List of National Treasures of Japan (paintings)

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Women seated on the floor of a house with sliding doors.
The Genji Monogatari Emaki, an illustrated scroll from the Tale of Genji, 12th century

The term "National Treasure" has been used in Japan to denote cultural properties since 1897.[1] The definition and the criteria have changed since the inception of the term. These paintings adhere to the current definition, and were designated national treasures when the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties was implemented on June 9, 1951. As such, they are restricted in transfer and may not be exported.[2] Owners are required to announce any changes to the National Treasures such as damage or loss and need to obtain a permit for changes in location, transfer of ownership or intended repairs.[3] The items are selected by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology based on their "especially high historical or artistic value".[4][5] This list presents 159 entries of paintings from 8th-century Classical Nara period to the early modern 19th-century Edo period. In fact the number of paintings presented is more than 159, because in some cases groups of related paintings are combined to form a single entry. The paintings listed show Buddhist themes, landscapes, portraits and court scenes. Some of the paintings were imported directly from China. The titles of the works are descriptive rather than the artists' titles; therefore it is possible to find alternate names in the literature for a given work.[5]

Beginning in the mid-6th century, as Buddhism was brought to Japan from Baekje, religious art was introduced from the mainland. The earliest religious paintings in Japan were copied using mainland styles and techniques, and are similar to the art of the Chinese Sui dynasty (581–618) or the late Sixteen Kingdoms around the early 5th century. They comprise the oldest extant non-primitive paintings in Japan. By the mid-Nara period (ca. 750) Japanese paintings showed influences of the Chinese Tang dynasty (618–907) and in the 9th century early Heian period evolved into the Kara-e genre. Wall murals in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb and the Portrait of Kichijōten at Yakushi-ji exemplify the Kara-e style. Generally, Nara period paintings show religious subjects, and the artists are unknown. During that period, sculptures rather than paintings were more prevalent.[6]

Mandalas became predominant in the paintings of the early Heian period as esoteric Buddhism emerged with the Shingon and Tendai sects in the 8th and 9th centuries. The evolution of Pure Land Buddhism caused raigō-zu to be developed as a genre, characterised by depictions of the Amida welcoming the souls of the faithful to his Western Paradise as seen in a 1053 painting in the Phoenix-Hall of Byōdō-in.[7] By the mid-Heian period, Chinese style kara-e painting was replaced with the classical Japanese yamato-e style, in which the images were painted primarily on sliding screens and byōbu folding screens.[8] At the close of the Heian period around 1185, the practice of adorning emakimono hand scrolls with yamato-e paintings flourished. Examples of illustrated hand scrolls include novels such as Genji Monogatari Emaki, historical writings like The Tale of Great Minister Ban, or religious works such as the Scroll of hungry ghosts.[9] These genres continued to be produced into the Kamakura period from 1185 to 1333. As during the Nara period, sculpture remained the preferred art form of the period.

Influenced by the Chinese Song and Yuan dynasties, Japanese monochrome ink painting called suibokuga largely replaced polychrome scroll paintings. By the end of the 14th century, monochrome landscape paintings (sansuiga) became the preferred genre for Zen painters, evolving to a unique Japanese style from the Chinese origin. Shūbun, who created "Reading in a Bamboo Grove" (1446), and his student Sesshū, author of "Landscape of the Four Seasons", are the most well known priest-painters of the period. As with most of the early Japanese paintings, these works were created for Buddhist temples. At the end of the Muromachi period around 1573, ink painting had migrated out of the Zen monasteries, and was practised by artists from the Kanō school.[10]

In contrast to the previous period, the paintings of the Momoyama period (1568–1603) were characterised by a grandiose polychrome style with extensive use of gold and silver foil. Large scale paintings were commissioned to adorn the castles and palaces of the military rulers. The Kanō school, patronized by the ruling class, was the most influential school of the period and, with 300 years of dominance, endured for the longest period in the history of Japanese painting.[11][12] The trends of large polychrome paintings continued into the Edo period (1603–1868). The Rimpa school, best represented by Tawaraya Sōtatsu and Ogata Kōrin, used vibrant colors to depict classical themes from Japanese literature and Heian period poetry.[13] In the 18th century, paintings of Yuan Dynasty scholar-amateur painters were brought to Japan and imitated, giving rise to the Nanga or Bunjinga style of painting. Two of the most prominent painters of this school were Ike no Taiga and Yosa Buson.[14]

Statistics[edit]

The 159 entries in the list consist of the following: 91 are hanging scrolls; 38 are hand scrolls or emakimono; 21 are byōbu folding screens or paintings on fusuma sliding doors; four are murals; and three are albums. Two items, the portrait of Kichijōten and Illustrated Biography of Prince Shōtoku do not fall in any of these categories. The paintings are located in museums, Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines, private collections, a university and one is located in a tomb (Takamatsuzuka Tomb). A large proportion of items are housed in the national museums of Tokyo, Kyoto and Nara. The city containing the greatest number of National Treasure paintings is Kyoto with 51, followed by Tokyo with 46 of which 26 are located in the Tokyo National Museum which is the structure housing the most painting National Treasures.

Prefecture City National Treasures
Aichi Nagoya 1
Tokoname 1
Fukuoka Dazaifu 1
Kurume 1
Gifu Ōno 1
Hiroshima Hatsukaichi 1
Onomichi 1
Hyōgo Kasai 1
Kobe 1
Iwate Hiraizumi 1
Kanagawa Fujisawa 1
Kamakura 4
Yokohama 1
Kyoto Kyoto 51
Uji 1
Maizuru 1
Nara Asuka 1
Heguri 1
Nara 14
Uda 1
Okayama Kurashiki 2
Osaka Osaka 5
Shimamoto 1
Shiga Hikone 1
Ōtsu 3
Shizuoka Atami 1
Tokyo Tokyo 46
Tottori Chizu 1
Wakayama Kinokawa 1
Mount Kōya 8
Yamagata Yonezawa 1
Yamaguchi Hōfu 1
Yamanashi Kōshū 1
Minobu 1
Most of the National Treasures are found in the Kansai and Tokyo area, although some are in cities in south-western Honshū, north Honshū and Kyushu.
Map showing the location of painting National Treasures in Japan
Period National Treasures
Tang Dynasty 1[nb 1]
Nara period 5
Heian period 52[nb 1]
Northern Song 3
Southern Song 17
Kamakura period 41[nb 1]
Nanboku-chō period 3
Yuan Dynasty 6
Muromachi period 14
Momoyama period 6
Edo period 15


  1. ^ a b c Several entries in the list date to multiple periods: The Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs (Tang Dynasty and Heian period), The Five Abhisambodhi (Tang Dynasty and Heian period), Scrolls of Frolicking Animals and Humans (Heian and Kamakura period), The Coming of Amida Buddha and Saints of the Pure Land (Heian and Kamakura period). All of these are counted double in this table. For instance, the National Treasure "Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs" appears twice in this table: under "Tang Dynasty" and under "Heian period".

Usage[edit]

An overview of what is included in the table and the manner of sorting is as follows: the columns (with the exceptions of Remarks and Pictures) are sortable by pressing the arrows symbols.

  • Name: the name as registered in the Database of National Cultural Properties[5]
  • Author: the name of the artist and—if applicable—name of the person who added an inscription
  • Remarks: detailed location, provenance, general remarks
  • Date: period and year; The column entries sort by year. If only a period is known, they sort by the start year of that period.
  • Format: primary type of painting, technique and dimensions; The column entries sort by the main type and in some cases further by subcategories: album; byōbu (2 section -> pair or single, 6 section -> pair or single, 8 section -> pair or single); hand scroll (emakimono other); hanging scroll (mandala, portrait, deity, landscape, other); mural; other.
  • Present location: "building-name temple/museum/shrine-name town-name prefecture-name"; The column entries sort as "prefecture-name town-name temple/museum/shrine-name building-name".
  • Image: picture of the painting, or of a characteristic painting in a group of paintings

Treasures[edit]

Name Author Remarks Date Format Present location Image
Buddhist Paradise with Golden Pagoda (紺紙著色金光明最勝王経金字宝塔曼荼羅図 konshichakushoku konkōmyō saishō ōkyō kinji hōtō mandarazu?)[15][16]
0794Heian period hanging scroll mandalaTen hanging scrolls (mandalas), gold paint on indigo blue paper, 139.7 cm × 54.8 cm (55.0 in × 21.6 in) Iwate Hiraizumi ChusonjiChūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate A painting in portrait format on blue background. The center is occupied by an 11 storied pagoda. An image of a buddha is seen in the lowest story. The pagoda is surrounded by images of people, deities and landscape.
Scenes in and around the capital (紙本金地著色洛中洛外図 shihonkinji chakushoku rakuchū rakugaizu?)[17] Kanō Eitoku
1568Momoyama period, not later than 1574 byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 160.5 cm × 364.5 cm (63.2 in × 143.5 in) Yamagata Yonezawa Yonezawa City Uesugi MuseumYonezawa City Uesugi Museum (米沢市上杉博物館 Yonezawa-shi Uesugi hakubutsukan?), Yonezawa, Yamagata A six section folding screen depicting a large number of buildings, people and trees on a gold background. The various elements are disconnected by the gold background which covers the scene like fog.

A six section folding screen depicting a large number of buildings, people and trees on a gold background. The various elements are disconnected by the gold background which covers the scene like fog.

