List of concert tours by Michael Jackson and The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 was an American music group, formed in 1963 by the Jackson family brothers Jackie, Jermaine, Marlon, Michael and Tito. The quintet's first concert tour was in the United States, where they performed in cities such as Boston, Cincinnati and New York throughout the final quarter of 1970. The brothers remained in their homeland for two more US tours, before successfully expanding to Europe in 1972 and the rest of world the following year.
Following a move from Motown to Epic Records, the group was renamed The Jacksons, and embarked on another tour of Europe, where they performed in front of Queen Elizabeth II. After their Interim concert series in 1978, the siblings proceeded with the Destiny Tour, a promotional platform for their similarly named album. Their 1981 36-city circulation of the US—the Triumph Tour—came next. The Jacksons' final tour together was in 1984, following the release of two albums: the band's Victory and Michael Jackson's Thriller. The Victory Tour spanned 55 performances in the US and Canada and grossed over $75 million.
Having toured with his brothers since the early 1970s, Michael Jackson began his first solo world tour on September 12, 1987, in Tokyo, Japan. Attracting over 4 million people, including royalty, the Bad world tour proved to be successful, becoming the most-highly attended and highest-earning tour of all time. The follow-up concert series—the Dangerous World Tour of 1992–1993—was also attended by millions. In 1996 Jackson returned with the HIStory World Tour, an 82 run of concerts that concluded the following year. The tour was attended by more than 4.5 million fans.
Michael Jackson and The Jackson 5
|1970||The Jackson 5 First National Tour||May 2, 1970 – December 30, 1970 (United States)||
|The Jackson 5 embarked on their first ever tour on May 2, 1970. The brothers performed in US states cities such as Daly City, Boston, Cincinnati and New York City, and broke venue attendance records along the way. One concert scheduled for Buffalo, New York had to be cancelled due to death threats being made on Michael Jackson's life. 9,000 fans were refunded as a result.|
|1971||The Jackson 5 Second National Tour||February 2, 1971 – October 15, 1971 (United States)||
|The five brothers' second US tour featured 40 performances in US cities such as Philadelphia, New York and Milwaukee. The Commodores, led by Lionel Richie, opened for the five quintet.|
|1971–1972||The Jackson 5 US Tour||December 27, 1971 – October 5, 1972 (United States)||
|The siblings visited venues in circa 50 cities during their third tour of the US.|
|1972||The Jackson 5 European Tour||November 2, 1972 – November 12, 1972 (Europe)||
|The brothers' 12-day tour of Europe had them break attendance records previously held by The Beatles. During the tour, the band performed for Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.|
|1973–1975||The Jackson 5 World Tour||March 2, 1973 – December 1975 (Worldwide)||
|The quintet's first world tour was undertaken in three years, during which the brothers visited Japan, Hawaii, the United Kingdom, South America, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and the West Indies.|
|1976||The Jackson 5 Final Tour||February 13, 1976 – February 19, 1976 (Philippines)||
|The last group tour as The Jackson 5, was held in Manila, Philippines, in February 1976, less than a month after their contract expires and the Motown Jackson 5 officially call themselves The Jacksons. It included six concerts.|
Michael Jackson and The Jacksons
|1977||The Jacksons Tour||May 19, - May 24, 1977 (Europe)||
|The Jacksons performed in France, Germany, Holland and the UK during their tour of Europe. In the latter country, the brothers sang at a Royal Command Performance for Queen Elizabeth II.|
|1978||Goin' Places Tour||January 22, - May 13, 1978 (United States and Europe)||
|The Jacksons' Interim Tour brought the siblings to fans in the US and Europe.|
|1979-1980||Destiny World Tour||January 22, 1979 – September 26, 1980 (Worldwide)||
|The Destiny Tour accompanied The Jacksons' 1978 Destiny album. The brothers toured 80 US cities and played several dates in France, Holland, Switzerland, Kenya and the UK. Several of the concerts from the tour had to be cancelled because Michael Jackson became sick with the flu.|
|1981||Triumph Tour||July 8, 1981 – September 26, 1981 (United States)||
|Hailed as one of the greatest live shows of the 1970s and 1980s by Rolling Stone, the Triumph Tour grossed $5.5 million and became one of The Jacksons' most successful tours. The brothers performed in 36 US cities, including Memphis, Tennessee and Los Angeles, California, where the band concluded their tour with four sold-out shows.|
|1984||Victory Tour||July 6, 1984 – December 9, 1984 (United States and Canada)||
|The Victory Tour began shortly after the release of The Jacksons' Victory and Michael Jackson's successful Thriller album. The five-month tour was of the US and Canada, and served as Michael's last as lead singer of The Jacksons. The 55-performance concert series was attended by more than 2 million people, and grossed in excess of $75 million—a record at the time.|
|1987–1989||Bad World Tour||September 12, 1987 – January 27, 1989 (Worldwide)||
|The Bad tour was Jackson's first solo concert run. Beginning in Tokyo, the tour lasted for 16 months, during which Jackson visited 15 countries and performed to over 4,4 million people. Seven sold out shows at London's Wembley Stadium attracted more than half a million people—including Diana, Princess of Wales and Charles, Prince of Wales—setting a new world record for playing more dates at the stadium than any other artist. The Bad tour was later recognized as the most-highly attended and highest-earning tour of all time, having grossed over $125 million.|
|1992–1993||Dangerous World Tour||June 27, 1992 – November 11, 1993 (Worldwide)
|The 72 concert dates of the Dangerous World Tour attracted more than 3,5 million fans. The extravagant staging of the set for the concerts took near three days to set up; 20 trucks of equipment were shuttled on cargo planes to countries around the world. The Dangerous tour concluded in Mexico City, Mexico with 5 sold out shows for over 500 000 people.|
|1996–1997||HIStory World Tour||September 7, 1996 – October 15, 1997 (Worldwide)||
|Beginning in Prague, Czech Republic on September 7, 1996, the concert series attracted more than 4 million fans from 58 cities in 35 countries around the world. It was the most attended tour of all times by any artist. The average concert attendance was 54,878. The HIStory tour concluded in Durban, South Africa on October 15, 1997.|
|1999||MJ & Friends||June 25, 1999 – June 27, 1999 (Korea and Germany)||
|MJ & Friends were concerts held by the American recording artist Michael Jackson in 1999. The purpose of the tour was to raise funds for children in Kosovo, Africa and elsewhere. Jackson gave two concerts during the tour. The first one took place in Seoul, South Korea on June 25, and the second one was in Munich, Germany. Jackson was joined by long-time collaborator Slash during the two concerts.|
- George, p. 29
- George, p. 35
- Brooks, p. 80
- Grant, p. 15
- Grant, p. 17
- Grant, p. 18
- Grant, p. 22
- The Jacksons#Tours
- Grant, p. 37
- Grant, p. 40
- Grant, p. 42
- Grant, p. 55
- Grant, p. 83
- Brooks, p. 81
- Grant, pp. 104–105
- Grant, p. 123
- Saulnier, Jason (23 July 2008). "Jennifer Batten Interview". Music Legends. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Grant, p. 149
- Grant, pp. 168–169
- Taraborrelli, p. 504
- Grant, p. 188
- Grant, p. 202
- Brooks, Darren (2002). Michael Jackson: An Exceptional Journey. Chrome Dreams. ISBN 1-84240-178-5.
- George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet. Sony BMG.
- Grant, Adrian (2009). Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84938-261-8.
- Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2004). The Magic and the Madness. Terra Alta, WV: Headline. ISBN 0-330-42005-4.