List of paintings by Hans Holbein the Younger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Self-portrait, c. 1542–43. Coloured c of the artist's best-known paintings, as well as a few copiePaul Ganz, by Roy Strong, and by John Rowlands; the catalogue of Holbein's Basel years by Christian Müller, Stephan Kemperdick, Maryan W. Ainsworth et al; and Susan Foister's catalogue of the Holbein in England exhibition of 2006 (all listed in References section).

Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1497–1543) was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century.[1] He also made a significant contribution to the history of book design, and produced religious art, satire, and Reformation propaganda.

Born in Augsburg, Holbein worked mainly in Basel as a young artist, painting murals and religious works and drawing designs for stained glass and printed books. He produced the occasional portrait, and made his international mark with portraits of the famous humanist Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam. When the Reformation reached Basel, Holbein produced works for reformist clients while continuing to serve traditional religious patrons. His late-Gothic style was influenced by artistic trends in Italy, France and the Netherlands, as well as by Renaissance Humanism, resulting in a combined aesthetic that was uniquely his own.

Holbein travelled to England in 1526 in search of work, armed with a recommendation from Erasmus. He was welcomed into the humanist circle of Thomas More, where he soon built a high reputation. After returning to Basel for four years, in 1532 he resumed his career in England, where he worked for Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell, and was appointed King's Painter to Henry VIII. In this role, he produced designs for jewellery, plate, and other precious objects, as well as for festive decorations. His portraits of the king and his family and courtiers provide a vivid record of a brilliant court, during a momentous period when Henry was assuming power as the Supreme Head of the English church.

Paintings[edit]

Work Description Date Medium Size Location
Head of a Female Saint, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Head of a Female Saint, attributed to Holbein[2] c. 1515–16 Oil and tempera on spruce wood 23.5 × 21.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Head of a Male Saint, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Head of a Male Saint, attributed to Holbein[2] c. 1515–16 Oil and tempera on spruce wood 23.5 × 21.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 009.jpg Portrait of Jakob Meyer zum Hasen[3] 1516 Oil and tempera on limewood 38.5 × 31 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 008.jpg Portrait of Dorothea Meyer, wife of Jakob Meyer zum Hasen[4] 1516 Oil and tempera on limewood 38.5 × 31 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 014.jpg Signboard for the Schoolmaster Oswald Myconius (with Ambrosius Holbein)[5] 1516 Oil and tempera on pine panel 55.5 × 65.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein - Adam and Eve.JPG Adam and Eve[6] 1517 Oil and tempera on paper mounted on pine 30.2 × 35.7 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Portrait of Benedikt von Hertenstein, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Benedikt von Hertenstein[7] 1517 Oil and tempera on paper mounted on wood 52.4 × 38.1 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Portrait of Boniface Amerbach, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Bonifacius Amerbach[8] 1519 Oil and tempera on pine 28.5 × 27.4 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Oberried Altarpiece (left wing panel, the Adoration of the Magi), by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Oberried Altarpiece, The Adoration of the Magi, left panel[9] c 1520 Oil and tempera on pine 230 × 109 cm University Chapel of the Cathedral, Freiburg im Breisgau
Oberried Altarpiece (right wing panel, the birth of Christ), by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Oberried Altarpiece, The Birth of Christ, right panel[9] c 1520 Oil and tempera on pine 230 × 109 cm University Chapel of the Cathedral, Freiburg im Breisgau
The Body of the Dead Christ in the Tomb, and a detail, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg The Body of the Dead Christ in the Tomb[10] 1521–22 Oil and tempera on limewood 30.6 × 200 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Solothurn Madonna, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg The Solothurn Madonna[11] 1522 Oil and tempera on limewood 140.5 × 102 cm Kunstmuseum Solothurn
Holbein-erasmus2.jpg Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam writing[12] 1523 Oil and tempera on paper mounted on pine 36.8 × 30.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 047.jpg Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam writing[13] 1523 Oil and tempera on wood 43 × 33 cm Louvre, Paris
Holbein-erasmus.jpg Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam[14] 1523 Oil and tempera on wood 76 × 51 cm National Gallery, London, on loan from Longford Castle
Printer's Device of Johannes Froben.jpg Printer's Device of Johannes Froben[15] c 1523 Tempera on canvas, heightened with gold 44 × 31 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Allegory of the old and new law.jpg Allegory of the Old and New Law[16] Unknown date between 1524 and 1535 Oil and tempera on oak 49 × 60 cm National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
Hans Holbein d. J. 019.jpg The Passion altarpiece, the two left panels[17] c. 1524–25 Oil and tempera on limewood 136 × 31 cm and 149.5 × 31 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 023.jpg The Passion altarpiece, the two right panels[17] 1524–25 Oil and tempera on limewood 149.5 × 31 cm and 136 × 31 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