Illustrated Biography of Prince Shōtoku (綾本著色聖徳太子絵伝 kenpon chakushoku shōtoku taishi eden?)[18] Hata no Chitei (秦致貞?) Originally on fixed doors at Hōryū-ji, later during the Edo period on freestanding screens and in recent times remounted on panels 1069Heian period, 1069 otherTen panels (five pairs), color on figured silk, 189.2–190.5 cm x 137.2–148.2 cm (74.5–75 in x 54–58.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo A painting on two panels depicting people in courtly dress, buildings, mountains and trees. Part of the color has faded and the dominating colors are brown and green.
Portrait of Takami Senseki (絹本淡彩鷹見泉石像 kenpon tansai Takami Senseki zō?)[19] Watanabe Kazan
1837Edo period, 1837 hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, light color on silk, 115.1 cm × 57.1 cm (45.3 in × 22.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Portrait of a man with a hat in three-quarter view on beige background. The man is dressed in light-blue garment wearing a sword.
Illustrated Biography of the Priest Ippen: Volume 7 (絹本著色一遍上人絵伝 kenpon chakushoku ippen shōnin eden?)[20][21] En'i (円伊?) Also known as Ippen Hijiri-e (一遍聖絵?) 1299Kamakura period, 1299 handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on silk, 37.8 cm × 802.0 cm (14.9 in × 315.7 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo People of various stand, buildings, a wall and ox carts. An island in a lake is comopletely occupied by a canopy under which a large number of people are packed.
Kokūzō Bosatsu (Akasagarbha) (絹本著色虚空蔵菩薩像 kenpon chakushoku kokūzō bosatsuzō?)[22]
Formerly owned by Mitsui Gomei Co. 1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 132.0 cm × 84.4 cm (52.0 in × 33.2 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Frontal view of a deity seated on a pedestal in lotus position embellished with ornaments. The right arm is hanging down supported by the legs with the palm of the right hand facing forward. The left hand is placed in front of the body.
Kujaku Myoo (Mahamayuri) (絹本著色孔雀明王像 kenpon chakushoku kujaku myōōzō?)[23]
Formerly owned by the Hara family. 1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 147.9 cm × 98.9 cm (58.2 in × 38.9 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Frontal view of a deity with four arms seated on a bird in lotus position embellished with ornaments.
Red and white hibiscuses (絹本著色紅白芙蓉図 kenpon chakushoku kōhaku fuyōzu?)[24] Li Di
1197Southern Song Dynasty, 1197 hanging scroll landscapeSet of two hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 25.2 cm × 25.5 cm (9.9 in × 10.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Two pink hibiscus flowers and leaves on a dark-yellow background.Two white hibiscus flowers and leaves on a dark-yellow background.
Sixteen Arhats (絹本著色十六羅漢像 kenpon chakushoku jūroku rakanzō?)[25]
Formerly owned by the Shōjuraigō-ji temple. 1000Heian period, 11th century hanging scroll deitySet of 16 hanging scrolls, color on silk, 95.9–97.2 cm x 57.8–52.2 cm (37.8–38.3 cm x 22.8–20.6 cm) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo A priest seated under a tree feeding a four-legged animal in the shape of a small horse.
Senju Kannon (Sahasrabhuja) (絹本著色千手観音像 kenpon chakushoku senjukannonzō?)[26]
Formerly owned by the Kawasaki family. 1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 138.0 cm × 69.4 cm (54.3 in × 27.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Frontal view of a deity with a large number of arms. Small heads and figures are seen above the head of the main figure.
Pigeon on a peach branch (絹本著色桃鳩図 kenpon chakushoku momohatozu?)[27] Emperor Huizong of Song
1108Northern Song Dynasty, 1108 or 1109 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 28.5 cm × 26.1 cm (11.2 in × 10.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Privateprivate (Isao Setsu (瀬津勲?), Gatōdō (雅陶堂?)), Tokyo Side view of a pigeon seated on a branch with buds and blossoms but without leaves. Seven Chinese characters are located on top of a square red stamp in the top right corner of the painting.
Nachi Falls (絹本著色那智滝図 kenpon chakushoku nachi no taki zu?)[28]
1300Kamakura period, 13th–14th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 160.7 cm × 58.8 cm (63.3 in × 23.1 in) Tokyo Tokyo Nezu Art MuseumNezu Art Museum, Tokyo A very tall and narrow depiction of a waterfall. There are large trees at the bottom of the fall and small trees at the top of the rock face. The sun (or moon) is half visible behind the rock.
Fugen Bosatsu (Samantabhadra) (絹本著色普賢菩薩像 kenpon chakushoku fugenbosatsuzō?)[29]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 159.1 cm × 74.5 cm (62.6 in × 29.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo A deity seated cross-legged on a pedestal on top of a white elephant.
Apple Blossoms (絹本著色林檎花図 kenpon chakushoku ringo no hana zu?)[30][31] Zhao ChangAttributed to Zhao Chang (趙昌 Chō Shō?)
1127Southern Song Dynasty hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 23.6 cm × 25.5 cm (9.3 in × 10.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine ArtHatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Blossoms and leaves on a branch painted on an oval background.
Quail (絹本著色鶉図 kenpon chakushoku uzura zu?)[32][33] Li An ZhongAttributed to Li An-Zhong Marked with the zakkeshitsu-in seal found on Chinese paintings imported to Japan by the Ashikaga 1200Southern Song Dynasty, 12th–13th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 24.4 cm × 27.8 cm (9.6 in × 10.9 in) Tokyo Tokyo Nezu Art MuseumNezu Art Museum, Tokyo A quail in three-quarter view and a shrub on an oval background.
Sakyamuni descending the mountain after asceticism (絹本墨画淡彩出山釈迦図 kenpon bokuga tansai shussan shuka zu?) (I), Snowy Landscape (絹本墨画淡彩雪景山水図 kenpon bokuga tansai sekkei sansui zu?) (II) and Snowy Landscape (絹本墨画淡彩雪景山水図 kenpon bokuga tansai sekkei sansui zu?) purportedly by Liang Kai (III)[34][35] Liang Kai "III" was cut later to make the three paintings into a triad likely during the time of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Passed down from the Ashikaga shogunate as part of the Higashiyama treasures. Marked with the zakkeshitsu-in seal found on Chinese paintings imported to Japan by the Ashikaga. Originally designated as three distinct National Treasures, they came to be designated as a single National Treasure in 2007. 1200Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll landscapeThree hanging scrolls, ink and light color on silk, 110.3 cm × 49.7 cm (43.4 in × 19.6 in) (I), 110.8 cm × 50.1 cm (43.6 in × 19.7 in) (II), 117.6 cm × 52.0 cm (46.3 in × 20.5 in) (III) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Tall and narrow painting of a landscape with mountains and vegetation. In the bottom left there are two very small horsemen.
Wind and Rain, landscape painting (絹本墨画淡彩風雨山水図 kenpon bokuga tansai fuu sansui zu?)[36] Ma YuanAttributed to Ma Yuan
1200Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on silk, 111.0 cm × 55.8 cm (43.7 in × 22.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Seikado Bunko Art MuseumSeikado Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Landscape with mountains and trees.
Irises (紙本金地著色燕子花図 shihonkinji chakushoku kakitsubata zu?)[37][38] Ogata Kōrin Formerly held by the Nishi Honganji, Kyoto. 1705Edo period, c. 1705 byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 150.9 cm × 338.8 cm (59.4 in × 133.4 in) Tokyo Tokyo Nezu Art MuseumNezu Art Museum, Tokyo Irises in blossom on a gold background covering the bottom left half of the screen.
Irises in blossom on a gold background covering more than half of the screen.
Painting of the chapters Sekiya and Miotsukushi from The Tale of Genji (紙本金地著色源氏物語関屋及澪標図 shihonkinji chakushoku genji monogatari sekiya oyobi miotsukushi zu?)[39] Tawaraya Sōtatsu
1603Edo period byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 152.3 cm × 355.6 cm (60.0 in × 140.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Seikado Bunko Art MuseumSeikado Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Landscape with people in court attire with a cart, a tori, a boat and trees.
Landscape with people in court attire with an ox-drawn cart, another cart, a fence, a building and hills.
Painting of a Cypress (紙本金地著色桧図 shihonkinji chakushoku hinoki zu?)[40][41] Kanō Eitoku
1568Momoyama period byobu 8sect sEight-section folding screen (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 170.0 cm × 461.0 cm (66.9 in × 181.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo The lower parts of a cypress on a gold background.
Chinese landscape (紙本金地著色楼閣山水図 shihonkinji chakushoku rōkakusan suizu?)[42] Ike no Taiga
1723Edo period, 18th century byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 168.0 cm × 372.0 cm (66.1 in × 146.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Landscape with people, a bridge and a pavilion.

Coastal scene with boats, people and mountains.

Imperial Guard Cavalry (紙本淡彩随身庭騎絵巻 shihontansai zuishin teiki emaki?)[43][44] Fujiwara Nobuzaneattributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane
1247Kamakura period, 1247 handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), light color on paper, 28.7 cm × 237.5 cm (11.3 in × 93.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Okura Shukokan Museum of Fine ArtsOkura Museum of Art, Tokyo Horseman with a holster of arrows on his back seated on a shying horse.
Pine trees in snow (紙本淡彩雪松図 shihontansai yukimatsuzu?)[41] Maruyama Ōkyo
1773Edo period, 1773 byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), light color on paper, 155.5 cm × 362.0 cm (61.2 in × 142.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Mitsui Memorial MuseumMitsui Memorial Museum, Tokyo Two paintings of pine trees covered with snow
Family enjoying the evening cool (紙本淡彩納涼図 shihontansai nōryōzu?)[45] Kusumi Morikage
1620Edo period, 17th century byobu 2sect sA two-section folding screen (byōbu), light color on paper, 149.7 cm × 166.2 cm (58.9 in × 65.4 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Man, woman and child lying and sitting under a pergola looking to the left.
Merry-making under aronia blossoms (紙本著色花下遊楽図 shihon chakushoku kaka yūraku?)[46] Kano Naganobu The two middle sections of the right screen were destroyed by fire in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake. 1620Momoyama period, 17th century byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper, 148.8 cm × 357.7 cm (58.6 in × 140.8 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo People standing and sitting under a large tree with white blossoms.

People engaged in various activities next to a house with engawa and a tree.

Scroll of hungry ghosts (紙本著色餓鬼草紙 shihon chakushoku gakisōshi?)[47]
1100Heian period, 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.9 cm × 380.2 cm (10.6 in × 149.7 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo People in bright colors and skeletons with hair in dark colors.
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経 shihon chakushoku eingakyō?)[48]
0750Nara period, second half of 8th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.5 cm × 1,100.5 cm (10.4 in × 433.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo University of the ArtsTokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo People seated around a Buddha statue and two heavenly beings descending from the sky. The lower part of the painting is covered by Chinese text.
Maple viewers (紙本著色観楓図 shihon chakushoku kanpūzu?)[49] Kano Hideyori
1500Muromachi period, 16th century byobu 6sect sA six-section folding screen (byōbu), color on paper, 150.2 cm × 365.5 cm (59.1 in × 143.9 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Landscape with trees with red leaves, a bridge and people engaged in various activities.
Genji Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色源氏物語絵巻 shihon chakushoku genji monogatari emaki?) or The Tale of Genji Scroll[50][51]
Oldest surviving monogatari scroll and oldest non-Buddhist scroll covering chapters 38 (The Bell Cricket (鈴虫 suzumushi?)), 39 (Evening Mist (夕霧 yūgiri?)) and 40 (Rites (御法 minori?)) of the novel. 1120Heian period, early 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono) cut into four illustrations and nine pages of text, color on paper, 21.8 cm x (23.4–48.3) cm (8.6 in x (9.2–19) in) Tokyo Tokyo Gotoh MuseumGotoh Museum, Tokyo People seated in a house and on an engawa in three-quarter view. One person is playing a flute.

