,975,196,858 490,601
Servus Credit Union AB 13,503,786,712 366,944
Coast Capital Savings BC 12,530,523,463 518,673
Meridian Credit Union ON 9,551,047,187 264,185
First West Credit Union BC 6,440,362,599 162,363
Conexus Credit Union SK 4,958,477,646 115,927
Steinbach Credit Union MB 4,257,139,786 81,892
Affinity Credit Union SK 4,145,204,490 130,690
Assiniboine Credit Union MB 3,671,619,384 110,967
Cambrian Credit Union MB 3,023,590,228 60,963

Desjardins[edit]

Most caisses populaires in Quebec (and some outside the province) are part of a network which operates as the Desjardins Group. Desjardins Group owns and operates a range of subsidiaries, including a securities brokerage, a venture capital firm, and a bank based in Florida.[17]

As of December 31, 2011, Desjardins Group's consolidated assets totalled $190.1 billion CAD.[18]

The "Big Five"[edit]

Main article: Big Five (banks)

Canada's "big five" banks, and few statistics:

Bank Name Also Known as Institution No Market Capitalization CAD,B[19] Employees (FTE) Revenue,B Net Income,B Total Assets,B
Royal Bank of Canada RBC 003 104.5 80,000 30 7.6 825
Toronto Dominion Bank TD, TD Canada Trust 004 94.8 79,000 23 6.3 811
Bank of Nova Scotia Scotiabank 002 77 83,000 21 6.7 744
Bank of Montreal BMO 001 47 47,000 13.7 3.2 542
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce CIBC 010 38 42,000 12 2.5 352

The term "Big Six" is frequently used as well. The "Big Six" also includes the National Bank of Canada (market cap of $8.9B), though its operations are primarily focused in the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick.

Defunct and merged banks[edit]

The Bank of British North America, on Yonge Street in Toronto.
The former Bank of New Brunswick Building in Saint John.

Credit agencies[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Who We Regulate". Osfi-bsif.gc.ca. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "How to build a bank". Financial Post. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  3. ^ Citizen Bank of Canada https://www.citizensbank.ca/ |url= missing title (help). 
  4. ^ "MonCana Bank of Canada renamed CFF Bank following acquisition by Canadian First Financial Group Inc". CNW. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  5. ^ "2012 Direct Cash Payments Annual Report". p. 14. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  6. ^ http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=177447&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1833654&highlight=
  7. ^ "Rogers gets closer to starting banking business". Financial Post. 2013-05-03. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  8. ^ RBC history
  9. ^ "ING completes sale of ING Direct Canada". Reuters. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  10. ^ "ING Direct renames itself Tangerine". Financial Post. 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  11. ^ ">"First Bank". First Bank. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  12. ^ "About Maple". Maple Financial Group. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  13. ^ "FP Story". Financialpost.com. Retrieved 2010-08-13. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Canada's Credit Unions and Caisses Populaires - March 2003". Fin.gc.ca. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  15. ^ "Largest 100 Credit Unions / Caisses Populaires". Cucentral.ca. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  16. ^ "Largest 100 Credit Unions / Caisses Populaires". Cucentral.ca. Retrieved 2014-09-25. 
  17. ^ http://www.desjardinsbank.com/en/about_desjardins_bank.html?accueil=aproposdesjbank
  18. ^ http://www.desjardins.com/fr/a_propos/qui-nous-sommes/chiffres.jsp
  19. ^ "TMX Money". TMX. Retrieved 2014-03-30. 

External links[edit]

References[edit]