The Last Supper, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg The Last Supper[18] c 1524–25 Oil and tempera on limewood 115.5 × 97.3 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Venus and Amor, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Venus and Amor[19] c. 1524–25 Oil and tempera on limewood 34.6 × 26.2 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Lais of Corinth, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Lais of Corinth[19] 1526 Oil and tempera on limewood 34.6 × 26.8 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Darmstadt Madonna, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg The Darmstadt Madonna (the Madonna of Jakob Meyer zum Hasen)[20] 1526 and 1528–30 Oil and tempera on limewood 146.5 × 102 cm Schlossmuseum, Darmstadt
Noli me tangere (1524); Hans Holbein the Younger.JPG Noli me Tangere[21] Unknown date, perhaps 1526 to 1528 Oil and tempera on oak 76.8 × 94.9 cm Royal Collection
Hans Holbein, the Younger - Sir Thomas More - Google Art Project.jpg Portrait of Sir Thomas More[22] 1527 Oil and tempera on oak 74.2 × 59 cm Frick Collection, New York
Hans Holbein d. J. 066.jpg Portrait of William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury[23] 1527 Oil and tempera on oak 82 × 67 cm Louvre, Paris
Hans Holbein d. J. 057.jpg Portrait of Sir Henry Guildford[24] 1527 Oil and tempera on oak 82.6 × 66.4 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Hans Holbein the Younger - Mary, Lady Guildford.jpg Portrait of Mary, Lady Guildford[25] 1527 Oil and tempera on oak 87 × 70.5 cm Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, Missouri
Lady with a Squirrel.jpg Portrait of a Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling[26] c. 1527–28 Oil and tempera on oak 54 × 38.7 cm National Gallery, London
Hans Holbein d. J. 063.jpg Portrait of Thomas Godsalve and his son John[27] 1528 Oil and tempera on oak 35 × 36 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Hans Holbein d. J. 037.jpg Portrait of Nikolaus Kratzer[28] 1528 Oil and tempera on oak 83 × 67 cm Louvre, Paris
The Artist's Family, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg The Artist's Family[29] c. 1528 Oil and tempera on paper, cut out and mounted on wood 76.8 × 64 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Rehoboam. Fragment of Wall Painting from Basel Town Hall Council Chamber, by Hans Holbein the Younger..jpg Rehoboam, fragment of wall painting[30] 1530 Painting on plaster 28 × 41.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Holbein-erasmus4.jpg Roundel Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam[31] c. 1532 Oil and tempera on limewood 10 cm diameter Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein the Younger - Portrait of a Member of the Wedigh Family.JPG Portrait of Hermann von Wedigh[32] 1532 Oil and tempera on wood 42.2 × 32.4 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Portrait of Georg Gisze, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of the Merchant Georg Gisze[33] 1532 Oil and tempera on oak 90.3 × 85.7 cm Berlin State Museums
Cromwell,Thomas(1EEssex)01.jpg Portrait of Thomas Cromwell[34] c. 1532–33 Oil and tempera on oak 76 × 61 cm Frick Collection, New York
A merchant of the German steelyard by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of a Man, possibly Hans of Antwerp[35] c. 1532–33 Oil and tempera on oak 61 × 46.8 cm National Portrait Gallery, London
Woman in a White Coif.jpg Portrait of a Woman in a White Coif[36] c. 1532–34 Oil and tempera on oak 23.4 × 18.8 cm Detroit Institute of Arts
William Reskimer (1) by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of William Reskimer[37] c. 1532–34 Oil and tempera on oak 46.4 × 33.7 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Portrait of Philip Melanchthon, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon[38] c. 1530–1535 Oil and tempera on oak 9 cm diameter Lower Saxony State Museum, Hanover
Man in a Red Cap, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of a Man in a Red Cap[39] c. 1532–35 Oil and tempera on wood 9.5 cm diameter Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Derich Born by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Derich Born[40] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 60.3 × 45 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Hansholbeintheyounger13.jpg Portrait of Robert Cheseman[41] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 59 × 62.5 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Member of the von Wedigh Family, (called Hermann Hillebrandt von Wedigh), by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of a Member of the Von Wedigh Family (Called Hermann Hillebrandt von Wedigh)[42] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 39 × 30 cm Berlin State Museums
Hans Holbein d. J. 080.jpg Portrait of Dirk Tybis[43] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 48 × 35 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Portrait of Cyriacus Kale, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Cyriacus Kale[44] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 60 × 44 cm Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig
Hans Holbein the Younger - The Ambassadors - Google Art Project.jpg Double Portrait of Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve ("The Ambassadors")[45] 1533 Oil and tempera on oak 207 × 209 cm National Gallery, London
Brian Tuke, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Sir Brian Tuke[46] c. 1533–35 Oil and tempera on oak 49.1 × 38.5 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C.
