The following is a
list of common metonyms. A [note 1 ] metonym is a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept. For instance, "London", as the capital of the United Kingdom, could be used as a metonym for its government. (See below for more examples.)
General [ edit ]
10 Downing Street or "Number 10" official residence of the
Prime Minister [note 2 ] the British Prime Minister and his or her staff
Broadway street in
New York City
Broadway theatre in particular, and American theatre in general [4 ]
Cooperstown a village in upstate
New York the
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located in the village [13 ]
Fleet Street a street in the
City of London the British national press
District of Los Angeles the
American film industry [4 ]
Kremlin historic fortress and seat of Soviet and Russian leaders
the Russian presidential administration
Madison Avenue a street in
New York City the American
advertising industry [4 ]
Nashville the capital of the state of
country music industry, which has strong ties to Nashville [4 ]
Pearl Harbor a lagoon harbor on the island of
Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu The
attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941 [4 ]
Spring Street a street in the central business district of
Parliament of Victoria (located here), the Government of Victoria and its bureaucracy [16 ]
Sublime Porte a gate giving access to a block of government buildings in
Imperial Government (sometimes specifically foreign affairs) of the Ottoman Empire [17 ]
Threadneedle Street a street in the
City of London the
Bank of England or its directors [18 ]
Wall Street street in New York City
the US financial markets, for which Wall Street is the traditional center of securities trading
capital of the United States the
United States federal government [1 ]
Watergate Hotel and Office Building in Washington, DC the Nixon election scandal
Westminster a city within
Greater London the
Parliament of the United Kingdom. [19 ]
The White House official residence of the
President of the United States the President and staff
Whitehall street in
central government of the United Kingdom, particularly the civil service [20 ]
The Pentagon a pentagonal building located in Arlington County, Virginia
United States Department of Defense [21 ]
^ Since metonymy – the process by which metonyms are formed – is a productive process, new metonyms can always be created. This list cannot include all metonyms, but only some of those that are identified as common.
^ Technically, 10 Downing Street is the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, not the Prime Minister. However, the two offices have been held by the same person since the early 20th century.
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Traugott, Elizabeth Closs; Dasher, Richard B. (2002). . Cambridge University Press. Regularity in Semantic Change ISBN 978-1-139-43115-6 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ a b Harris, Judith A. (1985). "Recognizing legal tropes: Metonymy as manipulative mode". The American University Law Review 34: 1215–1229.
^ Safire, William (December 5, 2008). "Synecdoche". New York Times . Retrieved 12 September 2013.
^ a b c d e f g h i Ruhl, Charles (1989). . SUNY Press. Acts of Arguing: A Rhetorical Model of Argument ISBN 978-1-4384-1827-8 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Hogg, Richard M.; van Bergen, Linda (1998). . John Benjamins Publishing. Historical Linguistics 1995: Selected Papers from the 12th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Manchester, August 1995 ISBN 978-90-272-3667-8 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Paprotté, Wolf; Dirven, René (1985). . John Benjamins Publishing. The Ubiquity of Metaphor: Metaphor in Language and Thought ISBN 978-90-272-3521-3 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ a b Killingsworth, M. Jimmie (2005). . SIU Press. Appeals in Modern Rhetoric: An Ordinary-language Approach ISBN 978-0-8093-8826-4 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Panther, Klaus-Uwe; Radden, Günter (1999). . John Benjamins Publishing. Metonymy in Language and Thought ISBN 978-90-272-2356-2 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Greisdorf, Howard; O'Connor, Brian. "Modelling what users see when they look at images: A cognitive viewpoint". Journal of Documentation 58 (1): 6–30. doi: 10.1108/00220410210425386.
^ Hanks, Patrick (1 January 2013). . MIT Press. Lexical Analysis: Norms and Exploitations ISBN 978-0-262-01857-9 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, Francisco José; Pérez Hernández, Lorena (2003). "Cognitive operations and pragmatic implication". In Klaus-Uwe Panther, Linda L. Thornburg. Metonymy and Pragmatic Inferencing. John Benjamins. ISBN 978-90-272-5355-2 . Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ Kovecses, Zoltan (2002). . Oxford University Press. Metaphor: A Practical Introduction ISBN 978-0-19-988842-9 . Retrieved 31 October 2013.
^ Berstler, Brenda (2007). . Savor New York. Home Plate: The Culinary Road Trip of Cooperstown ISBN 978-0-9796802-0-5 . Retrieved 30 October 2013.
^ Laverne, Lauren. "When the high street meets the internet", , London, 6 October 2013. Retrieved on 3 January 2014. The Observer
^ Lakoff, George (2008). "Metonymic models". Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-47101-3.
^ Michael Bachelard Feeling the heat The Age, July 25, 2010
^ Christopher H. Johnson; David Warren Sabean; Simon Teuscher; Francesca Trivellato (15 August 2011). . Berghahn Books. p. 52. Transregional and Transnational Families in Europe and Beyond: Experiences Since the Middle Ages ISBN 978-0-85745-184-2.
^ Dreiser, Theodore (2004). A Traveler at Forty. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-02913-4.
^ "The Virtual Classroom Glossary of Literary Terms". Faculty of English: Classroom. University of Cambridge . Retrieved 19 September 2013.
^ "Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford University Press . Retrieved 19 September 2013.
^ "Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford University Press . Retrieved 10 April 2014.