Three women and one man seated in a house and on an engawa. The man, inside the house, is keeping a flat object in his hand while a woman approaches him from behind. Two other women are seated just outside the room as if eavesdropping.

Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emaki (紙本著色紫式部日記絵巻 shihon chakushoku Murasaki Shikibu nikki emaki?)[50][51] Fujiwara Nobuzaneattributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane (illustrations) and Kujō Yoshitsune (calligraphy)
1200Kamakura period, 13th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono) cut into three illustrations and three pages of text, color on paper, 21.0 cm x (46.4–51.9) cm (8.3 in x (18.3–20.4) in) Tokyo Tokyo Gotoh MuseumGotoh Museum, Tokyo People seated on an engawa and in front of a house in three-quarter view.
Fan-paper album of Hokekyō Sutra (紙本著色扇面法華経冊子 shihon chakushoku senmen hokekyō sasshi?) volume 8[52]
1100Heian period, 12th century albumFan paper in folding book form, 22 pages, color on paper, length 25.5 cm, length of upper chord 26.2 cm Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo People engaged in various activities covered by text in Chinese script in a fan-shaped album.
Scroll of the Hells (紙本著色地獄草紙 shihon chakushoku jigoku sōshi?)[53]
1150Kamakura period, late 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.9 cm × 249.3 cm (10.6 in × 98.1 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Naked people in a sea of fire and being tormented by burning rocks. To the right of the scene is Japanese handwritten text.
The Tale of Great Minister Ban (紙本著色伴大納言絵詞 shihon chakushoku ban dainagon ekotoba?) Tokiwa Mitsunaga of the Tosa school
1185Kamakura period, late 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 30.4 cm × 828.1 cm (12.0 in × 326.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Idemitsu Museum of ArtsIdemitsu Museum of Arts, Tokyo A large group of people.
Heiji Monogatari Emaki (illustrated stories about the Heiji Civil War) (紙本著色平治物語絵詞 shihon chakushoku heiji monogatari ekotoba?) or 平治物語絵巻 (heiji monogatari emaki?), Vol. of the Removal of Imperial Family to Rokuhara (六波羅行幸巻 rokuhara gyōkō no maki?)[54] Sumiyoshi Keionattributed to Sumiyoshi Keion
1200Kamakura period, 13th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 42.2 cm × 952.9 cm (16.6 in × 375.2 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo An ox-drawn cart surrounded by warriors in front of a gate as if departing. A priest standing in the gate is pointing at the cart.
Evening bell from mist-shrouded temple (紙本墨画煙寺晩鐘図 shihon bokuga enji banshōzu?)[55] Muqi Fachangattributed to Muqi Fachang The scene depicted is one of the Eight Selected Scenes of Xiaoxiang. 1210Southern Song Dynasty hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 32.3 cm × 103.6 cm (12.7 in × 40.8 in) Tokyo Tokyo Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine ArtHatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Fog-covered landscape.
Portrait of Kanzan (Hanshan) (紙本墨画寒山図 shihon bokuga kanzanzu?)[56] Kaō Ninga (可翁?)
1336Nanboku-chō period, 14th century hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, ink on paper, 85.8 cm × 32.5 cm (33.8 in × 12.8 in) Tokyo Tokyo Privateprivate collection, Tokyo Portrait of a man looking to the left with his arms on the back.
Fishing village in the evening glow (紙本墨画漁村夕照図 shihon bokuga gyoson sekishōzu?)[57] Muqi Fachangattributed to Muqi Fachang The scene depicted is one of the Eight Selected Scenes of Xiaoxiang. 1210Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 33.0 cm × 112.6 cm (13.0 in × 44.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Nezu Art MuseumNezu Art Museum, Tokyo Landscape with mountains, trees and boats on the sea.
Landscape (紙本墨画山水図 shihon bokuga sansuizu?) or Landscape with ink broken (破墨山水図 haboku sansuizu?)[58][59] Sesshū Tōyō With inscriptions by the artist and six poet-monks from Gozan Zen temples in Kyoto 1495Muromachi period, 1495 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, splashed ink (hatsuboku) on paper, 148.6 cm × 32.7 cm (58.5 in × 12.9 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Landscape with mountains and trees.
Landscapes of autumn and winter (紙本墨画秋冬山水図 shihon bokuga shūtō sansuizu?)[60] Sesshū Tōyō
1420Muromachi period, 15th century hanging scroll landscapeTwo hanging scrolls, ink on paper, 47.8 cm × 30.2 cm (18.8 in × 11.9 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Landscape with hills, trees and a house in the background.

Landscape with hills, trees and a house in the background.

Pine Trees (紙本墨画松林図 shihon bokuga shōrinzu?)[61] Hasegawa Tōhaku
1539Momoyama period, 16th century byobu 6sect pOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink on paper, each 156.8 cm × 356.0 cm (61.7 in × 140.2 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Mist-covered pine trees.

Mist-covered pine trees.

Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡 shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan?): Hanshan and Shide (寒山拾得図 kanzan jittokuzu?)[62][63] Indara (因陀羅?) (Yintuoluo) with inscriptions by Chushi Fanqi
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century handscroll otherHand scroll, ink on paper, 35.0 cm × 49.5 cm (13.8 in × 19.5 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Painting separated in two parts by Chinese text running vertically through the centre. The left half is empty, there are two seated people under a tree in the right half.
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡 shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan?): Tanka burning Buddhist statues (丹霞焼仏図 tanka shōbutsuzu?)[64] Indara (因陀羅?) (Yintuoluo)
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century handscroll otherHand scroll, ink on paper, 35.0 cm × 36.8 cm (13.8 in × 14.5 in) Fukuoka Kurume Ishibashi Museum of ArtIshibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, Fukuoka Painting with Chinese text running vertically on the left. There is a person seated on an open fire and another person standing in the right half.
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡 shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan?): Priest Zhichang and courtier Libo (智常・李渤図 chijō ribotsuzu?)[65] Indara (因陀羅?) (Yintuoluo)
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century handscroll otherHand scroll, ink on paper, 35.3 cm × 45.1 cm (13.9 in × 17.8 in) Tokyo Tokyo Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine ArtHatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Priest Zhichang and courtier Libo.jpg
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡 shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan?): Priest Zhichang (智常禅師図 chijō zenjizu?)[65][66] Indara (因陀羅?) (Yintuoluo)
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century handscroll otherHand scroll, ink on paper, 35.3 cm × 48.3 cm (13.9 in × 19.0 in) Tokyo Tokyo Seikado Bunko Art MuseumSeikado Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Painting with Chinese text running vertically on the left. There is a person seated under a tree and another person standing in the right half.
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡 shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan?): Budai (Hotei) (布袋図 hoteizu?)[65][67] Indara (因陀羅?) (Yintuoluo)
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century handscroll otherHand scroll, ink on paper, 35.6 cm × 48.5 cm (14.0 in × 19.1 in) Tokyo Tokyo Nezu Art MuseumNezu Art Museum, Tokyo Painting with Chinese text running vertically on the right. There is a person seated under a tree and another person standing in the left half.
Zhou Maoshu Appreciating Lotuses (紙本墨画淡彩周茂叔愛蓮図 shihon bokuga tansai shū moshuku airenzu?)[68][69] Kanō Masanobu
1400Muromachi period, 15th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 84.5 cm × 33.0 cm (33.3 in × 13.0 in) Fukuoka Dazaifu Kyushu National MuseumKyushu National Museum, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Tall and narrow painting with a tree and a lake covered with lotus flowers in the lower half. A boat with a man is floating on the lake.
Reading in a Bamboo Grove (紙本墨画淡彩竹斎読書図 shihon bokuga tansai chikusaidokushozu?)[70][71] Shūbunattributed to Tenshō Shūbun, inscription by Jikuun Tōren and other priests
1446Muromachi period, 1446 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 136.7 cm × 33.7 cm (53.8 in × 13.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Landscape with mountains and trees. In the top left corner there is a Chinese text.
The Sixth Patriarch Huineng carrying a rod across his shoulder (紙本墨画六祖挟担図 shihon bokuga rokuso kyōtanzu?)[65] Zhiweng
1200Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, ink on paper, 93.0 cm × 36.4 cm (36.6 in × 14.3 in) Tokyo Tokyo Daitokyu Memorial LibraryDaitōkyū Memorial Library (大東急記念文庫 daitōkyū kinen bunko?) (Gotoh Museum), Tokyo Huineng with rod.jpg
Imaginary tour through Xiao-xiang (紙本墨画瀟湘臥遊図 shihon bokuga shōshōgayūzu?)[72] Li (李氏?)
1127Southern Song Dynasty, 12th century handscroll otherScroll, ink on paper, 30.3 cm × 400.4 cm (11.9 in × 157.6 in) Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo Coastal landscape with mountains and trees. To the right of the scene there is Chinese text. The scroll is covered by various stamps with red color.
Rishukyō sutra (白描絵料紙理趣経 hakubyōeryōshi rishukyō?)[30][73][74]
Sutra scroll decorated with line under drawings. This work is the first volume of the four volume Konkōmyōkyō Sutra. Volume 3, a National Treasure, is also preserved complete while volumes 2 and 4 only exist in fragments. 1193Kamakura period, 1193 handscroll otherScroll, hakubyō-style (白描) on paper, 25.0 cm × 450.5 cm (9.8 in × 177.4 in) Tokyo Tokyo Daitokyu Memorial LibraryDaitōkyū Memorial Library (大東急記念文庫 daitōkyū kinen bunko?) (Gotoh Museum), Tokyo Very faded drawings covered by prominent Chinese text.
Portrait of Lanxi Daolong (Rankei Dōryū) (絹本淡彩蘭溪道隆像 kenpon tansai rankei dōryūzō?)[75] Lanxi DaolongInscription on the upper part of the scroll is by the subject of the portrait, Lanxi Daolong.
1271Kamakura period, 1271 hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, light color on silk, 104.8 cm × 46.4 cm (41.3 in × 18.3 in) Kanagawa Kamakura Kamakura Museum of National TreasuresKamakura Museum of National Treasures, Kamakura, Kanagawa. Owned by Kenchō-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa Monk seated on a chair holding a stick-like object in his right hand in three-quarter view. Above the painting there is Chinese text.
Illustrated Biography of the Priest Ippen (絹本著色一遍上人絵伝 kenpon chakushoku ippen shōnin eden?)[41] En'i (円伊?)
1299Kamakura period, 1299 handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on silk, twelve scrolls, 38.2 cm × 922.8 cm (15.0 in × 363.3 in) (#3), 38.2 cm × 1,094.8 cm (15.0 in × 431.0 in) (#5) Kanagawa Fujisawa ShojokojiShōjōkō-ji (清浄光寺?), Fujisawa, Kanagawa Horsemen, people and buildings.
Portraits of Kanezawa Sanetoki, Hōjō Akitoki, Kanezawa Sadaaki, Kanezawa Sadayuki (絹本著色北条実時像, 絹本著色北条顕時像, 絹本著色金沢貞顕像, 絹本著色金沢貞将像?)
Four portraits of members of the Hōjō clan. 1185Kamakura period hanging scroll portraitFour hanging scrolls, color on silk, 74.0 cm × 53.1 cm (29.1 in × 20.9 in) Kanagawa Yokohama ShomyojiShōmyō-ji (称名寺 ?), Yokohama, Kanagawa Seated monk holding a rosary in three-quarter view.
Ten Advantages and Ten Pleasures of Country Life (紙本淡彩十便図 shihon tansai jubenzu?) and shihon tansai jugizu (紙本淡彩十宣図?) or Album of the Ten Expediencies and the Ten Merits[76][77][78] Ike no Taiga and Yosa Buson
1771Edo period, 1771 albumAlbum composed of 10 paintings by Buson and 10 paintings by Taiga, light color on paper, 17.7 cm × 17.7 cm (7.0 in × 7.0 in) Kanagawa Kamakura Kawabata Memorial HallKawabata Memorial Hall (川端康成記念会?), Kamakura, Kanagawa Three people inside a house.

