List of eponymous surgical procedures

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Eponymous surgical procedures are generally named after the surgeon or surgeons who performed or reported them first. In some instances they are named after the surgeon who popularised them or refined existing procedures, and occasionally are named after the patient who first underwent the procedure.

Letter Procedure Name Field Description External link or reference
A Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty Urology Dismembered type of pyeloplasty used to treat stricture of the uretero-pelvic junction
B Bankart repair Arthur Bankart Orthopaedic surgery Procedure to treat recurrent shoulder dislocation by suturing the joint capsule to the glenoid labrum Bankart's operation at Who Named It?
B Belsey fundoplication Ronald Herbert Robert Belsey Upper gastrointestinal surgery Fundoplication with 240° wrap "Belsey mark iv fundoplication". Medcyclopaedia. GE. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. 
B Billroth's operation I Theodor Billroth Upper gastrointestinal surgery Resection of the pyloric antrum and end-to-end anastomosis of the gastric remnant to the duodenum Billroth's operation I at Who Named It?
B Billroth's operation II Theodor Billroth Upper gastrointestinal surgery Resection of the pyloric antrum and side-to-side anastomosis of the gasstric remnant to the jejunum Billroth's operation II at Who Named It?
B Blalock–Hanlon shunt Alfred Blalock, C. Rollins Hanlon Paediatric surgery Palliative atrial septostomy to treat infants with complete transposition of the great arteries Blalock-Hanlon operation at Who Named It?
B Blalock–Taussig shunt Alfred Blalock, Helen B. Taussig Paediatric surgery Palliative surgical procedure to treat infants with cyanotic heart defects Blalock-Taussig operation at Who Named It?
C Collis gastroplasty John Leigh Collis, British cardiothoracic surgeon Upper gastrointestinal surgery Procedure for lengthening oesophagus[1] COLLIS JL (September 1957). "An operation for hiatus hernia with short oesophagus". Thorax 12 (3): 181–8. doi:10.1136/thx.12.3.181. PMC 1019207. PMID 13467876. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
D Dor fundoplication Dor Upper gastrointestinal surgery Partial fundoplication with 180° anterior wrap[2] Dor fundoplication at Medilexicon.com
F Finney pyloroplasty Finney 1902 Upper gastrointestinal surgery
F Foley operation Frederic Foley Urology Pyeloplasty performed to treat stricture of the uretero-pelvic junction Foley's plastic at Who Named It?
F Fontan procedure François Fontan Pediatric surgery Palliative procedure used to treat complex congenital heart defects in children Fontan's operation at Who Named It?
G Gavriliu's operation Dan Gavriliu Upper gastrointestinal surgery Procedure to replace or bypass the esophagus with part of the stomach Gavriliu's operation at Who Named It?
G Gundersen flap Trygve Gundersen Ophthalmology Procedure to replace a damaged section of cornea with part of the conjunctiva
H Halsted's operation (hernia) William Stewart Halsted General surgery Repair of inguinal hernia[3] Halsted's operation I at Who Named It?
H Halsted's operation (mastectomy) William Stewart Halsted Breast surgery Radical mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer Halsted's operation II at Who Named It?
H Hartmann's operation Henri Albert Hartmann Colorectal surgery Resection of the rectosigmoid colon with closure of the rectal stump and formation of a colostomy Hartmann's operation at Who Named It?
H Heineke–Mikulicz pyloroplasty Hermann Heineke, Jan Mikulicz-Radecki Upper gastrointestinal surgery
H Heller myotomy Ernest Heller Upper gastrointestinal surgery Procedure in which the lower oesophageal sphincter is cut to allow passage of food into the stomach in patients with achalasia Heller E (1913). "Extramucose Cardiaplastik beim chronischen Cardiospasmus mit Dilatation des Oesophagus.". Mitteil Grenzgeb Med Chir 27: 141. 
H Homans operation John Homans Vascular surgery Ligation of the femoral vein to prevent pulmonary embolism in patients with deep venous thrombosis Homans' operation at Who Named It?
I Ivor Lewis oesophagoastrectomy Ivor Lewis (1895–1982) Upper gastrointestinal surgery Trans-thoracic removal of the oesophagus and part of the stomach to treat cancer of the oesophagus and gastro-oesophageal junction T.J. Crofts (October 2000). "Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy for middle and lower third oesophageal lesions - how we do it". J.R.Coll.Surg.Edinb. 45: 296–303. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
