Liu Shao (Three Kingdoms)

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Liu Shao
Official of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died (Unknown)
Names
Traditional Chinese 劉劭
Simplified Chinese 刘劭
Pinyin Líu Shào
Wade–Giles Liu Shao
Courtesy name Kongcai (Chinese: 孔才; pinyin: Kǒngcái; Wade–Giles: K'ung-ts'ai)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Liu.

Liu Shao, courtesy name Kongcai (孔才), was an official of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period. He often provided advice to the emperor Cao Rui, and was praised by Cao Rui for his good advice, even though Cao Rui did not frequently actually act on the advice. He also wrote poems to try to discourage Cao Rui from military and palace-building projects. When the rival state Eastern Wu's emperor Sun Quan attacked Hefei in 234, according to Records of the Three Kingdoms, it was at Liu Shao's suggestion that Cao Rui sent his forces to try to cut off Sun Quan's supply route, rather than engage Sun Quan directly, a strategy that forced Sun Quan to withdraw. (However, according to Sima Guang's Zizhi Tongjian, it was Tian Yu who offered this advice, not Liu Shao.)

Liu Shao was also the author of the People Records (人物志), an early Chinese treatise on cadres evaluation.

Appointments and titles held[edit]

  • Crown Prince's Attendant (太子舍人)
  • Library Gentleman (秘書郎)
  • Gentleman of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書郎)
  • Attendant of Scattered Cavalry (散騎侍郎)
  • Administrator of Chenliu (陳留太守)
  • Secondary Marquis (關內侯)
  • Minister of the Household (光祿勳) - granted to Liu Shao posthumously

See also[edit]

References[edit]