A person in the garden in front of a house.

Taima Mandala engi (紙本著色当麻曼荼羅縁起 shihon chakushoku taima mandara engi?)[79]
1193Kamakura period handscroll emakiTwo hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 51.5 cm × 796.7 cm (20.3 in × 313.7 in) and 51.5 cm × 689.8 cm (20.3 in × 271.6 in) Kanagawa Kamakura Kamakura Museum of National TreasuresKamakura Museum of National Treasures, Kamakura, Kanagawa. Owner: Kōmyō-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa People and horses outside a wall with a gate. Beyond the gate there is a house with people.

A deity with many attendants approaches a house with people.

Snow Sifted Through Frozen Clouds (紙本墨画凍雪篩雲図 shihon bokuga tōunshisetsuzu?)[76][80] Uragami Gyokudō
1800Edo period, early 19th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 133.3 cm × 56.6 cm (52.5 in × 22.3 in) Kanagawa Kamakura Kawabata Memorial HallKawabata Memorial Hall (川端康成記念会?), Kamakura, Kanagawa Landscape with mountains and trees.
Summer Mountain (絹本著色夏景山水図 kenpon chakushoku kakei sansui-zu?)[65] Hu Zhifuattributed to Hu Zhifu
1200Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 118.5 cm × 52.7 cm (46.7 in × 20.7 in) Yamanashi Minobu KuonjiKuonji, Minobu, Yamanashi Landscape with a mountain, tree and a person carrying a stick.
Daruma (絹本著色達磨図 kenpon chakushoku darumazu?)[81] Lanxi Daolonginscription by Lanxi Daolong (Rankei Dōryū)
1260Kamakura period, 1260s hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, ink on paper, 123.3 cm × 61.2 cm (48.5 in × 24.1 in) Yamanashi Koshu KogakujiKogaku-ji, Kōshū, Yamanashi A seated monk in a red robe.
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像 kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō?)
1088-10-10Heian period, October 10, 1088 (Trilokavijaya), June 1, 1090 (Kundali) hanging scroll deityFive hanging scrolls, color on silk, 140.8 cm × 88 cm (55.4 in × 34.6 in) (Daiitoku) and 138 cm × 88 cm (54 in × 35 in) (Fudō Myōō, Gosanze, Gundari, Ucchusma) Gifu Ono KiburijiKiburi-ji (来振寺?), Ōno, Gifu A deity with many heads and arms surrounded by other smaller figures.
Red and White Plum Blossoms (紙本金地著色紅白梅図 shihonkinjichakushoku kōhakubaizu?)[82] Ogata Kōrin
1700Edo period, 18th century byobu 2sect pOne pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 156.0 cm × 172.2 cm (61.4 in × 67.8 in) Shizuoka Atami MOA Museum of ArtMOA Museum of Art, Atami, Shizuoka. A tree branch with white blossoms and a river.
A tree branch with red blossoms and a river.
Genji Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色源氏物語絵巻 shihon chakushoku genji monogatari emaki?) or The Tale of Genji Scroll
1120Heian period, early 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono) with 15 illustrations and 38 pages of text, color on paper Aichi Nagoya Tokugawa Art MuseumTokugawa Art Museum, Nagoya, Aichi Women and a man in courtly dress sitting.

People in courtly dress sitting on the floor of a house.

Huike Offering His Arm to Bodhidharma (紙本墨画淡彩慧可断臂図 shihon bokuga tansai eka danpizu?)[83] Sesshū Tōyō
1496Muromachi period, 1496 hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 199.9 cm × 113.6 cm (78.7 in × 44.7 in) Aichi Tokoname SainenjiSainen-ji (斉年寺 ?), Tokoname, Aichi One sitting priest and top half of one standing priest.
Fudō Myōō (Acala) (絹本著色不動明王像 kenpon chakushoku fudō myōōzō?) (Yellow Fudō (黄不動 kifudōson?))
0794Heian period hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 178.2 cm × 72.1 cm (70.2 in × 28.4 in) Shiga Otsu MiideraMii-dera, Ōtsu, Shiga Frontal portrait of a frightening deity dressed only in a skirt-like garment holding a sword in his right hand.
The six paths (絹本著色六道絵 kenpon chakushoku rokudōe?)[84][85]
1200Kamakura period, 13th century hanging scroll other15 scrolls, color on silk, 155.6 cm × 68.8 cm (61.3 in × 27.1 in) Shiga Otsu Shoju RaigojiShōju Raigō-ji (聖衆来迎寺?), Ōtsu, Shiga Figures within a sea of fire.
Genre scene (紙本金地著色風俗図 shihonkinji chakushoku fūzokuzu?) or Hikone Screen (彦根屏風 hikone byōbu?)[86]
Formerly held by the Ii family 1603Edo period, first half of 17th century byobu 6sect sSix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on paper with gold leaf background, 94.5 cm × 278.8 cm (37.2 in × 109.8 in) Shiga Hikone Hikone Castle MuseumHikone Castle Museum, Hikone, Shiga People engaged in various activities: playing music, talking.
The Five Abhisambodhi (紙本墨画五部心観 shihonbokuga gobu shinkan?)[87][88] unknown Brought to Japan from China by Enchin. 0794Heian period (incomplete scroll); late Tang Dynasty, 9th century (complete scroll) handscroll otherTwo hand scrolls with iconographic line drawings, one complete and one with part of the first half missing, ink on paper, 30.0 cm × 1,796 cm (11.8 in × 707.1 in) Shiga Otsu MiideraMii-dera, Ōtsu, Shiga A seated priest holding an incense burner.
Seated deities and religious symbols.
Raigo of Amida (Amitābha) and Twenty-five Attendants (絹本著色阿弥陀二十五菩薩来迎図 kenpon chakushoku nijūgo bosatsu raigōzu?) (Rapid Descent)[89]
1300Kamakura period, 13th–14th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 145.1 cm × 154.5 cm (57.1 in × 60.8 in) Kyoto Kyoto ChioninChion-in, Kyoto A deity with a large number of attendants descending over mountains towards a house.
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像 kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō?)
1185Kamakura period hanging scroll deityFive hanging scrolls, color on silk, 193.9 cm × 126.2 cm (76.3 in × 49.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto DaigojiDaigo-ji, Kyoto A deity surrounded by fire and two other figures.
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像 kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō?)
0794Heian period hanging scroll deityFive hanging scrolls, color on silk, 153.0 cm × 128.8 cm (60.2 in × 50.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto Dai Itoku Myoo Yamantaka Toji.JPG
Peacock Myōō (Mayura Vidyaraja) (絹本著色孔雀明王像 kenpon chakushoku kujaku myōōzō?)[90]
1000Northern Song Dynasty, 11th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 167.1 cm × 102.6 cm (65.8 in × 40.4 in) Kyoto Kyoto NinnajiNinna-ji, Kyoto Frontal view of a deity with six arms seated on a peacock.
Amida (Amitābha) coming over the Mountain (絹本著色山越阿弥陀図 kenpon chakushoku yamagoeamidazu?)[91]
1200Kamakura period, 13th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 120.6 cm × 80.3 cm (47.5 in × 31.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Deity and six attendants coming over a mountain pass towards the viewer.
Descent of Amitabha over the Mountain (絹本著色山越阿弥陀図 kenpon chakushoku yamagoeamidazu?)[92][93]
1200Kamakura period, 13th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 138.0 cm × 118.0 cm (54.3 in × 46.5 in) Kyoto Kyoto Eikando ZenrinjiEikan-dō Zenrin-ji, Kyoto Deity and attendants coming over a mountain pass towards the viewer.
Landscape screen (絹本著色山水屏風 sansuibyōbu?)[94]
1200early Kamakura period, 13th century byobu 6sect sSix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on silk, 110.8 cm × 37.5 cm (43.6 in × 14.8 in) Kyoto Kyoto JingojiJingo-ji, Kyoto Landscape screen Jingoji2.jpg