J Jaboulay's pyloroplasty Mathieu Jaboulay Upper gastrointestinal surgery Pyloroplasty by forming a side-to-side gastroduodenal anastomosis Jaboulay's pyloroplasty at Who Named It?
J Jaboulay–Winkelmann operation Mathieu Jaboulay, Karl Winkelmann (1863 – 1925) Urology Excision of tunica vaginalis to treat hydrocele testis Jabouley–Winkelmann operation at Who Named It?
K Kausch–Whipple procedure Walther Kausch, Allen Whipple Upper gastrointestinal surgery Radical pancreaticoduodenectomy used to treat cancer of the head of the pancreas Kausch–Whipple operation at Who Named It?
K Killian's operation Gustav Killian Otolaryngology Operation to treat frontal sinusitis Killian's operation at Who Named It?
L Lisfranc's amputation Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin Orthopaedic surgery Partial foot amputation through the tarsometatarsal joint Lisfranc's amputation at Who Named It?
L Lord's procedure for haemorrhoids Peter H. Lord Colorectal surgery Digital anal dilatation under general anaesthetic to treat haemorrhoids or anal fissure Lord's procedure for haemorrhoids at Who Named It?
L Lord's procedure for hydrocele Peter H. Lord Urology Incision and eversion of the tunica vaginalis to treat hydrocele testis Lord's procedure at Who Named It?
M Miles operation William Ernest Miles Colorectal surgery Abdominoperineal resection of the rectum to treat rectal cancer Miles'operation at Who Named It?
N Nissen fundoplication Rudolph Nissen Upper gastrointestinal surgery, laparoscopic surgery Gastric fundus is wrapped fully around the lower oesophagus to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease Nissen's fundoplication at Who Named It?
P Paul's operation Frank Thomas Paul (1851–1941) Colorectal surgery Extra-abdominal resection of colon Corman, Marvin L. "Classic Articles in Colonic and Rectal Surgery: Frank Thomas Paul 1851–1941". Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 29 (2): 149–154. doi:10.1007/BF02555407. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
P Polya gastrectomy Eugen Pólya Upper gastrointestinal surgery Partial gastrectomy with posterior gastrojejunostomy, a modification of the Billroth II operation Polya's operation at Who Named It?
R Roux-en-Y anastomosis César Roux Upper gastrointestinal surgery End-to-end anastomosis between cut end of small bowel and distal small bowel Roux' operation at Who Named It?
S Smith's operation Henry Smith Ophthalmology Removal of intact immature cataract from within the lens (i.e. intracapsular cataract removal) Smith's operation at Who Named It?
S Syme's amputation James Syme Orthopaedic surgery Amputation of the foot at the ankle with removal of the malleoli Syme's amputation at Who Named It?
T Tommy John surgery Tommy John Orthopaedic surgery Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction Named after the Major League Baseball pitcher who was the first professional athlete to undergo the procedure, in 1974.[4]
T Toupet fundoplication Upper gastrointestinal surgery Fundoplication with 270° posterior wrap Laparoscopy Hospital article
T Trendelenburg's operation[5] Friedrich Trendelenburg Cardiothoracic surgery Pulmonary embolectomy for the treatment of pulmonary embolism Trendelenburg's operation at Who Named It?
W Wertheim's operation[6] Ernest Wertheim Gynaecology Radical abdominal hysterectomy used to treat cervical cancer Wertheim's operation at Who Named It?
W Whipple's procedure Allen Whipple Upper gastrointestinal surgery Radical pancreaticoduodenectomy used to treat cancer of the head of the pancreas Kausch–Whipple operation at Who Named It?

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Often used in conjunction with Nissen or Belsey fundoplication to treat gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
  2. ^ The Dor fundoplication may be performed together with the Heller myotomy to reduce the incidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease encountered after the Heller myotomy (Richards WO, Torquati A, Holzman MD, et al. (September 2004). "Heller myotomy versus Heller myotomy with Dor fundoplication for achalasia: a prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial". Ann. Surg. 240 (3): 405–12; discussion 412–5. doi:10.1097/01.sla.0000136940.32255.51. PMC 1356431. PMID 15319712. Retrieved 2010-08-07. )
  3. ^ Technique also developed by Edoardo Bassini during the 1880s
  4. ^ Carroll, Will; Gorman, Thomas (2004-09-22). "Inside Tommy John Surgery: Thirty Years of Fixing Pitchers". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  5. ^ Described by Trendelenburg in 1908, first performed successfully by Martin Kirschner in 1924
  6. ^ Also known as Watkins-Schauta-Wertheim operation, Wertheim-Meigs operation and Wertheim-Schauta operation