E Cosi Desio me Mena, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg E Cosi Desio me Mena, Allegory of Love[47] c. 1533–36 Oil on oak in lozenge format 45 × 45 cm J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Hans Holbein d. J. 082.jpg Portrait of a Court Official[48] 1534 Oil and tempera on limewood 12 cm diameter Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Hans Holbein d. J. 083.jpg Portrait of a Court Official's Wife[48] 1534 Oil and tempera on limewood 12 cm diameter Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Hans Holbein d. J. 041.jpg Portrait of Charles de Solier, Sieur de Morette[49] 1534–35 Oil and tempera on oak 92.5 × 75.4 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Hans Holbein d. J. 072.jpg Portrait of a Man with a Lute[50] c. 1533–36 Oil and tempera on oak 43.5 × 43.5 cm Berlin State Museums
Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Solomon and the Queen of Sheba[51] c. 1534–35 Pen and brush in bistre and grey wash, heightened in white, gold, and oxidised silver with red and green watercolour over black chalk on vellum 22.9 × 18.2 cm Royal Library, Windsor
Simon George, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Simon George[52] c. 1534–37 Oil and tempera on oak Diameter 31 cm Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt
Derich Berck, by Hans Holbein.jpg Portrait of Derich Berck[53] 1536 Oil and tempera transferred to canvas 53.3 × 42.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
William Roper, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of William Roper[54] c. 1536 Bodycolour on vellum mounted on card 4.5 cm diameter Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Margaret Roper, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of Margaret Roper[54] c. 1536 Bodycolour on vellum mounted on card 4.5 cm diameter Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Hans Holbein d. J. 060.jpg Portrait of Sir Richard Southwell[55] 1536 Oil and tempera on oak 47.5 × 38 cm Uffizi, Florence
Sir Henry Wyatt, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Sir Henry Wyatt[56] c. 1537 Oil and tempera on oak 39 × 31 cm Louvre, Paris
Hans Holbein, the Younger, Around 1497-1543 - Portrait of Henry VIII of England - Google Art Project.jpg Portrait of Henry VIII[57] c. 1536–37 Oil and tempera on oak 28 × 20 cm Fundación Colección, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
Hans Holbein d. J. 032b.jpg Portrait of Jane Seymour[58] 1537 Oil and tempera on oak 65 × 40 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Mural of Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, Henry VII, and Elizabeth of York 1536–1537 Destroyed in Whitehall Palace fire, 1698
Christina of Denmark, Ducchess of Milan.jpg Portrait of Christina of Denmark[59] 1538 Oil and tempera on oak 179 × 82.5 cm National Gallery, London
Holbein Merchant Yale.jpg Hanseatic Merchant[60] 1538 Oil on oak panel 49.6 x 39 cm Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven CT
Elizabeth, Lady Audley (1) by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of Elizabeth, Lady Audley[61] c. 1538 Watercolour on vellum mounted on playing card 5.6 cm diameter Royal Collection, Windsor castle
Holbein, Hans - Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk.jpg Portrait of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk[62] c. 1539 Oil and tempera on oak 80.3 × 61.6 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Hans Holbein the Younger - Edward VI as a Child - Google Art Project.jpg Portrait of Edward, Prince of Wales[63] c. 1539 Oil and tempera on oak 57 × 44 cm National gallery of Art, Washington, D. C.