Landscape with buildings and mountains on a six-section folding screen

Landscape screen (絹本著色山水屏風 senzuibyōbu?)[95]
Only extant screen painting from the Heian period. Formerly at Tō-ji 1000Heian period, 11th century byobu 6sect sSix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on silk, 146.4 cm × 42.7 cm (57.6 in × 16.8 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Six narrow and tall panels of a landscape with mountains, trees, horsemen and a hut. The painting is slightly faded.
Shaka (Shakyamuni) rising from the Gold Coffin (絹本著色釈迦金棺出現図 kenpon chakushoku shaka kinkan shutsugenzu?)[96]
1000late Heian period, 11th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 160.0 cm × 229.5 cm (63.0 in × 90.4 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto The Buddha surrounded by a halo and a large number of priests and other figures.
Shaka nyorai (Sakya Tathāgata) (絹本著色釈迦如来像 kenpon chakushoku shaka nyoraizō?) or Red Shakyamuni (赤釈迦 aka shaka?)[97]
1100late Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 159.4 cm × 85.5 cm (62.8 in × 33.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto JingojiJingo-ji, Kyoto Frontal view of a deity seated cross-legged on a pedestal.
Autumn and Winter Landscapes (絹本著色秋景冬景山水図 kenpon chakushoku shūkei tōkei sansuizu?)[98] Huizong of Songattributed to Emperor Huizong of Song
1127Southern Song Dynasty, 12th century hanging scroll landscapeTwo hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 128.2 cm × 55.2 cm (50.5 in × 21.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto KonchiinKonchi-in (金地院?), Kyoto Landscape with a priest on a mountain road. Landscape with a priest on a mountain road.
Oxen (絹本著色秋野牧牛図 kenpon chakushoku shūyabokugyūzu?)[99] Yan Cipingattributed to Yan Ciping (閻次平 en jihei?)
1175Southern Song Dynasty, late 12th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 97.5 cm × 50.6 cm (38.4 in × 19.9 in) Kyoto Kyoto Senoku Hakuko KanSen-oku Hakuko Kan, Kyoto Two boys, an ox and a small ox under a tree.
Twelve Devas (絹本著色十二天像 kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō?)[100]
Formerly owned by Tō-ji. 1127late Heian period, 1127 hanging scroll deityTwelve hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 144.0 cm × 127.0 cm (56.7 in × 50.0 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Frontal view of a seated figure with halo flanked by two small figures.
Twelve Devas screen (絹本著色十二天像 kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō?)[101] Takuma Shogaattributed to Takuma Shōga (宅間勝賀?)
1191late Heian period, 1191 byobu 6sect pPair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper, each 130.0 cm × 42.1 cm (51.2 in × 16.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto Four deities on four sections of a folding screen. Two of them are female and dressed in robes. The other two are male and only sparely dressed. All four have halos with flames.
Sixteen Arhats (絹本著色十六羅漢像 kenpon chakushoku jūroku rakanzō?)
1100Northern Song Dynasty, 12th century hanging scroll deity16 hanging scrolls, color on silk, 82.1 cm × 36.4 cm (32.3 in × 14.3 in) (Pindolabaradvāja) Kyoto Kyoto SeiryojiSeiryō-ji, Kyoto Sixteen Arhats Seiryoji - no 4.jpg
Portrait of Daitō Kokushi (Shūhō Myōchō) (絹本著色大燈国師像 kenpon chakushoku daitō kokushizō?)
1334Nanboku-chō period, 1334 hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, color on silk, 115.5 cm × 56.5 cm (45.5 in × 22.2 in) Kyoto Kyoto DaitokujiDaitoku-ji, Kyoto Priest seated on a chair holding a stick-like object in his hand.
Three portraits in Jingo-ji (絹本著色神護寺三像 kenpon chakushoku jingoji sanzō?) said to be those of Minamoto no Yoritomo (源賴朝?), Taira no Shigemori (平重盛?), Fujiwara no Mitsuyoshi (藤原光能?)[102][103] Fujiwara Takanobuattributed to Fujiwara Takanobu
1200Kamakura period, 13th century hanging scroll portraitThree hanging scrolls, color on silk, 143.0 cm × 112.8 cm (56.3 in × 44.4 in) (Yoritomo), 143.0 cm × 111.2 cm (56.3 in × 43.8 in) (Shigemori) and 143.0 cm × 111.6 cm (56.3 in × 43.9 in) (Mitsuyoshi) Kyoto Kyoto JingojiJingo-ji, Kyoto Portrait in three-quarter view of a person seated on the floor in courtly attire carrying a stick like object.
Portrait in three-quarter view of a person seated on the floor in courtly attire carrying a stick like object.
Portrait in three-quarter view of a person seated on the floor in courtly attire carrying a stick like object.
Fudō Myōō (Acala) (絹本著色不動明王像 kenpon chakushoku fudō myōōzō?) (Yellow Fudō (黄不動 kifudōson?))[94]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 168.2 cm × 80.3 cm (66.2 in × 31.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto ManshuinManshu-in, Kyoto Frontal portrait of a frightening deity dressed only in a skirt-like garment holding a sword in his right hand.
Fudō Myōō (Acala) and two attendants (絹本著色不動明王二童子像 kenpon chakushoku fudō myōō nidōjizō?) (Blue Fudō (青不動 aofudōson?))
1050Heian period, mid 11th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 203.3 cm × 148.5 cm (80.0 in × 58.5 in) Kyoto Kyoto ShoreninShōren-in, Kyoto A deity with blue skin color seated on a pedestal and surrounded by flames. Two smaller figures are standing in the lower left and right corners.
Fugen Enmei (Samantabhadra) (絹本著色普賢延命像 kenpon chakushoku fugen enmeizō?)[104]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 139.4 cm × 67.0 cm (54.9 in × 26.4 in) Kyoto Maizuru MatsunooderaMatsunoo-dera (松尾寺?), Maizuru, Kyoto Frontal view of a deity seated on a three-headed white elephant.
Butsugen Butsumo (絹本著色仏眼仏母像 kenpon chakushoku butsugen butsumozō?)[105][106][107]
1185early Kamakura period, end of 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 193.1 cm × 128.8 cm (76.0 in × 50.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto KozanjiKōzan-ji, Kyoto Frontal view of a deity seated on a pedestal.
Monju crossing the sea (絹本著色文殊渡海図 kenpon chakushoku monju tokaizu?)
1185Kamakura period hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 143.0 cm × 106.4 cm (56.3 in × 41.9 in) Kyoto Kyoto DaigojiDaigo-ji, Kyoto A deity seated cross-legged on a pedestal located on top of a lion-shaped animal surrounded by other figures in priest and warrior robes. The whole group rests on clouds over water.
Portrait of Bujun Shiban (絹本著色無準師範像 kenpon chakushoku Bujun Shibanzō?)[65][108] unknown Bujun Shiban (1177–1249) (alt reading: Mujun Shihan, ch: Wuqun Shifan) was a Chinese zen priest. 1238Southern Song Dynasty, 1238 hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, color on silk, 124.8 cm × 55.2 cm (49.1 in × 21.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto TofukujiTōfuku-ji, Kyoto Portrait of a priest sitting on a chair and holding a stick-like object. His shoes are placed on a small pedestal in front of him.
The monk Myōe (絹本著色明恵上人像 kenpon chakushoku Myōe Shōninzō?)[107][109]
1200Kamakura period, 13th century hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, color on silk, 145.0 cm × 59.0 cm (57.1 in × 23.2 in) Kyoto Kyoto KozanjiKōzan-ji, Kyoto A priest seated on a branch of a pine tree in a pine tree forest.
Mandala of the Two Realms (絹本著色両界曼荼羅図 kenpon chakushoku ryōkaimandarazu?) or Den shingon-in mandala (伝真言院曼荼羅?)[94]
0800Heian period, 9th century hanging scroll mandalaTwo hanging scrolls (mandalas), color on silk, 185.1 cm × 164.3 cm (72.9 in × 64.7 in) (Garbhadhātu) and 187.1 cm × 164.3 cm (73.7 in × 64.7 in) (Vajradhātu) Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto 3x3 squares with depictions of deities. The center square in the top has one large deity. Those to either side in the top row have each about 10 deities of intermediate size. The remaining six squares have a large number of small deities arranged in geometric fashion.

Geometric arrangement of a large number of deities.

Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs (絹本著色真言七祖像 kenpon chakushoku shingon shichisozō?) inscriptions attributed to Kūkai and possibly Emperor Saga[110] Five portraits were brought back by Kūkai from his trip to Tang Dynasty China in 805. Two portraits (of Ryūmō (竜猛?) and Ryūchi (竜智?)) were added later, in 821, in Japan. 0618-06-18Tang Dynasty and Heian period hanging scroll portraitSeven hanging scrolls, color on silk Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto A priest seated on a pedestal in three-quarter view.
Kariteimo (絹本著色訶梨帝母像 kenpon chakushoku kariteimozō?)
1185Kamakura period hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 124.3 cm × 77.9 cm (48.9 in × 30.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto DaigojiDaigo-ji, Kyoto A female deity.
Enmaten (絹本著色閻魔天像 kenpon chakushoku enmatenzō?)
1185Kamakura period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 129.1 cm × 65.4 cm (50.8 in × 25.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto DaigojiDaigo-ji, Kyoto A female deity.
Landscape (絹本墨画山水図 kenpon bokuga sansuizu?)[111] Ri Tō (李唐?) (Li Tang)
1127Southern Song Dynasty hanging scroll landscapeTwo hanging scrolls, ink on silk, 98.1 cm × 43.4 cm (38.6 in × 17.1 in) Kyoto Kyoto KotoinKōtō-in, Kyoto Landscapes Kotoin.jpg
Guanyin, Monkeys, and Crane (絹本墨画淡彩観音猿鶴図 kenpon bokuga tansai kannon enkakuzu?)[65][112][113] Muqi Fachang
1200Southern Song Dynasty, 13th century hanging scroll landscapeThree hanging scrolls, ink and light color on silk, 172.4 cm × 98.8 cm (67.9 in × 38.9 in) (Kannon), 173.9 cm × 98.8 cm (68.5 in × 38.9 in) (monkeys and crane, each) Kyoto Kyoto DaitokujiDaitoku-ji, Kyoto Triptych with a crane on the left, a cross-legged seated deity in the middle and a pair of monkeys on a tree branch on the right.
Paintings in five-storied pagoda (五重塔初重壁画 gojūnotō shojūhekiga?)[114]
The paintings covered every interior surface of the first floor of the pagoda. About half of the original paintings remain. They are located on pillars, window shutters, doors, wainscoting and so on. Motifs include deities from the Mandala of the Two Realms and portraits of seven of the eight Shingon patriarchs (Zenmui (善無畏?) is missing). 0951Heian period, 951 muralPaintings, 18 panels, ink, color and gold on wood Kyoto Kyoto Daigojifirst floor of five-storied pagoda, Daigo-ji, Kyoto Frontal view of a cross-legged seated deity.
Pine tree and flowering plants (紙本金地著色松に草花図 shihon kinji chakushoku matsu ni kusabanazu?)[115] Hasegawa Tōhaku
1568Momoyama period byobu 2sect pOne pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 226.2 cm × 165.7 cm (89.1 in × 65.2 in) each Kyoto Kyoto ChishakuinChishaku-in (智積院?), Kyoto Pine tree Flowering plants Chishakuin Tohaku.JPG
Pictures on room partitions: (a) Pine tree and flowering plants (松に草花図 matsu ni kusabanazu?), (b) Cherry and maple trees (桜楓図?), (c) Pine and plum trees (松に梅図 matsu ni ume zu?), (d) Pine tree, sunset hibiscus and chrysanthemum (松に黄蜀葵及菊図?) Hasegawa Tohakuattributed to Hasegawa Tōhaku and his son fusumaPaintings on walls and sliding doors of the Great drawing room (大書院 daishoin?) of Chishaku-in (智積院?). (a) four paintings on alcove and two paintings on wall, (b) nine paintings on wall and two paintings on fusuma, (c) four paintings on fusuma, (d) four paintings on alcove. 1568Momoyama period fusumaPaintings, ink and color on paper with gold leaf background Kyoto Kyoto ChishakuinChishaku-in (智積院?), Kyoto Part of a tree with leaves, red blossoms and white blossoms.
Wind god and Thunder God (紙本金地著色風神雷神図 shihon kinji chakushoku fūjin raijinzu?)[116] Tawaraya Sōtatsu Replicated in works by Sakai Hōitsu and Ogata Kōrin. 1603Edo period, 17th century byobu 2sect pOne pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 169.8 cm × 154.5 cm (66.9 in × 60.8 in) Kyoto Kyoto KenninjiKennin-ji, Kyoto Two deities in the top left and right corners wearing a skirt-like garment. The one on the left has a white skin color, the one on the right is green.
Portrait of Emperor Hanazono (紙本著色花園天皇像 shihon chakushoku Hanazono tennōzō?) Gōshin (豪信?)
1338Nanboku-chō period, 1338 Hanging scroll, color on paper, 31.2 cm × 97.3 cm (12.3 in × 38.3 in) Kyoto Kyoto ChofukujiChōfuku-ji, Kyoto Three-quarter view of a seated man in a wide robe holding a stick like object. On the left there are three lines of text in Chinese script.
History of the Kegon Sect (紙本著色華厳宗祖師絵伝 shihon chakushoku Kegonshū soshi eden?) or Kegon engi (華厳縁起?)[107][117]
1200Kamakura period, 13th century handscroll emakiSix hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, each width: 31.5 cm (12.5 in), lengths of vol. 1/2/3/4/5/6: 1583.0/1219.0/154.5/1420.0/1531.0/865.0 cm (623.2/479.9/60.8/559.1/602.8/340.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto KozanjiKōzan-ji, Kyoto A sailing boat with people and a dragon in the sea.
Scroll of hungry ghosts (紙本著色餓鬼草紙 shihon chakushoku gakisōshi?)[118][119]
1150Heian period, late 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.8 cm × 538.4 cm (10.6 in × 212.0 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto People pouring water on a funerary marker surrounded by ghosts.
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経 shihon chakushoku eingakyō?)[94][120]
0710Nara period, 8th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.4 cm × 1,036.4 cm (10.4 in × 408.0 in) Kyoto Kyoto Joban RendaijiJōban Rendai-ji (上品蓮台寺?), Kyoto Three seated people shooting bows from a roofed platform and five bystanders. The lower half is covered with Chinese text.
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経 shihon chakushoku eingakyō?)[121]
0710Nara period, 8th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.4 cm × 1,536.4 cm (10.4 in × 604.9 in) Kyoto Kyoto Daigoji HooninHōon-in, Daigo-ji, Kyoto E-ingakyo Daigoji.jpg
Diseases and Deformities (紙本著色病草紙 shihon chakushoku yamai no sōshi?)[122][123]
1150late Heian period, 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono) cut into 10 sections, color on paper, (25.9–26.0) cm x (25.3–49.3) cm (10.2 in x (10–19.4) in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto A man suffering from diarrhea squatting with a woman watching his back.
The illustrated biography of priest Hōnen (紙本著色法然上人絵伝?)[124]
1300Kamakura period, 14th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), illustrated biographies of famous priests (高僧伝絵 kousōdene?), 48 volumes, color on paper, ca. 33.0 cm × 1,100 cm (13.0 in × 433.1 in) Kyoto Kyoto ChioninChion-in, Kyoto People inside and outside of a house.

People seated on the floor of a house with folding screens and a garden in the back.

History of Kitano Tenjin (紙本著色北野天神縁起 shihon chakushoku kitano tenjin engi?)[125]
Biography and catalogue of miracles performed by Sugawara no Michizane, the founder of Kitano Tenman-gū. 1219Kamakura period, 1219 handscroll emakiEight large hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 52.2 cm x (842–1211) cm (20.6 in x (331–477) in) Kyoto Kyoto Kitano TenmanguKitano Tenman-gū, Kyoto Two paintings, upper shows people inside a house and in the garden in front of the house. The lower shows people inside a house and a deity surrounded by blue smoke.
Landscape: Keiin shōchiku (紙本墨画渓陰小築図 shihon bokuga keiin shōchikuzu?) or Cottage by a mountain stream[41][126] Kichizan Minchoattributed to Kichizan Minchō (吉山明兆 Kitsusan Minchō?) with inscriptions by Taihaku Shingen and other priests
1413Muromachi period, 1413 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 101.5 cm × 34.5 cm (40.0 in × 13.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto KonchiinKonchi-in (金地院?), Kyoto Landscape with mountains, a stream, trees and a hut.
Portrait of Shinran Shōnin (紙本墨画親鸞聖人像 shihon bokuga Shinran Shōninzō?) or Mirror portrait[127]
Standing portrait of the founder of the Jodo Shinshu school of Pure Land Buddhism. 1262Kamakura period, possibly the last year of Shinran's life hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, ink on paper, 35.2 cm × 33 cm (13.9 in × 13.0 in) (painting only) Kyoto Kyoto Nishi HonganjiNishi Honganji, Kyoto Shinran Shonin.jpg
View of Amanohashidate (紙本墨画淡彩天橋立図 shihon bokuga tansai ama no hashidatezu?)[128] Sesshū Tōyō Bird's eye view of Amanohashidate. 1501Muromachi period, 1501–1506 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 90.0 cm × 178.2 cm (35.4 in × 70.2 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Coastal landscape with mountains, buildings and a very narrow strip of land which is covered by trees.
Catching cat-fish with a gourd (紙本墨画淡彩瓢鮎図 shihon bokuga tansai hyōnenzu?)[129] Josetsu Commissioned by shogun Ashikaga Yoshimochi. On the top of the scroll there is an inscription by Gyokuen Bunpō (玉畹梵芳?) and 30 other priests. 1413Muromachi period, 1413 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 111.5 cm × 75.8 cm (43.9 in × 29.8 in) Kyoto Kyoto Myoshinji TaizoinTaizō-in (Myōshin-ji), Kyoto Hyonen zu by Josetsu0.JPG

A man holding a gourd next to a river with a fish.

Scrolls of Frolicking Animals and Humans (紙本墨画鳥獣人物戯画 shihon bokuga chōjū-jinbutsu-giga?) or Scrolls of Frolicking Animals (鳥獣戯画 chōjū-giga?) Toba Sojomaybe Toba Sōjō Credited as the oldest work of manga. 1150Heian period and Kamakura period, mid 12th century (1st and 2nd scroll), 13th century (3rd and 4th scroll) handscroll emakiFour hand scrolls (emakimono), ink on paper, up to 30 cm × 1,100 cm (12 in × 433 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum and Tokyo National Museum, owned by Kōzan-ji, Kyoto Four frogs and a rabbit in human shape frolicking.
Water fowl in the lotus pond (紙本墨画蓮池水禽図 shihon bokuga renchi suikinzu?)[130] Tawaraya Sōtatsu
1603Edo period, early 17th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 116.0 cm × 50.0 cm (45.7 in × 19.7 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Two birds swimming in a pond with lotus flowers.
Mandala of the Two Realms (紫綾金銀泥絵両界曼荼羅図 murasaki aya kingindei ryōkaimandarazu?) or Takao mandala (高雄曼荼羅?)[131]
Oldest extant example of a Mandala of the Two Worlds in Japan, believed to be a faithful copy of the mandalas that Kūkai brought from Japan 0829Heian period, 829–833 hanging scroll mandalaTwo hanging scrolls (mandalas), gold and silver on dark bluish purple damask, 411.0 cm × 366.5 cm (161.8 in × 144.3 in) (Diamond Realm Mandala), 446.4 cm × 406.3 cm (175.7 in × 160.0 in) (Womb Realm Mandala) Kyoto Kyoto JingojiJingo-ji, Kyoto Takao Mandala - Diamond Realm.jpg
Konkōmyōkyō Sutra (白描絵料紙墨書金光明経 hakubyōeryōshi bokusho konkōmyōkyō?) vol. 3[132]
Sutra scroll decorated with line under drawings possibly showing the Tale of Genji or "Parting at dawn" (Ariake no wakare). Together with the Rishukyō sutra (National Treasure) this work is part of the four volume Konkōmyōkyō Sutra. Volumes 2 and 4 only exist in fragments. 1192Kamakura period, 1192 handscroll otherHand scroll, color on paper, hakubyō-style (白描), 25.0 cm × 827.0 cm (9.8 in × 325.6 in) Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto Text in Chinese script on lined paper with underlying drawings.
Paintings on room partitions in the abbot's quarters (hōjō) (方丈障壁画 hōjō shōhekiga?): (a) Birds and flowers of the four seasons (紙本墨画花鳥図 shihon bokuga kachōzu?), (b) Four Accomplishment or Four elegant pastimes: Music, Go, Calligraphy and Painting (紙本墨画淡彩琴棋書画図 shihon bokuga tansai kinki shogazu?), (c) Eight Views of Xiaoxiang (紙本墨画瀟湘八景図 shihon bokuga shōshō hakkeizu?), (d) shihon bokuga chikko yūenzu (紙本墨画竹虎遊猿図?) Kanō Eitoku and his father Kanō Shōei (狩野松栄?)
1519Muromachi period, 16th century fusuma38 paintings on fusuma and wall panels of the abbot's quarters (方丈 hōjō?) at Jukō-in, sub-temple of Daitoku-ji. (a) 16 panels on fusuma in ritual room (室中?), ink on paper (b) eight panels on fusuma in upper second room (上二之間?), ink and light color on paper (c) eight panels on fusuma in lower second room (下二之間?), ink on paper (d) two panels on wall, four panels on fusuma in upper first room (上一之間?), ink on paper Kyoto Kyoto Daitokuji JukoinJukō-in (Daitoku-ji), Kyoto A stream with floating birds next to a flowering tree.
Amida Trinity (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊像 kenpon chakushoku amida sansonzō?)[133] FuetsuFuetsu (普悦?) Marked with Fuetsu's seal on each of the three parts 1127Southern Song Dynasty hanging scroll deityThree hanging scrolls, colors on silk; Amida: 125.5 cm × 48.5 cm (49.4 in × 19.1 in), Kannon: 127.5 cm × 48.8 cm (50.2 in × 19.2 in), Seishi: 127.2 cm × 48.5 cm (50.1 in × 19.1 in), Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto. Owner: Shōjōke-in, Kyoto A red robed deity flanked by two attendants.
Paintings in the Phoenix Hall (鳳凰堂中堂壁扉画 hōō-dō chū-dō hekihiga?): (a) The nine possible levels of birth into Amida's Paradise (九品来迎図 kubon raigōzu?), (b) (日想観図?), (c) Wall painting (本尊後壁画 honzonkō hekiga?)[7]
1053Heian period, 1053 mural14 paintings, color on wood: (a) eight former door paintings and three murals, (b) two door paintings, (c) one painting on the wall behind the principal image of Buddha Kyoto Uji Byodoin Phoenix HallPhoenix Hall (Byōdō-in), Uji, Kyoto Frontal view of a deity.

