London Road Cemetery

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London Road Cemetery
Memorials, London Road Cemetery, Coventry - geograph.org.uk - 1295673.jpg
Details
Year established 1847 (1847)
Location Coventry
Country England
Coordinates 52°23′47″N 1°29′54″W / 52.3964°N 1.4982°W / 52.3964; -1.4982Coordinates: 52°23′47″N 1°29′54″W / 52.3964°N 1.4982°W / 52.3964; -1.4982
Size 17 hectares (42 acres)
Website www.lrcemetery.co.uk

London Road Cemetery is a 17 hectares (42 acres)[1] cemetery in Coventry, England, designed by Joseph Paxton[2] and opened in 1847.[1]

It lies South-East of the city centre and is bisected by the West Coast main railway line between Coventry and Rugby, which pre-dates the cemetery and runs roughly West-East through it.

A 'Friends of London Road Cemetery' group publish newsletters, organise guided tours, and hold litter clean-up events.[3]

History[edit]

Paxton was commissioned by the Coventry Cemetery Committee on 9 October 1845.[2] The chosen site was a former quarry, which he first visited in early 1846.[2] He presented his ground plan to the committee on 6 March 1846 and plans for the chapels and the landscaping on 19 March.[2] Planting began in November that year, using a variety of native and exotic trees, including Silver Birch, weeping Silver Lime, English Elm and Purple Beech.[2]

The first superintendent, Paxton protege Richard Ashwell, and his successors continued the programme of planting.[2]

The Cemetery is known to be one of the best preserved Victorian Cemeteries in the country, despite being damaged during World War 2 following bombing to the City and the nearby Armstrong Siddeley factory.

Buildings[edit]

The Paxton Memorial
Prospect Tower
Anglican chapel
Non-conformist chapel

A number of original buildings and structures survive. They were Grade II* listed as a group on 24 June 1974[4] and include:[2]

Non-conformist chapel[edit]

The non-conformist chapel is an ashlar classical temple with two storeys and a basement, supported by piers on the corners. The chapel has two large fluted columns at the front with a large portico between them. The building was abandoned after it was damaged during the Second World War. It has not been used since, nor has any restoration been undertaken, and the state of the building is described by English Heritage as "dilapidated".[4]

War Graves[edit]

The cemetery contains 94 scattered war graves of Commonwealth service personnel - including Victoria Cross recipient Battery Sergeant-Major Charles Parker (died 1918)[5] - and one Belgian soldier's war grave of the First World War. There are 123 Commonwealth service war graves of the Second World War, 21 of whom are in a group in Square 348. The group includes an officer and six men of a Royal Engineers bomb disposal team who were killed when a bomb they were working on after an air raid exploded.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "London Road Cemetery". Parks and Gardens UK. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "London Road Cemetery". Friends of London Road Cemetery. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "About Us". Friends of London Road Cemetery. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Non Conformist Chapel to the Cemetery". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  5. ^ [1] CWGC Casualty record.
  6. ^ [2] CWGC Cemetery Report.

External links[edit]