List of icebreakers

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This is a list of icebreakers and other special vessels capable of operating independently in ice-infested waters. Ships known to be in service are presented in bold.[1][2]


Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

  • Aurora Australis (1990–)
  • A new icebreaking research vessel is expected to enter service in 2019.[3]

Austria[edit]

Canada[edit]

Canadian Coast Guard[edit]

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent in Halifax Harbour

Commercial[edit]

China[edit]

Polar Research Institute of China[edit]

  • Xuě Lóng (雪龙, "Snow Dragon") (1993–)
  • A new Chinese-built polar icebreaker is currently at the design stage and is expected to enter service by 2016.[7][8]

Commercial[edit]

  • Bo Hai (1995–; ex-Robert Lemeur)

Chile[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Danbjørn, Isbjørn and Thorbjørn moored at Frederikshavn

Estonia[edit]

Estonian Maritime Museum[edit]

  • Suur Tõll (1922–1940; museum ship in Tallinn since 1987)

Estonian Maritime Administration[edit]

  • Tarmo (1993–; purchased from Finland)
  • EVA 316 (1995–; ex-Lonna; purchased from Finland)

Port of Tallinn[edit]

  • Botnica (2012–; purchased from Finland)

Finland[edit]

State-owned icebreakers[edit]

The conventional icebreakers are currently owned by state-owned shipping company Arctia Shipping Oy and the multipurpose icebreakers by Arctia Offshore Oy.

Steam-powered[edit]

Steam-powered icebreakers Tarmo and Jääkarhu

Diesel-electric[edit]

Six modern Finnish icebreakers docked for the summer season at Katajanokka, Helsinki
  • Sisu (1939–1975; as Louhi in the Finnish Navy until 1986; broken up)
  • Voima (1954–)
  • Karhu (1958–1988; sold to the Soviet Union)
  • Murtaja (1959–1986; broken up)
  • Sampo (1960–1987; today owned by the city of Kemi and used for tourist cruises)
  • Tarmo (1963–1993; sold to Estonia)
  • Hanse (1966–1998; sold to Greece; wrecked off Tunisia)
  • Varma (1968–1994; sold to Latvia)
  • Apu (1970–2006; sold to Russia)
  • Urho (1975–)
  • Sisu (1976–)
  • Otso (1986–)
  • Kontio (1987–)
  • Fennica (1993–)
  • Nordica (1994–)
  • Botnica (1998–2012; sold to Estonia)
  • A new icebreaker has been ordered and is expected to enter service in 2016.

Finnish Navy[edit]

  • Louhi (1975–1986; ex-Sisu; broken up)
  • Louhi (2011–)

Alfons Håkans[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

German icebreaker

Japan[edit]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force[edit]

Japan Coast Guard[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

The following icebreaking supply ships are in service in the Caspian oil fields:

Latvia[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Greenpeace[edit]

Norway[edit]

Russia[edit]

The following lists include icebreakers owned and/or operated by both government-owned as well as commercial entities.

Nuclear-powered icebreakers[edit]

Diesel-powered icebreakers[edit]

Kapitan Khlebnikov en route to Wrangel Island

Steam-powered icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered icebreaker Yermak
  • Pilot (1864–1890; broken up?)
  • Yermak (1899–1963; broken up)
  • A. Sibiryakov (1909–1942; sunk by Germans)
  • Vaygach (1909–1918; sank in 1918)
  • Taymyr (1909–1950s?; broken up)
  • Malygin (1912–1940; sunk in 1940)
  • Volynets (1914–1918, 1940–1985; ex-Tsar' Mikhail Fyodorovich, ex-Wäinämöinen, ex-Suur Tõll; sold to Estonia in 1987)
  • Fyodor Litke (1914–1958; ex-CGC Earl Grey; broken up)
  • Sedov (1915–1967; ex-Beothic (1909–1915); broken up)
  • Sadko (1915–1941; ex-Lintrose (1912–1915); sank in 1941)
  • Ledokol V (1916–1941; sank in 1941)[28]
  • Ledokol VI (1916–1961; broken up)[29]
  • Ledokol VIII (1917–1961; broken up)[30]
  • Krasin (1917–1971; extensively rebuilt in 1953–1960, now a museum ship in St. Petersburg)
  • Lenin (1917–1968; broken up)
  • Sibir (1938–1973; ex-I. Stalin (–1961); broken up)
  • Admiral Lazarev (1938–1967; ex-L. Kaganovich (–1951); broken up)
  • Admiral Makarov (1941–1967; ex-V. Molotov (–1956); broken up)
  • A. Mikoyan (1941–??; broken up)
  • Malygin (1945–1970; ex-Voima; broken up)
  • Sibiryakov (1945–1972; ex-Jääkarhu; broken up)

Other icebreaking vessels[edit]

The following ships are not purpose-built icebreakers, but for example anchor handling tug supply vessels, platform supply vessels, research vessels or other multipurpose vessels with significant icebreaking capability.