Anne of Cleves, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Anne of Cleves[64] c. 1539 Oil and tempera on parchment mounted on canvas 65 × 48 cm Louvre, Paris
Anne of Cleves, miniature by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of Anne of Cleves[65] c. 1539 Watercolour and gum on vellum in ivory case 4.6 cm diameter Victoria and Albert Museum, London
CatherineHoward.png Portrait Miniature of an Unknown Lady, possibly Queen Catherine Howard[66] c. 1540 Bodycolour on vellum mounted on playing card 6.4 cm diameter Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Holbein, Hans (II) - Portrait of a lady, probably of the Cromwell Family formerly known as Catherine Howard.jpg Portrait of an Unknown Lady[67] c. 1540 Oil and tempera on oak 74 × 48 cm Toledo Museum of Art
Hans Holbein Jane Small.jpg Portrait Miniature of Jane Small, also called "Jane Pemberton"[68] c. 1540 Bodycolour on vellum 5.3 cm diameter Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Hans Holbein the Younger - Portrait of a Man Holding Gloves and Letter.JPG Portrait of an Unknown Man, Holding his Gloves and a Letter[69] c. 1540 Oil and tempera on oak 56 × 48 cm Private collection
Unknown Man, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of an Unknown Man[70] c. 1540–43 Oil and tempera on oak 44.4 × 34.2 cm English Heritage, Audley End House
Holbein Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk.jpg Portrait Miniature of Henry Brandon[71] 1541 Bodycolour on vellum mounted on playing card 5.7 cm diameter Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Holbein Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk.jpg Portrait Miniature of Charles Brandon[71] 1541 Bodycolour on vellum mounted on playing card 5.7 cm diameter Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Hans Holbein d. J. 070b.jpg Portrait of an Unknown Man at his Desk[72] 1541 Oil and tempera on oak 46.5 × 34.8 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Hans Holbein d. J. 069.jpg Portrait of a Man with a Falcon[73] 1542 Oil and tempera on oak 25 × 19 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Holbein - henryhoward01.jpg Portrait of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey[74] c. 1541–43 Oil and tempera on oak 55.5 × 44 cm São Paulo Museum of Art, Brazil
Hans Holbein d. J. 081.jpg Portrait of an Unknown Lady[75] c. 1541–43 Oil and tempera on oak 19.2 × 15.3 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Hans Holbein the Younger, self-portrait.jpg Self-portrait c. 1542-1543 Coloured chalks and pen 32× 26 cm Uffizi, Florence
Hans Holbein d. J. 043.jpg Portrait of Dr John Chambers[76] c. 1543 Oil and tempera on oak 51 × 44 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Hans Holbein d. J. 062.jpg Portrait of Sir William Butts[77] c. 1543 Oil and tempera, formerly on oak panel, transferred to canvas in 1941 47 × 36.8 cm Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston
Hans Holbein d. J. 033.jpg Portrait of Lady Margaret Butts[77] 1543 Oil and tempera on oak 46 × 37 cm Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston
Hans Holbein d. J. 036.jpg Portrait of Antony the Good, Duke of Lorraine[78] c. 1543 Oil and tempera on oak 51 × 37 cm Berlin State Museums
Henry VIII and the Barber Surgeons, by Hans Holbein the Younger, Richard Greenbury, and others.jpg Henry VIII and the Barber Surgeons, reworked and overpainted by other hands[79] c. 1543 Oil on oak 108.3 × 312.4 cm Worshipful Company of Barbers, London

Copies and derivative works[edit]

Work Description Date Medium Size Location
Nicholas Kratzer by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Nikolaus Kratzer, after Holbein[80] c. 1528 Oil on panel 81.9 × 64.8 cm National Portrait Gallery (London)
Desiderius Erasmus, after Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, Holbein's workshop[81] c. 1530 Oil and tempera on limewood 18.2 × 14.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Hans Holbein d. J. 059.jpg Portrait of Sir Nicholas Carew, workshop or follower of Holbein[82] Probably 1530s Oil and tempera on wood 95.3 × 112 cm Duke of Buccleuch, Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfries
Unidentified Man, by workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of an Unidentified Gentleman, workshop or follower of Holbein[83] 1535 Oil on oak 30.5 cm diameter Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Sir Nicholas Poyntz by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Sir Nicholas Poyntz, after Holbein[84] c.1535 Oil on panel 42.5 × 29.2 cm National Portrait Gallery, London
Unidentified Man, workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of an Unidentified Man, possibly Hans of Antwerp, workshop of Holbein[85] c. 1535–40 Oil and tempera on oak 13 cm diameter Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Jane Seymour. Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Jane Seymour, after Holbein[86] c. 1537 Oil and tempera on oak 26.3 × 18.7 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Thomas Cromwell, portrait miniature with fur collar, after Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of Thomas Cromwell, after Holbein[87] c. 1537 Watercolour and bodycolour on vellum 4.4 cm diameter National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VI) by Hans Holbein the Younger and Studio.jpg Portrait of Prince Edward, after Holbein[88] 16th century, after c. 1538 Oil on panel 59 × 44.5cm Berger Collection, Denver Art Museum
Hans Holbein d. J. 074.jpg Portrait of Henry VIII, Holbein's workshop[89] c 1540 Oil on oak 88.2 × 75 cm Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
Elizabeth, Lady Rich, after Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Elizabeth, Lady Rich, after Holbein[90] c 1540 Oil and tempera on wood (probably oak) 44.5 × 33.9 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Hans Holbein d. J. 048.jpg Portrait of Henry VIII in a Great Coat Holding a Staff, after Holbein[91] 1542 Oil and tempera on oak 92.7 × 66.7 cm Castle Howard, Yorkshire
HolbeindJ.jpg Portrait Miniature of Hans Holbein the Younger, copy of Holbein's self-portrait, probably by Lucas Horenbout[92] 1543 Watercolour on vellum mounted on playing card 3.7 cm diameter Wallace Collection, London
Holbein henry8 full length.jpg Portrait of Henry VIII, after Holbein[93] After 1537, possibly c 1567 Oil on canvas 233.7 × 134.6 cm Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
Sir William Butts by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Sir William Butts, after Holbein[94] c 1543 Oil on panel 47 × 37.5 cm National Portrait Gallery, London
George Brooke, 9th Baron Cobham, after Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of George Brooke, 9th Baron Cobham[95] After 1544 Oil on panel 32 cm diameter Private collection
Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, after Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait Miniature of Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, after Holbein[96] Probably second half of 16th century Watercolour on vellum laid on card Oval of 5 × 3 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
More famB 1280x-g0.jpg The Family of Thomas More, by Rowland Lockey, after Holbein's lost painting[97] 1592 Oil on canvas Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire
Darmstadtmadonna dresdenkopie.jpg Dresden Madonna, copy by Bartholomäus Sarburgh of Holbein's Darmstadt Madonna[98] c. 1635–37 Oil on oak 159 × 103 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Johann Froben, by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Johann Froben, after Holbein[99] 16th or beginning of 17th century, after an original of 1520–26 Oil and tempera on oak 39.5 × 33.5 cm Kunstmuseum Basel
Erasmus by Hans Holbein the Younger.jpg Portrait of Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, Holbein's workshop, with later additions[100] c. 1523–40, background c. 1629 Oil on wood 54.7 x 32.4 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
Remigius van Leemput 001.jpg Henry VII, Elizabeth of York, Henry VIII, and Jane Seymour, copy by Remigius van Leemput of Holbein's Whitehall Mural, destroyed by fire in 1698[101] 1667 Oil on canvas 88.9 × 99.2 cm Royal Collection, Windsor Castle

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Zwingenberger, 9.
  2. ^ a b Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 136; Rowlands, 125; Strong, 12.
  3. ^ Buck, 13–14; Strong, 18.
  4. ^ Buck, 13, 15; Strong, 18.
  5. ^ Buck, 12; Strong, 20.
  6. ^ Buck, 18; Strong, 20.
  7. ^ Buck, 20; Strong, 20.
  8. ^ Buck, 24–25; Strong, 26.
  9. ^ a b Strong, 28.
  10. ^ Buck, 32–33; Strong, 28.
