||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2012)|
|Birth name||Sigmund Esco Jackson|
|Also known as||Jackie Jackson|
May 4, 1951 |
Gary, Indiana, U.S.
|Genres||R&B, soul, pop|
|Occupations||Musician, singer-songwriter, dancer|
|Instruments||Vocals, multiple instruments|
|Labels||Steeltown, Motown, Epic|
|Associated acts||The Jackson 5|
Life and career
Jackson was born the second child of Joseph and Katherine and the oldest male child. He was given the name "Jackie" by relatives and family. Although he wanted to become a professional baseball player, Jackson abandoned that path when his 4 younger brothers and he formed The Jackson Five. Jackson and his two younger brothers Tito and Jermaine were part of an early incarnation of the group as The Jackson Brothers from 1964 to 1966. In November 1967, the Jackson Five signed with the Steeltown label in Gary, Indiana, and their first single, Big Boy was released on January 30, 1968, and became a local hit. In March 1969, the group were signed with Motown were the name was changed to, The Jackson 5.
The Jackson 5
Jackie's role in the Jackson 5 was as the falsetto singer opposite the lead vocals of Michael and Jermaine. His voice can be heard in the finale of "I Want You Back" singing the lines "Forget what happened then" and "Spare me of this cost". During live performances, he stood beside Michael and Marlon, providing backing vocals and occasionally playing the tambourine. During the group's successful years, Jackson recorded his first solo album: the self-titled "Jackie Jackson". Consisting of ballads in typical Motown fashion, the album showcased Jackson's now familiar falsetto singing style. However, due to lack of marketing interest from Motown, the album did not chart or reach a large audience. As a member of the Jackson 5, Jackson continued to see success throughout the early to mid-1970s.
In 1975, The Jackson 5 became "The Jacksons" when they moved from Motown to Epic. They signed a production contract with Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, on the Philadelphia International Records label (a subsidiary of Epic). Epic offered the brothers the creative control Motown did not. Along with the move came the addition of younger brother Randy and the departure of Jermaine (who stayed with Motown as a solo artist). Jackson, along with his brothers, released two albums while signed with Gamble & Huff. The albums were titled "The Jacksons," (1976) and "Goin' Places," (1977)During the years hat Jackson and his brothers recorded on the Philadelphia International Records label, they sang their new material on their own TV variety show called The Jacksons Variety Show (1976–77). The Jacksons two albums under the Gamble & Huff Production Team gave the brothers an opportunity to outgrow the "bubble-gum" songs that they sang while signed to Motown. With the change in lineup and creative freedom, Jackson took a more active role in the group: filling Jermaine's shoes as a lead singer alongside Michael and writing original material for the first time. During these years Jackson also dropped the falsetto voice he was known for and sang in a more natural and soulful style. Although The Philadelphia Sound wasn't a permanent fit for the group, The Jacksons were able to see some Pop hits and a few R&B hits for the first time in years. "Enjoy Yourself" and "Show You The Way To Go" continue to be considered classics among the Baby-Boomer R&B listeners. Other favorites included "Good Times," "Dreamer," "Goin' Places," "Jump for Joy," and "Find Me A Girl." Michael Jackson once said that "Show You The Way To Go" was his favorite song during that era. During the Philadelphia years, Jackson and his brothers wrote a few songs, to include "Do What You Wanna," and "Different Kind of Lady," which became minor hits. Jackson and his brothers often credited Gamble & Huff for showing them how to write and produce, although the albums they recorded under Gamble & Huff did better on the R&B charts than the Pop charts. The minor success of "Do What You Wanna" and "Different Kind of Lady" gave Jackson and his brothers the confidence to write and produce their 1978 album called "Destiny," which would put the brothers back into mainstream success.
The Jacksons 1978 album Destiny put them back into the charts with the hit single Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground). Two years later The Jacksons followed up Destiny with another successful album Triumph, featuring Jackson's first solo song in the group Wondering Who as well as co-writing the single Can You Feel It.
In 1984 the brothers released Victory, which saw the return of Jermaine and a more limited contribution from now-superstar Michael. Again, Jackie Jackson took the lead with the song Wait as well as writing the single, "Torture". This album was not as big a hit as its predecessors, but the subsequent tour by the same name proved to be the group's best attended tour. Jackie missed most of the tour because of a leg injury suffered just before the opening. This was officially described at the time as a knee injury incurred during strenuous rehearsals. However, the author Margaret Maldonado, who is also the mother of two of Jermaines' children, claims that Jackie was in fact injured in an automobile accident. Supposedly, Enid Jackson ran over her husband in the parking lot of a movie theatre, after she caught him with another woman (namely, Paula Abdul, who was the Victory Tour's choreographer.)  Happily he made a speedy recovery and was able to participate in the last portion of the tour.
In the years that followed the brothers would go their separate ways after recording a final album in 1989, 2300 Jackson Street. Michael and Marlon were very distant from the album leaving Jackie, Jermaine, Tito and Randy to record and promote 2300 Jackson Street as a four-piece. In the same year Jackson released his second solo album Be the One. Although a bigger success than his previous Motown release, Be the One it still failed to reach a large audience. Jackie Jackson did not reunite with his brothers again until 2001, when he took part in the Michael Jackson's 30th Anniversary show.
Jackson currently lives in Las Vegas, Nevada where he runs two record companies, Jesco Records and Futurist Entertainment (founded February 8, 2001). Artists signed to the label Jesco include rapper Mike Street and Jackson's own son Sigmund Esco Jackson, Jr. (aka DEALZ), who released his first mixtape in August 2007.
Jackson is now an executive producer along with three of his brothers for the show The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty. Additionally, Jackson serves as a mentor for new and unknown artists.
In early November 2010 Jackson appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show, where she revealed once again that he was her teenage crush.
During the summer months in 2012, Jackson went on tour with brothers Jermaine, Marlon, and Tito. This was the first time that they had been on tour in years. Jackson and his brothers dazzled audiences with their performance. They also sang much of their material recorded during their years under the Gamble & Huff Production Team. Even though Jermaine didn't sing or record with them during that era, Jermaine sang the lead at the concert, singing lead on several Gamble & Huff-produced songs, such as "Man of War," "Heaven Knows I Love You, Girl," "Enjoy Yourself," "Show You The Way To Go," and many others.
Jackson married Enid Adren Spann (June 27, 1954 - December 20, 1997) in November 1974 at the age of 23. Jackson and Spann divorced in 1987. In 2001 Jackson married his second wife Victoria Triggs. On Larry King Live Jackie announced his marital status as divorced.
Jackie has two children with Enid Spann.
- Sigmund Esco "Siggy" Jackson, Jr. (born June 29, 1977)
- Brandi Jackson (born February 6, 1982)
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|Be the One||84|
|"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.|
As main artist
|Title||Year||Peak chart positions||Album|
|"Cruzin'"||1989||58||Be the One|
|"We Know What's Going On"||2010||—||Non-album single|
|"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.|
As a featured artist
|"That's How I Feel"
(DealZ featuring Jackie Jackson & Jermaine Jackson)
- Jet Magazine; July 9, 1984 http://books.google.com/books?id=yLADAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA56&ots=m23wqSHXti&dq=jet%20magazine%20jackie%20jackson%20knee&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Margaret Maldonado Jackson, "Jackson Family Values" ISBN 0-7871-0522-8
- "Jackie Jackson". Allmusic. Retrieved 9 June 2012.