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

See Russia

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Swedish Maritime Administration[edit]

Swedish icebreaker Ymer
  • Sankt Erik (1915–1977; ex-Isbrytaren II (–1959); museum ship since 1977)
  • Atle (1926–1967; ex-Statsisbrytaren (–1931); broken up)[31]
  • Ymer (1933–1977; broken up)[32]
  • Thule (1953–1998; broken up)[33]
  • Oden (1957–1988; broken up)[34]
  • Tor (1964–2000; sold to Russia)[26]
  • Njord (1969–2000; sold and renamed Polar Star)[35]
  • Ale (1973–)
  • Atle (1974–)
  • Frej (1975–)
  • Ymer (1977–)
  • Oden (1988–)

Trans Viking Icebreaking & Offshore[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

HMS Endurance in Portsmouth


United States[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

National Science Foundation[edit]

Edison Chouest Offshore[edit]

New York Power Authority[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ilmari Aro (17 November 2008). "THE WORLD ICEBREAKER AND ICEBREAKING SUPPLY VESSEL FLEET". Baltic Icebreaking Management. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Major icebreakers of the world. USCG Office of Waterways and Ocean Policy. Retrieved on 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ Two vie for icebreaker contract. The Advocate, 22 May 2014. Retrieved on 2014-05-22.
  4. ^ a b Ships of the CCG 1850-1967. Canadian Coast Guard. Retrieved on 2012-11-28.
  5. ^ Juurmaa, K. and Wilkman, G. (2002): Supply operations in ice conditions. Published at Okhotsk Sea & Sea Ice, Mombetsu, Japan. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  6. ^ Potential buyer: Once-valued ship now good only for scrap. Business Herald, 22 November 2011. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  7. ^ China to build new icebreaker for polar research expeditions. NDTV, 5 January 2014. Retrieved on 2014-03-24.
  8. ^ New icebreaker planned by 2016: officials. Chinadaily.com.cn, 6 January 2014. Retrieved on 2014-03-24.
  9. ^ Norway to build modern icebreaker for oil, gas exploration in Arctic by 2016. Voice of Russia, 20 January 2014. Retrieved on 2014-06-08.
  10. ^ Russia awards icebreaker contracts. World Nuclear News, 9 May 2014. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  11. ^ Russia to build icebreakers to secure its Arctic power position. The Voice of Russia, 9 November 2013. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  12. ^ a b "Kapitan Belousov (5181598)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  13. ^ "Kapitan Voronin (5181689)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  14. ^ "Kapitan Meheklov (5181639)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  15. ^ "Moskva (5242495)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  16. ^ "Leningrad (5206104)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  17. ^ a b c d e Project 97. Russian-ships.info. Retrieved on 2013-10-26.
  18. ^ [maritime-connector.com/ship/afanasiy-nikitin-6500791/ 6500791 AFANASIY NIKITIN]. Maritime Connector. Retrieved on 2013-10-26.
  19. ^ "Ivan Kruzenshtern (6501496)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. http://www.equasis.org/EquasisWeb/restricted/ShipList?fs=ShipSearch&P_PAGE=1&P_IMO=6501496. Retrieved 2012-11-25.(registration required)
  20. ^ "Yuriy Lisyanskiy (6521850)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. http://www.equasis.org/EquasisWeb/restricted/ShipList?fs=ShipSearch&P_PAGE=1&P_IMO=6521850. Retrieved 2012-11-25.(registration required)
  21. ^ "Kiev (6424040)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  22. ^ "Murmansk (6723678)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  23. ^ "Vladivostok (6822786)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  24. ^ "Fyodor Litke (7020085)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. http://www.equasis.org/EquasisWeb/restricted/ShipList?fs=ShipSearch&P_PAGE=1&P_IMO=7020085. Retrieved 2012-11-25.(registration required)
  25. ^ "Semyon Dezhnev (7119446)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. http://www.equasis.org/EquasisWeb/restricted/ShipList?fs=ShipSearch&P_PAGE=1&P_IMO=7119446. Retrieved 2012-11-25.(registration required)
  26. ^ a b "Tor (5418197)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  27. ^ a b c Vyborg Shipyard starts building hull of 21900M icebreaker "Novorossiysk" for Rosmorport (photo). PortNews, 8 May 2014. Retrieved on 2014-05-11.
  28. ^ D/S Ledokol V (Ледокол № 5) (+1941). Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved on 2013-10-24.
  29. ^ "Ledokol VI (96)". Clydebuilt Ships Database. http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=96. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
  30. ^ "Ledokol VIII (97)". Clydebuilt Ships Database. http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=97. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
  31. ^ "Atle (5503000)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  32. ^ "Ymer (5395802)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  33. ^ "Thule (5360560)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  34. ^ "Oden (5260916)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  35. ^ "Njord (6905745)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required)
  36. ^ British polar scientists to get new £200m icebreaker ship. The Week, 25 April 2014. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  37. ^ "R/V Laurence M. Gould". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  38. ^ "R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-08-16.