  11. ^ Buck, 34; Strong, 30.
  12. ^ Buck, 46; Strong, 34.
  13. ^ Buck, 46–47; Strong, 34.
  14. ^ Buck, 48–49; Strong, 34.
  15. ^ Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 295; Rowlands, 128;
  16. ^ Foister, 134; Strong, 34.
  17. ^ a b Buck, 36; Strong, 38.
  18. ^ Buck, 38–39; Strong, 38.
  19. ^ a b Buck, 42–43; Strong, 40.
  20. ^ Buck, 78–79; Strong, 40.
  21. ^ Foister, 127; Strong, 52.
  22. ^ Buck, 54–55; Strong, 42.
  23. ^ Buck, 56–57; Strong, 44.
  24. ^ Buck, 59–60; Strong, 44.
  25. ^ Buck, 59, 61; Strong, 46.
  26. ^ Buck, 62–63; Strong, 40.
  27. ^ Buck, 64–65; Strong, 46.
  28. ^ Buck, 68–69; Strong, 46.
  29. ^ Buck, 74–75; Strong, 48.
  30. ^ Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 412.
  31. ^ Sander, in Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 148–49. Scholars have found it difficult to establish which of the many versions of this pattern are by Holbein and which are copies; in the view of Jochen Sander, however, "There can be no doubt that this extraordinary portrait was painted by Holbein himself".
  32. ^ Foister, 64; Strong, 50.
  33. ^ Buck, 88–89; Strong, 50.
  34. ^ Buck, 112; Rowlands 1985, 137–38. Some scholars view this painting as a workshop copy, but Rowlands considers that pentimenti (alterations) indicate a Holbein original.
  35. ^ Strong, 50; Rowlands, 136–37.
  36. ^ Rowlands, 142; Strong, 58.
  37. ^ Foister, 42; Rowlands, 137; Strong, 56.
  38. ^ Buck, 71; Strong, 48.
  39. ^ Foister, 50; Rowlands, 141; Strong, 68.
  40. ^ Buck, 94–95; Strong,
  41. ^ Buck, 105; Strong, 62.
  42. ^ Buck, 92–93; Foister, 66; Strong, 58.
  43. ^ Buck, 92–93; Strong, 58.
  44. ^ Foister, 66; Strong, 62.
  45. ^ Buck, 99; Strong,
  46. ^ Bätschmann & Griener, 177; Foister, 131.
  47. ^ Foister, 61; Rowlands, 238. Art historian John Rowlands rejected this painting as a Holbein: "Although its attribution is by no means a straightforward question, the stylistic grounds supporting Holbein's authorship of this panel are very slender indeed". Curator Susan Foister, however, attributed it to Holbein in the Holbein in England exhibition at the Tate in 2006, citing trademarks such as the gold arabesque design and a figure of eight mark on the reverse.
  48. ^ a b Foister, 47; Rowlands, 141; Strong, 64.
  49. ^ Buck, 102–103; Strong, 68.
  50. ^ Rowlands 1985, 142; Strong, 68.
  51. ^ Buck, 120–23; Foister, 136.
  52. ^ Foister, 44; Strong, 70.
  53. ^ Strong, 72.
  54. ^ a b Foister, 46; Rowlands, 151.
  55. ^ Buck, 125; Strong, 72.
  56. ^ Foister, 131; Rowlands, 134; Strong, 46.
  57. ^ Buck, 118–19; Strong, 74.
  58. ^ Buck, 117; Strong, 74.
  59. ^ Buck, 126–27; Strong, 78.
  60. ^ "Collection:European Art". Yale University Art Gallery. 
  61. ^ Foister, 106; Rowlands, 151; Strong, 94.
  62. ^ Foister, 150; Strong, 80.
  63. ^ Buck, 120–21; Strong, 78.
  64. ^ Buck, 109–110; Strong, 80.
  65. ^ Foister, 102; Rowlands, 151.
  66. ^ Foister, 102; Rowlands 1985, 151; Strong, 94.
  67. ^ Rowlands, 146; Strong, 82. The sitter was formerly called Catherine Howard; she is possibly a member of Thomas Cromwell's family, perhaps his daughter-in-law Elizabeth Seymour, sister of Jane Seymour.
  68. ^ Buck, 124; Foister, 49.