Landscape with hills, trees and horses.

Divinely inspired Reception of the Two Great Sutras (絹本著色両部大経感得図 kenpon chakushoku ryōbutai kyōkantokuzu?): (a) zenmui (善無畏?), (b) ryūmyō (龍猛?) [134][135] Fujiwara no Munehiroattributed to Fujiwara no Munehiro (藤原宗弘?)
1136Heian period, 1136 hanging scroll deityTwo hanging scrolls, color on silk, 177.8 cm × 141.8 cm (70.0 in × 55.8 in) Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka A small pagoda with a monk at the entrance in a landscape.A five-storied pagoda in a landscape with hills and trees. Three people are sitting close to the pagoda on the ground.
Illustrated hand scroll of the Monk Zuanzang (Genjō Sanzō) (紙本著色玄奘三蔵絵 shihon chakushoku Genjō Sanzōe?)[136] Fujiwara Takaaki
1185Kamakura period, 12th century handscroll emakiTwelve hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 40.3 cm x (1200–1920) cm (15.9 in x (472.4–755.9) in) Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka Horses laden with packages being led towards a gate. Their path is lined with monks.
Portrait of Emperor Go-Toba (紙本著色後鳥羽天皇像 shihon chakushoku Go-Toba-tennōzō?) Fujiwara Nobuzaneattributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane
1221Kamakura period, 1221 hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, color on paper, 40.3 cm × 30.6 cm (15.9 in × 12.0 in) Osaka Shimamoto Minase ShrineMinase Shrine, Shimamoto, Osaka Portrait of a man in courtly dress seated on the floor in three-quarter view.
Murasaki Shikibu Diary Ekotoba (紙本著色紫式部日記絵詞 shihon chakushoku Murasaki Shikibu nikki ekotoba?)[41] unknown
1200Kamakura period, 13th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 21.0 cm × 434.0 cm (8.3 in × 170.9 in) Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka Parts of two carts, two people, a cow and a gate.
Fan-paper album of Hokekyō Sutra (紙本著色扇面法華経冊子 shihon chakushoku senmenhokekyōsasshi?)[94]
1100Heian period, 12th century albumFan paper in folding book form, 98 pages, color on paper, height: 25.6 cm (10.1 cm), width: 49.4 cm (19.4 cm) or 19.0 cm (7.5 cm) (along upper/lower arc) Osaka Osaka ShitennojiShitennō-ji, Osaka Fan shaped paper with text in Chinese script over a painting of a man, a woman and plants.
New Moon over the brushwood gate (紙本墨画柴門新月図 shihon bokuga saimon shingetsuzu?)[137]
At the top of the scroll there is a collection of poetry and prose by 18 zen priests. 1405Muromachi period, 1405 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink on paper, 129.2 cm × 31 cm (50.9 in × 12.2 in) Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka Three people approaching a gate in a landscape with trees and a moon.
Prince Shōtoku with eminent Tendai Priests (絹本著色聖徳太子,天台高僧像 kenpon chakushoku Shotoku Taishi, Tendai Kōsōzō?)[138]
0794Heian period hanging scroll portraitTen hanging scrolls, color on silk Hyogo Kasai IchijojiIchijō-ji, Kasai, Hyōgo Portrait of a monk in three-quarter view seated cross-legged on a chair. His hands rest, palms up, on his lap in meditating pose.
Snowclad houses in the night (紙本墨画淡彩夜色楼台図 shihonbokuga tansai yashoku rōdaizu?)[139][140] Yosa Buson
1778Edo period, around 1778 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 27.9 cm × 130.0 cm (11.0 in × 51.2 in) Hyogo Kobe Privateprivate (Mutō Haruta (武藤治太?)), Kobe, Hyōgo Landscape with bright mountains, houses and a dark sky. There is an inscription and red stamp marks on the very right of the scroll.
Amida Triad with a boy attendant (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊及童子像 kenpon chakushoku amida sanson oyobi dōjizō?)[94]
1200Kamakura period, 12th–13th century hanging scroll deityThree hanging scrolls, color on silk, 186.0 cm × 146.3 cm (73.2 in × 57.6 in) (Amida), 182.3 cm × 173.2 cm (71.8 in × 68.2 in) (Kannon and Seishi), 182.5 cm × 55.2 cm (71.9 in × 21.7 in) (boy attendant) Nara Nara HokkejiHokke-ji, Nara, Nara Two seated deities and a canopy. Petals are raining from the sky.Frontal view of a cross-legged deity.Figure carrying a flag on a pole. Petals are raining from the sky.
Ox and herdboys (絹本著色帰牧図 kenpon chakushoku kibokuzu?)[141] or Riding on an ox (騎牛 kigyū?) Ri Teki (李迪?)
1150Southern Song Dynasty, second half of 12th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 24.2 cm × 23.8 cm (9.5 in × 9.4 in) Nara Nara Yamato BunkakanYamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara A boy riding an ox and a tree.
Kusha mandala (絹本著色倶舎曼荼羅図 kenpon chakushoku kusha mandarazu?)[94]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll mandalaHanging scroll, color on silk, 164.5 cm × 177.0 cm (64.8 in × 69.7 in) Nara Nara TodaijiTōdai-ji, Nara, Nara A deity seated on a pedestal surrounded by five robed standing figures.
Portrait of the priest Jion Daishi (Kuiji) (絹本著色慈恩大師像 kenpon chakushoku jion daishizō?)[94][142]
1000Heian period, 11th century hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, color on silk, 161.2 cm × 129.2 cm (63.5 in × 50.9 in) Nara Nara YakushijiYakushi-ji, Nara, Nara Priest seated cross-legged on a pedestal.
Eleven-faced Goddess of Mercy (絹本著色十一面観音像 kenpon chakushoku jūichimen kannonzō?)[143][144]
Handed down in Hokki-ji 1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 168.8 cm × 89.6 cm (66.5 in × 35.3 in) Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara Deity embellished with ornaments seated on a pedestal.
Twelve Deities (Devas) (絹本著色十二天像 kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō?)[145]
0794Heian period hanging scroll deityTwelve hanging scrolls, color on silk, 160.0 cm × 134.5 cm (63.0 in × 53.0 in) Nara Nara SaidaijiSaidai-ji, Nara, Nara A deity.
Frescoes in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb (高松塚古墳壁画 takamatsuzuka kofun hekiga?)
0710Nara period muralFour fresco paintings, color Nara Asuka Takamatsuzuka TombTakamatsuzuka Tomb, Asuka, Nara Faded figures in a procession.
Mandala of the Two Realms (紺綾地金銀泥絵両界曼荼羅図 konayajikingindeie ryōkaimandarazu?) or Kojima mandala (子島曼荼羅 Kojima mandara?)[146][147]
Also known as tobi mandara (飛曼荼羅?) or hikō mandara (飛行曼荼羅?) and originally kept at Kojimadera (子嶋寺?), Takatori. According to tradition, Shink (真興?), who restored Kojimadera, received the mandalas from Emperor Ichijō during the Chōhō era (999–1004). 1000Heian period, early 11th century hanging scroll mandalaTwo hanging scrolls, gold and silver paint on dark blue silk, 349.1 cm × 307.9 cm (137.4 in × 121.2 in) (Womb Realm mandala) and 351.3 cm × 297.0 cm (138.3 in × 116.9 in) (Diamond Realm mandala) Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara A large number of golden deities arranged in regular fashion on a dark-blue background. The deity in the center is surrounded by eight deities arranged like petals. These nine deities in flower-shape are surrounded by a square.3 times 3 squares decorated with deities in frontal view in various ways. The top center square contains a large deity. The top right square contains a pattern of 3 times 3 deities. The top left square contains a central deity surrounded by a square around which four large and four small deities are arranged in circular fashion. The remaining six squares are virtually identical and contain a large number of deities arranged around a central square with 3 times 3 deities.
shihonkinji chakushoku fūzokuzu (紙本金地著色風俗図?) or Matsuura screen (松浦屏風 matsuura byōbu?)[148][149]
1650Edo period, c. 1650 byobu 6sect pPair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper with gold leaf background, 155.6 cm × 361.6 cm (61.3 in × 142.4 in) Nara Nara Yamato BunkakanYamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara Seven women and a girl dressed in kimonos. Two women are playing cards, one is cleaning her teeth while holding a mirror, another is holding a twig, one is writing. Two women are engaged with the girl.

Nine women and a girl dressed in kimonos. One woman is reading a sheet of paper, another is playing a shamisen. One woman is doing the hair of another woman.