  69. ^ Rowlands, 147; Strong, 80.
  70. ^ Foister, 147; Rowlands, 147; Strong, 82.
  71. ^ a b Strong, 94.
  72. ^ Reynolds, 147; Strong, 82.
  73. ^ Rowlands, 147; Strong, 86.
  74. ^ Rowlands 1985, 147–48; Strong, 134.
  75. ^ Reynolds, 148; Strong, 131.
  76. ^ Buck, 130–31; Strong, 86.
  77. ^ a b Rowlands, 149; Strong, 88.
  78. ^ Buck, 31; Strong, 90.
  79. ^ Buck, 127–29; Rowlands 1985, 148–49.
  80. ^ Rowlands, pp. 134–35.
  81. ^ Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 418–19. 38 or more copies of this pattern are known, this being perhaps the finest.
  82. ^ Foister, 122; Rowlands, 233–34.
  83. ^ Foister, 114; Rowlands, 232.
  84. ^ Parker, 45; Rowlands, 232–33.
  85. ^ Foister, 116; Rowlands, 137.
  86. ^ Buck, 109; Rowlands 1985, 232; Strong, 74. Strong attributes this version to Holbein, and Buck to Holbein's workshop. Rowlands doubts it is a product of Holbein's workshop.
  87. ^ Rowlands, 240.
  88. ^ Buck, 120; Rowlands, 116.
  89. ^ Buck, 106; Hearn, 42–43.
  90. ^ Parker, 50–51; Rowlands, 234; Strong, 82.
  91. ^ Rowlands 1985, 236; Strong, 86.
  92. ^ Rowlands, 239–40.
  93. ^ Strong, 1969, 159, suggests that this painting could be by Hans Eworth, who signed a comparable full-length version of the same pattern.
  94. ^ Rowlands, 149.
  95. ^ Hearn, 44.
  96. ^ Rowlands, 239.
  97. ^ Hearn, 128.
  98. ^ Buck, 78; Roskill & Hand, 211–221. This version was assumed to be Holbein's original until it was revealed as a copy (and probably a forgery) during the "Holbein Dispute" of 1863–71.
  99. ^ Müller, Kemperdick, Ainsworth, et al, 296–98; Rowlands, 129
  100. ^ Rowlands, 128
  101. ^ Buck, 115; Hearn, 40–41.

References[edit]

  • Bätschmann, Oskar, & Pascal Griener. Hans Holbein. London: Reaktion Books, 1997. ISBN 1-86189-040-0.
  • Buck, Stephanie. Hans Holbein, Cologne: Könemann, 1999, ISBN 3-8290-2583-1.
  • Foister, Susan. Holbein in England. London: Tate: 2006. ISBN 1-85437-645-4.
  • Ganz, Paul. The Paintings of Hans Holbein: First Complete Edition. London: Phaidon, 1956. OCLC 2105129.
  • Hearn, Karen. Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean England, 1530–1630. London: Tate Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-85437-157-6.
  • Müller, Christian; Stephan Kemperdick; Maryan W. Ainsworth; et al.. Hans Holbein the Younger: The Basel Years, 1515–1532. Munich: Prestel, 2006. ISBN 3-7913-3580-4.
  • Parker, K. T. The Drawings of Hans Holbein at Windsor Castle. Oxford: Phaidon, 1945. OCLC 822974.
  • Roskill, Mark, & John Oliver Hand (eds). Hans Holbein: Paintings, Prints, and Reception. Washington: National Gallery of Art, 2001. ISBN 0-300-09044-7.
  • Rowlands, John. The Age of Dürer and Holbein. London: British Museum, 1988. ISBN 0-7141-1639-4.
  • Rowlands, John. Holbein: The Paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger. Boston: David R. Godine, 1985. ISBN 0-87923-578-0.
  • Strong, Roy. Holbein: The Complete Paintings. London: Granada, 1980. ISBN 0-586-05144-9.
  • Strong, Roy. Tudor & Jacobean Portraits. London: HMSO, 1969. OCLC 71370718.
  • Zwingenberger, Jeanette. The Shadow of Death in the Work of Hans Holbein the Younger. London: Parkstone Press, 1999. ISBN 1-85995-492-8.

External links[edit]