Illustrated stories about the boy Sudhana's pilgrimage to fifty-four deities and saints (紙本著色華厳五十五所絵巻 shihon chakushoku kegon gojūgosho emaki?)[150]
1100Heian period, 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 29.8 cm × 1,287.0 cm (11.7 in × 506.7 in) Nara Nara TodaijiTōdai-ji, Nara, Nara People sitting in raised pavilions and other figures.
Legend of Mount Shigi (紙本著色信貴山縁起 shigisan engi?)[151]
1100Heian period, early 12th century handscroll emakiThree hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 31.5 cm × 827 cm (12.4 in × 325.6 in), 31.25 cm × 1,270.3 cm (12.30 in × 500.12 in) (exorcism of the emperor), 31.5 cm × 1,416 cm (12.4 in × 557.5 in) (story of the Nun) Nara Heguri ChogosonshijiChōgosonshi-ji (朝護孫子寺?), Heguri, Nara People running along the coast looking at a golden bowl floating on the water.
Nezame Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色寝覚物語絵巻 shihon chakushoku nezame monogatari emaki?)[152]
1100Heian period, early 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26 cm × 533 cm (10 in × 210 in) Nara Nara Yamato BunkakanYamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara A house, trees with white blossoms and people.

Part of a house and garden.

Scroll of the Hells (紙本著色地獄草紙 shihon chakushoku jigoku sōshi?)[153]
1185Kamakura period, 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.5 cm × 454.7 cm (10.4 in × 179.0 in) Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara Three naked persons burning books. A larger yellow monster with a third eye on the forehead is sitting close by.
Extermination of Evil (紙本著色辟邪絵 shihon chakushoku hekijae?)[154]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll otherFive hanging scrolls, color on paper, 25.8–26.0 cm x 39.2–77.2 cm (10.2 cm x 15.4–30.4 cm) Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara A deity embellished with ornaments and four arms grabbing three much smaller persons in three of his hands and the lower body part of another in his fourth hand. To the right of the scene there is Japanese calligraphic text.
Landscape (紙本墨画淡彩山水図 shihon bokuga tansai sansuizu?) or Hue of the Water, Light on the Peaks (水色巒光図 suishoku rankōzu?)[155][156][157] Shūbunattributed to Tenshō Shūbun, inscriptions by Kosei Ryuha, Shinchi Mintoku and Shinden Seiha
1445Muromachi period, 1445 hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 108 cm × 32.7 cm (42.5 in × 12.9 in) Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara A gate in a landscape with trees and mountains.
Taishakuten mandala (板絵著色伝帝釈天曼荼羅図(金堂来迎壁) itae chakushoku den Taishaku-ten mandara zu (kondō raikō kabe)?)[5]
Currently located in the middle of three bays on the wall behind the chief object of worship in the kondō (main hall) of the temple, but might not have always been located there. As the temple was previously a Shinto/Buddhist temple associated with the dragon god, there is a possibility this painting was originally intended as a dragon god mandala, or a mandala of praying for rain. 0800Heian period, 9th century muralWall mural, colors on wood Nara Uda MurojiMurō-ji, Uda, Nara Taishakuten mandala Muroji.JPG
Portrait of Kichijōten (麻布著色吉祥天像 asanuno chakushoku kichijōten zō?)[158]
0710Nara period otherColors on hemp, 53 cm × 31.7 cm (20.9 in × 12.5 in) Nara Nara YakushijiYakushi-ji, Nara, Nara Portrait of a female deity dressed in a robe.
Amida Trinity (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊像 kenpon chakushoku amida sansonzō?)[30]
1185Kamakura period hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, colors on silk, 154.0 cm × 135.0 cm (60.6 in × 53.1 in) Wakayama Mount Koya ReihokanReihōkan, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Frontal view of a deity seated on a pedestal framed by two seated attendants.
The Coming of Amida Buddha and Saints of the Pure Land (絹本著色阿弥陀聖衆来迎図 kenpon chakushoku amida shōju raikō zu?)[159]
Depicts Amida, surrounded by Buddhist saints playing musical instruments, come to greet the spirits of the deceased to escort them to the Pure Land. 1192Heian-Kamakura period hanging scroll deityThree hanging scrolls, colors on silk, triptych Wakayama Mount Koya ReihokanReihōkan, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama A deity in frontal view surrounded by attendants floating on clouds.
Portrait of Buddhist monk Gonsō (絹本著色勤操僧正像 kenpon chakushoku gonsō sōshō zō?)[160]
The inscription on the top tells of a wooden sculpture of Gonsō being created after his death by his pupils praying for happiness in the next world and praising Gonsō's learning and virtue. 1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll portraitHanging scroll, colors on silk, 166.4 cm × 136.4 cm (65.5 in × 53.7 in) Wakayama Mount Koya FumoninFūmon-in (普門院?) (in custody at Reihōkan), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Gonso.jpg
Five great Bodhisattvas of strength (絹本著色五大力菩薩像 kenpon chakushoku godairiki bosatsuzō?)[161]
Originally five scrolls of which two were destroyed in fire in 1888. Kongōku (金剛吼?), Ryūōku (龍王吼?) and Muijūrikiku (無畏十力吼?) remain. 0794Heian period hanging scroll deityThree hanging scrolls, color on silk, 322.8 cm × 179.5 cm (127.1 in × 70.7 in) (Kongōku), 237.6 cm × 179.5 cm (93.5 in × 70.7 in) (Ryūōku), 179.5 cm × 179.5 cm (70.7 in × 70.7 in) (Muijūrikiku) Wakayama Mount Koya Yushi Hachimanko Juhakkain有志八幡講十八箇院 (Yūshi Hachimankō Jūhakkain?), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Frontal view of a fierce looking black deity surrounded by flames.
Dragon King Zennyo (絹本著色善女竜王像 kenpon chakushoku zennyo ryūōzō?)[162] Jōchi (定智?)
1145Heian period, 1145 hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 163.6 cm × 111.2 cm (64.4 in × 43.8 in) Wakayama Mount Koya KongobujiKongōbu-ji, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama A deity in three-quarter view dressed in a robe.
kenpon chakushoku den senchū yūgen kannonzō (絹本著色伝船中湧現観音像?)
0794Heian period hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk Wakayama Mount Koya RyukoinRyūkōin (龍光院?), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama A deity in three-quarter view dressed in a robe.
Buddha's Nirvana (絹本著色仏涅槃図 kenpon chakushoku butsunehanzu?)[163]
1086Heian period, 1086 hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 267.6 cm × 271.2 cm (105.4 in × 106.8 in) Wakayama Mount Koya KongobujiKongōbu-ji, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Buddha lying on a platform surrounded by mourners.
shihon chakushoku sansui jinbutsuzu (紙本著色山水人物図?) Ike no Taiga
1723Edo period, 18th century fusumaTen paintings on fusuma, color on paper Wakayama Mount Koya KongobujiKongōbu-ji, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama A pavilion with two people in a landscape
The Legendary Origins of Kokawadera (紙本著色粉河寺縁起 shihon chakushoku Kokawadera engi?)[164]
1185early Kamakura period, 12th century handscroll emakiHand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 30.8 cm × 1,984.2 cm (12.1 in × 781.2 in) Wakayama Kinokawa KokawaderaKokawadera (粉河寺?), Kinokawa, Wakayama A horse and a man sitting under a tree with people carrying items over a bridge towards a gate at which more people are seated.

House with people and two horses.

Fugen Bosatsu (Samantabhadra) (絹本著色普賢菩薩像 kenpon chakushoku fugen bosatsuzō?)[165]
1100Heian period, 12th century hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 102.4 cm × 52.1 cm (40.3 in × 20.5 in) Tottori Chizu BujojiBujō-ji (豊乗寺?), Chizu, Tottori Side view of a deity seated on a pedestal on top of a white elephant.
Kenpon chakushoku kyūjozu (絹本著色宮女図?) or denkanyaōzu (伝桓野王図?)[166][167]
1300Yuan Dynasty, 14th century hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, color on silk, 86.1 cm × 29.9 cm (33.9 in × 11.8 in) Okayama Kurashiki Privateprivate (Ōhara Kenichirō (大原謙一郎?)), Kurashiki, Okayama Portrait of a woman in disguise of a man wearing a red round-necked robe of the nobility and a cap of black gauze. A yokobue transverse flute is tucked in her obi and she is watching the fingers of both of her hands.
Landscape (紙本墨画淡彩山水図 shihon bokuga tansai sansuizu?) Sesshū Tōyō
1420Muromachi period hanging scroll landscapeHanging scroll, ink and light color on paper Okayama Kurashiki Privateprivate (Ōhara Kenichirō (大原謙一郎?)), Kurashiki, Okayama Sesshu Landscape (Okayama).jpg
Fugen Enmei (Samantabhadra) (絹本著色普賢延命像 kenpon chakushoku fugen enmeizō?)[168]
1153Heian period, 1153 hanging scroll deityHanging scroll, color on silk, 149.3 cm × 86.6 cm (58.8 in × 34.1 in) Hiroshima Onomichi JikojiJikō-ji (持光寺?), Onomichi, Hiroshima Deity with many arms seated on a pedestal on top of four white elephants.
Heike nōkyō (平家納経?)[169] Taira no Kiyomori and 32 members of the Taira clan 30 scrolls of the Lotus Sutra, one Amitabha Sutra scroll, one Heart Sutra scroll and one prayer scroll in the handwriting of Taira no Kiyomori dedicated to the Itsukushima Shrine. 1164Heian period, 1164 handscroll other33 sūtra hand scrolls with illustrations, ink on decorated paper, 25.4 cm × 537.9 cm (10.0 in × 211.8 in) (Hōben-bon), 27.2 cm × 767.4 cm (10.7 in × 302.1 in) (Hiyu-bon), 24.9 cm × 270.7 cm (9.8 in × 106.6 in) (Hōshi-bon), 26.5 cm × 266.8 cm (10.4 in × 105.0 in) (Juryō-bon) Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima Priest praying in front of a woman and another priest praying facing the window. All three are in a house. A fourth person praying is under a pergola in the landscape or garden outside of the house.
Landscapes of the Four Seasons (紙本墨画淡彩四季山水図 shihon bokuga tansai?)[170] Sesshū Tōyō
1486Muromachi period, 1486 handscroll otherHand scroll, ink and light color on paper, 37.0 cm × 159 cm (14.6 in × 62.6 in) Yamaguchi Hofu Mori MuseumMōri Museum (毛利博物館?), Hōfu, Yamaguchi Two houses in a landscape with trees and high mountains. A large number of people is on the path leading from one house to the other.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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